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IJERD : Volume 13 - Issue 8

Version - 1 (August 2017)


Anjali Maurya, Nanda Bhatia

Microwave Assisted Sol Gel Synthesis of Magnesium Oxide(Mgo)
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles have been synthesized by Microwave assisted Sol gel synthesis method by using the precursors citric acid (C2O4H2) and magnesium chloride (Mgcl2.6H2O). It is a simple, novel and cost effective method. The structure, morphology and crystalline phase of the magnesium oxide nanocrystals have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD).Presence of functional groups and optical characters are analyzed by using FTIR and UV- visible techniques.
Microwave assisted, Crystalline, Nanoparticles, X Ray Diffraction.

[1]. P. Luches, S. Benedetti, M. Liberati, F Boscherini, I. I. Pronin, S. Valeri, Surf. Sci., 583, (2005) 191G. Bilalbegovic, Phys.Rev, B, 70 (2004) 45407
[2]. J. Q. Li, Y. J. Xu, Y. F. Zhang, Solid State Communication, 126, (2003), 107
[3]. E. Florez, F. Mondragon, T.N. Truong, and P. Fuentealba., Phys. Rev., B73, (2006) 115423
[4]. V. Kvachadze, G. Dekanozishvili, V.Vylet, M. G Galustashvili, Z. Akhvlediani, N Keratishvili, and D Zardiashvili, Radiat. Eff. & Defects in Solids, 162(2007) 17
[5]. Fernández-García, M.; Martínez-Arias, A.; Hanson, J.C.; Rodríguez, J.A. Chem. Rev. 104(2004) 4063.

Citation
Anjali Maurya, Nanda Bhatia "Microwave Assisted Sol Gel Synthesis of Magnesium Oxide(Mgo)" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0001. India
Page 01-06
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Daljeet Singh

Use of Satellite Data for Feasibility Study And Preliminary Design Project Report for Urban Development And Highway Cross Drainage Structures
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In the developing countries like India, need of infrastructure is very high as compared to the available resources. The various organizations put their demands to state and center government for sanction of their project, government depends upon its various department to provide an approximate cost so that priorities can be assigned. The conventional procedure depends upon the land surveying, collection of data from various departments resulting in delay in necessary decision making or some time shelving due to unreasonable cost estimate due to field data being very old. Survey of India, The National Survey and Mapping Organization single handily taking this responsibility thus up gradation of data is far behind the actual development...............
LiDAR, DGPS, Cad Earth, Civil 3D, Preliminary Project Report, Feasibility Study.

[1]. A. K. Sing, S. Sharma, and U. Vakharia, "GIS, remote sensing and field measurement for estimating hydrological parameters in ungauged catchment," in Proceedings of the 12th Esri India User Conference, pp. 1–8, 2011.
[2]. V. K. Bhatt and A. K. Tiwari, "Estimation of peak streamflows through channel geometry," Hydrological Sciences Journal, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 401–408, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
[3]. S. A. Schumm, "River adjustment to altered hydro-logic regime-Murrumbidgee River and palaeochannels, Australia," US Geological Survey Professional Paper 598, 1968. View at Google Scholar
[4]. J. R. Reddy, A Textbook of Hydrology, University Science Press, New Delhi, India, 2010.
[5]. Lefsky, M.A., Cohen, W.B., Parker G.G., D.J. Harding., 2002. LiDAR remote sensing for ecosystem studies. Bio Science, 52(1), pp. 19–3.

Citation
Daljeet Singh "Use of Satellite Data for Feasibility Study And Preliminary Design Project Report for Urban Development And Highway Cross Drainage Structures" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0002. India
Page 07-12
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Engr. E.j. Nnake, Engr. Dr. C. B. Mbachu

Development of Enhanced Frequency Drive for 3-Phase Induction Motors Submitted By
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Three-phase induction motors produce mechanical power by electromagnetic induction and run on a 3-phase ac supply. They require efficient speed control, to enable them do variable speed operations, save power consumption and reduce machine noise. In this dissertation, a new switching device called Mos-Controlled Thyristor (MCT) for frequency drive is introduced. Based on the new switching device and AT89C52 microcontroller, an enhanced frequency drive for controlling the speed and torque of 3-phase 15kW squirrel cage induction motor is modeled. Different voltages ranging from 342V to 415V and frequencies ranging from 50Hz to 60Hz are used in a systematic manner to simulate the system based on the new switching device..............
Volts per Hertz,MCT, IGBT, frequency drive

[1]. Analog Devices (2000). Three-phase sine-wave generation using the PWM unit of the ADMCF32X. Analog Devices Inc. January ANF32X-03, pp. 1-21.
[2]. http://www.analog.com/static/imported- files/tech_docs/pwm_sine.pdf
[3]. Atmel Corporation (2005). AVR494: ac induction motor control using the constant v/f principle and a natural PWM algorithm. 8- bit AVR Microcontrollers 7545A-
[4]. AVR-12/05, pp.1-12 http://www.atmel.com/Images/doc7545.pdf
[5]. Bose, B. K. (1992). Evaluation of modern power semiconductor devices and future trends of converters. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications Vol. 28, No. 2

Citation
Engr. E.j. Nnake, Engr. Dr. C. B. Mbachu "Development of Enhanced Frequency Drive for 3-Phase Induction Motors Submitted By" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0003. Nigeria
Page 13-21
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B.Ravi Kumar, S.Gajanana, K.Hemachandra Reddy, M.Krishna Reddy

Development of Regression Model Using Lasso And Optimisation of Process Parameters in Metal Spinning
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Metal Spinning is a concept of describing the forming of metal into seamless, axisymmetric shapes by a combination of rotational motion and force. Sheet metal spinning is one of the metal forming processes, which a flat metal blank is rotated at a high speed and formed into an axisymmetric part by a roller which gradually forces the blank on to a mandrel, bearing the final shape of the spun part. Over the last few decades, sheet metal spinning has developed significantly and spun products have been used in various industries. Nowadays the process has been expanded to new horizons in industries, since tendency to use minimum tool and equipment costs and also using lower forces with the output of excellent surface quality and good mechanical properties. The automation of the process is of greater importance, due to its wider applications like decorative household‟s goods, rocket nose cones, gas cylinders etc................
DoE, Lasso, Metal Spinning, Sequential Quadratic Programming, Surface Roughness.

[1]. M. Azaouzi, N. Lebaal, G. Rauchs, S. Belouettar, Optimal design of multi-step stamping tools based on response surface method, Elsevier, Volume 24, May 2012, 1-14.
[2]. Robert Tibshirani, Regression Shrinkage and Selection via the Lasso, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B (Methodological), Volume 58, Issue 1 (1996), 267-288.
[3]. C A Cantrell, Technical Note: Review of methods for linear least-squares fitting of data and application to atmospheric chemistry problems, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Vol. 8, 2008.
[4]. Donald W Marquardt and Ronald D Snee, Ridge Regression in Practice, The American Statistician, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1975.
[5]. N J D Nagelkerke, A note on a general definition of the coefficient of determination, Biometrika, Vol. 78, No. 3, 1991, 691-692.

Citation
B.Ravi Kumar, S.Gajanana, K.Hemachandra Reddy, M.Krishna Reddy "Development of Regression Model Using Lasso And Optimisation of Process Parameters in Metal Spinning" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0004. India
Page 22-27
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Yusuf, I. D, Abbas, B., Husain, M. A., Yusuf, M. I.

Prospects and Problems of Non-Governmental Organizations in Poverty Alleviation and Community Development in Gombe State, Nigeria
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The World Bank sponsored Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), launched in 1990 envisaged a world free of poverty by the year 2015. The North-East (where Gombe State is centrally located) is experiencing significantly higher poverty and lack of progress in poverty reduction efforts. With coming to end of 2015, much still need to be done to attain the MDGs. With over 62.6% Nigerian population still very poor, there is need for a continuous search for alternative planning & development options that would help ameliorate poverty and sustained our dream for a world free of poverty and wants. This study examines the prospects and investigates the constraints of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in poverty alleviation and community development. Literature review, questionnaire and interview methods were used for the study................
Community development, poverty alleviation, NGOs, Gombe, Nigeria

[1]. Adamawa LEEMP (2000). Local Economic Empowerment and Manpower Programme. (LEEMP) Monthly Digest.
[2]. Agbinu, T. U., Agbinu, E. O., and Anazolo, R. O. (2012). Public Private Partnership and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria International; Journal of Research and Sustainable Development Vol. 4 (2).
[3]. Ajadi, B. and Saheed, (2010) Impact of Microfinance on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: An Empirical Investigation.
[4]. Ajakaiye, O.I. 1998 "Conceptualization of Poverty in Nigeria" CBN 7th Annual Zonal Research: unit conferrer at Makurdi 8th -12th June.
[5]. Ajayi, A.R and tuya, N. (2006) "women participation in self-help community development project in Ndokwa. Agricultural Zone of Delta state, Nigerian country Development Journal Vol. 41 No.2 Pp 189-208

Citation
Yusuf, I. D, Abbas, B., Husain, M. A., Yusuf, M. I. "Prospects and Problems of Non-Governmental Organizations in Poverty Alleviation and Community Development in Gombe State, Nigeria" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0005. Nigeria
Page 28-36
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Pawan Vaswani, Purva Vaswani

Human Resource Competencies: An Empirical Assessment
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Human beings are the essential part of the process. Today, technology and machines are taking over the human resource, as claimed by many people; but technology and machines can never replace human resource entirely. Humans are required for operating and maintaining these machines. Human resource is extremely important for developing or bringing about new and required changes to these machines and technologies. The study of the history and the current Human Resource Management trends points out some important facts.
Acquisition, Prospects, Connection, Maintenance, Incentives Human Resource Management (HRM), Technology-assisted processes, Management Information System, Strategic Human Resource Manangement, Information Technology, Expenditure.

[1]. Ulrich, Dave, Wayne Brockbank, Arthur K. Yeung, and Dale G. Lake. "Human resource competencies: An empirical assessment." Human Resource Management 34, no. 4 (1995): 473-495.
[2]. Ding, W. and Marchionini, G. 1997 A Study on Video Browsing Strategies. Technical Report. University of Maryland at College Park.
[3]. Grant, Robert M. "The resource-based theory of competitive advantage: implications for strategy formulation." California management review 33, no. 3 (1991): 114-135.
[4]. Tavel, P. 2007 Modeling and Simulation Design. AK Peters Ltd.
[5]. Cowherd, Douglas M., and David I. Levine. "Product quality and pay equity between lower-level employees and top management: An investigation of distributive justice theory." Administrative Science Quarterly (1992): 302-320.

Citation
Pawan Vaswani, Purva Vaswani"Human Resource Competencies: An Empirical Assessment" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0006. India
Page 37-45
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Dayanand Jamkhandikar, Nagalambika S P, Manikrao Mulge

A Novel Approach To Detect Trustworthy Nodes Using Audit Based Scheme For Wsn
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In multi-hop ad hoc networks there exists a problem of identifying and isolating misbehaving nodes which refuses to forward packets. Audit-based Misbehavior Detection (AMD) is a comprehensive system that effectively and efficiently isolates both continuous and selective packet droppers. The AMD system integrates reputation management, trustworthy route discovery, and identification of misbehaving nodes based on behavioral audits. Compared to previous methods, AMD evaluates node behavior on a per-packet basis, without employing energy-expensive overhearing techniques or intensive acknowledgment schemes.............
Attack detection, AMD, Rushing attack, Misbehaving nodes.

[1]. J.crowcroft, R.Gibbens, F.Kelly, and S.Ostring.modelling incentives for collaboration in mobile adhoc networks. in proceeding of WiOpt,2010.
[2]. C. Chang, Y.Wang, and H. Chao, in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), an essential requirement for the foundation of communication among nodes is that nodes should coordinate with one another.IEEE explorer ,2009 [3]. A. Baadache and A. Belmehdi, in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), a primary requirement for the establishment of communication among nodes is that nodes should cooperate with each other.IEEE explorer 2010
[4]. K. Liu, D. Pramod, K. Varshney, and K. Balakrishnan In Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs), the main problem is the security as well as formation of communication amongst nodes is that nodes must work together with each other.IEEE explore 2013.
[5]. L.Buttyan and J.P.Hubax.simulating cooperation in self organizing mobile adhoc networks.ACM/KLuwer mobile networks and applications, 8(5):579-592, Oct 2010.

Citation
Dayanand Jamkhandikar, Nagalambika S P, Manikrao Mulge "A Novel Approach To Detect Trustworthy Nodes Using Audit Based Scheme For Wsn" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0007. India
Page 46-51
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Dr.Sanjay Jain, Syeda Sana, Theertha Prabhakaran, Liby Ann Baby

An Iot Based Smart Manifold Attendance System
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Attendance has been an age old procedure employed in different disciplines of educational institutions. While attendance systems have witnessed growth right from manual techniques to biometrics, plight of taking attendance is undeniable. In fingerprint based attendance monitoring, if fingers get roughed / scratched, it leads to misreading. Also for face recognition, students will have to make a queue and each one will have to wait until their face gets recognised. Our proposed system is employing "manifold attendance" that means employing passive attendance, where at a time, the attendance of multiple people can get captured...........
Bounding box, Face detection, Face recognition, Histogram, Manifold (passive)

[1]. "Performance evaluation and comparison of PCA based, face recognition methods for distorted Images",
[2]. B.Poon, M.Ashraful Amin, Hong Yan, International Journal of Machine learning and cybernetics, Volume 2, July, 2011.
[3]. "Face Recognition and Verification using Histogram Equalization" by Kelsey, Ramiraz, Daniel, Hector,
[4]. Postgraduate Section of Studies and Investigation Mechanical and Electrical Engineering School, National
[5]. Polytechnic Institute. Av, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 3, Issue 12, December-2012

Citation
Dr.Sanjay Jain, Syeda Sana, Theertha Prabhakaran, Liby Ann Baby "An Iot Based Smart Manifold Attendance System" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0008. India
Page 52-62
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Dr.Architect. Bassam Abu Awwad

The development of the Islamic Heritage in Southeast Asia tradition and future Case study- Mosque Architecture in Malaysia Classification of Styles and Possible Influences
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This research explores the historical development of Islamic architecture in Southeast Asia from the first idea to design a mosque by the Prophet Mohammad until the development at these days with the various purism passages And as developed up these days with the passages of the development of the traditional type to the postmodern, finally to modern Southeast Asia. The Islamic architecture has been developed in six traditional typologies of types of mosques is renowned throughout the world. Southeast Asia mosques are divided into various types according to the regional culture as Arabic type, Turkish type, the Iranian type, the Indian type, the Chinese type and South East Asian type................
The Arabian type, the Turkish type, the Iranian type, the Indian type, the Chinese type and the South East Asia type, architecture in Malaysia

[1]. Architectural Heritage Conservation in Malaysia: Recognition and Challenges, January 2011, Nurul Hamiruddin Salleh.
[2]. The architectural history and origins of mosques in Malaysia, Kerry-Ann Augustin - September, 2016.
[3]. Yeang, K. (1992). The Architecture of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The Pepin Press.
[4]. Armani, S. (2014). The influence of Chinese architecture on traditional Melaka Mosques.(Masters), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.

Citation
Dr.Architect. Bassam Abu Awwad "The development of the Islamic Heritage in Southeast Asia tradition and future Case study- Mosque Architecture in Malaysia Classification of Styles and Possible Influences" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0009. Jordan
Page 63-73
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Parveen Sehgal, Surendra Pal Singh, Dharminder Kumar, Sangeeta Gupta

Predictive Data Mining with Normalized Adaptive Training Method for Neural Networks
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Predictive data mining is an upcoming and fast-growing field and offers a competitive edge for the benefit of organization. In recent decades, researchers have developed new techniques and intelligent algorithms for predictive data mining. In this research paper, we have proposed a novel training algorithm for optimizing neural networks for prediction purpose and to utilize it for the development of prediction models. Models developed in MATLAB Neural Network Toolbox have been tested for insurance datasets taken from a live data warehouse. A comparative study of the proposed algorithm with other popular first and second order algorithms has been presented to judge the predictive accuracy of the suggested technique. Various graphs have been presented to analyse the convergence behaviour of different algorithms towards point of minimum error.
Adaptive Learning Methods, ANN, Gradient based Training Algorithms, KDD, Predictive Data Mining, Second Order Optimization.

[1]. S. M. Metev and V. P. Veiko, Laser Assisted Microtechnology, 2nd ed., R. M. Osgood, Jr., Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1998.
[2]. J. Breckling, Ed., The Analysis of Directional Time Series: Applications to Wind Speed and Direction, ser. Lecture Notes in Statistics. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 1989, vol. 61.
[3]. S. Zhang, C. Zhu, J. K. O. Sin, and P. K. T. Mok, "A novel ultrathin elevated channel low-temperature poly-Si TFT," IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 20, pp. 569–571, Nov. 1999.
[4]. M. Wegmuller, J. P. von der Weid, P. Oberson, and N. Gisin, "High resolution fiber distributed measurements with coherent OFDR," in Proc. ECOC'00, 2000, paper 11.3.4, p. 109.
[5]. R. E. Sorace, V. S. Reinhardt, and S. A. Vaughn, "High-speed digital-to-RF converter," U.S. Patent 5 668 842, Sept. 16, 1997.

Citation
Parveen Sehgal, Surendra Pal Singh, Dharminder Kumar, Sangeeta Gupta "Predictive Data Mining with Normalized Adaptive Training Method for Neural Networks" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 8 (August 2017)
MID 1308.067X.0010. India
Page 74-78
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