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IJERD : Volume 13 - Issue 2

Version - 1 (February 2017)


Shaikhafroz Fatima Muneeruddin, Dr. Nagraj B.Patil

Spectral Density Oriented Feature Coding For Pattern Recognition Application
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The significant of multi spectral band resolution is explored towards selection of feature coefficients based on its energy density. Toward the feature representiaon in transformed domain, multi wavelet transformations were used for finer spectral representation. However, due to a large feature count these features are not optimal under low resource computing system. In the recognition units, running with low resources a new coding approach of feature selection, considering the band spectral density is developed. The effective selection of feature element, based on its spectral density achieve two objective of pattern recognition, the feature coefficient representiaon is minimized, hence leading to lower resource requirement, and dominant feature representation, resulting in higher retrieval performance.
Spectral features, spectral density feature selection, pattern recognition, retrieval accuracy.

[1]. Te-Wei Chiang, Tien-Wei Tsai, "Content-Based Image Retrieval via the Multi-resolution Wavelet Features of Interest", Journal of Information Technology and Applications Vol. 1 No. 3, December, 2006

[2]. Vinayak D. Shinde, Vijay M. Mane, " Pattern Recognition using Multilevel Wavelet Transform", International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 49– No.2, July 2012.
[3]. ZhongliangLuo, "Iris Feature Extraction and Recognition Based on Wavelet-Based Contourlet Transform", Procedia Engineering, Elsevier, 2012.
[4]. Mathieu Lamard, Guy Cazuguel, Gw_enoleQuellec, Lynda Bekri, Christian Roux, "Content Based Image Retrieval based on Wavelet Transform coefficients distribution", Conference proceedings : Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society., IEEE, 2007.

Citation
Shaikhafroz Fatima Muneeruddin, Dr. Nagraj B.Patil "Spectral Density Oriented Feature Coding For Pattern Recognition Application" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0001. Indonesia
Page 01-08
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Manisha Gunturi, M.Srinivasa Reddy

Micro Level Analysis of Stabilized Expansive Soil

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  • Full Article
An effort is made to stabilize the expansive soils with the addition of chemical additive at different curing periods & different quantities of additive. Apart from Index and Engineering properties, Chemical composition, XRD and SEM analysis were conducted on both untreated and treated soil sample. The test results of the engineering properties were compared with the chemical and micro level analysis to get a better understanding.
SEM, UCS,CBR, XRD.
[1]. BibhaMahto, A.K.Duggal (2015), "Improvement of Subgrade by RBI Grade 81 and Pond Ash", International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol 2, Issue 5, August.
[2]. Chen, F.H. (1988). "A book Foundations on Expansive Soils', 2nd Ed., Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[3]. IS: 1498-1970, "Classification and identification of soils for general Engineering purposes", Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[4]. IS: 2720 (Part I) - 1983, "Methods of Test for Soil - Preparation of Dry Soil Sample for Various Tests", Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
Citation
Manisha Gunturi, M.Srinivasa Reddy "Micro Level Analysis of Stabilized Expansive Soil" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0002. India
Page 09-14
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Ismail Zejnilović

BIM, Adoption, Implementation and Future

  • Abstract
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Building industry becomes more and more competitive for all participants. Recent trends in building industry considering sustainability, material life cycle assessment, improving of building performance, building management system, changes in risk analysis and holistic integrative approach to design. Creation of BIM as a kind of process toll is in line of new demands and challenges. Using BIM became synonymous to more efficient, better quality of work and better financial effects in all of activities related to the construction industry in general...........
BIM, implementation, obstacles, legal framework, standards, future.

[1]. Deke Smith, Journal of Building Information Modelling-JBIM, 2007, page 12
[2]. Allan Ashworth, "Contractual Procedures in the Construction Industry", Sixth edition, Published by Routledge 2013, Page 187.
[3]. NBS is part of RIBA Enterprises Ltd external link, which is wholly owned by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), https://www.thenbs.com/knowledge/bim-levels-explained
[4]. Bergin, M. S. (2013), History of BIM. Architecture Research Lab. Retrieved April 28, 2013, fhttp://www.architectureresearchlab.com/arl/2011/08/21/bim-history/Chen, Y., & Dib, H. (2011).
[5]. DeLacey, M. (2012). Why BIM Will Become Even More Important in 2012. SAGE.

Citation
Ismail Zejnilović "BIM, Adoption, Implementation and Future" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0003.
Page 15-18
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R.D. McLeod, M.R. Friesen, J.D. Edgerton, C.J. Fries

Mobile Apps for Mental Health: Overview and a Social Gaming Framework

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This paper reviews current research on the role of Smartphones and similar technology play in mental health and mental health maintenance, promotion, and assessment. The first section overviews the current state of the art concerning the role Smartphones may play as tools for mental health in general. The second part reviews one of the more promising Smartphone application areas related to social gaming and gambling addiction and related mental health issues. This is followed by a section that presents a prototype Smartphone app for data collection related to social gaming behaviours and their potential relevance to gaming and gambling addictions.................
Mobile apps, Mental Health, Social Gaming/Gambling, Data collection for behavioural inference.

[1]. Luxton, D. D., McCann, R. A., Bush, N. E., Mishkind, M. C., &Reger, G. M. (2011). mHealth for mental health: Integrating Smartphone technology in behavioral healthcare. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(6), 505.
[2]. Torous, J., Friedman, R., &Keshavan, M. (2014). Smartphone ownership and interest in mobile applications to monitor symptoms of mental health conditions. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 2(1), e2.
[3]. Proudfoot, J. (2013). The future is in our hands: the role of mobile phones in the prevention and management of mental disorders. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47(2), 111-113.
[4]. Donker, T., Petrie, K., Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., Birch, M. R., & Christensen, H. (2013). Smartphones for smarter delivery of mental health programs: a systematic review. Journal of medical Internet research, 15(11), e247

Citation
R.D. McLeod, M.R. Friesen, J.D. Edgerton, C.J. Fries "Mobile Apps for Mental Health: Overview and a Social Gaming Framework" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0004. Canada
Page 18-30
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V.Jyothi, M. Gopi Krishna, B. Raveendranadh, Debashree Rupalin

IOT Based Smart Home System Technologies

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The IoT allows objects to be sensed and/or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems. It results improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit in addition to reduced human intervention. On the other hand, IoT systems could also be responsible for performing actions, not just sensing the things. Intelligent Shopping systems, for example could monitor specific users purchasing habits in a store by tracking their specific mobile phones. Other applications that the Internet of Things can provide enabling extended home security features and home automation. This paper relates smart home or home automation which induce technology for home atmosphere which is usage to provide ease and protection to its occupants.
Calorific value, wastes, moisture, energy generation, environment.

[1]. G. Kortuem, F. Kawsar, D. Fitton, and V. Sundramoorthy, "Smart objects as building blocks for the internet of things," Internet Computing, IEEE, vol. 14, pp. 44-51, 2010.
[2]. R. J. C. Nunes and J. C. M. Delgado, "An Internet application for home automation," in 10th Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference (MELECON 2000), Lemesos, 2000, pp. 298-301.
[3]. R. Piyare and M. Tazil, "Bluetooth Based Home Automation System Using Cell phone," in IEEE 15th International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, Singapore 2011, pp. 192 - 195.
[4]. S. Anwaarullah and S. V. Altaf, "RTOS based Home Automation System using Android," International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 480- 484, January 2013.
[5]. Interactive Applications for Smart Living," in 2nd International Conferenceon Innovations in Bioinspired Computing and Appplications (IBICA 2011), pp. 309-312.

Citation
V.Jyothi, M. Gopi Krishna, B. Raveendranadh, Debashree Rupalin "IOT Based Smart Home System Technologies" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0005. India
Page 31-37
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Anja Gräff, Rupert Palme, Hannes Petermeier, Manfred Höld, Jörn Stumpenhausen, Heinz Bernhardt

Assessing Adrenocortical Activity in Dairy Cows During Simulated Power Cuts in Milking Robots

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  • Full Article
The effects of unsteady electricity supply (power cuts) to an automatic milking system (AMS) on cattle behaviour caused by load management, are crucial for the success of the future farming technologies summarized by ―Integrated Dairy Farming –Stable 4.0‖. The influence of simulated power cuts on adrenocortical activity was assessed by a non-invasive stress monitoring method determining faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM). This study was carried out on four commercial dairy farms in Bavaria, Germany, from March to August 2014. All farms were using 1 Lely AMS for about 60 dairy cows. 12 adult Fleckvieh, aged from 2 to 8 years (average 3.9) were randomly selected per farm............
Automatic milking system, faecal cortisol metabolites, milk yield, Stable 4.0, stress.

[1]. Bertulat, S.; Fischer-Tenhagen, C.; Suthar, V.; Möstl, E.; Isaka, N.; Heuwieser, W. (2013): Measurement of fecal glucocorticoid metabolites and evaluation of udder characteristics to estimate stress after sudden dry-off in dairy cows with different milk yields. Journal of Dairy Science 96 (6), 3774–3787. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2012-6425.
[2]. Höld, M., Bernhardt, H., Gräff, A., Stumpenhausen, J. (2015): Elaborate the basics for implementation of an energymanagement system in a dairy barn (in German). In: 35. GIL-year conference: Complexity versus operability / peoplemachine-interfaces,23.-24. Februar 2015, pp. 73-76, Geisenheim, ISBN 978- 3-88579-632-9.
[3]. Höld, M., Gräff, A., Stumpenhausen, J., Bernhardt, H. (2016): Integrated Dairy Farming – Basic requirements for a useful energy distribution in a dairy barn. In: Rasmussen, M. (eds.): CIGR. International Conference on Agricultural Engineering CIGR - AgEng 2016. p. 1-7. Online: http://conferences.au.dk/uploads/tx_powermail/2016_cigr_ageng_full_paper_manfred_h__ld.pdf.

Citation
Anja Gräff, Rupert Palme, Hannes Petermeier, Manfred Höld, Jörn Stumpenhausen, Heinz Bernhardt "Assessing Adrenocortical Activity in Dairy Cows During Simulated Power Cuts in Milking Robots" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0006. Germany
Page 38-43
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Ralph Schacht, Sven Rzepka

Parametric Transient Thermo-Electrical PSPICE Model For A Single And Dual Conductor Power Cable

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
A parametric macro model for a single and dual conductor power cable for transient thermo-electrical coupled simulation in PSPICE will be derived. The articledepicts the modelling of a simplified, single- and dual conductor cable and its use during simulation. Its verification against experiment and finite element simulation shows a good agreement. The derived single- and dual conductor PSPICE cable macro model enables a quick modelling at system level. It offers a time saving transient thermo-electrical simulation under various thermal conditions and cable geometries and to optimize e.g. size, weight. The approach support the engineer to overlook the thermal influences and temperatures along the power cable under real 'thermal' assembling conditions in an e.g. car engine room or aircraft.
Multi conductor power cable;coupledelectro-thermal macro model; transient, PSPICE

[1]. MiticIustinianNeac, Andreea Maria Neac, An Example of SPICE Modeling for Electrothermal Phenomena, Annals of the University of Craiova, Electrical Engineering series, No. 32, 2008; ISSN 1842-4805
[2]. Hans-Peter Schmidt, Efficient Simulation of Thermal and Electrical Behaviour of Industrial Cables, Modeling and Simulation, Giuseppe Petrone and Giuliano Cammarata (Ed.), 2008, ISBN: 978-3-902613-25-7, InTech
[3]. D. Thompson and M. Wilson. Thermal analysis of a multicore cable. Generation, Transmission and Distribution, IEE Proceedings, 135(1):79–80, 1988. ISSN 0143-7046.
[4]. B. Weedy. Dynamic current rating of overhead lines. Electric Power Systems Research, 16(1):11–15, 1989. ISSN 0378-7796. doi: 10.1016/0378-7796(89)90032-1.

Citation
Ralph Schacht, Sven Rzepka "Parametric Transient Thermo-Electrical PSPICE Model For A Single And Dual Conductor Power Cable" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0007. Germany
Page 44-54
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Neelofer Afzal

Hardware Implementation of Fuzzy Processors: A Review

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
A review paper on the various VLSI architectures of fuzzy logic based processors and controllers is presented over here. The focus of this paper on the study of low power VLSI implementation of fuzzy processors to result in reduced silicon area, high operating speed and the adaptability to various application domains. The paper reviews the design and implementation of different components of a fuzzy logic processor, like fuzzifiers, defuzzifiers, inference engine and rule base systems. It is been found that there is a huge scope for further improvement of these components of fuzzy processor in terms of power, speed, area and complexity in these fuzzy processors. It has been found that the researchers generally focus on the design and development of inference engine and defuzzification units in a fuzzy processor due to their complex nature. The further optimization in these blocks can result in a in a significant improvement in the overall performance of the fuzzy processors.
Design, defuzzifiers, fuzzy logic, inference engine, low power designing.

[1]. L. A. Zadeh, "Fuzzy logic," IEEE Computer, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 83-93, 1988.
[2]. L. A. Zadeh, "Fuzzy sets," Information and Con-trol, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 338-353, 1965.
[3]. M. Sugeno, "An introductory survey of fuzzy con-trol," Inf. Sci., vol. 36, pp. 59-83, 1985.
[4]. E. H. Mamdani, "Applications of fuzzy algorithms for simple dynamic plant," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. 121, pp. 1585-1588, 1974.
[5]. C. C. Lee, "Fuzzy Logic in control systems: Fuzzy Logic Controller – part I," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man. Cybern., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 404-418, 1990.

Citation
Neelofer Afzal "Hardware Implementation of Fuzzy Processors: A Review" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0008. India
Page 55-61
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N. Afzal

Digitally Programmable Versatile Grounded Multiplier Using CCII

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
A novel digitally programmable grounded versatile multiplier is presented. It uses second generation current conveyor and a digital control module. The new grounded versatile multiplier can provide digital control to grounded impedance functions such as, resistor, capacitor, inductor without quantizing the signal. The technique used is simple, versatile as well as compatible for microminiaturization in contemporary IC technologies. The simulation results on digitally programmable versatile impedance multiplier verify the theory.
Current conveyors; multiplier

[1]. Wilson, B., 1992. Tutorial review: Trends in current conveyors and current mode amplifier design. Int.
J. Electronics, 73(3), 573-58
[2]. Svobodo, J. A., 1994. Transfer function syntheses using current conveyors. International Journal of Electronics, 76, 611-614.
[3]. D. Biolek, R. Senani, V. Bilokova, and Z. Kolka, Active elements for analog signal processing:classification, review, and new proposals, "Radioengineering, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 15-32, Dec 2008.
[4]. Khan, I. A., and Maheshwari, 2000. Simple first order all pass section single CCII. International Journal of Electronics, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 303 - 306.

Citation
N. Afzal "Digitally Programmable Versatile Grounded Multiplier Using CCII" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0009. India
Page 62-66
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M.H. Gulzar

On the Zeros of A Polynomial Inside the Unit Disc

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In this paper we find the number of zeros of a polynomial inside the unit disc under certain conditions on the coefficients of the polynomial. Mathematics Subject Classification: 30C10, 30C15
Coefficients, Polynomial, Zeros

[1]. K.K.Dewan, Extremal Properties and Coefficient Estimates for Polynomials with Restricted Zeros and on Location of Zeros of Polynomials, Ph.D Thesis IIT Delhi,1980.
[2]. K.K.Dewan, Theory of Polynomials and Applications, Deep & Deep Publications, 2007, Chapter 17.
[3]. M. H. Gulzar, On the Number of Zeros of a Polynomial in a Prescribed Region, Reseach Journal of Pure Algebra, Vol.2(2) , 2012, ,35-46.
[4]. M. Marden, Geometry of Polynomials, Math. Surveys No. 3, Amer. Math.Soc.(1966).
[5]. Q. G Mohammad, On the Zeros of Polynomials, Amer. Math. Monthly, Vol.72 , 1965, 631-633

Citation
M.H. Gulzar "On the Zeros of A Polynomial Inside the Unit Disc" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0010. India
Page 67-70
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Version - 2 (February 2017)


Monusinghchauhan, Ganesh Khandoori, M M Bahuguna

Comparative Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Rectangular And Interruped Louvered Fins (Newly Designed) in Internal Combustion Engine Using Cfd Tool

  • Abstract
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To increase the heat transfer rate of heat exchanger through fins in compact regionthe louvered interrupted plate fins has designed for increasing fins surface area. FLUENT and Multi-physics software are used in order to develop a 3-D numerical model for investigation ofinterrupted louvered fins. ILF analyzed by CFD tool, on the basis of geometrical parameters the compact relationship for Nusselt Number exhibits enhancement of thermal performance. Fin-plate weight reduces while surface area increases. Air is taken as the working fluid andThe flow regime is assumed to be turbulence..............
force convection air cooling; thermal management; heat transfer; fluid flow; CFD Modling heatsink design; radiator modeling. Interrupted Louvered Fins (ILF)

[1]. MukeshDidwania, Gopal Krishna and Ravikant 2013 Study and Analysis of Heat Transfer through
Two Different Shape Fins using CFD Tool (IJIEASR) ISSN: 2319-4413 Volume 2, No. 4, April 2013
[2]. Munishgupta 2010 numerical study of heat transfer enhancement in a plate-fin heat exchanger using
rectangular winglet type vortex 2k06-nitk-phd-1098-M
[3]. Edwards, F. J., and Alker, C. J. R., 1974. The Improvement of Forced Convection Surface
[4]. Heat Transfer Using Surface Protrusions in the Form of (a) Cubes and (b) Vortex
[5]. Generators. In: Proc Fifth Int. Heat Transfer Conf. JSME Tokyo 2, 2244-2248

Citation
Monusinghchauhan, Ganesh Khandoori, M M Bahuguna "Comparative Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Rectangular And Interruped Louvered Fins (Newly Designed) in Internal Combustion Engine Using Cfd Tool" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0001. India
Page 01-08
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Kruthi Jayaram

Hardware Implementation of Steam Power Plant

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
There is a silent revolution throughout the world in energy sector. There is a trend towards decentralized and distributed generation of renewable energy. The steam power plants are highly capital intensive and suitable for generation of electricity. The work of establishing the steam power plant is really revolutionary and it will create history of total change of transforming highly centralized capitalist tool beneficial to the entire world. Steam power plant consists of Boiler, Turbine and generator which can be used for electrification of village and community. Steam power can be used directly exhaust steam of the steam turbine can be used for heating in the process..................
Generation, Boiler, Turbine, DC motor

[1]. The control of boiler Instrument society of America 1991 by sam G. DUKE
[2]. Power plant Engineering , Tata MC Graw hill 1984 by E. AL. Wakil
[3]. Standard Boiler operation Tata MC Graw hill 1994 by S.M. Elonka and A.L Kohal
[4]. Power plant Engineering by G.R. Nagpal, S.S. Sharma
[5]. Turbine practical design by Kearton

Citation
Kruthi Jayaram "Hardware Implementation of Steam Power Plant" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0002. India
Page 09-13
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Ali Haghi, Hamid Simorgh

Improving Fault Ride ThroughCapabilities For Offshore PMSG Wind Farms Connected To VSC-HVDC Transmission System

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Fault ride through (FRT) is one of the most dominant grid connection requirements to be met by Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). In occurrence of grid voltage dips, a mismatch is produced between the generated active power and the active power delivered to the grid. Fault ride through necessity demands management of this mismatch, which is a challenge for the WECS. Considering the development of full scale converter based wind turbine generators (WTG), use of unit rated DC controlled resistors for each of the full scale AC-DC-AC converter system of the individual turbines has been proposed instead of the one on the high voltage direct current (HVDC) line side. In this paper, both the cases have been simulated and their performances are found to be similar. Thus, it justifies that the DC resistors in the full scale converters are sufficient to handle the FRT conditions.
Voltage sag, DC over-voltage, Fault ride through, Wind farms, VSC-HVDC.

[1]. Global wind energy council. http://www.gwec.net/global-figures/graphs/, 2015.
[2]. J.Wilkes, J.Moccia, N.Fichaux, J.Guillet, P.Wilczek,"The European offshore wind industry–key trends
and statistics 2009", The European Wind Energy Association 5, 2010.
[3]. A. O.Rousis, & O.Anaya-Lara,"Dc voltage control for fault management in hvdc system". Energy
Procedia, vol. 80, pp. 237-244, 2015.
[4]. C. Ismunandar, "Control of multi-terminal vsc-hvdc for offshore wind power integration", PhD Thesis.
Delft University of Technology, 2010.
[5]. Haileselassie, Temesgen Mulugeta. "Control, dynamics and operation of multi-terminal VSC-HVDC
transmission systems", PhD Thesis.Norwegian University of Science and Technology. 2012

Citation
Ali Haghi, Hamid Simorgh "Improving Fault Ride ThroughCapabilities For Offshore PMSG Wind Farms Connected To VSC-HVDC Transmission System" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 2 (February 2017)
MID 1302.067X.0003. Iran
Page 14-24
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