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IJERD : Volume 12 - Issue 10

Version - 1 (October 2016)


J. Renuka Kumari, K.V. Valsarajan

Reliability Based Design and Optimization of Trusses by Genetic Algorithms
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Reliability is the probability that a structure will not fail to perform its intended function. Genetic Algorithms have been shown to be very effective optimization technique for number of engineering problems. In this paper reliability analysis of a ten bar truss and optimization by genetic algorithms is presented.
Reliability, Optimization, Reliability Based Design Optimization
[1]. Charles Camp, Shahram Pezeshk and Guozhong Cao (1998). Optimized Design of Two Dimensional Structures Using A Genetic Algorithm. Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 124, No.5, 551-559.
[2]. Chen, J.J and Duan, B.Y(1994) Structural Optimization by Displaying the Reliability Constraints. Computers and Structures, Vol. 50, No.6, 777-783.
[3]. Ghasemi, M.R and Yousefi, M(2011) Reliability-Based Optimization of Steel Frame Structures Using Modified Genetic Algorithm. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building And Housing), Vol. 12, No. 4 , 449-475.
[4]. Goldberg, D. E.(1989), Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning. Reading, Massachusetts. Addison- Wesley Publishing Company.
[5]. Hansofer , A.M. and Lind, N.C(1974), An Exact and Invariant First Order Reliability Format, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol.100, EM-1,111-121.
Citation
J. Renuka Kumari, K.V. Valsarajan "Reliability Based Design and Optimization of Trusses by Genetic Algorithms" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0001. India
Page 01-06
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Deepak Kumar, Prof. Rahul Shrivastava

Review on Fault Tolerant Reversible Arithmetic N-bit Adder/ Subtractor

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Programmable reversible logic circuit is design style for nanotechnology and quantum computing with minimum heat generation, quantum cost and garbage output. Late advances in reversible rationale utilizing and quantum PC calculations consider enhanced PC engineering and math rationale unit plans. In this paper, we survey the N-bit reversible logic adder and sub tractors are used with minimal delay, and may be configured to produce a variety of logical calculations. The reversible N-bit adder/ sub tractor design is verified and its advantages over the only existing adder design are quantitatively analyzed
.........................
[1]. M. D. Saiful Islam and Z. Begum, Reversible Logic Synthesis Of Fault Tolerant Carry Skip BCD Adder, Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 2, 193-200, 2008.
[2]. M. K. Thomsen, R. Gluck, H. B. Axelsen, 2010, Reversible arithmetic logic unit for quantum arithmetic, Journal of physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 43 (2010) 382002 (10pp), doi: 10.1088/1751- 8113/43/38/382002.
[3]. M. Haghparast, K. Navi, 2008: A Novel Fault Tolerant Reversible Gate For Nanotechnology Based Systems, Am. J. Applied Sci., 5(5), 519-523.
[4]. B. Parhami, Fault Tolerant Reversible Circuits, Proc. Asilomar Conf. Signals, Systems, and Computers, Pacific Grove, CA,Oct.2006.
[5]. Krishna Murthy, Gayatri G, Manoj Kumar "Design of Efficient Adder Circuits Using Proposed Parity Preserving Gate" VLSICS Vol.3, No.3, June 2012.
Citation
Deepak Kumar, Prof. Rahul Shrivastava "Review on Fault Tolerant Reversible Arithmetic N-bit Adder/ Subtractor" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0002. India
Page 07-12
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Carlos Eduardo Infante, Fabricio Molica

The last nine years of Oil and gas industry analysis with multicriteria decision making

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
A few years ago became notorious the inclusion of environmental and social issues in economic decisions, which led to a new strategic framework for organizations. Thus, it is of fundamental importance to know the present limitations and new paradigms in the operational and tactical developing of organizations, aiming at less striking and balanced actions. Thus, the objective was to develop an integrated interpretation of economic, environmental and social issues of the main companies in the oil and gas sectors in the world, featuring their activities through sustainability indicators covered in the three pillars of development (Triple Bottom Line)...............
Multicriteria analysis; Electre III; Oil and gas industry; Sustainability

[1]. Bana e Costa, C.A., Oliveira, M.D., 2012. A multicriteria decision analysis model for faculty evaluation. Omega 40, 424 - 436.
[2]. Bottero, M., Comino, E.,Duriavig, M., Ferretti, V., Pomarico, S., 2013. The application of a Multicriteria Spatial Decision Support System (MCSDSS) for the assessment of biodiversity conservation in the Province of Varese (Italy). Land Use Policy 30, 730 - 738.
[3]. Castellini, C., Boggia, A., Cortina, C., Dal Bosco, A., Novelli, E., Mugnai, C., 2012. A multicriteria approach for measuring the sustainability of different poultry production systems. Journal of Cleaner Production 37, 192 - 201.
[4]. Cavallaro, F., 2010. A comparative assessment of thin-film photovoltaic production processes using the ELECTRE III method. Energy Policy 38, 463 - 474.
[5]. Durbach, I.N., Stewart, T.J., 2012. A comparison of simplified value function approaches for treating uncertainty in multi-criteria decision analysis. Omega 40, 456 - 464.

Citation
Carlos Eduardo Infante, Fabricio Molica "The last nine years of Oil and gas industry analysis with multicriteria decision making" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0003.
Page 13-26
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Chetana D.Tukkoji, Dr. Seetharam K

A Survey on Big Data Traffic Management with the Help of Cloud computing (for Biometric systems)

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The concept of the big data (BD) in modern days has provided many significant advantages for both social and business aspects. The Big term data can be considered as the collection of huge data sets. The big data may be of structured, semi-structure, unstructured type. The adaptability of BD is widespread in various areas like the education system, industries, Political, governance system, etc. Today the use of BD is also known with traffic management system by the cloud computing mechanism. However, there exist many traditional methods for traffic management system, but they lack with the handling of huge data over the system. This survey paper provides the essential concept of the Big Data covering various research carried by the many authors on Big Data traffic management by cloud mechanism. The paper given an idea of improving traffic management in big data by cloud for future research.
component; formatting; style; styling; insert (key words)
[1]. Rubinstein, Ira. "Big data: the end of privacy or a new beginning?." International Data Privacy Law (2013 Forthcoming) (2012): 12-56.
[2]. Chen, Hsinchun, Roger HL Chiang, and Veda C. Storey. "Business Intelligence and Analytics: From Big Data to Big Impact." MIS quarterly 36.4 (2012): 1165-1188.
[3]. Géczy, Peter. "Big data characteristics." The Macrotheme Review 3.6 (2014): 94-104.
[4]. Kaisler, Stephen, et al. "Big data: issues and challenges moving forward." System Sciences (HICSS), 2013 46th Hawaii International Conference on. IEEE, 2013.
[5]. Hashem, Ibrahim Abaker Targio, et al. "The rise of "big data" on cloud computing: Review and open research issues." Information Systems 47 (2015): 98-115.
Citation
Chetana D.Tukkoji, Dr. Seetharam K "A Survey on Big Data Traffic Management with the Help of Cloud computing (for Biometric systems)" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0004. India
Page 27-34
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S Sapthagir, Dr K Jayathirtha Rao

Analysis of Static and Dynamic Strength of Al Based MMCS Used As A Skin of High Speed Aerospace Vehicle

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The materials behaviour is very typical in nature under the dynamic loading, since it depends on size and geometry of a component, surrounding environment of the component, non-homogeneity of the material. Experimental set-up for the analysis of materials which used as a skin of aerospace vehicle is very expensive and time consuming. Therefore another alternative method is simulation codes like LS-DYNA. LS-DYNA is a finite element code that gives an approximation towards the solution. Simulation of impact phenomenon requires a numerical approach that allows one body (fragment) to pass through another body (target). The aim of the present work is to study the damage behavior of different plate materials with different thicknesses............
Structural analysis of wings with fuselage, Dynamic analysis by LS-DYNA
[1]. S. M. Metev and V. P. Veiko, Laser Assisted Microtechnology, 2nd ed., R. M. Osgood, Jr., Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1998.
[2]. Jiyu Sun, Bharat Bhushan, The structure and mechanical properties of dragonfly wings and their role on fly ability C. R. Mecanique 340, pp 3 – 17, 2012.
[3]. Walker, S. H. and Rodgers, F., "Falcon Hypersonic Technology Overview," AIAA Paper 2005-3253, May 2005.
[4]. Bisplinghoff, R. L., "Some Structural and Aeroelastic Considerations of High-Speed Flight," Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 4, April 1956, pp. 289–329.
[5]. DeJarnette, F. R., Hamilton, H. H., Weilmuenster, K. J., and Cheatwood, F. M., "A Review of Some Approximate Methods Used in Aerodynamic Heating Analyses," Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Vol. 1, No. 1, January 1987, pp. 5–12.
Citation
S Sapthagir, Dr K Jayathirtha Rao "Analysis of Static and Dynamic Strength of Al Based MMCS Used As A Skin of High Speed Aerospace Vehicle" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0005. India
Page 35-43
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Maolin Wang

Research on the Acoustic Realization of Lateral in Sundanese

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In this study, the duration, intensity and formant values are investigated on the lateral in Sundanese, and it is found that, lateral is lengthened at word final position, which is due to the final lengthening mechanism. The lateral is more lenis-like word-medially, so its intensity is greatly increased at this position. Consonants are usually strengthened at word initial position, where they are more fortis-like, so the intensity value is small at this position. Lateral at word final position is usually velarized, so the first formant value gets increased, and the second formant gets decreased.
Lateral, duration, intensity, formant
[1]. I. Maddieson, Lateral Consonants, In: M. S. Dryer and M. Haspelmath (eds.) The World Atlas of Language
Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 2013.
[2]. P. Ladefoged and I. Maddieson, The sounds of the world‟s languages. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.
[3]. M. Halle and K. P. Mohanan, "Segmental phonology of model English", Linguistic Inquiry, vol. 16, pp. 57-
116, 1985.
[4]. D. Recasens and A. Espinosa, "Articulatory, positional and coarticulatory characteristics for clear /l/ and
dark /l/: Evidence from two Catalan dialects", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, vol. 35, pp.
1–25, 2005.
[5]. D. Recasens, "A cross-language acoustic study of initial and final allophones of /l/". Speech Communication, vol. 54, pp. 368–383, 2012.
Citation
Maolin Wang "Research on the Acoustic Realization of Lateral in Sundanese" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0006. China
Page 44-48
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Sutapa Mukherjee

An Approach to Predict Daylight Glare Using Nazzal's Daylight Glare Index Formula

  • Abstract
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One of the important functions of window is to admit natural lightto interior spaces of buildings. This natural lighting in buildings helps to displace the requirement for artificial lighting, and thus, helps to save energy. Though daylight has positive effects on visual comfort, but high window luminance or direct sunlight from a window may cause discomfort. Visual discomfort in a day-lit interior environment is usually represented by the degree of discomfort glare.Only a few formulae have been proposed for discomfort glare of daylight and they are not sufficient in real daylight situations. No standard monitoring procedure is available to establish the value of daylight glare ona comparative basis. This paper introduces a new glare evaluation method proposed by Ali A. Nazzal. This method is actually modified P............
Daylight glare index (DGI), Discomfort glare, Large-source glare formulae,Nazzal‟sglare formula, CIE

[1]. Luckiesh M. and Hollady LL, Glare and visibility, vol. 20, Trans IllumEngSoc ,Iesna : IES Lighting handbook (1925) , pp. 221-252.
[2]. Stiles W.S., The Scattering Theory of the Effect of Glare on the Brightness Difference Threshold ,Proc. Roy. Soc., London (1929) , pp. 105-131.
[3]. Harrison Ward, Glare Ratings, I.E.S., Convention (1945).
[4]. Hopkinson R.G., Evaluation of Glare, the National Technical Conference, Illuminating Engineering (1957), pp. 305-316.
[5]. Discomfort glare in interior lighting,Vienna:CIE Technical Committee 3-13, CIE publication 117(1995), pp. 206-215.

Citation
Sutapa Mukherjee "An Approach to Predict Daylight Glare Using Nazzal's Daylight Glare Index Formula" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0007. INDIA
Page 50-58
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Ahmet Apaydin

Applicability of Groundwater Dams in Semi-Arid Regions: A Study in the North-Central Turkey

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Groundwater dams are a method to store and save groundwater, particularly in sand-gravel aquifers for generally small scale water supplies in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. The operation involves the construction of an impervious cut-off wall to hinder the groundwater flow downstream and the storage of more water in the aquifer upstream of the dam. Stored water can be abstracted by pumping from wells or gravitational flow if possible, depending on the topographic, geologic, technical, and economic conditions............
Groundwater dam, sand-gravel aquifer, water supply, north-central Turkey

[1]. A. Apaydın, Derincay havzasının (Corum) hidrojeolojik etüt raporu (Hydrogeological investigation report of the Derincay basin). The State Hydraulic works, 80 p., 1996.
[2]. A. Apaydın, Malibogazi groundwater dam: An alternative model for semi-arid regions of Turkey to store and save groundwater. Environmental Earth Sciences 59 (2), 339-345, 2009.
[3]. A. Apaydın, Response of groundwater to climate variation: fluctuations of groundwater level and well yields in the Halacli aquifer (Cankiri, Turkey). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 165:653– 663, 2010.
[4]. A. Apaydın, Dual impact on the groundwater aquifer in the Kazan Plain (Ankara, Turkey): sand–gravel mining and over-abstraction. Environ Earth Sciences 65:241-255, 2012.

Citation
Ahmet Apaydin "Applicability of Groundwater Dams in Semi-Arid Regions: A Study in the North-Central Turkey" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0008. Turkey
Page 59-69
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Bhagyalakshmi P S, Beena M Varghese, Sija Gopinathan

Symmetrical Multilevel Inverter with Reduced Number of switches With Level Doubling Network

  • Abstract
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A multilevel inverter is a power electronic device that is used for high voltage and high power application because of its characteristics of synthesizing a sinusoidal voltage on several DC levels. They give good quality output resulting with lower harmonic distortion in the output. This paper proposes a new topology of a multilevel inverter that utilizes less number of switches in the circuit. The objective of this new topology is to increase number of levels with a lower number of switches and sources without adding any complexity to the power circuit. The advantage is to reduce the total harmonic distortion of the inverter output. Here switching patterns are realized using both pulse generation unit and PWM technique and the total harmonic distortion is measured using both the two methods. In this paper multi-carrier pulse width modulation technique are proposed, which can minimize the total harmonic distortion................
Proposed Multilevel Inverter, Modified Multilevel Inverter, Level Doubling Network (LDN), Multicarrier PWM Technology (PWM), Pulse Generation Unit

[1]. Krishna Kumar Gupta, "Multilevel Inverter Topologies with Reduced Device Count: A Review", IEEE transactions on power electronics, TPEL.2015.2405012.
[2]. Sumit K.Chattopadhyay, " A New Multilevel Inverter Topology With Self- Balancing Level Doubling
Network", IEEE transactions on industrial electronics, VOL. 61, NO. 9, September 2014..
[3]. Zahra Bayat, "A Single-Phase Cascaded Multilevel Inverter Based on a New Basic Unit with Reduced
Number of Power Switches", IEEE transactions on TTIER.2IA01L4 .2E3L3E66C01T,R 2013.
[4]. Ehsan Naja, "Design and Implementation of a New Multilevel Inverter Topology", IEEE transactions on
industrial electronics, VOL. 59, NO. 11, November 2012.

Citation
Bhagyalakshmi P S, Beena M Varghese, Sija Gopinathan "Symmetrical Multilevel Inverter with Reduced Number of switches With Level Doubling Network" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0009. India
Page 70-74
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Acharyashriniwas Madhusudan, Prof. Mahesh Kadam

Sparse Channel Estimation in Mimo-Of Dm Communication

  • Abstract
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Wireless communication system is prone to distortions and noise. The system utilizes many techniques to minimize the distortions and noise effects. The use of channel estimators is one of the many techniques and has decent success. The channel estimation is important process in modern wireless communication as it provides the channel state information. Thus it is important to get correct channel state information so that we can have distortion less signal at the receiving end. Pilot based and blind channel estimators are used for this purpose but are not successful in providing high data rates and complexity tradeoff.................
MIMO, OFDM, Sparse channel, wireless communication, Smooth L0 norm

[1]. RaisanuriHidayat, AnggunFitrianIsnawati, "Channel Estimation in MIMO-OFDM Spatial Multiplexing
using least square method", International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication System (ISPACS) December 2011
[2]. Hanks H. Zeng, " Blind channel estimation using second order statistics", August 1997
[3]. Yushi Shen and Ed Martinez: "Channel estimation in OFDM system" Rev.0, 1/2006
[4]. Mr. Abhishek Bhoyar: "A unified analysis of SINR for MIMO downlink system" Xenofon G.
Doukopoulos and George V. Moustakides: "Blind adaptive Channel estimation in OFDM system", February 2004

Citation
Acharyashriniwas Madhusudan, Prof. Mahesh Kadam "Sparse Channel Estimation in Mimo-Of Dm Communication" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0010. India
Page 75-78
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Version - 2 (October 2016)


SubhankarChattoraj, Subhro Mukherjee, Rahul Mallick, Ankit Parashar, Sayandeep Sen, Karan Vishwakarma

Automatic Bottle Filling System Using Plcand SCADA

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This paper outlines a novel approach on the automatic bottle filling using PLC and SCADA. A total interface using the necessary hardware such as push button, PLC, valve, relay and software such as RSVIEW 32, RSLOGIX. All the necessary details from interfacing to implementation and prototypes to results have been discussed below.
Automatic bottle filling, PLC, SCADA, Proximity switch, Relay.

[1]. http://www.ab.com/en/epub/catalogs/12762/2181376/2416247/1239746/2159695/Introduction.html
[2]. http://www.jsec-tw.com/rockwell/1761-td001b-en-p.pdf
[3]. http://www.fargocontrols.com/sensors/inductive_op.html
[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DC_motor
[5]. http://www.electrical4u.com/working-or-operating-principle-of-dc-motor/

Citation
SubhankarChattoraj, Subhro Mukherjee, Rahul Mallick, Ankit Parashar, Sayandeep Sen, Karan Vishwakarma "Automatic Bottle Filling System Using Plcand SCADA" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0001. India
Page 01-07
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Fahrizal Zulkarnain, Mohd. Zailan Suleiman

The Innovative Performance of Polymer Modified Cement Systems for Use in Infrastructure Applications

  • Abstract
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This paper discusses the innovative performance of polymer modified cement mortar in comparison with conventional cement mortar particularly when exposed to severe environmental conditions. The effect of cyclic exposure to air and salt water environment increases deterioration process resulting in a high cost of maintenance and repair. The use of ordinary Portland cement system alone in severe environmental condition may not be effective, and cannot provide long term solutions because the problems of concrete deterioration will exist after a shorter period of time..................
Polymer modified cement mortar, engineering properties, durability performance, flexural strength, modulus of elasticity, chloride permeability.

[1]. Beeldens A., Monteny J., Vincke E., De Belie N., Van Gemert D., Taerne L. and Verstraete W., (2001). Resistance to Biogenic Sulphuric Acid Corrosion of Polymer-Modified Mortars, Cement & Concrete Composite, Vol. 23, pp 47-56.
[2]. Cabrera J.G. and Lynsdale C.J., (1988) A new gas permeameter for measuring the permeability of mortar and concrete, Magazine of Concrete Research, Vol. 40, No. 144, pp 177-182.
[3]. Fowler D. W., (1999). Polymer in Concrete: Vision for the 21st Century, Cement & Concrete Composite, Elsevier Science Ltd Publishers, Volume 21, pp 449-452.
[4]. Lawrence C.D., (1986) Measurement of permeability, Proceedings, 8th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, Rio de Janeiro, Vol. 5, pp 29-34.
[5]. Morlat, K., Godard, P., Bomal, Y., and orange, G. (1999) Dynamic Mechanical Thermoanalysis of Latexs in Cement Paste, Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier Science Ltd, Volume 29, pp 847-853.

Citation
Fahrizal Zulkarnain, Mohd. Zailan Suleiman "The Innovative Performance of Polymer Modified Cement Systems for Use in Infrastructure Applications" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0002. Indonesia
Page 08-14
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Kufre Esenowo Jack, Emmanuel O. Nwangwu, Israel Agwu Etu, Ernest Ugwunna Osuagwu

Design and Implementation of a Microcontroller-Based Water Level Control System with Seven Segment Display for Domestic and Laboratory Application

  • Abstract
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The domestic and laboratory applicability of a microcontroller-based water level control system is the focus of this paper. The inability to determine the upper and lower water levels in an overhead tank as well as its inability to initiate an action, warrants a control action to stop or start the pump when the water level is low or high, this is what informed the decision of this research. The use of Electronic, Electrical Machines and other associated component in designing this system, forms the basis of the methods adopted to accomplish this task. In this design when the fluid level reaches 100 percent the system stops pumping and at 20 percent.................
Water Level, Control System, Laboratory Application, Seven Segment Display, Implementation and Design

[1]. Abang, J. O. (2013). Construction of Automatic Water Level Controller for Both Overhead and Underground Tanks. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(1), 1689–1699.
[2]. Abdullah,U. & Ali, A. (2014). GSM Based Water level and Temperature Monitoring System. International Journal of Recent Development in Engineering and Technology, 3(2), 1–7.
[3]. Abdullah,A.M.; Ahmed, N.;Ahmed, N. U.;Matiur-Rahman, S.A.M; Ahmed, B. & Sundara, K. (2014). Use of Wireless Sensor and Microcontroller to Develop Water-level Monitoring System Use of Wireless Sensor and Microcontroller to Develop Water-level Monitoring System. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 7(9), 1325–1330.
[4]. Chakraborty, T.; Alam, K.; Mal, S. & Biswas, U. (2014). Automatic Electronic Water Level Management System using PIC Microcontroller. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 4(7), 30–33.
[5]. Ebere, E. V. & Francisca, O. O. (2013). Microcontroller based Automatic Water level Control System. International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 1(6), 1390–1396.

Citation
Kufre Esenowo Jack, Emmanuel O. Nwangwu, Israel Agwu Etu, Ernest Ugwunna Osuagwu "Design and Implementation of a Microcontroller-Based Water Level Control System with Seven Segment Display for Domestic and Laboratory Application" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0003. Nigeria
Page 15-20
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Satyendra Kumar Singh, Jitendra Kumar, Ram Pyare

Physico-Mechanical Properties of TiO2 Doped 45S5 Bioactive Glasses and Glass –Ceramics

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TiO2 doped 45S5 bioactive - glasses were prepared. Bioactive Glass - ceramics were obtained through controlled crystallization of bioactive glasses. Nucleation and crystal Growth temp. Were determined by the parameters obtained from differential thermal analysis (DTA) of bioactive - glasses. The crystalline phases which are formed in bioactive glass - ceramics were recognized by using X - ray diffraction (XRD) study. The density of bioactive glass and glass - ceramic samples was obtained by Archimedes principle using distilled water as buoyant..................
Bio ceramics, Bioactive Glasses, Bioactive Glass - ceramics, Physical Properties, Mechanical Properties

[1]. M. Ogino and L.L. Hench, "Formation of calcium phosphate films on silicate glasses", Journal of Non - Crystalline Solids, vol. 38, pp. 673 - 678, 1980.
[2]. T. Kokubo, S. Ito, Z.T. Huang, T. Hayashi, S. Sakka, T. Kitsugi and T. Yamamuro, "Ca, P - rich layer formed on high - strength bioactive glass - ceramic A - W", Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 24, pp. 331 - 343, 1990.
[3]. L.L. Hench and O. Andersson, "An Introduction to Bioceramics", editors, L.L. Hench and J. Wilson, World Scientific, Singapore, pp. - 41, 1993.
[4]. S.M. Best, A.E. Porter, E.S. Thian and J. Huang, "Bioceramics: Past, present and for the future", Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 28, pp. 1319 - 1327, 2008.
[5]. C.C. Lin, L.C. Huang and P. Shen, "Na2CaSi2O6 - P2O5 based bioactive glasses. Part 1: Elasticity and structure", Journal of Non - Crystalline Solids, vol. 351, pp. 3195 - 3203, 2005.

Citation
Satyendra Kumar Singh, Jitendra Kumar, Ram Pyare "Physico-Mechanical Properties of TiO2 Doped 45S5 Bioactive Glasses and Glass –Ceramics" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0004. India
Page 21-28
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Eshaan G. Ayyar, Mayur M. Khule, Soumitra M. Kajarekar

Noise Generation Mechanism of Tires

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In the automotive industry noise generation by tire has become an important area for the researchers because of the strict noise norms. According to norms, the noise limit for the passenger car is 80 dB. In an automotive vehicle there are three basic noise generation mechanisms which are wind turbulent noise, power unit noise and tire noise. The part of this component in the total noise generation depends upon vehicle speed i.e., whether the vehicle is accelerating, decelerating or turning. Among the different noise generation sources tire noise contributes 10-15% of the overall noise generation. When the vehicle starts to accelerate, the wind turbulence noise comes into picture..................
Noise generation, acoustic, turbulence, tire-road interaction, mechanisms

[1]. "2005-26-335.pdf." .
[2]. P. Gu, Z. C. Feng, Y. Chen, Z. Li, P. Gu, Y. Chen, and Z. Li, "Modeling and experimental investigation of tire cavity noise generation mechanisms for a rolling tire," SAE Tech. Pap., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1414–1423, 2009.
[3]. Z. C. Feng and P. Gu, "Modeling and Experimental Verification of Vibration and Noise Caused by the Cavity Modes of a Rolling Tire under Static Loading," SAE 2011 Noise Vib. Conf. Exhib., pp. 1–27, 2011.
[4]. N. Tsujiuchi, T. Koizumi, A. Oshibuchi, and I. Shima, "Rolling tire vibration caused by road roughness," SAE Tech. Pap., no. 724, 2005.

Citation
Eshaan G. Ayyar, Mayur M. Khule, Soumitra M. Kajarekar "Noise Generation Mechanism of Tires" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0005. India
Page 29-33
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Prof. R.G. Bade, Mr. Zeeshan Qureshi, Mr. Shrikant Yadav

Design of Shallow Foundation under Downward, Uplift and Side Thrusts Loadings for Transmission Lines Tower

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  • Full Article
India has a large population all over the country and the electricity supply is need of this population creates requirements of a large transmission and distribution. In transmission line towers, the tower legs are usually set in concrete which generally provides good protection to the steel. In transmission line towers, foundation plays an important role in safety and satisfactory performance of the structure as it transmits the load from structure to earth. In present study, a typical 220 KV double circuit transmission tower is considered, for designing the foundation manually with respect to loadings viz downward, uplift and side thrusts. A proposed site was considered situated on the banks of river analyzed and design the transmission tower in STAAD PRO and on the basis of analysis results and soil investigation reports the three forces are validated in the designing of foundation manually..................
Transmission lines, foundation

[1]. Experimental study on corrosion of transmission line tower foundation and its rehabilitation ISSN 2010
[2]. Reliability based design of foundation for transmission line structures (New York) (drilled and spread
foundation)
[3]. Analysis and research for uplift mechanism on foundation of transmission line towers in expansive soil.
[4]. Central board of irrigation and power of transmission line tower (CBIP) manual.

Citation
Prof. R.G. Bade, Mr. Zeeshan Qureshi, Mr. Shrikant Yadav "Design of Shallow Foundation under Downward, Uplift and Side Thrusts Loadings for Transmission Lines Tower" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0006. India
Page 34-39
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F.N.Okoye, O.I Odumodu

Investigation Into The Possibility of Partial Replacement of Cement with Bone Powder in Concrete Production

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
The compressive strength of concrete using Bone powder(BP) as a partial replacement of cement was investigated. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) was replace with BP in the ratios of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% respectively. Workability, setting time and compressive strength were determined. Mineralogical analysis of BP was first carried out to determine its chemical composition. The result showed that almost all the compounds of metals contained in cement are also present in BP but in different proportions. In the absence of BP the crushing strength was 25.95N/mm2....................
Bone powder; Setting time; Workability; Compressive, flexural, tensile strengths

[1]. Alabadan BA., Olutoye M A., Abolarin MS., Zakariya M., (2005), Partial replacement of Ordinary Port land Cement with Bambara Groundnut Shell ash in concrete. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies Issue 6,http://lejpt.academicdirect.org. pp.43-48.
[2]. Mahasenan N., Smith S., Humphreys K., Kaya Y., (2003), The cement industry and global climate change: current and potential future cement industry CO2 emissions. In Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. 6th International Conference. Oxford: Pergamon; 995-1000.
[3]. WBCSD,. (2005) , The Cement Sustainability Initiative: Progress Report. World Business Council for Sustainable Development. http://www.wbcsd.org/
[4]. Gartner E,., (2004), Industrially interesting approaches to low-CO2 cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 34(9): p. 1489-98.
[5]. Aggarwal V., Gupta SM., Sachdeva SN., (2012), High Volume Fly Ash Concrete: A Green Concrete. Journal of Environmental Research and Development. Vol 6, No 3A.

Citation
F.N.Okoye, O.I Odumodu "Investigation Into The Possibility of Partial Replacement of Cement with Bone Powder in Concrete Production" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0007. Nigeria
Page 40-45
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Jiří Frei, Stanislav Szabo

Analysis of the Aircraft Call-Sign Similarities in FIR Prague

  • Abstract
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This article shows the analysis of call-sign similarity and confusion issues in the Czech airspace (which means the use of similar call-signs by aircraft operating in the same area on the same radiotelephony frequency often gives rise to potential and actual flight safety incidents – this hazard is usually referred to as "call-sign confusion"). Based on Eurocontrol´s general similarity rules was created algorithm identifying call-sign similarity from raw radar Asterix data in FIR Prague. The results (number of occurrences) are discussed in the text. Some recommendation for preventing and avoiding call-sign similarity and confusion are mentioned in the end of this text.
Call-sign confusion, call-sign similarity, general similarity rules, prevention against call-sign similarities

[1]. Euroncontrol, Network Manager, EVAIR Safety Bulletin No 12 Summer Seasons 2008 – 2013, September 2013.
[2]. Eurocontrol, Shelvin Philip, CSST User Guide, edition number: 5.0, 27. 10. 2015.
[3]. ICAO Annex 10,Volume II.
[4]. Eurocontrol, European Action Plan for Air Ground Communications Safety, Edition 1.0, May 2006.
[5]. ŘLP ČR, s.p., Safety Monitoring 2012 – Safety Analysis, version 1.0, 14. 3. 2012, ISQMS/SAF/2013-01.

Citation
Jiří Frei, Stanislav Szabo "Analysis of the Aircraft Call-Sign Similarities in FIR Prague" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0008. Czech Republic
Page 46-51
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Divesh Kumar, Amritpal Singh, Satish Kansal

An Adaptive Approach to Posistioning And Optimize Size of DG Source to Minimise Power Loss in Distribution Network

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In this paper an advance technique particle swarm optimization (PSO) is presented. The objective is to reduce the power loss of distribution network without disturbing the voltage and current constraints. To minimize the power loss, the location and size of distribution generation (DG) is optimized by using PSO. The IEEE 33 and 66 radial bus network is designed by using Matlab Software and tested with purposed methodology. The results obtained by PSO are also compared with ABC.
Distribution generation (DG); Optimal size and location; Distribution Network; Particle swarm optimization (PSO).

[1]. T. Ackermann, G. Andersson, L. Soder. "Distributed generation : A definition. Electric Power System Research", Volume: 57, Issue 3, 2001, pp. 195–204.
[2]. Martin G. Renewable energy gets the green light in Chicago. IEEE Power Energy Mag 2003;22(November/December):34–9.
[3]. Sonderegger RC, Henderson D, Bubb S, Steury J. Distributed asset insight. IEEE Power Energy Mag 2004(May/June):32–9.
[4]. Rahman S. Green power: what is it and where can we find it? IEEE Power Energy Mag 2003(January/February):30–7
[5]. CIGRE: Impact of increasing contribution of dispersed generation on the power system. Working Group 37.23; 1999

Citation
Divesh Kumar, Amritpal Singh, Satish Kansal "An Adaptive Approach to Posistioning And Optimize Size of DG Source to Minimise Power Loss in Distribution Network" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0009. India
Page 52-57
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Elizabeth Refugio-García, Oscar F. Olea-Mejía, José G. Miranda-Hernández, Jessica J. Osorio Ramos, Enrique Rocha Range

Improving Toughness of Alumina-Based Composites to Be Used As Bone Substitute

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  • Full Article
In this study it is show the experimental results of alumina reinforced with titanium additions, forming a composite which by its components could be classified as a biomaterial. The experimental results indicate that Al2O3-X wt. % Ti, (X = 0.5, 1, 2 and 3) composite material is an alternative material for its use as human bone substitute, because its density, porosity and toughness are better than of the human bone. Composites were manufactured using powders techniques. The results indicate that these composites have densities between 3.6 - 3.9 g/cm3, values far higher than the density of the compact bone of 1.8 g/cm3. The microstructure observed by scanning electron microscopy, shows a homogeneous distribution of titanium particles in the alumina matrix. Fracture toughness of the proposed composite present's values range between 3.3 to 8.76 MPam-0.5, whereas fracture toughness of compact bone has a value of 4.05-4.32 MPam-0.5
Alumina/titanium, Biomaterial, Alumina reinforced, Toughness, Bone

[1]. M. T. Angulo Carrere, D. Álvarez, Biomecánica Clínica-Biomecánica de los Ligamentos, Reduca (Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología) Serie Biomecánica Clínica, Madrid; 2010.
[2]. T. L. Norman, D. Vashisth, D. N. Burr, "Fracture Toughness of human bone under tension", Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 28, pp. 309-311, 1995.

[3]. J. Yan, K. B. Clifton, J. J. Mecholsky Jr., L. A. Grower, "Effect of the temperature on the fracture toughness of compact bone", Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 40, pp. 1641-1645, 2006.
[4]. J. Yan, A. Daga, R. Kumar, J. J. Melchosky Jr., "Fracture toughness and work of fracture of hydrated, dehydrated, and ashed bovine bone", Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 41, pp. 1929-1936, 2008.
[5]. R. B. Cook, P. Zioupos, "The fracture toughness of cancellous bone". Journal of Biomechanics. Vol. 42, pp. 2054-2060, 2009.

Citation
Elizabeth Refugio-García, Oscar F. Olea-Mejía, José G. Miranda-Hernández, Jessica J. Osorio Ramos, Enrique Rocha Rangel "Improving Toughness of Alumina-Based Composites to Be Used As Bone Substitute" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0010. México
Page 58-63
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Version - 3 (October 2016)


Hichem Trabelsi, Sabiha Sleimi, Noamen REBAI

Study of Morphometric And Hydrological Characteristics of Watersheds And Their Impact on The Silting of Small Lakes in the Tunisian Dorsal

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The siltation problem is a problem That Concerns Geomorphologists, hydrologists and Sedimentologists in terms of area dynamics. Indeed, control of silting reserves for Assessment Primarily to Comprehensively the importance of sediment transport. In Tunisia, the processes of erosion, transportation and deposition are Widespread and hold great importance in terms of national interest and in research as They Are Relatively difficulty to model and can cause damage Among --other cut. The objective of this study is to try to identify the morphological parameters of the watershed or river system HAVING the gold predominant role hand on the siltation of small lakes.............
Water erosion, Hill Lake, watershed runoff model, siltation, Tunisian dorsal.

[1]. Hermassi T., 2000 : Modélisation des petits bassins versants de la zone semi-aride.
[2]. Utilisation d'un modèle à base physique. Mémoire des études approfondies, département de Génie
Rurale, Eaux et Forêts, INAT.
[3]. Jean Morschel 2010 : L'eau Et Les Paysages Dans La Dorsale Tunisienne Expliquer le cheminement des
flux hydriques en fonction des organisations présentes dans le milieu naturel, Universit´e Nice-Sophia
Antipolis; Universit´e Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2006, 395p
[4]. JODEAU Magali 2004 : Etude expérimentale des mécanismes de transport solide par charriage /08/
[5]. Mansouri T., 2002 : Modélisation spatialisée des écoulements et du transport solides des bassins versants
des lacs collinaires de la Dorsale Tunisienne et le cap Bon. Thèse de doctorat. Tunis, 40p.

Citation
Hichem Trabelsi, Sabiha Sleimi, Noamen REBAI "Study of Morphometric And Hydrological Characteristics of Watersheds And Their Impact on The Silting of Small Lakes in the Tunisian Dorsal" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0001. Tunisia
Page 01-09
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BirolkayiĢoğlu, serkan TUĞ, Ġbrahim SavaĢ DALMIġ, Türkan AKTAġ, Mehmet Recai DURGUT, Figen TAġÇI DURGUT

Evaluation of A Micro-Scale Rice Straw Gasification Costs

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
In this study, the economic analysis of gasification of rice straw was reviewed. Gasifier used in this research was developed by our department. Economic analysis for biofuel preparation and gasification processes were conducted separately. Biofuel preparation process consists of shredding and pelletizing. The unit cost of shredding and pelletizing of rice straw were found 0,079 $.kg-1 and 0,052 $.kg-1, respectively. The total cost of preparing biofuel was 0,131 $.kg-1. The cost of hourly biofuel consumption in gasification was 2.67 $.h-1. The hourly cost of the gasification process was 3.57 $.h-1. In the end of this research, the unit energy cost of syngas was found 0,146 $.kWh-1. This research is the part of TUBITAK project (Project Number: 134O434) which was executed by our department...................
Rice straw, gasification, pelletizing, syngas, biofuel, economic analysis

[1]. Anderson J. (2013).Techno-economic analysis of integrated biomass gasification for green chemical production, Licantiete Thesis, Department of Engineering Sciences & Mathematics Luleå University of Technology SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden.
[2]. Guilherme P., M., Fracaro, S. N. M. Souza, M. Medeiros, D. F. Formentini, C. A. Marques (2011). Economic feasibility of biomass gasification for small-scale electricity generation in Brazil, World Renewable Energy Congres, Sweden.
[3]. Khan A. (2015). Economic Feasibility of Biomass Gasification for Electricity Generation in Pakistan, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: E Interdiciplinary, Volume 15, Issue 1 Version 1.0
[4]. Tuğ S. (2016). A prototype downdraft gasifier design with mechanical stirrer for rice straw gasification, PhD Thesis, Namik Kemal University, Instute of Natural and Applied Science, TURKEY

Citation
BirolkayiĢoğlu, serkan TUĞ, Ġbrahim SavaĢ DALMIġ, Türkan AKTAġ, Mehmet Recai DURGUT, Figen TAġÇI DURGUT "Evaluation of A Micro-Scale Rice Straw Gasification Costs" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0002. Turkey
Page 10-15
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S. Siva Gowri Prasad, P.V.V. Satyanarayana, B. Anil Kumar

Improvement of Marine Clay Performance Using Silica- Manganese Slag Stone Column Reinforced with Geotextile

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Stone columns have proven to be the most suited technique for improving the bearing capacity of weak or soft soils and are used worldwide. The stone column is most popular and cost effective ground reinforcing technique which is used for flexible structures like oil storage tanks, embankments, raft foundations etc. This technique is used for improving the strength parameters like bearing capacity and reduces the settlements. The strength of the composite soil may further be increased by reinforcing the stone columns by geotextile. In the present study, laboratory model tests have been carried out on floating stone column with and without geotextile. In this study Silica-Manganese Slag and Sand is used as the stone column material and was reinforced with geotextile with different encasement lengths of D, 2D, 3D & 4D. The tests indicate that the load carrying capacity increases with increase of encasement length and settlements have been decreased.
Geo-textile, Marine clay, Silica-Manganese slag, Sand, Stone column.

[1]. A.P. Ambily, S.R. Gandhi, "Experimental and Theoretical Evaluation of Stone Column in Soft Clay",
Indian Geotechnical Conference-2004, pp. 201-206.
[2]. Karun Mani, K. Nigee, "A Study on Ground Improvement Using Stone Column Technique", International
Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 11, 2013.
[3]. Kausar Ali, J.T. Shahu, & K.G. Sharma, "An Experimental Study of Stone Columns In Soft Soils",
Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, pp. 15-17, 2011.
[4]. Kausar Ali, "Effect of Encasement Length on Geosynthetic Reinforced Stone Columns", IJRET, Volume:
03 Issue: 06, pp. 72-75, Jun-2014.

Citation
S. Siva Gowri Prasad, P.V.V. Satyanarayana, B. Anil Kumar "Improvement of Marine Clay Performance Using Silica- Manganese Slag Stone Column Reinforced with Geotextile" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0003. India
Page 16-21
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Md. Hussain Ansari, Deepak Kumar, Khustar Ansari

An Hyper-Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem Scheme Using 3bc Algorithm

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
This paper studies a public key generation in an enhanced ECC (Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem) using FPGA's at the hardware implementation. To improve the strength of encryption and the speed of processing, the public key and the private key of EC(Elliptic curve) over GF(2n ) are used to form a shared private key (X,Y). And then the X is used with an initial point on HEC(Hyper-Elliptic Curve) over GF(2n ) to generate session keys, which are used with 3BC (Block Byte Bit Cipher) (see [1], [6], [13]) algorithm for the data encryption. We are investigating a novel approach of software/ hardware code sign implemented in Verilog Hardware Description Language (VHDL), which produces hardware algorithm components to place onto the FPGAs, thereby creating adaptive software overlays differentiated by use of a Universal Unique Identifier (UUID) as a functional operand to a custom Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU).
ECC, HEC, 3BC algorithm, UUID, VHDL, FPGA.

[1]. A.J. Menezes, Paul C. van Oorschot and Scott A. Vanstone, ―Handbook of Applied Cryptography‖, CRC Press, 1996.
[2]. W. Rankl, W. Effing, ―Smart Card Applications, Design Models forusing and programming smart cards,‖ Springer-Verlag, 2007.
[3]. A. B. Mohamed, A. A. Hamid, K. Y, Mohamed,―Implementation of an Improved Secure System Detection for E-passport by using EPCRFIDTags,‖ 2009.
[4]. Nyamasvisva, E. Tadiwa, H. Halabi, ―Multi-level security algorithm for random ZigBee Wireless Sensor Network,‖ In: 4th International Symposium on Information Technology 2010 (ITSim'10), 15-17 June 2010, KLCC, Kuala Lumpur, 2010, pp. 612- 617.
[5]. IEEE Standard Specifications for Public-Key Cryptography, Jan. 2000.

Citation
Md. Hussain Ansari, Deepak Kumar, Khustar Ansari "An Hyper-Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem Scheme Using 3bc Algorithm" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0004. India
Page 22-28
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Koffi A., Koffi D., Toubal L.

Injection Molding Parameters Influence on PE Composites Parts

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Thermoplastic matrix polymer composites have gained commercial success in the semi structural and structural applications. Polyethylene (PE) is one of the most versatile and widely used thermoplastics in the world because of its excellent properties like toughness, near-zero moisture absorption, excellent chemical inertness, low coefficient of friction, ease of processing and unusual electrical properties [1,2]. Among the Processing techniques of Polyethylene matrix polymer composites, Injection molding (IM) is one of the common used...................
Review, Polyethylene, Composite, Injection molding parameters.

[1]. P. Noorunnisa Khanam & Mariam Al Ali AlMaadeed Processing and characterization of polyethylene-based composites, Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer & Composites Science, 1:2, 63-79, 2015
[2]. X. Huang, Q. Ke, C. Kim, H. Zhong, P. Wei, G. Wang, F. Liu and P. Jiang: Polym. Eng. Sci., , 47, (7), 1052–1061
[3]. A. Sarı: Energy Convers. Manage., 2004, 45, (13–14), 2033–2042, 2007
[4]. K. M. Manu, S. Soni, V. R. K. Murthy and M. T. Sebastian: J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron., 2013, 24, (6), 098–2105.
[5]. T. K. Dey and M. Tripathi: Thermochim. Acta, 2010, 502, (1–2), 35–42.

Citation
Koffi A., Koffi D., Toubal L. "Injection Molding Parameters Influence on PE Composites Parts" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0005. Canada
Page 29-39
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I. El medrai, T. Mourabit, A. Tahayt

Measure of ground deformations by SAR Interferometry in Tangier city (Northern Morocco)

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This study presents the deformations of earth's surface in Tangiers (Northern Morocco). The follow-up of these deformations was made by the Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar technique (InSAR). The application of InSAR in an urban environment allows to obtain a spatial distribution of the ground deformation within subcentimeter resolution. The InSAR time series analysis methods give an accurate estimation of the deformation rates...................
InSAR, stacking map, deformation, mechanical behavior, tectonic

[1]. Vernant, P. Fadil, A. Mourabit, T. and al. Geodetic constraints on active tectonics of the Western Mediterranean: implications for the kinematics and dynamics of the Nubia-Eurasia plate boundary. J. Geodyn. 2010. pp. 123-129. Vol. 49.
[2]. Cherkaoui, T-E. and El Hassani, A. Seismicity and Seismic Hazard in Morocco 1901-2010. Bull. Inst Sci. Rabat, sec. Sci. Terre. 2012. Vol. 34.

[3]. Lespinasse, P. Géologie des zones externes et des flyschs entre Chaouen et zoumi (Centre de la chaîne rifaine, Maroc). PhD thesis, Toulouse. 1975.
[4]. Chalouan, A. La tectonique de la chaîne de rif -VI- Reunion anual de la comision de tectonica de la S.G.E. Tetouan- Chefchaouen - Fez: 13 a 15 de septiembre 1994. 1994.
[5]. Andrieux, J. La structure du Rif central. Etude des relations entre la tectonique de compression et les nappes de glissement dans un tronçon de la chaîne alpine. Notes Mém. Serv. Géol. Maroc. p. 235. Vol. 222 bis.

Citation
I. El medrai, T. Mourabit, A. Tahayt "Measure of ground deformations by SAR Interferometry in Tangier city (Northern Morocco)" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0006. Morocco
Page 40-48
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V.V.R.L.S. Gangadhar, Kiran Reddy Janagam, B.Anil Kumar

Optimizing Process Parameters in Drilling of Aramid Fiber Composite Material

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In the present investigation experiments were conducted to study the effect of point angle, spindle speed and feed rate on Material removal rates and time taken to drill on Aramid Fiber composite. The input parameters considered and used are point angle 1180 and 1200, tool diameter 10.2mm and 6.5mm, spindle speeds 1500rpm, 2000rpm & 2500rpm, feed rate 30mm/min. Different combinations of the above parameters are considered to get the maximum value of MRR. Theoretical calculations are done to calculate thrust force and torque. The assembly of work piece and tool are modeled in Pro/Engineer. Structural analysis is done on the assembly in Ansys to verify the stresses for different materials Mild Steel, Aluminum alloy and Aramid Fiber composites. Taguchi method from Minitab software is used to optimize speed and angle for both diameters for time taken for drilling.
Optimization of Speed and Angle for Better Material Removal Rate, StructuralAnalysis, Taguchi Method, Aramid fiber, Ansys Software.

[1]. Biren Desai, Jaypalsingh Rana, Hiren Gajera, Study Of Hole Quality Parameters In Drilling Of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics (Cfrp) Using Design Of Experiments, Journal Of Information, Knowledge And Research In Mechanical Engineering, Issn 0975 – 668x| Nov 12 To Oct 13 | Volume – 02, Issue – 02
[2]. P. Ghabezi, M. Khoranb A, Optimization Of Drilling Parameters In Composite Sandwich Structures (Pvc Core), Indian J.Sci.Res. 2(1): 173-179, 2014 Issn: 2250-0138 (Online), Issn: 0976-2876(Print)

[3]. R.M. Kulkarni, H. N. Narasimha Murthy, G.B.Rudrakshi, Sushilendra, Effect Of Drilling Parameters In Drilling Of Glass Fiber Reinforced Vinylester/Carbon Black Nanocomposites, International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research, Volume 3, Issue 7, July 2014 Issn 2277-8616
[4]. J Babu, Tom Sunny, Optimization Of Process Parameters In Drilling Of Gfrp Composites Drilled By An End Mill, October 2013, Researchgate

Citation
V.V.R.L.S. Gangadhar, Kiran Reddy Janagam, B.Anil Kumar "Optimizing Process Parameters in Drilling of Aramid Fiber Composite Material" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0007. India
Page 49-62
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Aparna.A.R., Dr.Brahmajirao.V, Dr.Kartikeyan.T.V

Morphological, Structural and Magnetic Studies of Titanium Doped Barium Ferrite

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This paper presents the sol gel Synthesis ofTi-doped barium ferrite nanomaterial powders BaFe (12−x)TixO19for the application in magnetic coating material and nanosensors.. Scifinder software couldn't trace any earlier communication involving this nanomaterial in literature. The synthesis was done:(1) at three different temperatures(850oC, 900oC and 950oC) for (x = 0.35) andfor (2) the similar nanomaterial for (x=0.33 and 0.37)at a temperature (950oC). The independent parameters chosen in our study are (i) the cited three values of "x‟ and (ii) three temperatures(850oC, 900oC and 950oC).The TEM, SAED, EDS and VSM characterizations are done and the results are reported .Scifinder software couldnot trace any earlier communication
Barium ferrite, sol-gel route, Titanium, Nano ferrites, hysteresis curve

[1]. Ruan, S.-P., Xu, B.-K., Suo, H., Wu, F.-Q., Xiang, S.-Q.: J. Magn. Magn.Mater.212, 175–177 (2000)
[2]. Halbedel, B., Hülsenberg, D., Belau, St., Schadewald, U.: cfi/Ber. DKG 82(13), 182–188 (2005)
[3]. Rohde & Schwarz, News 199/09, pp. 70–72 (2009)
[4]. Li Y, Wang Q and Yang H 2009. Synthesis, characterization and magnetic properties on nanocrystalline
BaFe12O19.Curr. Appl. Phys. 9 1375-1380.
[5]. Wang C, Han X, Xu P, Wang X, Li X and Zhao H 2009. Magnetic and dielectric properties of barium
titanate-coated barium ferrite.J. Alloy Compd. 476 560-565.

Citation
Aparna.A.R., Dr.Brahmajirao.V, Dr.Kartikeyan.T.V "Morphological, Structural and Magnetic Studies of Titanium Doped Barium Ferrite" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0008. India
Page 63-69
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Juhi K Gor, Nidhi A Doriya

Generation of A Learning Pathway for A Learning Material

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The Metadata for educational resources helps to understand the details of learning object used on a website. From the IEEE Learning Object Metadata there are various metadata which we can extract automatically. Still there are metadata like interactivity type, interactivity level and Learning Path for which automatic extraction is not identified. Our research will also focus on the automatic extraction of the learning path. Learning Path will help Students to know the pre study and post study topics and it will help teachers to explain the topic by going through sequence.
Web-based learning, Learning material, e-Learning, Learning path, Pre study topics, Pre learning topics, Post learning topics, Post study topics, Learning object, Learning Object Metadata

[1]. Hatzigaidas, Athanasios, et al. "Topic map existing tools: a brief review."ICTAMI 2004 (International Conference on Theory and Applications of Mathematics and Informatics). 2004.
[2]. Malafsky, Geoffrey P., and B. Newman. "Organizing Knowledge with Ontologies and Taxonomies." Fairfax: TechI LLC. Available at (2009).
[3]. Pirrone, Roberto, et al. "Learning path generation by domain ontology transformation." AI* IA 2005:
Advances in Artificial Intelligence. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005. 359-369.
[4]. Bloom, Benjamin Samuel. Taxonomy of educational objectives. Vol. 2. New York: Longmans, Green,
1964.
[5]. Velardi, Paola, Alessandro Cucchiarelli, and Michael Petit. "A taxonomy learning method and its
application to characterize a scientific web community." IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data
Engineering 19.2 (2007): 180-191.

Citation
Juhi K Gor, Nidhi A Doriya "Generation of A Learning Pathway for A Learning Material" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0009. India
Page 70-81
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NIDHI A DORIYA, JUHI K GOR

Identification of Interactivity Level and Interactivity Type of a Learning Material

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The Metadata for educational resources helps to understand the details of learning object used on a website. From the IEEE Learning Object Metadata there are various metadata which we can extract automatically. Still there are metadata like interactivity type, interactivity level and Learning Path for which automatic extraction is not identified. This research paper shows automatically extraction of interactivity type and interactivity level of a webpage. Interactivity type and level will help students to study as per their learning convenience and interest.
Web-based learning, Learning material, e-Learning, Interactivity level, Interactivity type, Learning object, Learning Object Metadata

[1]. Arjaria, Siddhartha Kumar, and Devshri Roy. "Learning Content Management Using Machine Learning." International Journal of Information and Education Technology 2.5 (2012): 472.
[2]. Roy, Devshri, Sudeshna Sarkar, and Sujoy Ghose. "Automatic extraction of pedagogic metadata from learning content." IJ Artificial Intelligence in Education 18.2 (2008): 97-118.
[3]. Tripti Malviya and Prof. Devshri Roy . "Automatic Metadata Tagging of Learning Resource Types." International Journal for Scientific Research and Development 1.2 (2014): 197-200
[4]. Coursey, Kino High, Rada Mihalcea, and William E. Moen. "Automatic keyword extraction for learning object repositories." Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 45.1 (2008): 1-10.

Citation
NIDHI A DORIYA, JUHI K GOR "Identification of Interactivity Level and Interactivity Type of a Learning Material" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0010. India
Page 82-90
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Version - 4 (October 2016)


Madhan V, Pallavi M S, Bindu B J, Navin Kumar H A, Nagendra G L

Energy harvesting by using microcontroller

  • Abstract
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Magnetic levitation, maglev, or magnetic suspension is defined by which an object is suspended with a support of magnetic fields. Maglev windmill power generation system used for analyzes the optimum power output. Conventional wind turbine and Maglev wind turbines are the two types of wind turbines. Maglev wind turbines have more advantages than the conventional wind turbines. For instance, maglev makes the rotation possible in very low wind speed but conventional wind turbine rotates in high speed.
Neodymium magnets, system architecture, conventional wind turbines.

[1]. Minu John, Rohit John, Syamily P,S, and Vyshak P.A. "Maglev Windmill", International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology (IJEIT)Volume 3,Issue 1 ,May 2014.
[2]. Ziyad M. Salameh, Irianto Safari." Optimum Windmill-Site Matching", IEEE Volume 7, Issue 4, December 1992.
[3]. Katsunori Soejima, Tsuyoshi Higuchi, Takashi Abe and Tadashi Hirayama." Development of Magnetic Powder Type Synchronous Generator System for Vertical Axis Windmill".
[4]. Lei SONG, ZongXiao YANG, ShuQi HOU, RuiTao DENG and ShuLing jt." Development of Vertical Axial Wind Turbine driven by Three Hastate Windmill and Permanent Magnet Generator", July 2010

Citation
Madhan V, Pallavi M S, Bindu B J, Navin Kumar H A, Nagendra G L "Energy harvesting by using microcontroller" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0001. India
Page 01-05
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Kriga, Y. Dagal, D. Allassem, J.P. Chatelon, J.J. Rousseau

Production and Characterization of A Planar Inductor YIG A Variable Structures

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In this paper, we study three methods of integrated inductors based on magnetic material. For the first one, the thin film of magnetic material is a deposited by RF magnetron sputtering on an alumina substrate. The thick layer of YIG of the second one is obtained by micromachining of a bulk wafer. The same technique is used for the sandwich inductor. The use of magnetic material improves the performances of the inductor and reduces its dimensions. The manufactured components are characterized in high frequency. The obtained results show a good correlation between simulations and measurements. The use of a single magnetic layer allows doubling the inductance value in a planar inductor. For the sandwich inductor (coil between top and bottom thick magnetic layers), it is possible to multiply the inductance by a factor high as the relative permeability μr of the magnetic material.
Inductor, sputtering, micromachining, simple structure, sandwich structure, YIG, photolithography, network analyzer

[1]. Satish Prabhakaran, Chales R. Sullivan et Kapil Venkatachalam. Measured electrical performance of V-groove inductors for microprocessor power delivery, IEEE Transaction on Magnetics, September 2003, Vol.39, N°5, pp. 3190-3192.
[2]. S. Musunuri, P. L. Chapman. Multi-layer Spiral Inductor Design for Monolithic DC-DC Converters, IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference 2003, pp.1270-1275.
[4]. P. M. Trabulo, D. A. Durães, P. M. Mendes, et al. Spiral Inductors on Silicon for Wireless Communications [on line]. Materials Science Forum, 2004, Vols. 455-456, pp. 116-119.
[5]. Mina Rais-Zadeh et Farrokh Ayazi. Characterization of high-Q spiral inductors on thick insulator-onsilicon.
Institute of Physics Publishing, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, septembre 2005, Vol. 15, pp. 2105–2112.

Citation
Kriga, Y. Dagal, D. Allassem, J.P. Chatelon, J.J. Rousseau "Production and Characterization of A Planar Inductor YIG A Variable Structures" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0002. France
Page 06-11
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Vaishali Sodani, Naveen Choudhary

An Energy Efficient Topology Augmentation Methodology Using Hash Based Smart Shortcut Links in 2-D Mesh

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The Network-on-chip (NoC) paradigm was introduced as a scalable solution for on-chip communication. NoC architecture can be designed as regular or application-specific network topologies. Performance metrics based optimized designed can be achieved through application specific topologies while less design time and efforts based NoC architecture can be achieved by using regular network topologies. However, due to the lack of fast paths between remotely situated nodes, regular topology architectures for a given routing methodology may suffer from long packet latencies and higher energy dissipation.............
Network-on-chip paradigm · System-on-Chip Communication · Dyanamic Communication Energy ·Latency in Network Topology

[1]. Ali, M., Welzl, M. and Zwicknagl, M. 2008. Networks on chips: scalable interconnects for future systems on chips. 4th European Conference on Circuits and Systems for Communications, ECCSC 2008- IEEE: pp. 240-245.
[2]. Dally, W. J. and Towles, B. 2001. Route packets, not wires: On-chip interconnection networks. In: Proceedings of the 38th Design Automation Conference (DAC), IEEE held at Las Vegas during June 18- 22, 2001, pp. 684- 689.
[3]. Fuks, H., Lawniczak, A. 1999. Performance of data networks with random links. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 51.
[4]. George, B. 2012. Energy consumption in networks on chip: efficiency and scaling. IEEE 15th International
Symposium, pp. 250–261

Citation
Vaishali Sodani, Naveen Choudhary "An Energy Efficient Topology Augmentation Methodology Using Hash Based Smart Shortcut Links in 2-D Mesh" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0003. India
Page 12-23
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Yi- Chun Lin

Lightning mass casualty incident with a successful Triage Classification Competence of Emergency Medical Technicians under Taiwan's Fire Departments

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When a disaster causes mass casualties, emergency medical technicians (EMTs) of the fire department shall rush to the disaster scene in the first instance, and shall effectively implement triage classification for large number of injured victims, so that the majority of injured victims can receive better pre-hospital medical care. The most important job of emergency medical service (EMS) at the disaster scene with mass casualties is to perform emergency triage classification, but the disparity in EMT triage classification often becomes a hot issue that we care about............
Accident with Mass Casualty, Triage Classification Competence, Emergency Medical Technician, Regression Models

[1]. Chi-tang Yeh. Organization and Changes in Taiwan's Disaster Prevention System. Symposium in 2010
Exchange Seminar: Cross-strait Experience Exchange on Disaster Reduction. 2010; p. 1.
[2]. National Fire Agency, Ministry of Interior Statistics in 2010.
[3]. <http://www.nfa.gov.tw/Show.aspx?MID=1024&UID=1025&PID=1024>
[4]. NATIONAL FIRE AGENCY, MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR,
[5]. <http://www.nfa.gov.tw/Show.aspx?MID=63&UID=64&PID=63>

Citation
Yi- Chun Lin "Lightning mass casualty incident with a successful Triage Classification Competence of Emergency Medical Technicians under Taiwan's Fire Departments" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0004. China
Page 24-38
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Enio C. Telles, Sam Yang, Jose V. C. Vargas, Juan C. Ordonez, Andre B. Mariano , Mauricio B. Chagas, Taylor Davis

Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (CI-ICE) CO2 Capturing Via Microalgae Culture Using A Mini-Photobioreactor

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This paper presents the development and analysis of a multigeneration system prototype associated with microal- gae culture for biomass production. The system was designed to recover waste heat from the compression ignition internal combustion engine (e.g., diesel engine) and to capture CO2 in its emissions for microalgae growth. Two algae species, Scenedesmus sp. and algae mixture from a local park in Curitiba, were separately cultured in a 20 L-jug by supplying two distinct CO2 sources: air and diesel engine emissions. Subsequently, microalgae growth rates were determined from absorbances and analyzed to construe whether emissions in lieu of air enhanced the microalgae growth. Similarly, mini-photobioreactor (mPBR) was employed to culture local algae mixture with air and emissions as CO2 sources, to assess the practicality of using mPBR for microalgae culture compared to traditional methods. In addition to microalgae culture............
.......................

[1]. F. Birol et al., "World energy outlook," Paris: International Energy
[2]. Agency, 2008.
[3]. Y. Chisti, "Biodiesel from microalgae," Biotechnology advances, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 294–306, 2007.
[4]. E. M. Grima, F. A. Ferna´ndez, F. G. Camacho, and Y. Chisti, "Pho- tobioreactors: light regime, mass transfer and scaleup," Journal of biotechnology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 231–247, 1999.

Citation
Enio C. Telles, Sam Yang, Jose V. C. Vargas, Juan C. Ordonez, Andre B. Mariano , Mauricio B. Chagas, Taylor Davis "Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (CI-ICE) CO2 Capturing Via Microalgae Culture Using A Mini-Photobioreactor" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0005.
Page 39-50
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Abdulhamid N. Alkali, Sunday G. Yadima, Usman A. Ibrahim

Relationship Between Rainfall And Sediment Yield in Gubi Dam Reservoir, Bauchi State, Nigeria

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Gubi Dam in Bauchi state supplies the city and its environs with potable water for consumption. The catchment area of the reservoir is exposed to soil excavations, high runoff due to high rainfall, crop farming and overgrazing by livestock. This exposure leads to sediment accumulation in the reservoir and subsequent reduction in storage capacity and ultimately, flooding. A model reservoir was installed across Rafin Kira, which is one of the nine tributaries of the dam. Sediment depths were measured and the values of the yield were related to daily rainfall depth in order to establish a suitable relationship between the two variables. Three basic models were used to simulate the realationship viz...........
Sediment, Rainfall, Dam, Reservoir, Catchment, Gubi

[1]. Abdullahi I., Bayang F, Garba H., Haladu S., Ndububa O. I. and Tsoho U. (2014), Gubi Water Treatment Plant as a Source of water supply in Bauchi Township. American Journal of Engineering Reasearch, Vol. 3, No. 6 pp. 107-119. Available Online at www.ajer.org.

[2]. Adeogun B. K. and Otun J. A. (2012a), Analysis of Fluvial Sediment Discharges into the Kubanni Reservoir. Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

[3]. Adwubi A. (2009), Assessing Sediment inputs to small reservoirs in Upper East Region, Ghana. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management, Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty ltd. Pp 278-287.

[4]. Akinsanola A. A. and Ogunjobi K. O. (2014), Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability over Nigeria. Global Journal of Human- Social Science: B-Geography, Geo-Sciences, Environmental isaster Management Vol. 14, No. 3, USA.

Citation
Abdulhamid N. Alkali, Sunday G. Yadima, Usman A. Ibrahim "Relationship Between Rainfall And Sediment Yield in Gubi Dam Reservoir, Bauchi State, Nigeria" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0006. Nigeria
Page 51-57
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Nachiket Bhalwankar, Yadvendra Aslekar, Shardul Rautmare

Effect of Design Modifications of Piston Crown on Modal and Harmonic Response Analysis of Bajaj Kawasaki Four Strokes, Air Cooled, Diesel Engine Piston Using Finite Element Analysis

  • Abstract
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Modal analysis in FEA software ANSYS Workbench finds the natural frequencies and mode shapes of a structure and at each frequency. This work intends to analyse the modal and harmonic response analysis on the Bajaj Kawasaki four strokes, air cooled diesel engine pistons. Study also considers the design, analysis and evaluation of three new possible four stroke diesel engine piston designs with the aim of presenting a comparative analysis between them. The results achieved after the design and analysis were very satisfactory
FEA; piston crown; ANSYS; modal analysis; harmonic response

[1]. A Textbook of Machine Design by R.S.Khurmi and J.K.Gupta.
[2]. Design and Analysis of Piston by using Finite Element Analysis by Sandeep K. Kourav, Vishnu B. Ghagare. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT) ISSN: 2278-0181 IJERTV4IS090411 Vol. 4 Issue 09, September-2015.
[3]. An Introduction to the Finite Element Method (Third ed.) by J.N. Reddy, (2006).McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9780071267618.
[4]. Geometry and Topology for Mesh Generation by Edelsbrunner, Herbert (2001), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978- 0-521-79309-4.
[5]. Vibration Analysis for Designers by Paul M. Kurowski and Tom P. Kurowski Design Generator Inc. London, Ontario, Canada Resources

Citation
Nachiket Bhalwankar, Yadvendra Aslekar, Shardul Rautmare "Effect of Design Modifications of Piston Crown on Modal and Harmonic Response Analysis of Bajaj Kawasaki Four Strokes, Air Cooled, Diesel Engine Piston Using Finite Element Analysis" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0007. India
Page 58-66
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S.Srinivas, Abhay Kumar

Contributory Broadcast Encryption on Group key Agreement For key Distribution Encryption & Decryption

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Encryption is utilized in a communication system to secure information in the transmitted messages from anyone other than ye well aimed receiver. To execute the encryption plus decryption ye transmitter and receiver should have corresponding encryption plus decryption keys. For shipping precaution information to group needed broadcast encryption (BE). BE sanctions a sender to securely broadcast to any subset of members and require a trusted party to distribute decryption keys. Group key acquiescent (GKA) protocol sanctions a number of users to establish a mundane secret channel via open networks. Celebrating that a major destination of GKA for majority applications is to engender a confidential channel among group members, but a sender cannot omit any special member of decrypting ye cipher texts.............
Contributory Broadcast Encryption, Group Key Agreement, Key Distribution Set, Key Distribution Set, Encryption, Decryption.

[1]. Ankush V. Ajmire, Prof. Avinash P. Wadhe,‖Review paper on Key Generation Technique With Contributory Broadcast Encryption, ‖ IC-QUEST 2016, 5Th International Conference on Quality Up-gradation in Engineering, Science & Technology on 12th April 2016.
[2]. C.K. Wong, M. Gouda and S. Lam, ―Secure Group Communications Using Key Graphs,‖ IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 16-30, 2000
[3]. J.H. Park, H.J. Kim, M.H. Sung and D.H. Lee, ―Public Key Broadcast Encryption Schemes With Shorter Transmissions,‖ IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 401-411, 2008.
[4]. Z. Yu and Y. Guan, ―A Key Management Scheme Using Deployment Knowledge for Wireless Sensor Networks,‖ IEEE Transactions Parallel Distributed Systems, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1411-1425, 2008.

Citation
S.Srinivas, Abhay Kumar "Contributory Broadcast Encryption on Group key Agreement For key Distribution Encryption & Decryption" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0008. India
Page 67-72
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Sibu Skarial, Avin Ayyappan, Eldhose M Manjummekudy

Aug Reality

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The paper 'AugReality' introduces the technology of augmented reality for Android phones. This application is useful when the user is in a strange location. The system provides a user friendly environment with the location specific details. Augmented Reality (AR) is a live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It is related to a more general concept called reality. In which the view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer. As a result, the technology functions by enhancing one's current perception of reality
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Citation
Sibu Skarial, Avin Ayyappan, Eldhose M Manjummekudy "Aug Reality" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0009. India
Page 73-78
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Taz Armentrout, Nicholas Barbeau, Jordan Kincaid, Nathan Phillips, Ephraim Pittore, James F. Hunsucker III, Andrew D. Lowery, Ph.D., James E. Smith, Ph.D.

Stormwater Mitigation Analysis Using Roof Spray Technology

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Stormwater mitigation has become a serious concern particularly in regions where the runoff can be costly either through runoff damage such as erosion and/or the concerns of potential hazards to human and animal life. A second and potentially more serious concern involves regions where this runoff is collected in the standard sewage treatment system resulting in the need to handle an infrequent but large flow of water that most of these systems are not equipped to handle. The consequences of these events often result in the dumping of these overflows directly into local streams including the untreated sewage, increasing the potential of health hazards.............
Stormwater, Roof Spray Technology, Runoff, Wastewater, natural water cycle, evaporation

[1]. "Climate in Monroe County, Pennsylvania," Sperlings Best Places, 2014. [Online]. Available: www.bestplaces.net.
[2]. A. Arnold, J. Hunsucker, J. Leggett, S. Melroy, S. Offutt, A. Streit and W. Waggy , "Stormwater Reduction Using Evaporative Methods," 2015.
[3]. "County Data for Allegheny County, Pennsylvania," Lands of Pennsylvania, [Online]. Available:
www.landsofpennsylvania.com.
[4]. "Monroeville, PA (15146) Weather," The Weather Channel, LLC weather.com, 1995-2015. [Online]. Available:
http://www.weather.com/weather/monthly/l/15146. [Accessed July 2015].
[5]. "Section 2 Stormwater and Pennsylvania's Natural Systems," Pennsylvania Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual, January 2005. [Online]. Available: www.dep.state.pa.us. [Accessed 3 July 2005].

Citation
Taz Armentrout, Nicholas Barbeau, Jordan Kincaid, Nathan Phillips, Ephraim Pittore, James F. Hunsucker III, Andrew D. Lowery, Ph.D., James E. Smith, Ph.D. "Stormwater Mitigation Analysis Using Roof Spray Technology" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 10 (October 2016)
MID 1210.067X.0010. USA
Page 79-91
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