Current Issue

OTHER SOURCE

IJERD is now being indexed with Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, Informatics, ProQuest, Research Gate,
Docstoc, Scribd, UlrichWeb, Internet Archive
Academia.edu, Computer Science Directory, Wepapers, Geond, Auburn University, Aalborg University,
Queen’s University, Goethe University

IJERD Menu

IJERD Contents

IJERD Libraries

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Open Access

QR Code

ISO Certified

IJERD : Volume 13 - Issue 4

Version - 1 (April 2017)


Antaryami Mishra

Investigations of Mechanical Characteristics of Chicken Feather-Teak wood Dust Filled Epoxy Composites
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The present research has been undertaken with an objective to explore the potential of wood dust and chicken feather as reinforcing material in epoxy composites and to investigate the mechanical behaviour of the composites. Composites of teak wood dust (450 μm size) in 10,15 and 20 percentages of weight mixed with epoxy along with 5 % of chopped chicken feather have been prepared by hand lay up technique. The metallic mould developed in house was used to cast ASTM standard specimens. All the three samples have been tested in UTM for tensile strength and it is observed that composite with 15 % teak wood dust is having highest strength of 8.93 MPa. From water absorption tests in 24 hours the weight gain is very little and negligible for all the composites. Hence these composites can perform very well in moist atmosphere.
Chicken feather-teak wood dust-epoxy composites, tensile, water absorption tests

[1]. Justin, R. Barone, and Walter F. Schmidt. "Polyethylene Reinforced with Keratin Fibres Obtained from Chicken Feathers," Composites Science and Technology, 2005, Vol.65, pp. 173-181.
[2]. Kock, Jeffrey W. "Physical and Mechanical Properties of Chicken Feather Materials," M.Sc. Thesis submitted to Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006.
[3]. Evans, Michael R. and Vance, Leisha. "Physical Properties of Processed Poultry Feather fibrecontaining Greenhouse root Substrates," HortTechnology, 2007, Vol. 17(3), pp.301-304.
[4]. Anand Rao, V., Satapathy, Alok. and Mishra, S.C. " Polymer Composites Reinforced with Short Fibres Obtained From Poultry Feathers," Proc. Of Int. Conf. and INCCOM6 – Future Trends in Composite Materials and Processing, IIT, Kanpur, India, Dec. 12-14, 2007.
[5]. Martinez-Hernandez, A.L., Velasco-Santos, C., de-Icaza, M., Castano, Victor M. "Dynamical- Mechanical Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Composites Reinforced with Keratin Biofibres from chicken Feathers," Composites Part-B, 2007, Vol.38, pp.405-410.

Citation
Antaryami Mishra "Investigations of Mechanical Characteristics of Chicken Feather-Teak wood Dust Filled Epoxy Composites" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0001. India
Page 01-09
Download

 

A.Vijay Nireesha, K.Mounika, M.Ganesh Raghava, K.Pushpa, Ms.Md Azima, Ms.R.Lalitha

Design of High-Speed Dynamic Double-Tail Comparator

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The analog-to-digital converters which are of ultra low-power, area efficient, and high speed converters are made of dynamic regenerative comparators. These comparators can maximize speed and power efficiency. The delay and power dissipation of dynamic comparators are analyzed in this paper. The delays and tradeoff can be explored. The circuit of a conventional double tail comparator in this analysis is modified for fast operation even in different supply voltages. By using power gating technique and adding few transistors, the positive feedback during the regeneration is strengthened in the proposed comparator structure..............
Double-tail comparator, high-speed analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), delays, low-power analog design.
[1]. Samaneh Babayan-Mashhadi, " Analysis and Design of a low-Voltage Low-power Double-Tail Comparator", IEEE transactions on VLSI, Vol 22, no.2, February 2014.
[2]. A. Mesgarani, M. N. Alam, F. Z. Nelson, and S. U. Ay, "Supply boosting technique for designing very low-voltage mixed-signal circuits in standard CMOS," in Proc. IEEE Int. Midwest Symp. Circuits Syst. Dig. Tech. Papers, Aug. 2010, pp. 893–896.
[3]. B. Goll and H. Zimmermann, "A comparator with reduced delay time in 65-nm CMOS for supply voltages down to 0.65," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 810–814, Nov. 2009.
[4]. B. Goll and H. Zimmermann, "A 65nm CMOS comparator with modified latch to achieve 7GHz/1.3mW at 1.2V and 700MHz/47μW at 0.6V," in Proc. IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers, Feb. 2009, pp. 328–329.
[5]. B. J. Blalock, "Body-driving as a Low-Voltage Analog Design Technique for CMOS technology," in Proc. IEEE Southwest Symp. Mixed-Signal Design, Feb. 2000, pp. 113–118.
Citation
A.Vijay Nireesha, K.Mounika, M.Ganesh Raghava, K.Pushpa, Ms.Md Azima, Ms.R.Lalitha "Design of High-Speed Dynamic Double-Tail Comparator" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0002. India
Page 10-21
Download

K Balaji, S Emilon Zeon Rajan, C Ganesan, M Jananee, S Sanjay Kumar

Design and Development of Transonic Axial Flow Compressor Rotor Blade

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This paper is about a new computational fluid dynamics developed for the transonic flow in a compressor rotor. Due to 3-Dimensional blade modification the arrangements satisfying the required boundary condition. Engine compressor towards distorted inflow has to be taken in account which is already in the design phase. Flow separation over the blade surface reduction and elimination can improve better aerodynamic, performance, efficiency and stall margin. NASA transonic rotor tip critical in baseline blade rotor performance energizing the low momentum boundary layer, controlling the inception of stall. A Profile generator are attached on the inner casing of the rotor ahead to the loading edge of the rotor and it is influenced on the overall performance which has been studied.
Compressor rotor blade, Numerical investigation, Flow separation, Vortex generators, Stall margin, Efficiency.
[1] Moore Royce, D., & Reid, L. (1982). Performance of Single stage Axial Transonic Compressor with rotor and stator), aspect ratios of 1.19 and 1.26 respectively and with design pressure ratio of 1.82. NASA Technical Paper, (November 1978), 105. ]
[2] Chen, G. T., Greitzer, E. M., Tan, C. S., & Marble, F. E. (1991). Similarity Analysis of Compressor Tip Clearance Flow Structure. Journal of Turbo machinery, 113(2), 260.
[3] Freeman, C., & A., C. N. (1992). Method for the prediction of supersonic compressor blade performance. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 8(1), 199–208.
[4] Law, C. H., & Wadia, A. R. (1993). Low Aspect Ratio Transonic Rotors: Part 1—Baseline Design and performance. Journal of Turbo machinery, 115(2), 218–225.
[5] Suder, K. L., Chima, R. V., Strazisar, a. J., & Roberts, W. B. (1995). The Effect of Adding Roughness and Thickness to a Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor. Journal of Turbomachinery,117(4), 491.
Citation
K Balaji, S Emilon Zeon Rajan, C Ganesan, M Jananee, S Sanjay Kumar "Design and Development of Transonic Axial Flow Compressor Rotor Blade" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0003. India
Page 22-26
Download

G.Vigneshwaran, M.Vijayaraghavan, K.Sivamanikandan, K.Keerthana, K.Balaji

Fluid-Structure Interaction Over an Aircraft Wing

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Aircraft is a brilliant man-made structure which helps us to fly over the world. At the same time, aircraft is a complex structure to be checked and maintained for the aero elasticity due to aerodynamic properties. In this paper, the fluid-structure interaction problem in super critical NASA SC(2)-0412 airfoil is discussed. The main aim of this project is to find the best performance and deformation limit of the wing on different Mach numbers. This project is completely done by numerical methods of designing the wing using CATIA and flow properties in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method. Finally, the structural analysis for deformation is analysed in ANSYS. The analytical approach of fluid-structure interaction over an Aircraft wing is complex.
FSI, CATIA, ANSYS, Aero-elasticity, NASA.

[1]. T. Sai Kiran Goud, Sai Kumar A, Dr S Srinivasa Prasad, "Analysis of Fluid-Structure Interaction on an Aircraft Wing"
[2]. Jian Tang, Satish Chimakurthi, Rafael Palacios, Carlos E.S. Cesnik, And Wei Shyy "Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction Of A Deformable Flapping Wing For Micro Air Vehicle Applications" by Aiaa 2008-615.
[3]. Chowla Sangeetha, Mr Veeranjaneyulu, Dr MSN Guptha, "Fluid-structure interaction on AGARD 445.6 wing at transonic speeds" Jawaharlal Nehru technological university, Hyderabad.
[4]. F. Liu, J. Cai and Y. Zhu, "Calculation of Wing Flutter by a Coupled Fluid- Structure Method", University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California.

[5]. B. Nagaraj Goud, G. Sai Sathyanarayana, S. Shailesh Babu, T B S Rao "Dynamic aero elastic (flutter) instability characteristics of an aircraft wing" MRCET, Hyderabad.

Citation
G.Vigneshwaran, M.Vijayaraghavan, K.Sivamanikandan, K.Keerthana, K.Balaji "Fluid-Structure Interaction Over an Aircraft Wing" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0004. India
Page 27-31
Download

Gary C. Cheng, Robert Nichols, Kshitij D. Neroorkar

Review and Assessment of Turbulence Transition Models

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Turbulent boundary layer transition can greatly affect flow characteristics such as skin friction, heat transfer, pressure loads, and boundary layer separation point. Accurate computation of such effect is vital to the design of components and vehicles subjected to turbulent transition flows. In this paper we report our review of the existing boundary layer transition models, selection of the boundary layer transition models most appropriate for the existing Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes flow solvers, and implementation and evaluation of the selected transition models with some benchmark test cases, ranging from subsonic to hypersonic flows. The objective of this assessment study is not intended..................
Turbulence models, turbulence transition, CFD, flat plate, hypersonic cylindrical cone, turbine cascade

[1]. A. M. O. Smith, "Transition, Pressure Gradient and Stability Theory," Douglas Aircraft Co. Rept. ES26388, El Segundo, California, 1956.
[2]. J. L. van Ingen, "A Suggested Semi-empirical Method for the Calculation of the Boundary Layer Transition Region," University of Technology, Department of Aero. Eng., Rep. UTH-74, Delft, 1956.
[3]. M. T. Arthur, and C. J. Atkin, "Transition Modeling for Viscous Flow Prediction," AIAA Paper, AIAA Paper 2006–3052, 2006.
[4]. S. A. McKeel, "Numerical Simulation of the Transition Region in Hypersonic Flow," PhD dissertation, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1996.
[5]. P. Stainback, M. Fisher, and R. Wagner, "Effects of Wind-Tunnel Disturbances on Hypersonic Boundary Transition," AIAA Paper 72–181, 1972.

Citation
Gary C. Cheng, Robert Nichols, Kshitij D. Neroorkar "Review and Assessment of Turbulence Transition Models" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0005. USA
Page 32-57
Download

Hyun-Seop Shin

Experimental Evaluation of Fatigue Performance of Steel Grid Composite Deck Joints

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The steel grid composite deck is a composite structure made of a concrete slab disposed over a steel grid. The joints of the deck segments precast with regular width can be designed by means of lap-spliced rebar or mechanical connection composed of concrete shear key and bolts. This study intends to evaluate comparatively the fatigue performance with respect to the type of joint based upon the results of fatigue tests conducted on deck
specimens equipped with such joints. The evaluation reveals that there is practically no change in the stiffness regardless of the type of joint even after 2 million loading cycles and that the safety and serviceability are secured
under cyclic loading since the maximum crack widths remained below the allowable values.
Composite deck, Joint, Mechanical connection, Lap-spliced rebar, Fatigue performance

[1]. C.J. Earls, T.R. Johnston, "Behavior of Field Splice Details in Precast Concrete-Filled Steel Grid Bridge Deck", Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.9, pp.127-136, 2004.
[2]. C. Higgins, H. Mitchell, "Behavior of Composite Bridge Decks with Alternative Shear Connectors", Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.6, pp.17-22, 2001.
[3]. H. Huang, M.J. Chajes, D.R. Mertz, Shenton, H.W., Kaliakin, V.N., "Strength behavior of filled steel grid decks for bridges", Bridge Structure, Vol.3, no.2, pp.105-118, 2007.
[4]. M. J. Pierce, Evaluative testing of a novel weldless open steel grid deck system. Master's thesis. Pittsburgh University, pp.1-33, 2005.
[5]. J. Versace, J. Ramirez, Implementation of full- width bridge deck panels; A synthesis study. FHWA /IN/JTRP-2003/24: Purdue University, pp.1-66, 2004.

Citation
Hyun-Seop Shin "Experimental Evaluation of Fatigue Performance of Steel Grid Composite Deck Joints" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0006. South Korea
Page 58-68
Download

Lejla Odobasic

Early Museum as Symbol of National Identity

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This paper traces the role of the museum as a tool in the formation of national identity, in Bavarian kingdom, during the late eighteen and early nineteenth centuries. The importance of the museums in Berlin and Munich, built under the rule of Ludwig I, is that they helped to forge the new museum typology that were applied to other European cities with the same intent. The paper examines three museums from Munich and Berlin: The Altes Museum, the Glyptothek and the Alte Pinakothek. It seeks to establish the relationship between the content or the collection and the container or the building itself as well as the expression of this phenomena into the architectural language.
Museum, Collective Identity, Civic Architecture, Nationalism, Cultural Buildings

[1]. Anderson, Benedict R. O'G. Imagined Communities. 1st ed. London: N.p., 1982. Print.
[2]. Anico, Marta, and Elsa Peralta. Heritage And Identity: Engagement And Demission In The Contemporary World. New York, NY: Routledge., 2008. Print.
[3]. Consultants, ICI, English, and Alison Culliford. French Museum Architecture. Hong Kong: Design Media Publishing, 2013. Print.
[4]. Crane, Susan A. Museums And Memory. United States: Stanford University Press, 2000. Print.
[5]. Deutsches Museum. 1st ed. Mü nchen: Deutsches Museum--Munich. Print.

Citation
Lejla Odobasic "Early Museum as Symbol of National Identity" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0007. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Page 69-75
Download

Preetha J, Akshatha B C, Karthik L, Vivekanand S Gogi

Study and Analysis of Energy Utilization in Casting and Forging Industry

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Energy audit is a methodology which is used to reduce the energy consumption by the system. The foundry industries are the most energy consuming systems in India. The objective of this research is to minimize the energy utilization in the company by using energy audit technique. It was found that induction furnace is the major problem, which made the system to consume more energy. The experimental study was conducted to optimize the wall thickness of the furnace in order to increase the efficiency of the furnace using ANSYS. As the thickness increased from 0.200m to 0.300m the efficiency of the furnace also increased from 49.40% to 54.70% with energy utilization cost reduction of Rupees 1592, considering 8 hour per day operation.
Energy audit, Foundry industry, Induction furnace, Efficiency analysis, ANSYS software.

[1]. SangmeshBhalke, GaneshChate, AnupamaKallol, SadanandHum, Barwadi and MdRiyaz, "Energy Auditing of Foundries", an international journal of advanced engineering and applied science, ISSN 2320–3927, 20th july 2015.
[2]. Jakob Rosenqvist, Patrik Thollander and Patrik Rohdin, "Industrial Energy Auditing for Increased Sustainability - Methodology and Measurements", InTech Publisher, ISBN: 978-953-51-0912-9, 2012.
[3]. Manjunatha Babu P, T C Balachandra, Ozwin Dsouza and Babu Naik, "Energy Audit, Conservation And Power Factor Improvement For BMSIT Campus", International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, eISSN: 2319-1163, pISSN: 2321-7308, 2013.
[4]. Dr. R.K. Jain, "Performance Analysis Of Innovative Techniques Of Rotary Furnace For Energy Conservation In Foundries", International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 9, ISSN 2321-6441, September 2014.
[5]. Tigist Fetene Adane, "Mapping Energy Usage in Casting Process for Cylinder Head Production", June 2011.

Citation
Preetha J, Akshatha B C, Karthik L, Vivekanand S Gogi "Study and Analysis of Energy Utilization in Casting and Forging Industry" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 2017)
MID 1304.067X.0008. India
Page 76-78
Download