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IJERD : Volume 13 - Issue 9

Version - 1 (September 2017)


Dr. Zulyadaini

Development of Student Worksheets Based Realistic Mathematics Education (RME)
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This research aims to develop Student Worksheet (LKS) for students of XI SMA (grade 11 of senior high school) of linier program based on Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) and to determine the feasibility of Student Worksheet based on the assessment of subject-matter expert, design expert and media expert, as well as student assessment on individual test, small group test and field test. It was a developmental research or Research and Development (R&D), adapted from ADDIE development model. There were 5 ADDIE phases namely: 1) Analysis, 2) Design, 3) Development, 4) Implementation, and 5) Evaluation. Validation was carried out by two subject-matter experts...................
Development, Student Worksheet (LKS), RME, ADDIE Model

[1]. Akbar, Sa'ud. 2013. Instrumen Perangkat Pembelajaran. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
[2]. Agung, Suharto dan Trapsilasiwi. 2014. "Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS) Matematika Pokok Bahasan Sistem Persamaan Linier Dua Variabel Untuk SMP Kelas VIII Berdasarkan Standar Proses NCTM (National Council Of Teacher Of Mathematics". Kadikma, Vol. 5 No. 3: 78-88.
[3]. Belawati, dkk. 2007. Pengembangan Bahan Ajar. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.
[4]. Branch, Robert. 2009. Instructional Design : The ADDIE Approach. Springer: USA.
[5]. Fasha, Nurman Ardian. 2014. "Peranan Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Representasi Matematik". Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika, STIKIP Siliwangi Bandung, January 15, 2014.

Citation
Dr. Zulyadaini "Development of Student Worksheets Based Realistic Mathematics Education (RME)" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0001. India
Page 01-14
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Maged Tawfik, Sherif Elwan, Hosam Seleem, Amr Abdelrahman

Behavior of Lightweight Concrete Under Uniaxial Eccentric Compressive Stresses
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This paper presents an experimental investigation for the behavior of reinforced lightweight concrete (LWC). LWC was obtained through the use of polystyrene foam as a partial aggregate's replacement to reduce the concrete dry unit weight from 23.0 kN/m3 to 18.1 kN/m3. The experimental work was consisted from two phases; the first phase was aimed to determine the LWC stress block parameters and the second phase was concerned with the behavior of reinforced LWC columns under eccentric load. In order to determine the stress-strain distribution of LWC and evaluate various parameters of the rectangular stress block, Square half-scale column specimen with dimension 200 x 200 mm and 1600 mm height was tested................
Confinement; eccentricity; Lightweight concrete (LWC); polystyrene foam; Mixes; Stress block parameters.

[1]. Chandra, S. and Berntsson, L (1996). Lightweight aggregate concrete: science, technology and applications. Noyes Publications.
[2]. Berra, M. and Ferrara, G. "Normal weight and total-lightweight high-strength concretes: A comparative experimental study," SP-121, 1990, pp.701-733.
[3]. Kayali, O.A. and Haque, M.N. "A new generation of structural lightweight concrete," ACI, SP-171, 1997, pp. 569-588.
[4]. Bai, Y. and Basheer, P.A.M. "Influence of Furnace Bottom Ash on properties of concrete," Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Structure and Buildings 156, February 2003, Issue 1, pp. 85-92.
[5]. Bai, Y. and Basheer, P.A.M. "Properties of concrete containing Furnace Bottom Ash as a sand replacement material," Proceedings of structural faults and repair (CD-ROM), London, July 1-3, 2003.

Citation
Maged Tawfik, Sherif Elwan, Hosam Seleem, Amr Abdelrahman "Behavior of Lightweight Concrete Under Uniaxial Eccentric Compressive Stresses" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0002. Egypt
Page 15-27
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Arafa El-Helloty

Free Vibration Response of Laminated Composite Plate Shear Walls
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Laminated composite plates have been widely used in modern engineering applications due to their high strength to weight, stiffness to weight ratios and modulus. In this paper, the effect of infill laminated composite plates, thickness of plate and number of stories on the free vibration response of laminated composite plate shear walls are examined with respect to natural frequencies and mode shapes. Comparative study is conducted to investigate the effect of infill laminated composite plates, thickness of plate and number of stories on the free vibration response of laminated composite plate shear walls with compared to the performance of steel plate shear walls using the finite element system ANSYS16.
Shear wall, laminated, composite plate, steel plate, modal analysis.

[1]. A. El-Helloty and O. Salam, " Stress analysis of laminated composite plates using the finite element method," Civil Engineering Research Magazine (CERM), vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 1377-1401, Oct., 2009, Egypt.
[2]. R. Esfandiar and M. A. Barkhordari, " Investigation behavior thin steel plate shear walls," The 14 th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering , Oct., 2008, Beijing, China.
[3]. M. Lashgari, " Finite element analysis of thin steel plate shear walls," International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering, vol. 3, No. 10, 2009.
[4]. M. Guendel, B. Hoffmeister and M. Feldmann, " Experimental and numerical investigations on Steel Shear Walls for seismic retrofitting," in Proc. EURODYN'2011, Belgium, 4-6 July 2011.
[5]. M. K. Poul and F. N. Alahi , " Finite element investigation of steel plate shear walls with infill plates strengthened by GFRP laminate," JSEE, vol. 14, No. 3, 2012.

Citation
Arafa El-Helloty "Free Vibration Response of Laminated Composite Plate Shear Walls" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0003. Egypt
Page 28-38
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Adnan Novalić

A Review on Shearing of Single Living Space in Residential Architecture
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
This paper traces the rules that are governing the use of living spaces in the cases when two or more users – inhabitants are reduced to share the space and live together. As such, this research is aims to present the minimum living requirements of one human individual – user that are supposed to be satisfied within the process of planning of configuration of spaces that are expected to accommodate the users and to expose the principles and rules that should be followed through the process of architectural planning and design. This research is based on observations made within the qualitative analysis method, in the frame of which the selected examples and illustrations will be evaluated and properly compared according to the standards...............
Living space, shearing, areas of activities, individual areas, basic needs.

[1]. Fengler, Max. Heime / Studenten – Berufstatigen – Und Altenheime, Unipn Druckerel Gmbh, 1963
[2]. French, Hillary. New Urban Housing, Laurence King, GB, 2006
[3]. Novalić, Adnan. Istanbul‟daki Yurt Odaları Yurt Odası Planlama Ilkelerı Bağlamında Değerlendirilmesi. Master Thesis. Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul, 2012
[4]. Rakočević, P. Milan. 24 Časa Arhitekture, Uvod u Arhitektonsko Projektovanje, Arhitektonski Fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu, Orion Art, Beograd, 2003
[5]. Rapoport, Amos. Culture, Architecture and Design, Locke Sižcience Publishing Company, Inc., Illinois, USA, 2005

Citation
Adnan Novalić "A Review on Shearing of Single Living Space in Residential Architecture" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0004. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Page 39-42
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Adnan Novalić, Emina Zejnilovic

User – Based Approach in the Planning and Configuration of Living Spaces
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
In the contemporary world the lack of living spaces – environments of dormitory facilities and proper accommodation for students is more than evident. Worldwide migrations of university students is triggering a huge market that is offering various opportunities of accommodations, and it is more than often that the offered accommodation is not satisfying the living requirements of students as individuals, which is directly influencing their success in educational process. One of potential reasons for unsuccessful accommodation condition lies in the fact that in most of the countries the dormitory facilities are not the buildings originally designed with the function of dormitories, but they are adaptation of the buildings that were constructed with other primary functions and purposes....................
Dormitory, privacy, habituation, belongingness, motivational needs, basic needs.

[1]. Hall, T. Edward. The Hidden Dimension. Anchor Books Editions, USA, 1990
[2]. Heilweil, Martin. Environment and Behaviour. Vol. 5. ,Sage Publications Inc., USA, 1973
[3]. Novalić, Adnan. Istanbul‟daki Yurt Odaları Yurt Odası Planlama Ilkelerı Bağlamında Değerlendirilmesi. Master Thesis. Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul, 2012

Citation
Adnan Novalić, Emina Zejnilovic "User – Based Approach in the Planning and Configuration of Living Spaces" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0005. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Page 43-45
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K.Parish Venkata Kumar, Dr. B.D.C.N Prasad

Effective Data Quality Management In Health Sector
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Data quality analysis leavings a difficult issue on several sphere (e.g. geographic, software, databases, etc.). This is especially the case on e-Health control applications for continuing of data aspect to ensure correct decision making is very crucial. Patients monitoring assign to a continued observation of patient's quality (physiological and physical) traditionally achieve by one or several body sensors. In fact, compelling actions and compromise are based on data coming from such sensors (e.g. remote diagnosis, consultations, hospitalization…)................
Data quality ,quality management ,E-health ,decision making, data analysis.

[1]. Batini, C., Cappiello, C., Francalanci, C., & Maurino, A. (2009). Methodologies for Data Quality Assessment and Improvement. ACM Computing Surveys, 41(3), Article 16.

[2]. Even, A., & Shankaranarayanan, G. (2009). Utility cost perspectives in data quality management. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 50(2), 127-135.

[3]. Haug, A., Pedersen, A., & Arlbjørn, J.S. (2009). A classification model of ERP system data quality. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 109(8), 1053-1068. doi:10.1108/02635570910991292

[4]. Jing-hua, X., Kang, X., & Xiao-wei, W.(2009). Factors influencing enterprise to improve data quality in information systems application —An empirical research on 185 enterprises through field studies. 16th International Conference on Management Science & Engineering, September 14-16, 2009, Moscow, Russia.

[5]. Piprani, B., & Ernst, D. (2008). A Model for Data Quality Assessment. Lecture Notes in Computer Science,5333, 750-759. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88875-8_99

Citation
K.Parish Venkata Kumar, Dr. B.D.C.N Prasad "Effective Data Quality Management In Health Sector" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0006. India
Page 46-54
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Dr. Sadyojathappa S

Need of Consumer Protection Act in India in the Present Scenario
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The contemporary era is marked as the era of consumers. The philosophy of marketing is based on consumer. The consumer is not only the heart of marketing but also the controller of marketing functions. The reality consumer may be "Pivotal point‟ of corporate activities; the present marketing scenario has shifted from product centric to buyers centric. Some Traders misguided the innocent consumers. As consumers we face huge problems relating to defective goods, deficiency in services, food adulteration, spurious goods, hoarding, use of deceptive and fractional weights, late deliveries, variations in the contents of the pack, poor after sales service, misleading advertisements, hidden price components................
Consumer, Consumer protection, Issues, Challenges & Unfair Trade Practice.

[1]. Ashok Patil, "A study on Consumer Protection through maintenance of Product Safety & Standards in India", Working Paper Series no. 023, Asian Law Institute, 2011.
[2]. Bhamy V. Shenoy, "Consumer: Are we going anywhere?". Consumer Protection, February, 1993.
[3]. Dr.J.KRaju ,Mr.Asifulla, "Consumer Protection Act, 1986: Issues and Challenges", International Journal of Emerging Research in Management &Technology ,Volume-2, Issue-4 .ISSN: 2278-9359.
[4]. Andrey Rebello, Societical Response to Consumer Movement, Ahmedabad: Consumer Education and Research Society, 1991.
[5]. Akram,S. Consumer Protection in India under the shadow of Legislation, The Indian Journal of Commerce,Vol.XXXXVIII,No:181,December,1994

Citation
Dr. Sadyojathappa S "Need of Consumer Protection Act in India in the Present Scenario" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0007. India
Page 55-58
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Dr.Chinthagunta Mukundha, Mandadi Kavya, O.Sahithi Reddy, R.Tejaswini

A Comprehensive Study on Multi-Tenancy Techniques in Cloud Computing Models
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Cloud Computing is the most trending Information Technology computational model. This environment is enabled with an Internet to provide computing resources comprised of software, servers, Storages and applications that can be accessed by any type of client. Cloud computing is the fundamental model to provide the services like Infrastructure as a Service, Platform as a Service and Software as a Service. Majority of these services are offered based on pay per use lease style investment with very low or no startup costs to purchase all hardware or software components. The feature provides economic benefits to both users and service providers since it reduces the management cost and thus lowers the subscription price. Many users are, however, reluctant to subscribe to cloud computing services due to security concerns. To enable deployment of cloud computing, we need to advance new techniques like secure multi-tenancy, resource isolation need to be advanced further.
Cloud Computing, Multi-tenancy, Security, Virtualization, Resource Isolation.

[1]. The MITRE Corporation, "Common Vulnerability and Exposures (CVE)," http://cve.mitre.org/, Mar. 2011.
[2]. T. Garfinkel, et al., "Compatibility is not transparency: Vmm detection myths and realities," in HotOS, 2007.
[3]. J. Franklin, et al., "Remote detection of virtual machine monitors with fuzzy benchmarking," SIGOPS Oper. Syst. Rev., April 2008.
[4]. T. Garfinkel, et al., "Terra: a virtual machine-based platform for trusted computing," in SOSP, 2003.
[5]. Trusted Computing Group, http://www.trustedcomputinggroup.org/, June 2011

Citation
Dr.Chinthagunta Mukundha, Mandadi Kavya, O.Sahithi Reddy, R.tejaswini "A Comprehensive Study on Multi-Tenancy Techniques in Cloud Computing Models" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0008. India
Page 59-64
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Version - 2 (September 2017)


Yogendra Kumar Sharma, G.C.Sharma, M. Jain

Analysis of a Queueing Model with Balking for Buffer Sharing in Atm
  • Abstract
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In this paper, we study a Markovian queueing model with balking for buffer sharing in ATM. It is assumed that server provides service with priorities termed as first, second and third. As soon as system accumulates L+1, M+1 customers third and second priority customers balk with balking function bn. We have obtained the steady state probabilities for the system by recursive method. Some performance measures have also been obtained. A numerical example is also provided.
Markovian Queueing Model, Balking, Buffer sharing, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM).

[1]. Abou-El-Alta, M.O. and Hari, A.M. (1992): The M/M/C/N queue with balking and reneging, Comp. Oper. Res., Vol. 19, No. 8, PP. 713-716.
[2]. Anecker, C.J. and Gafarian, A.V. (1963): Some queueing problem with balking and reneging I and II Oper. Res., Vol. 11, PP. 88-100.
[3]. Bae, J.J. and Suda, T. (1991): Survey of Traffic Control Schemes and Protocols in ATM Network, Proceeding of the IEEE, Vol. 79, PP. 170-189.
[4]. Doshi, B.T., and Jangerman, D. (1986): An M/G/1 queue with class dependent balking (reneging), Teletraffic Analysis and Comp. Perf. Eval., O.J. Boxaman J.W. Cohen, H.C. Tijms (Editors) Elsevier Science Punblishers, B.V., North Holland.
[5]. Gross, D. and Harris, C.M. (1985): Fundamentals of queueing theory, Second edition, John Wiley and Sons, Newyork.

Citation
Yogendra Kumar Sharma, G.C.Sharma, M. Jain "Analysis of a Queueing Model with Balking for Buffer Sharing in Atm" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0001. India
Page 01-11
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Gaurav Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Sharma

Air Pollution Evaluation Methods
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  • Full Article
Pollution is a pervasive phenomenon of economic growth and development causing harm to society. It refers to the residual flows that arise from anthropogenic sources and enter the environmental systems. An economic externality is said to be present when the activities of some economic agents affect positively or negatively the other agents who do not have control over them. Air and water pollution, deforestation and land degradation are some of the environmental externalities generated by the various development activities in the economy. Air pollution not only affects health of human beings but also affects property prices. This paper intends to present a framework based on hedonic regression and artificial neural network to evaluate air pollution as a commodity.
Air Pollution, Environment Valuation, Hedonic Regression, Artificial Neural Network

[1]. A. M. Freeman III, "Air pollution and property values, a further comment", Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 56, pp. 554–556, Nov. 1974
[2]. Anderson, J. A., Rosenfeld E., "Neurocomputing", Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 1988
[3]. B. R. Beloff, E.R. Beaver, and H. Massin, "Assessing societal costs associated with environmental impacts", Environmental Quality Management, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 67–82, Winter 2000
[4]. Babu B.V. and V. Ramakrishna. "Mathematical modeling of site sensitivity indices in the site selection criteria for hazardous waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility", Journal of the IPHE, 2000 (1), pp. 54-70, 2000
[5]. Bao, H. X. H., Wan, A. T. K., "On the Use of Spline Smoothing in Estimating Hedonic Housing Prices Models: Empirical Evidence using Hong Kong Date", Real Estate Economics, 32(3), 487-507, 2004

Citation
Gaurav Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Sharma "Air Pollution Evaluation Methods" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0002. India
Page 12-17
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A. Sai Hanuman, LikhitaChintala

Semantic Textual Similarity for Machine Translation Evaluation
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Machine translation translates a speech of text from the source language to target language. This paper introduces machine translation evaluation by calculating the semantic textual similarity between the machine translated sentences. The similarity score varies by using different values of alpha, beta and ranges semantic similarity [0,5]. The experiment is carried out on SemEval 2017 datasets. The experiment resulted in the highest accuracy for the Spanish-Spanish dataset with Pearson coefficient correlation 0.7969.
Sentence similarity, semantic nets, corpus, Machine Translation evaluation, natural language processing.

[1]. Yuhua Li, David McLean, ZuhairA.Bandar, JamesD.O‟Shea, and Keeley Crockett,"3Li.pdf", "Sentence Similarity Based on Semantic Nets and Corpus Statistics", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE ANDDATA ENGINEERING, VOL. 18, NO. 8, AUGUST 2006
[2]. J. Atkinson-Abutridy, C. Mellish, and S. Aitken, "Combining Information Extraction with Genetic Algorithms for Text Mining," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 19, no. 3, 2004.
[3]. G. Erkan and D.R. Radev, "LexRank: Graph-Based Lexical Centrality As Salience in Text Summarization," J. Artificial Intelligence Research, vol. 22, pp. 457-479, 2004.
[4]. Y. Ko, J. Park, and J. Seo, "Improving Text Categorization Using the Importance of Sentences," Information Processing and Management, vol. 40, pp. 65-79, 2004.
[5]. Y. Liu and C.Q. Zong, "Example-Based Chinese-English MT," Proc. 2004 IEEE Int‟l Conf. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vols. 1-7, pp. 6093-6096, 2004.

Citation
A. Sai Hanuman, LikhitaChintala "Semantic Textual Similarity for Machine Translation Evaluation" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0003. India
Page 18 - 21
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Dr. Sanjeev Chaturvedi

Analysis of Decline Market: with Special Reference To Nokia Mobile Phone
  • Abstract
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Nokia was a synonym for the mobile phone industry for a long time; however, when it came into the era of smart phones, the former leader was under an awkward situation. Nokia sold its mobile phone business to Microsoft on September 3, 2013. This was a typical case of the subversion of an industry; therefore, the author believed that it was necessary to analyze the process. This research paper studied Nokia's decline mainly from the three parts. First of all, looking back Nokia's development process from the glory to the decline, it can be divided into three stages: the transition period, the peak period and the decline period, followed by analyzing the reasons of its decline from three parts: Nokia executives' grasp for the market, the company's business strategy and business cooperation, and finally analyzing its inspiration for modern enterprises from the marketing perspective.
...................

[1]. http://www.blcasestudies@thehindu.co.in.
[2]. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/on-campus/case-studies/can-nokia-regain-share-in-india/article5440360.ece.
[3]. Fu, Z.S. (2010) Nokia Smart Phone Satisfaction Is Not High Operating System Closed or the Main Reason. Communication Information.
[4]. Yi, M. (2011) When Nokia Met Apple.Business Management, 12, 60-62.
[5]. Zheng, Z.Q. (2013) Influence of Utilitarianism and Hedonism on Purchase Behavior in Mobile Phone—Nokia and Apple as an Example.Journal of Liaoning Medical College, 10, 50-52.

Citation
Dr. Sanjeev Chaturvedi "Analysis of Decline Market: with Special Reference To Nokia Mobile Phone" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0004. India
Page 22-27
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Chandra Shekar.H.M

An Empirical study on Managers Insight of Environmental Uncertainty and Business Performances in SMEs: Evidence from ITPL Bengaluru, India
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The inspiration behind this examination was to research the relationship of environmental uncertainty and business performance. The data is processed by using regression analysis to determine relationship. This study was conducted in ITPL (International Tech Park Bengaluru) sample of this exploration is managers, and utilizing study inquire about with primary data collection through questionnaire. The results of this study are apparent environment uncertainty, business performance drastically positively associated, business performance measurement systems significantly associated, but the pecuniary performance of the measurement system is not extensively related.
Environmental Vulnerability, Managers insight, Business performance, ITPL

[1]. Concepción Garcés-Ayerbe, Sabina Scarpellini, Jesus Valero-Gil and Pilar Rivera-Torres, (2016) "Proactive environmental strategy development: from laggard to eco-innovative firms", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 29 Issue: 7, pp.1118-1134.

[2]. Evangeline Elijido‐Ten, (2007) "Applying stakeholder theory to analyze corporate environmental performance: Evidence from Australian listed companies", Asian Review of Accounting, Vol. 15 Issue: 2, pp.164-184.

[3]. Gene M. Owens, (2007) "Analyzing impacts of bioenergy expansion in China using strategic environmental assessment", Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 18 Issue: 4, pp.396-412.

[4]. Hanna Moon and Chan Lee, (2015) "Strategic learning capability: through the lens of environmental jolts", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 39 Issue: 7, pp.628-640.

[5]. Hesan A. Quazi, (2001) "Sustainable development: integrating environmental issues into strategic planning", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 101 Issue: 2, pp.64-70.

Citation
Chandra Shekar.H.M "An Empirical study on Managers Insight of Environmental Uncertainty and Business Performances in SMEs: Evidence from ITPL Bengaluru, India" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0005. India
Page 28-34
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Dr.Chinthagunta Mukundha, Nampally Venkatesh, Kamatagi Akshay

A Comprehensive Study Report on Load balancing Techniques in Cloud Computing
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Cloud computing is emerging as a new paradigm for manipulating, configuring, and accessing large scale distributed computing applications over the network. Load balancing is one of the main Challenges in cloud computing which is required to distribute the workload evenly across all the nodes. Load is a measure of the amount of work that a computation system performs which can be classified as CPU load, network load, memory capacity and storage capacity. It helps to achieve a high user satisfaction and resource utilization ratio by ensuring an efficient and fair allocation of every computing resource. Proper load balancing aids in implementing fail-over, enabling scalability, over- provisioning, minimizing resource consumption and avoiding bottlenecks etc. This paper describes a survey on load balancing algorithms in cloud computing environment along with their corresponding advantages, disadvantages and performance metrics are discussed in detail.
Cloud computing, manipulating, memory capacity, provisioning, load balancing.

[1]. Peter Mell, Timothy Grance. The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing (Draft). NIST. 2011.
[2]. Lazaros Gkatzikis, Iordanis Koutsopoulos, "Migrate or Not? Exploiting Dynamic Task Migration in Mobile Cloud Computing Systems", IEEE Wireless Communications 2013, pp. 24-32.
[3]. Raghavendra Achar, P. Santhi Thilagam, Nihal Soans, P. V. Vikyath, Sathvik Rao and Vijeth A. M., "Load Balancing in Cloud Based on Live Migration of Virtual Machines ", 2013 Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON) .
[4]. Akshay Jain, Anagha Yadav, Lohit Krishnan, Jibi Abraham , "A Threshold Band Based Model For Automatic Load Balancing in Cloud Environment ".
[5]. Amandeep Kaur Sidhu, Supriya Kinger , "Analysis of Load Balancing Techniques in Cloud Computing ", International Journal of Computers & Technology , Volume 4 No. 2, March-April, 2013, pp. 737-741.

Citation
Dr.Chinthagunta Mukundha, Nampally Venkatesh, Kamatagi Akshay "A Comprehensive Study Report on Load balancing Techniques in Cloud Computing" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0006. India
Page 35-42
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Sharmista A, Ramaswami M

Rough Set Based Opinion Mining in Tamil
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  • Full Article
As individuals impart on the Web about their sentiments on products and services they have used, it has become important to formulate methods of automatically classifying and judging them. The task of examining such data, collectively called client feedback data, is known as opinion mining. Opinion mining consists of several steps, and different techniques have been proposed at each stage in this process. This paper basically explains such techniques that have been used for the implementation of task of opinion mining in Tamil. On the basis of this analysis we provide an overall system design for the development of opinion mining approach. In this paper, the rough set theory is useful to extract the key sentences and its feature attribute after getting the opinion from the post will be evaluated...................
Opinion Mining, Customer Feedback, Feature Extraction, Rough Set Theory, Sentiment Classification, Opinion Summarization.

[1]. Basant Agarwal, Namita Mittal, "Categorical Probability Proportion Difference (CPPD): A Feature Selection Method for Sentiment Classification", In Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Sentiment Analysis where AI meets Psychology (SAAIP), COLING 2012, pp 17–26, 2012.
[2]. Basant Agarwal, Namita Mittal, "Optimal Feature Selection Methods for Sentiment Analysis", In 14th International Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics (CICLing 2013), Vol-7817,pp:13-24, 2013.
[3]. Domenico Potena, Claudia Diamantini. Mining Opinions on the Basis of Their Affectivity in 2010 IEEE, pp.245-254.
[4]. Grzymala-Busse JW (2004c) Data with missing attribute values: Generalization of discernibility relation and rule induction. Transactions on Rough Sets, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Journal Subline, Springer-Verlag, 1: 78–95
[5]. Grzymala-Busse JW, Siddhaye S (2004). Rough set approaches to rule induction from incomplete data. Proceedings of the IPMU'2004, the 10th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems,Perugia, Italy, vol. 2, 923–930.

Citation
Sharmista A, Ramaswami M "Rough Set Based Opinion Mining in Tamil" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0007. India
Page 43-51
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J Sharmila Vaiz, M Ramaswami

A Hybrid Model to Forecast Stock Trend Using Support Vector Machine and Neural Networks
  • Abstract
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  • Reference
  • Full Article
Machine learning methods have trouble when dealing with large number of input features, which is posing an interesting challenge for researchers. Pre-processing of the data is very much essential in order to use machine learning methods effectively. Relevant feature selection has become an essential task that speeds up data mining algorithms, improves predictive accuracy and increases comprehensibility. In this study, a novel approach is proposed by combining both Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Artificial Neural networks (ANN) in predicting stock trend. SVM technique is introduced to remove irrelevant and redundant variables and subsequently neural network based classification technique is used to forecast stock trends with the reduced feature set. Importance of choosing correct input features using SVM before classification is reflected using evaluation measures accuracy, F-measure, ROC curves and AUC.
Selection, classification, prediction, stock trend, technical analysis

[1]. Saahil Madge. (2015) "Predicting Stock Price Direction using Support Vector Machines" , Independent work report spring 2015.
[2]. Xinjie Di, "Stock Trend Prediction using Technical Indicators using SVM"
[3]. Luca Di Persio, Oleksandr Honchar, "Artificial neural networks approach to the forecast of stock market price movements", International Journal of Economics and Management Systems.
[4]. Dr. Asif Ullah Khan and Dr. Bhupesh Gour, "Neural Networks with Technical Indicators Identify Best Timing To Invest In The Selected Stocks"
[5]. Jacinta Chan Phooi M'ng and Azmin Azliza Aziz(Jan 2016), "Using Neural Networks to Enhance Technical Trading Rule Returns": A Case with KLCI, Athens Journal of Business and Economics.

Citation
J Sharmila Vaiz, M Ramaswami "A Hybrid Model to Forecast Stock Trend Using Support Vector Machine and Neural Networks" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0008. India
Page 52-59
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Gopi Raval, Maulik Kansagra

Effect on Compressive Strength of Fiber-Reinforced concrete By addition of Jute Fibers
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The modernisation in the construction technology has damaged our environment to a greater extent. This research aims at providing environment friendly fibers to fiber reinforced concrete. Concrete is one such basic component in which constant up gradation has always been implemented in order to improve its properties by adding different admixtures or additives. Jute Fiber is one such material which could be added in concrete to improve its properties and strength without having any environmental damage.
Concrete,Fiber reinforced concrete,Admixtures,Jute Fiber,Construction

[1]. B. Narendra Kumar,P. Srinivasa Rao,Y.Surya Manisha; "Abrasion,Permeability and acid resistance of high performance self compacting hybrid fiber reinforced concrete using quartz materials"; Journal of Structural Engineering, Volume:43,Issue: June-July 2016,pp 212-220
[2]. Balasubramanian,J.Chandrashekaran,Dr.S.Senthil Selvan; "Experimental Investigation of Natural Fiber Reinforced Concrete in Construction Industry"; International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume: 02, Issue: 01, Apr-2015
[3]. C.Chandra Sekar, N.V.Ramamoorthy; "Influence of Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Concrete for Ductility"; Journal of Structural Engineering, Volume: 41, Issue: Oct-Nov-2014
[4]. Elie Awwad, Mounir Mabsout, Bilal Hamad and Helmi Khatib; "Experimental
[5]. Investigation of Natural Fiber Reinforced Concrete in Construction Industry"; International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume: 02,Issue: 01 | Apr-2015

Citation
Gopi Raval, Maulik Kansagra "Effect on Compressive Strength of Fiber-Reinforced concrete By addition of Jute Fibers" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0009. India
Page 60-64
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Version - 3 (September 2017)


Viktor Myronenko, Valerii Samsonkina, Serhyi Rudkovskyi, Rostislav Diomin, Albert Feldman

Ukraine in system of transport links
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The paper shows the possibilities and benefits of Ukraine joining the transcontinental system of transport links that is now on the eve of the global reshaping with development of alternative routes. This is a prerequisite for a phased increase in international cargo transportation in territories of Ukraine and partner countries. The paper presents some results of assessment of different transportation technologies capacity that enables decision-making on their use and development depending on traffic volumes.
Transit cargo; railway system; New Silk road;transport infrastructure; rolling stock; gauge change; combined transport; piggyback.

[1]. http://ukraine-eu.mfa.gov.ua/en/page/open/id/2900.

[2]. http://www.xinhuanet.com/silkroad/english/index.htmchina's belt and road initiative.

[3]. http://silkroad-forum.com/ railway silk road cities forum.

[4]. A. Bulisa, R. Skapars, Development of "New Silk road" Northern branch through seaport of Riga in Latvia, in: 10th International strategic management conference, University of Latvia (no rail routes via Ukraine).

[5]. B. Sárvári, A. Szeidovitz, The political economics of the New Silk road, in: Baltic J. of European studies, Tallinn University of Technology (ISSN 2228-0588), vol. 6, no. 1 (20), pp. 3–27.

Citation
Viktor Myronenko, Valerii Samsonkina, Serhyi Rudkovskyi, Rostislav Diomin, Albert Feldman "Ukraine in system of transport links" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0001. Ukraine
Page 01-06
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Mr. Yadvendra Prasad Dwivedi, Mrs. Swagota Bera, Mrs. Monisha Sharma

Review on Universal Steganalysis Techniques Based on the Feature Extraction in Transform Domain
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Steganography and steganalysis are important topics in information hiding. Steganography refers to the technique of hiding secret messages into media such as audio, video, image and text with maximum stealthiness, while in steganalysiswe recover back the secret data hidden in the stegoimages.Steganography and steganalysis both have received a lot of attention from law enforcement and media. Steganalysis can be classified on the basis of the techniques used such as classified statistical techniques, pattern classification techniques and visual detection techniques etc. In this paper an extensive review report is presented for steganalysis. This paper provides a survey on steganalysis for digital images, mainly covering the fundamental concepts.............
Steganography, Steganalysis, Cover Image, Stegoimage,Transform Domain,Spatial Domain,Universal Steganalysis.

[1]. Lyu S. and FaridH., Detecting Hidden Messages using Higher-Order Statistics andSupportVector Machines, Information Hiding, vol.2578, pp340-354,Springer 2003.
[2]. Fridrich.J., Feature-based steganalysis for JPEG Images and its Implications forFutureDesign of Steganographic Schemes, International Workshop on Information Hiding, pp 67-81, Springer 2005.
[3]. ShiY.Q., ChenC.,andChenW.,A Markov Process Based Approach to Effective Attacking JPEG Steganography,Lecture Notes in Computer Science , InformationHiding,vol. 4437, pp 249-264, Springer 2006.
[4]. PevnyT.andFridrichJ.,Merging Markov and DCT features for Multiclass JPEG Steganalysis,Steganography, and watermarking of Multimedia Contents,vol. 6505, pp1-13,Springer 2007.
[5]. J. Kodovsky and J. Fridrich, Steganalysis in high dimensions: Fusing classifiers built on random subspaces, Proc. SPIE, Electronic Imaging, Media, Watermarking, Security and Forensics XIII, San Francisco, C.A., vol. 7880, pp. 23-26, January 2011.

Citation
Mr. Yadvendra Prasad Dwivedi, Mrs. Swagota Bera, Mrs. Monisha Sharma "Review on Universal Steganalysis Techniques Based on the Feature Extraction in Transform Domain" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0002. India
Page 07-11
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Rohit Joshi, Dr. Satyendra Singh

CFD Analysis for Thermal Behavior of Turbulent Channel Flow of Different Geometry of Bottom Plate
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The present work is carried out to investigate heat transfer and friction factor characteristics of fluid (air) flow through turbulent channel i.e. parallel plate heat exchanger for different geometry and designs parameters, with a bottom plate applied to uniform constant heat flux thermal boundary condition, and upper plate is provided with a insulated condition. The fluid domain is designed using ANSYS Workbench v15 software and simulated using ANSYS Fluent v15 software, which is based on finite element method. Realizable k-ε turbulent model with wall function is applied for solving turbulence in the domain, and second-order upwind scheme was provided for calculation....................
Turbulent channel, ANSYS Fluent, 2-D Analysis, Different geometries, Friction Factor

[1]. M. Dalle Donne, L. Meyer, Turbulent convective heat transfer from rough surfaces with two-dimensional rectangular ribs, International Journal Heat and Mass Transfer 20 (1977) 583–620.
[2]. S.R. Martin, C.J. Bates, Small-probe-volume Laser Doppler Anemometry measurements of turbulent flow near the wall of a rib-roughened channel, Flow Measurement Instrumentation 3 (1992) 81–88.
[3]. Y.M. Hong, S.S. Hsieh, Heat transfer and friction factor measurement in ducts with staggered and inline ribs, Transaction ASME Journal Heat Transfer 115 (1993) 58–65.
[4]. A.R. Jaurker, J.S. Saini, B.K. Gandhi, Heat transfer and friction characteristics of rectangular solar air heater duct using rib–grooved artificial roughness, Solar Energy 80 (2006) 895–907.
[5]. S. Lorenz, D. Mukomilow, W. Leiner, Distribution of the heat transfer coefficient in a channel with periodic transverse grooves, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 11 (1995) 234–242.

Citation
Rohit Joshi, Dr. Satyendra Singh "CFD Analysis for Thermal Behavior of Turbulent Channel Flow of Different Geometry of Bottom Plate" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0003. India
Page 12-19
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Ella Kalpana, G.N. Beena Bethel

t - Closeness through Microaggregation: Strict Privacy with Enhanced Utility Preservation in Sensitive Micro data
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The preservation of privacy of distributed micro data is basic to keep the sensitive data of people from being disclosed. Many privacy models are used for ensuring the privacy of micro data. Micro aggregation is a strategy for disclosure restraint went for securing the security of information subjects in micro data discharges .It has been utilized as another option to generalization as well as suppression to create k-unidentified datasets, where the character of every subject is covered up inside a gathering of k subjects. Not like the generalization, micro aggregation annoys the information and this extra concealing flexibility permits enhancing information usefulness in few courses..................
Generalization, micro aggregation, t - closeness and k – anonymity

[1]. Jordi Soria-Comas, Josep Domingo-Ferrer, Fellow, IEEE, David Sanchez, and Sergio Martinez,"t-closeness through Microaggregation: Strict privacy with Enhanced utility Preservation", IEEE Trans. Knowl. Data Eng. VOL.27, NO.11, November 2015. .
[2]. Domingo-Ferrer and J. Soria-Comas,"From t-closeness to differential privacy and vice versa in data anonymization," Knowledge based syst. vol. 74, pp. 151- 158, 2015.
[3]. N. Li, T. Li, and S.Venkatasubramanian,"Closeness: A new privacy measure for data publishing," IEEE Trans. Knowl. Data Eng.,vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 943-956, Jul. 2010.
[4]. J. Cao, P. Karras, P. Kalnis, and K.-L. Tan, "SABRE: A sensitive attribute Bucketization and Redistribution framework for t- closeness," VLDB J., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 59-81, 2011.
[5]. J. Soria-Comas and J. Domingo-Ferrer, "Differential privacy via t-closeness in data publishing," in Proc. 11th Annu. Int. Conf. Privacy, Security Trust, 2013, pp. 27-35.

Citation
Ella Kalpana, G.N. Beena Bethel "t - Closeness through Microaggregation: Strict Privacy with Enhanced Utility Preservation in Sensitive Micro data" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0004. India
Page 20-25
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Bhavin Mistry, Maulik Kansagra, Pawan Panchal

Effects of Adding Glass Fibers As Additive for Sand-Casting
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Foundry industries in a developing countries are suffering from poor quality and productivity even in completely controlled process. Defects in casting process have been seen which challenges explanation about the cause of casting defects. The objective of this research is to minimize casting defects by adding different fibers in different proportions, to check the productivity of the components with respect to the normal production and to check the temperature resistance by keeping the sand ratio same and using different proportions of additives. Different glass and steel fibers have been taken along with two different quality of sand having one proportion and sodium silicate as a binder. Results should show good amount of strength and less defect.
Foundry,productivity,casting defects,additives,binder

[1]. Achamyeleh A. Kassie, Samuel B. Assfaw; "Minimization of Casting Defects"; Journal of Engineering; ISSN: 2250-3021; 2278-8719 Vol. 3, Issue 5 (May. 2013).

[2]. Bernhard J. Stauder, Hubert Kerber, Peter Schumacher " Foundry sand core property assessment by 3-point bending test evalution"; Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 237, November 2016, Pages 188-196 [3]. Eun-Hee Kim, Guen-Ho Cho, Yoon-Suk Oh, Yeon-Gil Junga "Development of a high temperature mold process for sand casting with a thin wall and complex shape" Thin solid films 20 September 2016.
[4]. Frank Peters et al; "Effect of mould expansion on pattern allowances in sand casting of steel"; International journal of cast materials; 2007.

[5]. Himanshu Khandelwal, B. Ravi "Effect of molding parameters on chemically bonded sand mold properties" Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Volume 22, April 2016, Pages 127-133

Citation
Bhavin Mistry, Maulik Kansagra, Pawan Panchal "Effects of Adding Glass Fibers As Additive for Sand-Casting" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0005. India
Page 26-31
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Abhinavsharma, Dr.Neeru Malhotra

Design of Smiley Shaped Fractal Antenna for Multiband Applications Using HFSS
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The objective of this paper is to design and analyse a novel Smiley shaped fractal antenna and simulate proposed antenna for multiband applications. Designing an antenna of compact size for portable wireless devices is one of the challenges. This proposed novel design of SFA has some uniqueness, such as compact size, antenna design with basic circle geometry, low cost, nearly omnidirectional. The simulated and measured results of the proposed antenna are also analysed.The use of fractal geometries has meaningfully impacted many areas of science and engineering, one of which is antennas. Antennas using some of these geometries for numerous telecommunications applications are already obtainable commerc
Smiley shaped Fractal antenna (SFA), Fractal antenna (FA)

[1]. MohammadiBharmal, Dr. K. J. Vinoy, "Design of Fractal UWB Antenna"2000.
[2]. Nemanja POPRŽEN, Mićo GAĆANOVIĆ, "Fractal antennas: design, characteristics and application"2000.
[3]. Konstantinos P. Liolis, Athanasios D. Panagopoulos, and Panayotis G. Cottis, "Multi-SatelliteMIMO Communications at Ku-Band and Above: Investigations on Spatial Multiplexing for CapacityImprovement and Selection Diversity for InterferenceMitigation" EURASIP Journal onWireless Communications and Networking,vol 2007, Article ID 59608, 11 pages

[4]. A. Azari, J. Rowhani, "Ultra wideband fractal microstrip antenna design" Progress In Electromagnetic Research C, Vol. 2, 7–12, 2008.
[5]. H. F. AbuTarboush, H. S. Al-Raweshidy and R. Nilavalan, "Multi-Band Antenna for Different Wireless Applications" IEEE2009

Citation
Abhinavsharma, Dr.Neeru Malhotra "Design of Smiley Shaped Fractal Antenna for Multiband Applications Using HFSS" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0006. India
Page 32-36
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Dr K.Butchi Raju, Velde Vani

An Empirical Techniques of Information Retrieval System in Searching
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Semantic and keyword electronic procedure is turning into a non-specific issue in a use of Information Retrieval (IR). A large portion of the scientists utilized distinctive web strategies for finding relevant data and keyword based search is not able to fetch the relevant results, because they do not know the actual meaning of the term or expression and relationship between them in the web search In this paper, semantic and catchphrase based web look technique have been utilized for various hunt terms. The semantic web search tools are Google, Yahoo and Wikipedia and catchphrase web indexes are Hakia, Bing and DuckDuckGo. Execution depends on their exactness proportion and characteristic dialect inquiries.....................
Information Retrieval, Semantic Web search, keyword web search, web search engine.

[1]. Amit Upadhyay, Amit Paul, Pijush Dutta.K Pramanik, "Semantic Web Crawler for More Relevant Search Using Ontology", 2014.
[2]. Aravindhan.R and Mano Chitra.M, "A Review on Ontology Based Search Engine", 2014.
[3]. Baeza-Yates R and Ribeiro-Neto B, "Modern Information Retrieval," ACM Press/Addison Wesley",1999.
[4]. Bertone A., Albertoni R., & De Martino M., "Semantic Web and Information Visualization, Proceedings of the1st Italian Workshop on Semantic Web Application and Perspective, DEIT, pp.108-114,Ancona, Italy,December10, 2004.
[5]. Guha,R.McCool and Miler, "Semantic Search," 2011.

Citation
Dr K.Butchi Raju, Velde Vani "An Empirical Techniques of Information Retrieval System in Searching" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0007. India
Page 37-42
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Madhukiran.J, Dr.T.Venkateswara Rao, Dr.S.Madhusudan, Dr. R.Umamaheswara Rao

Evaluation of The Mechanical Properties on Sisal-Coir Hybrid Natural Fiber Composites
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
The usage of natural fiber reinforced composites is growing at a faster rate and is actively being considered asan alternate materialforsynthetic fiber. In the present work an attempt has been made tofabricate the sisal-coir fiber randomly orientedhybrid composites and to evaluate the mechanical properties such as tensile strength and flexural strength. Three types(sisal-coir) of hybrid laminate and two pure laminate composites are fabricated using manual layup technique. Epoxy (Ly556 and HY951) resin is used as matrix material in the present work. The specimens are prepared according to ASTM standards and the experiments were conducted on an universal testing machine (UTM).From the experimental results, it has beenobserved that the sisal-coir fiber hybrid composites exhibitedsuperiorproperties when compared to pure composites.
Coir & Sisal fibers, Epoxy, Hybrid polymer matrix composite, Hand layup.

[1]. Sidddika salma, Mansura Fayecka,and hasan mahbub Physic-mechanical properties of jute-coir fiber reinforced hybrid polypropylene composites", World academy of sciences, Engineering and Technology: 2013, Vol.73, pp-1145-1149.
[2]. M.Jawaid, Khalil H.P.S Abdul, "Cellulosic/synthetic fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites: A review" carbohydrate polymers 2011, Vol.86, pp-1-18.
[3]. AlbuuerueA.C.,JosephK.,decarvalhoL.H.naddeAlmediaJ.R.M., Effect of wettability and ageing conditions on the physical and mechanical properties of uni axially oriented jute roving reinforced polyester composites, Composites Science and Technology.2000, Vol.60, pp-833-844.
[4]. JohnK, VenkataNaiduS.Effect of fiber content and fiber treatment on flexural properties of sisal fiber/glass fiber hybrid composites. Journal of reinforced plastic composites 2004; 23 (15): pp-1601-115.
[5]. Yan Li, Yiu-Wing Mai and Lin Ye, 2000. Sisal fiber mechanical properties of natural fiber reinforced and its composites: a review of recent developments, composites science and Technolgy2000, Vol. 60, pp-2037-2055.

Citation
Madhukiran.J, Dr.T.Venkateswara Rao, Dr.S.Madhusudan, Dr. R.Umamaheswara Rao "Evaluation of The Mechanical Properties on Sisal-Coir Hybrid Natural Fiber Composites" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0008. India
Page 43-49
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Dr. Mausumi Saha

Morphology And Mechanical Behavior of Commercially Available Caco3 And Organically Modified Caco3 Filled Natural Rubber Composite Vulcanizates
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Commercially available and organically modified calcium carbonate-natural rubber (NR) composites have been prepared through Brabender mixture. All the composites were found to have higher modulus and tensile strength than the gum vulcanizates. Modified filler-composite was found to have increased modulus over a certain (200%) deformation with respect to unmodified filler composite. The effect of different weight percentages of calcium carbonate loading in NR composites was studied. The term "E-inequality‟ means Mooney-Rivlin material model assumes that C1 > 0 and C2 ≤ 0. Present investigation shows that the above assumption should be relaxed for the behavior of calcium carbonate–NR composite under tension. The stress-strain behavior at low, moderate and high strains is not identical.....................
Mooney-Rivlin material model, Tensile properties, PMMA encapsulation, Calcium carbonate, Polymerization

[1]. Sobby, M.S. Elastic behavior of ternary rubber-filled vulcanizates, Polym. International 1997, 42, 85-89.
[2]. Yeoh, O.H. ; Fleming, P.D. A new attempt to reconcile the statistical and Phenomenologyical theories of rubber elasticity, J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phy. 1997, 35,1919-1931.
[3]. Meissner, B.; Matĕjka, L. Description of the tensile stress-strain behavior of filler-reinforced rubber-like networks using a Langevin-theory-based approach. Part I, Polymer 2000, 41, 7749-7760.
[4]. Bourgeat-Lami, E.; Lang, J.J. Encapsulation of inorganic particles by dispersion polymerization in polar media, J. Coll. Interface Sci. 1998, 197, 293-308.
[5]. Konar, B.B.; Saha, M. Influence of polymer coated CaCO3 on vulcanization kinetics of natural rubber/sulfur/N-oxydiethyl benzthiazyl sulfonamide (BSM) system, J. Macromol. Sci. Part A: Pure and Applied Chem. 2012, 49, 214-226.

Citation
Dr. Mausumi Saha "Morphology And Mechanical Behavior of Commercially Available Caco3 And Organically Modified Caco3 Filled Natural Rubber Composite Vulcanizates" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0009. India
Page 50-63
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Dr. Tamer Refaat, Eng. Marwa Hisham El-Zoklah

Ecological Technologies in Residential Construction
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
The The use of ecological technologies in residential construction cause permanent interest in the scientific community, among researchers and practitioners, construction companies and the local citizens. The main purpose of this paper is to overview the modern ideas and approaches in environmental technologies applied all over the world in residential construction. The main research method used is the analysis of the information on the topic received from various public sources. The paper considers the use of biodegradable and natural (organic) materials, alternative heating and lighting sources, various energy efficiency improvement schemes in residential construction while reducing energy consumption.
Environmental Technology, Housing, Biodegradable Materials, Natural Materials, Alternative Sources of Heating and Lighting, Energy Efficiency.

[1]. 23 Shipping Container Home Owners Speak Out: "What I Wish I'd Known Before Building My Shipping Container Home". http://www.containerhomeplans.org/2015/04/what-i-wish-id-known-before-building-my-shipping-container-home.
[2]. 24 Breathtaking Homes Made from. $1800 Shipping Containers. http://organics.org/24-breathtaking-homes-made-from-1800-dollar-shipping-containers.
[3]. The Pros and Cons of Straw Bale Wall Construction In Green Building. http://buildingwithawareness.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-straw-bale-wall-construction-in-green-building.
[4]. Green Roofs for Healthy Cities: About Green Roofs. http://www.greenroofs.org.
[5]. Passive solar home design. https://energy.gov/energysaver/passive-solar-home-design.

Citation
Dr. Tamer Refaat, Eng. Marwa Hisham El-Zoklah "Ecological Technologies in Residential Construction" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0010. Egypt
Page 64-70
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Dr.A.S.Kang, Er.Vishal Sharma, Prof.Renu Vig

Performance Evaluation of oF DM and Prototype FBMC-OQAM Cognitive Radio under constraints of variable Overlapping factors
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
To fully realize the potential of CR networks, there is a need to draw the attention of the research community for developing advanced, context-based and innovative methodologies, techniques and algorithms for the Performance Enhancement of Filter Bank Multicarrier based Cognitive Radio under fading channel Environment. The present section deals with Comparatative Performance Evaluation of OFDM and Prototype FBMC Cognitive Radio. One can see that with decrease in the number of subcarriers, FBMC obtains more spectral efficiency gain over OFDM which surely indicates the more applicability of FBMC for the CR system with small size of spectrum holes. Simulation Results show that FBMC can attain higher channel capacity than OFDM due to low spectral leakage of its prototype filter.
OFDM, FBMC, Filter-Bank, Cognitive radio.

[1]. J.Mitola and G.Q.Maguire,"Cognitive Radios: Making Software Radios More Personal",IEEE Personal. Communication., Vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 13-18, August 1999.
[2]. A.Sahai,Niels Hoven et al.,"Some Fundamental Limits on Cognitive Radio,"Proc.Allerton Conference, Monticello,pp.1-11, Oct 2004
[3]. Sheryl Ball et al., "Consumer Applications of Cognitive Radio Defined Networks,"Proc.IEEE 2005,pp.518-525.
[4]. Hakan Johanssson and Per Lowenberg, "Flexible Frequency-Based Reallocation networks Using variable Oversampled Complex- Modulated Filter Banks", Hindawi Publishing Corporation,EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, Vol. 2007,pp.1-15,2007.
[5]. TeroIhalainen,T.H.Stitz et al.,"Channel Equalization in Filter Bank based Multicarrirer Modulation For Wireless Communacation",Hindawi Publishing Corporation,EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing,Vol.2007,pp.1-18,2007.

Citation
Dr.A.S.Kang, Er.Vishal Sharma, Prof.Renu Vig "Performance Evaluation of oF DM and Prototype FBMC-OQAM Cognitive Radio under constraints of variable Overlapping factors" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0011. India
Page 71-91
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Version - 4 (September 2017)


Kapil Kumar

Evolution of Telecom Sector in India
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
The telecom sector has impacted every aspect of our lives across all States in India. It has been recognized as a key to the rapid growth and modernization of the economy and a very important and significant tool for the socio-economic development.The sector has come a long way from being monopolized by the government of India to the current state wherein, Private participation from Industry is allowed and actually has become one of the largest market in the world.
................

[1]. Ramesh Subramanian, (2008), " The (Continuing) Evolution of India's Telecom Policy, Information Systems Management Department, School of Business, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, CT USA, Publisher: Communications of IIM Ahmedabad
[2]. Harsh Dwivedi &Kavya Saini, (2011), Indian Telecom Sector: Paradigm Shift, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN COMMERCE, IT & MANAGEMENT, VOLUME NO. 1 (5), Page 29.
[3]. Vaishali& Pravin Shaikh, (2014), Business strategies in Telecom sector in India, INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH, Volume No. 4(6), Page 263.
[4]. Muhammad Hassan Raza & Imran Raza, (2013), Technological Management and Modern Telecommunication Market Place, World Applied Sciences Journal, Volume No. 21 (11), Page 1651.
[5]. Cuwen P. Assessing the meltdown in the telecommunication sector. 2005.

Citation
Kapil Kumar "Evolution of Telecom Sector in India" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0001. India
Page 01-04
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Kapil Kumar

Key Challenges of Telecom Sector in India
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The Indian telecom sector has come to an interesting phase of its evolution. All Telecom operators are currently in the process of consolidation especially after Jio's launch in the market and looking at each cost expenditure for its optimization. The primary reason of this sudden shift is because of the entry of a big time player Jio in India. It is evident from the current scenario that the Voice alone will not be sufficient to generate revenue and hence the focus is required to be shifted towards various data services.
............

[1]. Ramesh Subramanian, (2008), The (Continuing) Evolution of India's Telecom Policy, Information Systems Management Department, School of Business, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, CT USA, Publisher: Communications of IIM Ahmedabad
[2]. Harsh Dwivedi &Kavya Saini, (2011), Indian Telecom Sector: Paradigm Shift, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN COMMERCE, IT & MANAGEMENT, VOLUME NO. 1 (5), Page 29.
[3]. Muhammad Hassan Raza & Imran Raza, (2013), Technological Management and Modern Telecommunication Market Place, World Applied Sciences Journal, Volume No. 21 (11), Page 1651.
[4]. Byeong-Yun Chang, (2011), School of Business Administration, Ajou University, Business Process Management of Telecommunication Companies: Fulfilment and Operations Support and Readiness Cases, International Journal of future Generation Communication and Networking, Volume No.4 (9), Page 73.
[5]. Cuwen P. Assessing the meltdown in the telecommunication sector. 2005.

Citation
Kapil Kumar "Key Challenges of Telecom Sector in India" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 9 (September 2017)
MID 1309.067X.0002. India
Page 05-08
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