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IJERD : Volume 14 - Issue 1

Version - 1 (January - 2018)


Anmar Salih, Anthony O. Smith

A Comparison of Grid and Cloud Computing Technology
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Cloud computing has evolved in this decade and become an intriguing field of study for researchers. Platforms and architectures are continuing to be developed, and every couple of years, new cloud computing techniques are discovered, with some of them deemed as revolutionary breakthroughs. One of the most amazing aspects of cloud computing is that researchers can develop a service and deliver it to users most likely through the Internet, without the need for an upgrade to the user side hardware. Cloud computing is the most famous but not the only paradigm to offer tremendous compute capability. Another form of comparable computing is grid computing which also offers the capability to process data in less time. This survey reviews both grid and cloud computing in order to clarify the understanding of applications, architecture, and topologies. We analyse three basic delivery models for cloud computing. Finally, we explore about link multiple clouds network, also known as inter-cloud or cloud of clouds.
Grid computing, Cloud computing, Inter-cloud computing, Cloud architecture, Grid architecture.

[1]. V. Yu, F Richard and Leung, Advances in mobile cloud computing systems. CRC Press, 2013.
[2]. G. Mittal, N. Kesswani, and K. Goswami, "A Survey of Current Trends in Distributed, Grid and Cloud Computing," IJASCSE, vol. 2, no. 3, 2013.
[3]. S. M. Hashemi and A. K. Bardsiri, "ARPN Journal of systems and software cloud computing vs. grid computing 1," vol. 2, no. 5, 2012.
[4]. I. Foster, Y. Zhao, I. Raicu, and S. Lu, "Cloud computing and grid computing 360-degree compared," in Grid Computing Environments Workshop, 2008. GCE'08, 2008, pp. 1–10.
[5]. R. Buyya, C. S. Yeo, and S. Venugopal, "Market-Oriented Cloud Computing: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering IT Services as Computing Utilities."

Citation
Anmar Salih, Anthony O. Smith "A Comparison of Grid and Cloud Computing Technology" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0001. India
Page 01-10
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Rajneesh Kumar, Anil K. Vashisth, Suniti Ghangas

Analytical solution of bioheat transfer equation with variable thermal conductivity in skin
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Temperature dependent thermal properties of tissue is an important factor to achieve realistic models in thermal treatments. Tissue temperature dependent thermal conductivity is used to model the Pennes' bioheat transfer equation in skin with one relaxation time. Three different time-dependent surface heat flux, namely, continuous, periodic and ramp type are applied on skin surface without heat loss at the bottom. Laplace transform method is applied to solve the problem and the significant effect of variable conductivity parameter 1 k is observed on the tissue temperature distribution.
Bioheat transfer; Skin tissue; Variable thermal Conductivity; Laplace transform.

[1]. H.H. Pennes, "Analysis of tissue and arterial blood temperature in the resting forearm," J Appl Physiol, vol.
1,pp. 93-122, 1948.
[2]. C. Cattaneo, "A form of heat conduction equation which eliminates the paradox of instantaneous propagation," Comp Rend, vol. 247, pp. 431-433, 1959.
[3]. P. Vernotte, "Les paradoxes de la theorie continue de l'equation de la chaleur," Comp. Rend., vol. 246, pp.
3154-3155, 1958.
[4]. F. Xu , T.J. and K.A. Seffen, "Biothermomechanical behavior of skin tissue," Acta Mech Sin, vol. 24, pp.
1-23, 2008.
[5]. C. Rossmann and D. Haemmerich, "Review of temperature dependence of thermal properties, dielectric
properties, and perfusion of biological tissues at hyperthermic and ablation temperatures," Crit Rev Biomed Eng, vol. 42, pp. 467-492, 2014.

Citation
Rajneesh Kumar, Anil K. Vashisth, Suniti Ghangas "Analytical solution of bioheat transfer equation with variable thermal conductivity in skin" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0002. India
Page 11-17
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Javier Holguin-De La Cruz

Deployment Strategy Analysis and Optimization of Police Patrols in an Emergency Response System Using Stochastic Simulation
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
We approach this problem from an operations research and logistics in the service and government sector perspective, based on the analysis of resource allocation in a safety Emergency Response System (ERS) of a large city in Mexico, to decrease response time of police patrols considering a reference ideal response time. Our research incorporates the second half of the 7th police district to previously published results of seven police districts, since this district includes the equivalent of two districts. This research utilizes a discrete stochastic model based on characterized demand and system performance of 23 continuous days. The model first reproduces actual operations to validate its behaviour. Subsequently, alternative scenarios were configured to incorporate the ideal international response time reference of three minutes, and identify required resource configuration strategies for each police quadrant. Similar to previous research, results found that the recommended allocation level of resources was realistic to be accomplished.
Police patrols allocation, Emergency Response Systems, EMR, Response time, Public safety

[1]. INEGI, "Encuesta Nacional de Victimización y Percepción sobre Seguridad Pública ENVIPE 2016," Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática, Aguascalientes, Ags., México, Boletín de Prensa No. 399/16 1-2, 2016.
[2]. Y. Zhang and D.E. Brown, "Police patrol districting method and simulation evaluation using agent-based model & GIS," Security Informatics, vol. 2, pp. 1-13, 2013.
[3]. N. Devia and R. Weber, "Generating Crime Data Using Agent-Based Simulation," Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, vol. 42, pp. 26-41, 2013.
[4]. T. Piyadasum, B. Kalansuriya, M. Gangananda, M. Malshan, D.H.M.N. Bandara, S. Marru, "Rationalizing Police Patrol Beats Using Heuristic-Based Clustering," in Proc. 2017 Moratuwa Engineering Research Conference (MERCon), 2017, p. 431.
[5]. S.J. D'Amico, S. Wang, R. Batta, and C.M. Rump, "A Simulated Annealing Approach to Police District Design," Computers and Operations Research, vol. 29, pp. 667-684, 2002.

Citation
Javier Holguin-De La Cruz "Deployment Strategy Analysis and Optimization of Police Patrols in an Emergency Response System Using Stochastic Simulation" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0003. México
Page 18-23
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Prof. Charles Lucian

Effectiveness of Two-Stage Stabilization for Improvement of Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Soils
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The effectiveness of two-Stage mixing operation of stabilization of expansive soils by firstly treating the soil with lime, leaving it to mellow and then treating it with cement is investigated in this study through laboratory experiments. The initial lime consumption (ICL) or lime fixation point (Lm) of the soil that refers to the amount of lime required for early cation exchange and flocculation reactions, and still providing sufficient amount of free calcium and high residual pH necessary to initiate long-term pozzolanic reaction, was determined to be 3.5%. Therefore, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% of lime (by weight) was added to the soil and cured for 7, 14 and 28 days after which laboratory experiments were conducted. Cement contents of 2%, 4% and 6% were used on lime-modified soil samples...........
Two-stage stabilization, expansive soil, smectite, montmorrilonite, mellowing, swell potential, swell pressure, lime modification, workability.

[1] Afrin, H. A Review on Different Types Soil Stabilization Techniques. International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology; Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 19-24, 2017.
[2] Arefal-Swaidani, Hammoud, I. and Meziab, A. Effect of adding natural pozzolana on geotechnica properties of lime-stabilized clayey soil. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Vol. 8, Issue 5, pp. 714-725, 2016.
[3] Amadi, A.: Evaluation of Changes in Index Properties of latentic soil Stabilized with Fly Ash. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies, Issue 17. pp. 69-78, 2010
[4] Ajayi-Majebi, A., Grissom, W. A., Smith, L. S. and Jones, E. E..Epoxy-Resin-Based Chemical Stabilization of a Fine, Poorly Graded Soil System, Transportation Research Record 1295, pp. 95 – 108, 1991

Citation
Prof. Charles Lucian "Effectiveness of Two-Stage Stabilization for Improvement of Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Soils" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0004. TANZANIA
Page 24-31
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Günther Schuh, Ramon Kreutzer, Marius Sodermanns

Utility Potentials of Cyber-Physical Systems´ Field Data
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Digitization, Industry 4.0 and digital business models are changing the global competition. In future, the digital connectivity of almost all industrial products will be enabled due to increasingly inexpensive and more powerful sensors. The field data generated in this way offers potential for manufacturing companies to differentiate themselves from competitors as well as to counteract the increasing commoditization of physical products. With the help of cyber-physical systems (CPS), a wide variety of utility potentials can be tapped for various players in the environment of manufacturing companies. However, these utility potentials have not yet been described in a differentiated and structured way. Consequently, the systematic implementation is only partly carried out in practice. The aim of this paper is therefore to elaborate stakeholders in the environment of manufacturing companies, which can benefit from field data of CPS. Furthermore, it is also intended to explain which concrete utility potentials can be realized
Utility potentials, cyber-physical systems, field data, smart services, digitization.

[1]. E. Geisberger and M. Broy, "agendaCPS: Integrierte Forschungsagenda Cyber-Physical Systems," 2012.
[2]. H.-J. Bullinger, A.-W. Scheer, and K. Schneider, eds., Service Engineering: Entwicklung und Gestaltung innovativer Dienstleistungen: mit 24 Tabellen, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
[3]. M. Bruhn and K. Hadwich, eds., Servicetransformation: Entwicklung vom Produktanbieter zum Dienstleistungsunternehmen, Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2016.
[4]. U. Lindemann, ed., Handbuch Produktentwicklung, Hanser, München, 2016.
[5]. H. Meier and E. Uhlmann, Integrierte Industrielle Sach- und Dienstleistungen: Vermarktung, Entwicklung und Erbringung hybrider Leistungsbündel, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.

Citation
Günther Schuh, Ramon Kreutzer, Marius Sodermanns "Utility Potentials of Cyber-Physical Systems´ Field Data" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0005. Germany
Page 32-43
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S.B.Kumar, P.K. Singhal

Investigation of Circularly Polarized Fractal Antenna At 2.1ghz For LTE Application
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In this paper a circularly polarized (CP) microstrip antennas with fractal boundary are presented. The proposed antennas are designed by cutting diagonally symmetric rectangular slot & truncating opposite corners to get circular polarization. The indentation factor is optimized to have good result at 2.1GHz for Long term evolution(LTE) downlink application. The simulated and measured results are in good agreements. The axial ratio is about 1.72dB.The presented antenna has advantage over physical size 0.25λ0×0.25λ0×0.012λ0.The
Overall performance of parameters of presented antenna is very good. Fractal boundary, long term evolution, Indentation factor, Indentation radius

[1]. S.Sesia. I.Toufik, and M Baker, LTE-The UMTS Long Term Evolution: From Theory to practice Chichester. U.K: Wiley, 2009.
[2]. Leonardo Lizzi and Andrea Massa, "Dual Band Printed Fractal Monopole Antenna for LTE Applications,"IEEE Antennas and WirelessPropagationLetters, vol.10, pp.760-7763,DOI.10.1109/LAWP.2011.2163051.
[3]. V.V.Reddy and N V S N Sarma, "Poly Fractal Boundary Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna for WLAN/Wi-MAXWirelessApplication,"DefenseScienceJournal,Vol.65,pp.379-384,DOI:10.14429/dsj.65.8905,2015.
[4]. R.A.Bhatti, S.Yi, and S.Park, "Compact antenna array with port decoupling for LTE –standardized mobile phones,"IEEE Antenna Wireless Propagation Letter, vol 8, pp1430-1433, 2009.
[5]. AshwiniK. Arya, Nguyen Viet Anh, Raos.Aziz,Byeong yong Park and Seong-Ook Park, "Dual Polarized Dual Antennas for 1.7-2.1GHz-LTE Base Station,"IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters,vol.14,2015.

Citation
S.B.Kumar, P.K. Singhal "Investigation of Circularly Polarized Fractal Antenna At 2.1ghz For LTE Application" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0006. India
Page 44-50
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Yogesh Nathuji Dhoble, Sirajuddin Ahmed

Sustainability of Wastewater Treatment in Subtropical Region: Aerobic Vs Anaerobic Process
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Sustainable wastewater treatment technologies are gaining attention of policy-makers and industries for meeting the required pollution guidelines laid down by the regulators of the countries and conservation of natural resources. In both developing and industrial countries adoption of sustainable and economically viable sewage treatment systems are necessary for optimum treatment, recovery and its utilization. This paper provides a comparative analysis of technologies used and latest applications of technological developments in wastewater treatment for subtropical climate. The paper mainly focuses on anaerobic and aerobic treatment of domestic wastewater in subtropical climate. It is recommended that, where region is semiurban or rural area and land is available, natural treatment technologies or DEWATS like system may be utilized. In urban region, it is recommended that UASB followed by suitable post treatment conforming to the effluent standards, may be adopted.
Aerobic, anarobic, sustainable, treatment

[1]. Antonio Felix Domingu. Case study: Brazil national water agency capacity develop. In UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Water and Sustainable Development: From Vision to Action., 2015.
[2]. Sunil S Adav, Duu-Jong Lee, Kuan-Yeow Show, and Joo-Hwa Tay. Aerobic granular sludge: recent advances. Biotechnology advances, 26(5):411–423, 2008.
[3]. Rasheed Ahmad, Shaista Begum, Chunlong Zhang, Tanju Karanfil, Esra Ates Genceli, Abhishek Yadav, and Sirajuddin Ahmed. Physico-chemical processes, 2005.
[4]. Sirajuddin Ahmed, Viktor Popov, and Ramesh Chandra Trevedi. Constructed wetland as tertiary treatment for municipal wastewater. Proceedings of the ICE-Waste and Resource Management, 161(2):77–84, 2008.
[5]. YingYu An, FengLin Yang, Benjamin Bucciali, and FookSin Wong. Municipal wastewater treatment using a UASB coupled with cross-flow membrane filtration. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 135(2):86–91, 2009.

Citation
Yogesh Nathuji Dhoble, Sirajuddin Ahmed "Sustainability of Wastewater Treatment in Subtropical Region: Aerobic Vs Anaerobic Process" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 1 (January 2018)
MID 1401.067X.0007. India
Page 51-66
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