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IJERD : Volume 12 - Issue 11

Version - 1 (November 2016)


Anil B. Onkar, Dr. G. A. Dhomane, Dr. R.M.Moharil, Prashant P.Mawle

Socio-Economic & Environmental Challenges of Thermal Power Plant with Measures to Mitigate the Same in Indian Scenario
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This paper tries to explore the socio economic impacts of coal based thermal power stations of two major power stations in Maharashtra State i.e. Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station & Bhusawal Thermal Power Station by studying three parameters on which the basis of Socio Economic Effects can be analyzed. The study also extends to environmental impacts of BTPS and CSTPS in the premises of the plants and surrounding villages up to a radius of 20 km from the plant..............
CBTPP ( Coal Based Thermal Power Plant), AAQ ( Ambient Air Quality), BTPS( Bhusawal Thermal Power Station), CSTPS (Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station), CSR( Corporate Social Responsibility), R&M( Renovation & Modernization), PAP ( Project Affected Person), MPCB( Maharashtra Pollution Control Board).
[1]. National Environmental Engineering Research Institute – Feb 2006 report.
[2]. Positioning the Indian Coal Power Sector for Carbon Mitigation - Key Policy Options.
[3]. Energy Scenario – BEE
[4]. Environmental Pollution in India –www.gits4u.com
[5]. The Greener side of Greener India – Newer Energy Sources – www.probebusiness.blogspot.com
Citation
Anil B. Onkar, Dr. G. A. Dhomane, Dr. R.M.Moharil, Prashant P.Mawle "Socio-Economic & Environmental Challenges of Thermal Power Plant with Measures to Mitigate the Same in Indian Scenario" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0001. India
Page 01-14
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Erinda Zharra (Abazi), Uran Abazi, Enkelejda Kucaj

Characteristic of the Vegetable water Produced from Elaboration of Olive Oil in Area of Tirana, Albania

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the vegetable water (olive mill waste water), produced during elaboration of the olive oil from three-phase system. Study was realized during October 2012- February 2013. Water samples were taken in the exit of decanter and are analyzed the following indicators: pH, temperature, COD, DBO5, CE, turbidity, density, NO3, oil and grease, total dissolved solids, salinity. These analyses were conducted at the laboratory at the Department of Environmental and Ecology, Agricultural University of Tirana. The results demonstrated a very high value of COD, BOD, density, oil and grease, total dissolved solids. Based on these results, we conclude that vegetable water (olive mill waste water) have different characteristics, depending on the technology and cultivars used for the oil elaboration.
Olive oil, vegetable water, three-phase system, cultivars olive of Tirana
[1]. María T. Pozzi(1); Ana J., Filippín(1); César Matías(2) y Ariadna Hammann 2010 Posibilidad de uso del
Alpechín en Fertilización de Tierras Agrícolas Vol. - 21 Nº 4 - 2010
[2]. AwniKhatib, FathiAqra, Nader Yaghi, YousefSubuh, Bassa2009 "Reducing the Environmental Impact of
Olive Mill Wastewater" American Journal of Environmental Sciences 5 (1): 1-6.
[3]. EranSegala, ArnonDaga, Alon Ben-Gala, Isaac Ziporia, Ran Erela, ShoshanaSuryanob, Uri Yermiyahua, 2011"Olive orchard irrigation with reclaimed wastewater: Agronomic and environmental considerations" Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 140 (2011) 454–461
[4]. Fiorentino F., Gentili A., Isidori M., Monaco P., Nardelli A., Parrilla A, Temussi F.(2003). "Environmental effects caused by olive mill waste waters". J. Agr. Food Chem., 51(4), 1005-1009.
Citation
Erinda Zharra (Abazi), Uran Abazi, Enkelejda Kucaj "Characteristic of the Vegetable water Produced from Elaboration of Olive Oil in Area of Tirana, Albania" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0002. Albania
Page 15-17
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Seong-Cheol Lee, Kirongo Benjamin Kipkorir, Yunbum Choi, Han-Byeol Kim, Chang-Hoo Oh, Nhu Bao Thanh

Effective Prestress Force Considering Instantaneous Loss in Reactor Containment Building

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Reactor Containment Building (RCB) is the most important structure in a nuclear power plant since it is the last barrier against contaminated materials. Since RCB should not be cracked under design internal pressure, post-tension is typically applied along wall and dome in RCB. However, it is not simple to precisely evaluate effective prestress force along prestress tendons since many parameters such as frictions and anchorage slip should be taken into the account. In this paper, effective prestress force has been rationally evaluated through numerical iteration algorithm to consider prestress loss due to wobble and curvature frictions and anchorage slip together................
Prestress, post-tension, friction, anchorage slip, instantaneous loss, reactor containment building

[1]. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee, "An International Code, 2007 ASME Boiler & Pressure
Vessel Code, III Division 2, Code for Concrete Containments, Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility
Components," The American Society of Mechanical Engineer (ASME), 2009.
[2]. Board of KEPIC, Structural T/C, "Nuclear Safety Related Structures, SNB, Concrete Containments,"
Korea Electric Association, Korea Electric Power Industry Code, 2010.
[3]. E. G. Nawy, Prestressed Concrete – A Fundamental Approach, 5th ed., Pearson, 2009.
[4]. ACI Committee 318, "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-08)," Farmington
Hills, MI, US, 2008.
[5]. European Committee for Standardization (CEN), "Design of Concrete Structures (Eurocode 2)," Brussels,
Belgium, 2002.

Citation
Seong-Cheol Lee, Kirongo Benjamin Kipkorir, Yunbum Choi, Han-Byeol Kim, Chang-Hoo Oh, Nhu Bao Thanh "Effective Prestress Force Considering Instantaneous Loss in Reactor Containment Building" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0003. South Kroea
Page 18-23
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Husam Ahmed Al Hamad

Effect of the Classifier Training Set Size on Accuracy of Pattern Recognition

  • Abstract
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The paper determines the correlation between training set size and accuracy of neural handwritten recognition. The paper investigates and compares between four variant neural networks, itpractices between two different sizes of training sets.The paper illustrates a novel technique contains two major algorithms; firstone aims tolocate Prospective Segmentation Points (PSP) withinthe word image, secondaims to evaluate each PSP and determiningthe valid and invalidpoints. The technique implements four different classifiers and compares their results.To do so, the paper investigates the fusion equations to evaluate confidence values of each PSP, equations obtain a fused value ofconfidence values fromthree neural toreport whether keep valid segment points(SP) or remove invalid one. The research tracks CPU times and accuracy of the algorithm, as well as, compares the performed experimental results of the classifiers with each other and with related works in the literature.
Handwrittenrecognition, segmentationtechniques, neural network, training set.
[1] Blumenstein M., "Intelligent Techniques for Handwriting Recognition, School of Information Technology", PhD Dissertation, Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus, Australia, 2000.
[2] Basu J.K., Debnath Bhattacharyya, Tai-hoon Kim., "Use of Artificial Neural Network in Pattern Recognition", International Journal of Software Engineering and Its Applications, 2010, 4(2):24–32.
[3] Fan X., Brijesh Verma. , "Segmentation vs. Non-Segmentation Based Neural Techniques for Cursive Word
Recognition: An Experimental Analysis", International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Applications, 2002, 2(4):377–384.
[4] Plamondon R., S.N. Srihari, "On-line and Off-line Handwriting Recognition: A Comprehensive Survey", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 2000, 22:63–84.
[5] Al Hamad H.A., Abu Zitar R, "Development of an Efficient Neural-based Segmentation Technique for Arabic Handwriting Recognition", Pattern Recognition journal, 2010, 8(43):2773-2798.
Citation
Husam Ahmed Al Hamad "Effect of the Classifier Training Set Size on Accuracy of Pattern Recognition" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0004. Jordan
Page 24-31
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OrkhonLkhamjav, Hyo-SangCHOI, Buing-IkJUNG, AriunboldAltankhuyag

Prognostication of Residual Ressources of Reducers of Draglines Esh 15.90

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The Results of vibration monitoringof the hoist and drag reducers bearings of draglines, working at Baganuur coal mine (Mongolia) are calculated. There has been made analysis of variation of Hurst exponent. There has been determined the relation between Hurst exponent and operating time of reducers of lifting of excavators draglines. The conclusion is drawn on need of increase of level of reliability and efficiency of operation by vibration diagnostics application.
Bearing,Hurstexponent, vibration monitoring, acceleration, dragline
[1]. Orkhon L. "Justification of regulations of maintenance and repair of rotary units of draglines by vibration
features" doctoral dissertation, Irkutsk, Russia, State Technical University of Irkutsk, 2013;
[2]. Korolenko P.V. "Novation methods of analysis of stochastic processes and structures in optics" /KorolenkoP.V.,Maganova M.S., Mesnyankin A.V.: handbook /Research Institute of Nuclear Physics named after Skobel'tsyn D.V. Moscow: Moscow State University named after Lomonosov M.V. 2004. – pp. 82.
[3]. Luvsandendev B."Жиг сэтгэлгээ". Ulaanbaatar: 2004. – pp. 128.
[4]. ShadrinA.I."Technical exploitation of mining machinery and equipment": handbook. –Irkutsk: State
Technical University of Irkutsk, 2012. – p.320
Citation
OrkhonLkhamjav, Hyo-SangCHOI, Buing-IkJUNG, AriunboldAltankhuyag "Prognostication of Residual Ressources of Reducers of Draglines Esh 15.90" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0005. Korea
Page 32-34
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Jiang Wencheng

Human Resources Management in Colleges and Universities Should Adhere to the Leadership of the Communist Party of China

  • Abstract
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As an important component of the undertakings of colleges and universities, human resources are fundamental to foster its development, which offer endless talent intellectual supports to other sectors. To do it well, we must work under the firm leadership of colleges and universities committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) to fully leverage its role in guiding thoughts, nurturing talents and fostering unity and etc.
Colleges and Universities CPC organization; Party's leadership; personnel management
[1]. Xi Jinping attended the national organization working conference and delivered an important speech
[EB/OL]. Central People's government portal, 2013-06-29.
[2]. Mao Zedong. Selected works of Mao Zedong (volume second) [M], Beijing: People's publishing house,
1991:526.
[3]. Xi Jinping. Speech on the 100th anniversary of the establishment of Europe and U.S alumni association [N].
people's daily, 2013-10-22.
Citation
Jiang Wencheng "Human Resources Management in Colleges and Universities Should Adhere to the Leadership of the Communist Party of China" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0006. China
Page 35-38
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Najib A. Kasti

Solar-Battery Car with Four-Wheels Solar-Array Trailers

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
For some areas of the globe where solar energy is available throughout the year, one is tempted to use solar energy to drive cars. However, solar energy on its own is not sufficient to propel the car due to the low specific surface energy of solar radiation. In [1], we explored the possibility of using solar-battery cars with solar-array trailers in order to increase solar power input. In order to minimize the weight and drag of the trailers, two wheels were used as support. The use of solar trailers, however, resulted in a decrease in the operating speed due to stability and energy requirements. In order to increase the operating speed, we resort in this paper to four-wheels solar-array trailers and 1600W solar-arrays.This resulted in the increase in the stability limit of operation as well as a boost in the solar energy harvested.
Solar Energy; Solar Car; Solar-array Trailers
[1]. Kasti N., "Exploring the Concept of a Solar-Battery Car with Single and Double Solar-Trailers",
International Journal of Energy Engineering, vol. 5 Iss. 4, PP. 113-124, 2015.
[2]. CALSOL, UC Berkeley Solar Vehicle.
[3]. ELEANOR, MIT Solar Electric Vehicle.
[4]. STELLA, Solar-powered family car by TU Eindhoven.
[5]. Carrol, R., The Winning Solar Car, SAE International, 2003.
Citation
Najib A. Kasti "Solar-Battery Car with Four-Wheels Solar-Array Trailers" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0007.
Page 39-42
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Ashok Kumar, Arshi Mehta

Degradation Pattern for Various Biomasses

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  • Full Article
As per study of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Current availability of biomass in India is estimated at about 500 million metric tons per year and estimated surplus biomass availability at about 120 – 150 million metric tons per annum covering agricultural and forestry residues corresponding to a potential of about 18,000 MW. The Main difficulty in biomass utilization is fuel degradation. With time moisture and sand % change due to its inherent chemical reaction (due to high temperature), moisture ingress from earth and rainfall during storage. Thus the mass and Gross Calorific Value (GCV) change over year which in turn impact plant performance. That's why biomass properties measured at the time of procurement do not match with those at the time of fuel feeding. So plant has to take care of degradation rate of various biomasses and feeding time also have to be selected accordingly. Rate of degradation is dependent on if biomass is covered or uncovered
Moisture, sand, GCV, degradation, procurement and feeding
[1]. Leena singh, R. Sunderesan, Renu Sarin, Waste to Energy Generation from municipal solid waste in
India, Vol. 6 No.2 pp 1228-1232, April-June 2014
[2]. http://mnre.gov.in/schemes/grid-connected/biomass-powercogen
Citation
Ashok Kumar, Arshi Mehta "Degradation Pattern for Various Biomasses" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0008. India
Page 43-47
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Vidya Sagar Thiruvalluri, Venkateswara Rao Kandavalli, AVSS Swamy

Indigenize Manufacture - Chemistry Concepts - Equipment - Marketing

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
This is technology understanding and implementation of concepts to products to minimize impact of pollution. Theories and scope of measurement in designing many of the equipment and electronics background discussed for understanding to indigenized production. Here discusses scope of measuring theory, electric circuitry, electronics, standardization, limitations, wastage, hurdles and support from the policy makers in government to benefit public. Basic concepts covered in this paper for understanding all sections of people and smooth flow leaving scope to detailed concept for future study to implementation model
Chemistry concepts measurement scope, reversible electrode, adsorption, colloidal state, thermodynamics and spectroscopy applications, semiconductor applications, smart data-acquisition systems.
[1]. Elements of Physical Chemistry, The Conductance of Electrolytes. 12, 419, 2nd Edn., Samuel Glasstone and David Lewis, Pub: Macmillan & Co. Ltd.
[2]. Significance of conductance at infinite dilution. Van Rysselberghe, ibid., 20, 131 (1943)
[3]. Elements of Physical Chemistry, Electromotive force. 13, 455, 2nd Edn., Samuel Glasstone and David Lewis, Pub: Macmillan & Co. Ltd.
[4]. Polarographic analysis. Kolthoff and Lingane, Chem. Rev., 24, 1 (1939).
[5]. Elements of Physical Chemistry, Equilibria in Electrolytes. 14, 523, 2nd Edn., Samuel Glasstone and David Lewis, Pub: Macmillan & Co. Ltd.
Citation
Vidya Sagar Thiruvalluri, Venkateswara Rao Kandavalli, AVSS Swamy "Indigenize Manufacture - Chemistry Concepts - Equipment - Marketing" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0009. India
Page 48-55
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Ashutosh S.Trivedi, Abhishek Mishra, Dr. S.S. Bhaudoria, Dr. Sarvesh K. Jai

Analytical Study of Influence of Ph and Weight Loss on Steel Corrosion Embedded in Reinforced Concrete: A Review Paper

  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Corrosion is The present review paper discusses an aspect of influence of pH and weight loss of steel embedded in reinforced cement concrete. Fe415 steel is the widely used steel in construction industry because of its low carbon content and good mechanical properties. To make an analytical study, the Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR) measurement technique has been used for measurement of pH and weight loss. The pH has been varied from 7-10 by a difference of 0.5. An equation which relates the pH and corrosion rates has also been dictated in the present paper .A wide literature review has also been conducted in the present paper. Temperature and the electrode voltage relationship have been shown in the text according to the Nernst equation.
pH, Temperature, Corrosion, Weight Loss.
[1]. Bockris O‟M. J. et al, "The Electrode Kinetics of the Deposition and Dissolution of Iron", Electro chemica Acta, vol. 4, issues (2-4), (1961), pp. 325-361.
[2]. Ghaz et al (2009), "The Effect of Temperature on the Corrosion of Steel in Concrete. Part 1: Simulate Polarisation Resistance Tests and Model Development" Corrosion Science vol. 51 (1975), pp. 415-425.
[3]. Escudero L.M and Macias A, "The effect of Fluoride on Corrosion of Reinforcing Steel in Alkaline Solutions"
Corrosion Science vol. 36, No. 12, (1994), pp. 2169-2180.
[4]. Apostolopoulos C.A. and Papadakis V.G., "Consequences of Steel Corrosion on the Ductility Properties of
Reinforcement Bar" Construction and Building Materials 22, (2008), pp. 2316-2324.
[5]. Won Song H. and Saraswathy V., "Corrosion Monitoring of Reinforced Concrete Structures" International Journal of Electrochemical Science vol. 2, (2007), pp. 1602-1610.
Citation
Ashutosh S.Trivedi, Abhishek Mishra, Dr. S.S. Bhaudoria, Dr. Sarvesh K. Jai "Analytical Study of Influence of Ph and Weight Loss on Steel Corrosion Embedded in Reinforced Concrete: A Review Paper" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0010. India
Page 56-64
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Version - 2 (November 2016)


Ashok Kumar D, Usha T. A, Sivaranjani C.

A Comparative Study on K-Means And Genetic Algorithm For Data Clustering

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Data mining is the process of analyzing data from various panoramas and epitomizes it into valuable facts. Clustering is a practical unsupervised data mining task that segregates an input data set into a required count of subgroups so that members will have high similarity and the member of different groups have large differences. K-means is a usually used for partitioning based clustering technique that identifies the user designated clusters (k), symbolized by their centroids, by minimizing the square error function. Although Kmeans is easy and can be used for a wide variety of data types, it is rather sensitive to initial positions of cluster centers..............
Data mining, Clustering, K-means, Genetic algorithm
[1]. Nikita Jain,Vishal Srivastava, "Data Mining techniques : A survey paper" , International Journal of Research in Engineerning and Technology, pp. 116-119, 2013.
[2]. M.S.B PhridviRaj, C.V. GuruRao, " Data Mining – Past present and future data streams," Elsevier, pp. 256-264, 2013.
[3]. K.Kameshwaran, K. Malarvizhi, "Survey on Clustering Techniques in Data Mining," International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, pp.2272-2276, 2014.
[4]. Gunjan Verma, Vineeta Verma, "Role and Application of Genetic Algorithm in Data Mining," International Journal of Computer Application, pp. 5-8, 2012.
[5]. Aastha Joshi, Rajneet Kaur, " A Review: Comparative Study of Various Clustering Techniques in Data Mining," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, pp.55-57,2013.
Citation
Ashok Kumar D, Usha T. A, Sivaranjani C. "A Comparative Study on K-Means And Genetic Algorithm For Data Clustering" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0001. India
Page 01-09
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Sanjana C Mallik, Sharanitha Harish

Survey on Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Images Captured in A Body Worn Camera

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Body worn cameras have carved the niche for efficiency in the identification of the miscreants. This paper surveys the various optimal methods for texture analysis and image classification from the video frames acquired from the body worn camera. The recommended configuration is a low powered, always-on camera, substantiated under the section II of related works. The frames would then undergo background subtraction which consists of background modelling and foreground detection which ultimately attenuates noise. This process proceeds for human detection followed by posture detection. The feature extraction is obligatory to zoom in on the posture of the silhouette.............
Background subtraction, foreground detection, feature extraction, pattern recognition, artificial intelligence.
[1]. 1Jitendra Singh Sengar, 2 Niresh Sharm "Design a Neural Network Based on Hebbian Learning and ART" 1,2Dept. of CSE, RKDF IST, Bhopal, MP, India.
[2]. Madhu Bala"Comparative Analysis on Scene Image Classification using Selected Hybrid Features" Myneni Professor, Dept. of CSE, MIST, Hyderabad-5, A.P, India. M.Seetha Professor, Dept. of CSE, GNITS, Hyderabad, A.P.
[3]. A Review Priyanka Sharma Manavjeet Kaur Department of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Computer Science and Engineering PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Research Paper Available online at: www.ijarcsse.com Classification in Pattern Recognition India Volume 3, Issue 4, April 2013 ISSN: 2277 128X.
Citation
Sanjana C Mallik, Sharanitha Harish "Survey on Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Images Captured in A Body Worn Camera" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0002. India
Page 10-16
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Spyridon Paparrizos, Fotios Maris, Andreas Matzarakis

A Downscaling Technique for Climatological Data in Areas with Complex Topography and Limited Data

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The current study describes a technique for downscaling climatological data in areas with limited or no grid data. In cases where grid data are unavailable and the researcher is called to operate on a regional or in the mesoscale and produce detailed and not coarse results, this technique can be a helping hand. It constitutes a combination of statistical downscaling through multi-linear regression techniques and dynamical downscaling by employing Geographical Information Systems, and it can be used in order to spatially interpolate with high resolution various climatological variables. The application of the described technique was applied on 3 agricultural areas that present different climate conditions and are characterised by complex topography..............
Downscaling; Climatological Data; Statistical Analysis; Geographic Information Systems; Greece
[1]. E. Beek, A. Stein, and L. Jansen, "Spatial variability and interpolation of daily precipitation amount", Stochastic
Hydrology and Hydraulics, vol. 6, pp. 304-320, 1992.
[2]. C. Chang, S. Lo, and S. Yu, "Applying fuzzy theory and genetic algorithm to interpolate precipitation", Journal of Hydrology, vol. 314, pp. 92-104, 2005.
[3]. M. Gemmer, S. Becker, and T. Jiang, " Observed monthly precipitation trends in China 1951-2002", Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 77, pp. 39-45, 2004.
[4]. F. Maris, K. Kitikidou, P. Angelidis, S. Potouridis, "Kriging interpolation method for estimation of continuous
spatial distribution of precipitation in Cyprus", British Journal of Applied Science and Technology, vol. 3, No. 4,
pp. 1286-1300, 2013.
[5]. G. Gambolati, and G. Volpi, "A conceptual deterministic analysis of the kriging technique in hydrology", Water
Resources Research, vol. 15, No. 3, pp.625-629, 1979.
Citation
Spyridon Paparrizos, Fotios Maris, Andreas Matzarakis "A Downscaling Technique for Climatological Data in Areas with Complex Topography and Limited Data" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0003. Greece
Page 17-23
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Daniel KwekuGovi, Amevi Acakpovi, Isaac Agyei-Boakye

Exploring the Benefits of Rapid Prototyping for Effective and Speedy Mass Production

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The changing trends in appearance and style have led to frequent introduction of consumer and engineering products unto the market. The need to reduce cycle time from the conception of a product to its mass production has become evident. This paper introduces the concept of using technologies collectively known as Rapid Prototyping (RP) for the manufacture of end use products. The paper described the process of rapid prototyping using stereolithography. A 3D printer used as one method of RP, was equally described and sample designed product like car model and scissors jack were used for illustration. This study ends by providing possible benefits of using RP which are mainly saving time and cost.
Stereolithography, 3D printer, rapid prototyping, Scissor jack, CAD model
[1] H. Nguyen and M. Vai, "RAPID Prototyping Technology," LINCOLN Lab. J., vol. 18, no. 2, 2010.
[2] M. Heynick and I. Stotz, "Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM)," 2001. .
[3] K. Lokesh and P. K. Jain, "Selection of Rapid Prototyping Technology," Adv. Prod. Eng. Manag., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 75–84, 2010.
[4] V. Mahindru and P. Mahendru, "Review of Rapid Prototyping-Technology for the Future," Glob. J. Comput. Sci. Technol., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 26–38, 2013.
[5] R. Merz, Ramaswami, K. Terk, and M. Weiss, "Shape Deposition Manufacturing," in The Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, 1994, pp. 1–7.
Citation
Daniel KwekuGovi, Amevi Acakpovi, Isaac Agyei-Boakye "Exploring the Benefits of Rapid Prototyping for Effective and Speedy Mass Production" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0004. Ghana
Page 24-33
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Sabale P.N., Prof. Sasane V.V

Desalination of Water by Using Natural Adsorbents

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  • Full Article
Growing population, accelerating pace of industrialization and intensification of agriculture and urbanization exert heavy pressure on our water resources. With the increase in the age of the earth, clean water is becoming more precious because water is being polluted by several manmade activities, e.g., rapid population growth, alarming speed of industrialization and deforestation, urbanization, increasing living standards and wide spheres of other human activities.Chlorides are generally present in water in the form of NaCl. Chloride in concentration above 600mg/l tends to give water a salty taste. WHO specifies highest desirable concentration of chloride in portable water must be 200ppm. Chloride attack is one of the most important aspects for consideration when we deal with the durability of concrete.................
Removal, Adsorption, Hardness, Seawater, Coconut Shell, Sugarcane Bagasse, Langmuir and Freundlich.
[1]. Mangale S.M., Chonde S.G. and Raut P. D, "Use of Moringa Oleifera (Drumstick) seed as Natural Absorbent and an Antimicrobial agent for Ground water Treatment" , Research Journal of Recent Science, Vol. 1(3), pp.31-40, (2012).
[2]. Amuda O.S. and Ibrahim A.O., "Industrial wastewater treatment using Natural Material as Adsorbent, African Journal of Biotechnology", Vol.5(16), pp.1483-1487, (2006).
[3]. Khadka D. B.and Mishra Paramatma, "Adsorptive Removal of Cr(VI) from Aqueous Solution by Sugarcane Biomass", Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, Vol.4(5), pp.32-40, (2014).
[4]. T.K.Naiya, Biswajit Singha and S.K. Das, "FTIR Study for the Cr(VI) Removal
[5]. from Aqueous Solution Using Rice Waste" , International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Process, Vol.10, pp.114-119, (2011).
Citation
Sabale P.N., Prof. Sasane V.V "Desalination of Water by Using Natural Adsorbents" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0005. India
Page 34-43
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OLGA SOBOROVA, VITALII LIASHENKO

Evaluation of Radiation – Thermal Resources during A Grapes Growing Period

  • Abstract
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The radiation-thermal resources indexes that determine the formation of a grapes quality – a sugar content in grapes and a juice titrated acidity are substantiated in the article. A sunshine duration SS, the amount of average twenty-four hours (ΣTsv>10°C), average day (ΣTdn>10°C) and night (ΣTn>10°C) air temperatures, and the difference between the daytime and nighttime temperatures (ΣTdn-ΣTn)>10°C as the most appropriate index of the daily temperatures rhythm during a growing season are proposed to use as these indexes.................
Plant physiology, a daily rhythm, vital processes, grapes, a crop, quality, radiation-thermal resources, indexes, sunshine duration, daytime and nighttime temperatures.
[1]. Selyanynov G.T.Principlesof agroclimatic zoning of the USSR // Questionsof agroclimaticzoning of the USSR.
– M.: the USSR MSH, 1958. - p. 7-14
[2]. Davytaya F.F.Studyofgrapes climatesinthe USSR andgrounding of their practicalapplication. Moscow– L.:
Hydrometeoizdat, 1952. 304 p.
[3]. Turmanidze T.I.Climateanda grapecrop. - L.: Hydrometeoizdat, 1981. - 223 p.
[4]. Fursa D.I.Weather, irrigationand grapes productivity. - L .: Hydrometeoizdat, 1986. - 200 p.
[5]. Amyrdzhanov A.G.Sunradiationandgrapes productivity. - L.: Hydrometeoizdat, 1980. - 208 p.
Citation
OLGA SOBOROVA, VITALII LIASHENKO "Evaluation of Radiation – Thermal Resources during A Grapes Growing Period" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0006. Ukraine
Page 44-49
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Muna, N. H., Muhammed, U.S., El-Okene, A.M., Isiaka, M.

Development and Validation of Threshing Efficiency Mathematical and Optimization Model for Spike-Tooth Cereal Threshers

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threshing efficiency mathematical and optimization model was developed for spike tooth mechanical cereal threshers. The machine parameters used were: Velocity of peripheral cylinder, Concave clearance, Threshing cylinder length, Height of threshing chamber, Mass of beaters and Number of beaters. The crop parameters used were: Mass and Moisture content of crop. Dimensional analysis and predictive validation method was used to develop and validate the model respectively. The Mean Squared Deviation (MSD) and Coefficient of Determination (R2) of plots of predicted against measured mean threshing efficiency were used as the criteria for validating the model.................
Spike tooth , Cereal, Thresher, Threshing, Efficiency, Model, Validation
[1]. Enaburekhan J.S.O. (1994). Mathematical and Optimization Modeling of the Threshing Process in a Stationary Grain Thresher. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
[2]. Gasparetto E., Echo P., Pessina D. and E. Rizzato (1989). High Speed Movie Observation of an Axial Flow Combine Harvester Cylinder. Land and Water Use. 1935-1945. Rotterdam Balkema Holland.
[3]. Gregory, J.M., 1988. Combine model for Grain Threshing. J. Mathematical Computer Modeling, 11, 506 – 509.Research Verification (M.E.R.V.). A.S.A.E. Paper No 86 – 5032. St Joseph, MI 49085.
[4]. Huynh, M. V., Powell T., and N.J. Siddal (1982). Threshing and Separation Process. A Mathematical Model Trans ASAE 25 (1): 65-73.
[5]. Kobayashi, K. and M.U. Salam (2000). Comparing Simulated and Measured Values Using Mean Squared Deviation and its Components. Agron. J. 92(2): 345-352
Citation
Muna, N. H., Muhammed, U.S., El-Okene, A.M., Isiaka, M. "Development and Validation of Threshing Efficiency Mathematical and Optimization Model for Spike-Tooth Cereal Threshers" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0007. Nigeria
Page 50-60
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Hyun-Seop Shin

Experimental Evaluation of the Punching Shear Behavior of The Steel Grid Composite Deck

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The partially filled steel grid composite deck is a composite structure made of a concrete slab disposed over a steel grid. The joint of the deck segments with regular width can be designed as mechanical connection using concrete shear keys and bolts. Since bending test was already performed to examine the structural performanceof this deck system, this study focuses on its punching shear behavior. The results show that the flexural strength of the single-span deck is governed by the punching shear and that ductile behavior without sudden failure is achieved owing to the effect of the steel grid installed at the bottom of the deck.................
Composite deck, Joint, Mechanical connection, Bolted concrete shear key, Punching shear
[1]. C.J. Earls, T.R. Johnston, "Behavior of Field Splice Details in Precast Concrete-Filled Steel Grid Bridge Deck", Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.9, pp.127-136, 2004.
[2]. C. Higgins, H. Mitchell, "Behavior of Composite Bridge Decks with Alternative Shear Connectors", Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.6, pp.17-22, 2001.
[3]. H. Huang, M.J. Chajes, D.R. Mertz, Shenton, H.W., Kaliakin, V.N., "Strength behavior of filled steel grid decks for bridges", Bridge Structure, Vol.3, no.2, pp.105-118, 2007.
[4]. M. J. Pierce, Evaluative testing of a novel weldless open steel grid deck system. Master's thesis. Pittsburgh University, pp.1-33, 2005.
[5]. J. Versace, J. Ramirez, Implementation of full- width bridge deck panels; A synthesis study. FHWA /IN/JTRP-2003/24: Purdue University, pp.1-66, 2004.
Citation
Hyun-Seop Shin "Experimental Evaluation of the Punching Shear Behavior of The Steel Grid Composite Deck" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0008. South Korea
Page 61-67
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Helio Sergio Pinto Portugal, LucianoSilva, Karl Apaza Aguero, Leonardo Gomes, RenatoTambara Filho, Rogerio De Fraga

3D Viewer Software Build Based on Scanned Synthetic Female Pelvic Floor Model

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Anatomy is considered an essential subject for Medicine students. Furthermore, the practice class using a comprehensive and manageable anatomic tool is fundamental for a satisfactory teaching and learning process. The goal of this study was to build a type tutorial software for the female pelvic floor anatomy utilizing data from the three-dimensional laser scanning of a physical resinated synthetic model. The synthetic model was constructed emphasizing the intricated system of layers of the female pelvic floor................
software, pelvic floor model, three-dimensional laser scanning, anatomy
[1]. W.C. Smith, "The levator ani muscle: its structure in man, and its comparative relationships", Anat Rec 26:175–203, 1923.
[2]. H.S.P. Portugal,"Synthetic pelvic model as an effective didactic tool compared to cadaveric pélvis", Rev Bras Ed Méd; vol.35 (4) Rio de Janeiro oct./dec, 2011.
[3]. P. Palma, C. Riccetto, R. Fraga, et al.,"Tridimensional anatomy and virtual surgery for transobturator procedures", Actas Urol Esp 31(4):361-365, 2007.
[4]. J. Ferreira, "Integration of reverse engineering and rapid tooling in foundry technology", J Mat Proc Tech; 142:374-382, 2003.
[5]. V. Sruthi, K. Soundararajan, V. Usha Sree, "Accurate Multimodality Registration of medical images", International Journal of Engineering and Development, Vol 1, Issue 3, pp. 33-36, 2012.
Citation
Helio Sergio Pinto Portugal, LucianoSilva, Karl Apaza Aguero, Leonardo Gomes, RenatoTambara Filho, Rogerio De Fraga "3D Viewer Software Build Based on Scanned Synthetic Female Pelvic Floor Model" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0009. Brazil
Page 70-72
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Sanjay Kumar, Rahul Rishi, Rajkumar

Software Quality and Productivity Enhancement Model

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In this paper, architecture is designed in such a way that will enhance quality of specification of modules that result to enhance quality of software module design. It does not directly depends only upon specification factor (feasibility study), but also depends upon some other attributes that may be directly/indirectly(Reusability, Under-stability, Correctness, Completeness, Well documented, Flexibility). Hence quality of specification is directly proportional to design of software module to enhance reliability of modules. The proposed model designed in such a way that it remove the maximum faults or errors in early phase of development using Risk analysis( by cause and effect diagram), fault prediction, validate SRS by using testing and evaluation.
Quality, productivity, cause and effect diagram, fault prediction, reliability
[1]. J. A McCall, P. K, Richards and G. F. Wallers, "Factors in software quality ", Griffiths Air . Force Base, N. Y: Rome Air Development Center Air Force Systems Command, 1977.
[2]. B.W. Bohem et al. J. R. Brown, H. Kaspar, M. Lipow, G. McLeod, and M. Merritt, "Characteristics of Software Quality", North Holland, (1978)
[3]. R.G. Dromey, "Software product quality: Theory, model and practices. Software quality Institute", Griffith University, Brisbane, Technical Report, 1999.
[4]. ISO 9001: 2000 Quality management systems Requirements, 2001.
[5]. ISO / IEC, IS 9126-1, "Software Engineering – Product Quality – Part 1: Quality Model", Geneva Switzerland: International Organization for Standization, 2001
Citation
Sanjay Kumar, Rahul Rishi, Rajkumar "Software Quality and Productivity Enhancement Model" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 12, Issue 11 (November 2016)
MID 1211.067X.0010. India
Page 73-81
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