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IJERD : Volume 13 - Issue 12

Version - 1 (December 2017)


Rajendra Kumar Yadav, Dr Ashish Agarwal, Dr Om Prakash

Energy Audit And Conservation By Balance Cooling Potential Utilization of Cooling water System of A Combined Cycle Power Plant - Case Studies
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The Energy is most important Element of every Human activity . However the amount of energy required for certain work depends upon the technology of uses. Therefore in developed and developing Countries, same product and services require different amount of energy due to use of different Technology. Further the same Technology can not be suitable for all Geographical Locations. The present paper analyzes one such aspect where adaptation of a technology designed for one geographical location failed to performance when used without modification at another location .The paper also highlights one such solution to modify the technology for adaptation to given geographical Location with available resources without creating additional infrastructure ,design Modification and cost.
....................

[1]. M. H. Panjeshahi,, A. Ataei, Application of an environmentally optimum cooling water system design in water and energy conservation, International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, March 2008, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 251-262.

[2]. Massimo Filippini, Lester C. Hun, Measurement of energy efficiency based on economic foundations, Energy Economics, Volume 52, Supplement 1, December 2015, Pages S5-S16

[3]. A. Kramer , Using Energy Audits to Enhance Experiential Energy Education, 104:2, 46-57

[4]. Cabrera, E., Pardo, M., Cobacho, R., and Cabrera, E., Jr. (2010). "Energy Audit of Water Networks." J. Water Resour. Plann. Manage., 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.

Citation
Rajendra Kumar Yadav, Dr Ashish Agarwal, Dr Om Prakash "Energy Audit And Conservation By Balance Cooling Potential Utilization of Cooling water System of A Combined Cycle Power Plant - Case Studies" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0001. India
Page 01-04
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Guenther Schuh, Simon Ryschka

Organizational Implementation of Technology Platforms in Diversified Companies
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The significance of technology platforms as technology focused organization forms is growing in diversified companies. The reason is that technology platforms support diversified companies to handle the conflicting priorities of individualized innovations and generating synergies. Hence, the success of diversified companies can be significantly affected by the systematic design of technology platforms. Key prerequisite for such a systematic platform design is the consistent description of the various organizational implementation options for technology platforms. In practice however, companies find it difficult to consistently describe the various organizational implementation options for technology platforms..............
Technology platform, technology planning, strategic technology management, organization, diversified companies

[1]. D. Ford, and M. Saren, Managing & Marketing Technology, London, England: Thomson Learning, 2001.
[2]. D. Jolly, and M. Nasiriyar, Technology platform exploitation: definition and research boundaries, Proceedings of the 16th International Association of Management of Technology Conference (IAMOT) (2007), pp. 1-32, Miami, USA, May 2007.
[3]. U.H. Böhlke, T. Breuer, P. Dahlmann, A. Demarmels, K. Koglin, W. Pelzer et al., Technologieplattformen erfolgreich managen - Ein essentieller Beitrag zur Umsetzung der Unternehmensstrategie, in: C. Brecher, F. Klocke, G. Schuh, R. Schmitt (Eds.), Wettbewerbsfaktor Produktionstechnik: Aachener Perspektiven Shaker, pp. 393–415Aachen, 2005.
[4]. G. Schuh, and S. Ryschka, "Systemizing the Requirements of Technology Platforms in Diversified Companies," International Journal Of Engineering Research & Technology, 5 (12) pp. 276-285, 2016.

Citation
Guenther Schuh, Simon Ryschka "Organizational Implementation of Technology Platforms in Diversified Companies" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0002. Germany
Page 05-18
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Lavanya C.N, S.Tejaswi

An Experimental Study on Creep Characteristics of HSC
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
A concrete element when kept under sustained load presents progressive strain over time, which is associated with the creep phenomenon. The creep characteristic of high strength concrete assumes importance in the back drop of increase in prestressed concrete constructions. The loss in prestress and long term deflection depend on creep strain of high strength concrete. Even in case of RC columns, such creep induced deformations cause the stress increase in the reinforcement and may induce the material to undergo yielding. An experimental study is conducted to determine the time induced creep strain of high strength concrete using creep rig of capacity 1000 kN..............
High Strength concrete, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, creep

[1]. Halit cenam mertol,sami riz kalla, creep and shrinkage behavior of HSC and Minimum reinforcement ratio for bridge columns.
[2]. E.lmadueira and T.M Siqueria, creep strain of RC columns 3. Woo-taijung and sungyong choi, creep characteristics of FRC base for composite Pavement system.
[3]. Rubinwang and weiya xu, the accelerated creep properties and creep damage Constitutive relation for volcanic breccias.
[4]. Abdel monem masmoudi and andreweber,creep of GFRP RC beams.
[5]. M S Sheety, "Concrete technology"

Citation
Lavanya C.N, S.Tejaswi "An Experimental Study on Creep Characteristics of HSC" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0003. India
Page 19-23
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Dr. Aparna Goyal

Consumer Behaviour w.r.t. Innovative Sensory Marketing Strategies
  • Abstract
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  • Reference
  • Full Article
Researchers have suggested that marketers should incorporate as many senses as possible in order for sensory marketing to be effective. To investigate the influence of selected senses – sight, sound and smell – on consumers‟ experience, specifically in terms of the tastiness of brandy. Even though the use of the senses such as sight, sound and smell is a popular sensory marketing tool in the field of experiential marketing, applying such marketing techniques is a challenging and costly exercise for marketers, and researchers have called for more studies on senses and consumer experience. A full factorial laboratory experiment (2 x 2 x 2) conducted where 240 spirits consumers indicated the tastiness of a brandy sample under certain conditions. Results revealed that, within a laboratory setting..............
Traditional Marketing, Consumer Behaviour, Branding, CEM

[1]. Anderson, D.R., Sweeney, D.J. & Williams, T.A., 2012, Statistics for business and economics, 11th edn., South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH.
[2]. Assael, H., 1995, Consumer behavior and marketing action, 5th edn., South-Western College Publishing, Ohio.
[3]. Belch, G.E. & Belch, M.A., 2012, Advertising and Promotion. An integrated marketing communications perspective, 9th edn., McGraw-Hill, New York.
[4]. Berry, L.L., Carbone, L.P. & Haeckel, S.H., 2002, "Managing the total customer experience‟, MIT Sloan Management Review 43(3), 85–89.
[5]. Bruwer, J., Saliba, A. & Miller, B., 2011, "Consumer behaviour and sensory preference differences: Implications for wine product marketing‟, Journal of Consumer Marketing 28(1), 5–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/07363761111101903

Citation
Dr. Aparna Goyal "Consumer Behaviour w.r.t. Innovative Sensory Marketing Strategies" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0004. India
Page 24-30
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K.Suresh Kumar, Y.Rajasree Rao, K.Manjunathachari

Address Mapping In Content Addressable Memory Interface with A Low Power Approach
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The addressable memory contents are pointed using address pointer. In the addressing mode, the address pointer is programmed to generate addressing location in a sequence and pass to the data bus. Here, the address pointers are used to fetch the data in a predefined sequence and the variability in address pointer would leads to high power consumption. This variability, leads to high transition and hence leads to transitional power consumption in memory interface. To minimize the power consumption, in this paper, a new reordered memory interface with correlative transition optimization is presented.
Address mapping, content addressable memory interface, low power address realignment.

[1]. D. Das, A. Roy, and H. Rahaman,"" Design of content addressable memory architecture using carbon Nano tube field effect transistors,‟‟ in Progressing VLSI Design and Test, vol. 7373,

[2]. H. Rahaman, S. Chattopadhyay, and S. Chattopadhyay, Eds. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2012, pp. 233–242,ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science.[Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31494-_27.
[3]. S. Kang et al., ""A 0.1-_m 1.8-V 256-MBphase-change random access memory(PRAM) with 66-MHz synchronous burst-read operation,‟‟ IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 210–218, Jan. 2007.
[4]. K. Degawa et al., ""A high-density ternary content-addressable memory using single-electron transistors,‟‟ in Proc. IEEE 36th Int. Symp. Multiple-Valued Logic,2006, DOI: 10.1109/ISMVL.2006.6.

Citation
K.Suresh Kumar, Y.Rajasree Rao, K.Manjunathachari "Address Mapping In Content Addressable Memory Interface with A Low Power Approach" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0005. India
Page

31-38

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Pooja Angolkar, J Saikrishna, Dr. R.Venkat Reddy, P.Ravikanth Raju

Experimental Analysis of Dissimilar Weldments Ss316 And Monel400 in Gtaw Process
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Dissimilar metal welded components are becoming increasingly common in industrial applications especially in the nuclear sector. This project, investigates the Weld ability of dissimilar materials Monel 400 and SS316 of thickness 5mm with V groove configuration by Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) technique employed ERNiCrMo-3 filler wire. Experiment has been conducted using following process parameters, the gas flow rate, voltage, current and no of passes. The mechanical properties like tensile strength, hardness are calculated at the welded joint. A metallurgical analysis for the optimum parameter is performing on the specimens and typically two distinct Heat Affected Zones (HAZ) are observing with variation in the micro structure. Residual stresses are evaluated at weld zone and observed maximum stress tensor in weldments due to continuous heat input.
Characterization, GTAW,Heat affected zone, Monel 400,Resudial stresses

[1]. Debidutta Mishra, M.K. Vignesh , B. Ganesh Raj, Pruthvi Srungavarapu, K. Devendranath Ramkumar, N.Arivazhagan, S. Narayanan. "Mechanical Characterization of Monel 400 and 316 Stainless Steel Weldments", Procedia Engineering 75 (2014) 24 – 28.
[2]. Arivazhagan N, Devendranath Ramkumar K.,Narayanan S. Effect of filler materials on the performance of Gas Tungsten arc welded AISI 304 and Monel 400. Materials & Design, 2012; Vol. 40:70–79
[3]. N. Jeyaprakash "Hot Corrosion Behavior of Dissimilar GTA Welded Monel 400 and AISI 304", IRAM 2012, CCIS 330, pp. 450–457, 2012
[4]. Naitik S Patel "Effect of Process Parameters on Angular Distortion of Gas Tungsten Arc Welded SS 302 and MS Plate" ISSN: 2319-7463 Vol. 3 Issue 8, August-2014, pp: (18-24)
[5]. Savyasachi Pandit, Vaibhav Joshi, Meghna Agrawal, M. Manikandan, K. Devendranath Ramkumar*, N. Arivazhagan, S. Narayanan. "Investigations on Mechanical and Metallurgical Properties of Dissimilar Continuous GTA Welds of Monel 400 and C-276". Procedia Engineering 75 (2014) 61 – 65.

Citation
Pooja Angolkar, J Saikrishna, Dr. R.Venkat Reddy, P.Ravikanth Raju "Experimental Analysis of Dissimilar Weldments Ss316 And Monel400 in Gtaw Process" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0006. India
Page 39-46
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Pandu .J, Dr.C.D.Naidu

Optimal Sequence for MIMO Radar
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
A modified particle swarm optimizer algorithm has been proposed for polyphase signal coded sequence for multiple input and multiple output radar applications. A set of sequence is checked for the identification of peaky values obtained by using auto correlation and cross correlation process. This modified algorithm is guided for the experimental study in different set of sequences. This work is compared along with pervious Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA) and particle swarm optimizer has been chosen. This paper intends to improvise the pulse coded sequence using selected frequency range to improve the efficiency.
Modified particle swarm optimizer, Polyphase signal, Multiple input and multiple output, Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm, Correlation process.

[1]. H. Deng, "Polyphase code design for orthogonal netted radar systems", IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 52, PP. 3126-3135 2004.
[2]. E. Fishler, A. Haimovich, R. Blum, L. Cimini, D. Chizhik, and R.Valenzuela, "MIMO radar an idea whose time has come", in Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Radar, Philadelphia ,2004.
[3]. F. C. Robey, S. Coutts, D. Weikle, J. C. McHarg, and K. Cuomo, "Mimo radar theory and experimental results," in Proc. of 37th ASILOMAR 2004 Conf. on Signals, Systems and Computers, pp. 300–304, 2004.
[4]. Hammad A. Khan, Yangyang Zhang, Chunlin Ji, Christopher J. Stevens, David J. Edwards, And Dominic O'brien Optimizing Polyphase Sequences For Orthogonal Netted Radar. Ieee Signal Processing Letters, Vol. 13, No. 10, October ,2006.
[5]. S.P.Singh and K.Subha Rao , "Discrete frequency-Coded radar signal design ," IET Signal Process , Vol.3,No.1,pp.7-16, july,2008.

Citation
Pandu .J, Dr.C.D.Naidu "Optimal Sequence for MIMO Radar" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0007. India
Page 47-53
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Dimitrios G. Goulias, Sahand Karimi

Risk Assessment for the Acceptance of Construction Materials
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Highway agencies deal with a variety of materials and construction processes where a wide spectrum of specifications and acceptance requirements exist. Over the past two decades the role of most of these agencies has shifted from quality control of materials and placement techniques to quality assurance and acceptance. In such scenario producers are responsible for monitoring quality test results (i.e., Quality Control, QC), and agencies collect and use quality assurance data (QA) for acceptance and rewards based on the quality at delivery. In the process of revising such quality and acceptance approach there is a need to consider the risks associated with the acceptance of materials and construction quality to both the agency and supplier...............
Risk Analysis, Quality Control, Quality Assurance, Construction Materials, Acceptance.

[1]. Goulias, D., & S. Karimi. "Material Quality Assurance Risk Assessment.‟ Research Report, Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration, Office of Materials and Technology, Hanover, MD. 2013.
[2]. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), "Standard Specification for Graded Aggregate Material for Bases or Subbases for Highways or Airports D2940/D2940M, 2009.
[3]. Baus R.L., and T. Li, "Investigation of Graded Aggregate Base (GAB) Courses" University of South Carolina Department of Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2006
[4]. McNamara R.L., and B. Miley, "Evaluation of Graded Aggregate as a Base Material Project Nos 60040-3536 & 60040-3527 Pavement Evaluation Study Number 92-2 State Road 83 (331)", 1992.
[5]. NCHRP Project 4-23, "Performance-Related Tests of Aggregates for Use in Unbound Pavement Layers," Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2001.

Citation
Dimitrios G. Goulias, Sahand Karimi "Risk Assessment for the Acceptance of Construction Materials" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0008. USA
Page 54-58
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Kiran, Dharamveer, Bhupendra

Phosphorus: Analysis And Use in Agriculture
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
In many agricultural systems, phosphorus (P) is one of the most limiting mineral nutrients for plant production. Phosphorus in agriculture is the second most growth limiting macronutrient after nitrogen, its proper management in soil contributes significantly to sustainable crop production. In such soils wherever yield is restricted as a result of low Phosphorus concentration, application of comparatively higher quantity of mineral phosphorus fertilizers is that the only way to enhance soil phosphorus. The commonly phosphorus fertilizers that contain P2O5 are Single superphosphate (16% P2O5 Granulated) and Di ammonium phosphate. Thus, the status of soil phosphorus as a major contributor to overall soil fertility, or the ability to produce crops, was improved.
...............

[1]. Raghothama, K.G. 1999. Phosphate acquisition. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 50,665-693.
[2]. Grant, C. A., Flaten, D. N., Tomasiewicz, D. J. and Sheppard, S. C. 2001. The importance of early season P nutrition. Can. J. Plant Sci. 81: 211–224.
[3]. Grant, C., Bittman, S., Montreal, M., Plenchette, C. and Morel, C. 2005. Soil and fertilizer phosphorus: effects on plant P supply and mycorrhizal development. Can. J. Plant Sci., 85, 3–14.
[4]. Johnston, A. E. and Steen, I. 2000. European fertilizer manufacture association. 11-22.
[5]. Theodorou, M. E. and Plaxton, W. C. 1993. Metabolic adaptations of plant respiration to nutritional phosphate deprivation. Plant Physiol., 101, 339–344.

Citation
Kiran, Dharamveer, Bhupendra "Phosphorus: Analysis And Use in Agriculture" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0009. India
Page 59-62
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Anamika Rai ,S. K. Tiwari

Five-Dimensional Finsler Spaces with T-Tensor of Some Special forms
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The T−tensor played an important role in the Finsler geometry. In this paper, we discuss a fivedimensional Finsler space whose T−tensor is of special forms.
Finsler space, Ttensor.

[1]. H. Kawaguchi : On Finsler spaces with the vanishing second curvature tensor, Tensor, N. S., 26 (1972), 250-254.
[2]. M. Matsumoto : v−transformations of Finsler spaces I. Definition, infinitesimal transformations and isometries, J. Math. Kyoto Univ., 12 (1972), 479-512.
[3]. U. P. Singh, P. N. Agrawal and B. N. Prasad : On Finsler spaces with T−tensor of some special forms, Indian J. Pure Appl. Math., 13-2 (1982), 172-182.
[4]. U. P. Singh, P. N. Agrawal and B. N. Prasad : On a special form of T−tensor and T2−like Finsler space, Indian J. Pure Appl. Math., 13-9 (1982), 997-1005.
[5]. M. Matsumoto : Foundations of Finsler geometry and special Finsler spaces, Kaiseisha Press, Saikawa, Ostu, 520 (1986), Japan.

Citation
Anamika Rai ,S. K. Tiwari "Five-Dimensional Finsler Spaces with T-Tensor of Some Special forms" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0010. India
Page 63-71
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Bindu Sharma, Dr. Sujata bhattacharya

Soil Bulk Density As Related to Soil Texture, Moisture Content, Ph, Electrical Conductivity, organic Carbon, Organic Matter Content And Available Macro Nutrients of Pandoga Sub Watershed, Una District of H.P (India)
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Bulk density of a soil is a dynamic property as it varied with the soil conditions. It depends on factors as compaction, consolidation and amount of the organic carbon content their texture constituent, and minerals. The main objective of this work was to investigate the dependence of bulk density on texture, organic matter content and available nutrients (macro nutrients) for soil of Pandoga sub watershed. The relationships between some physical and chemical properties of soil such as, clay content (C), silt content (Si), sand content (S), moisture content(MC), organic carbon(OC), organic matter content (OMC), total macro nutrient content with soil bulk density were studied for nine surface soil samples (0-15 cm) in watershed catchment area. Soil bulk density showed strong negative relationships with the clay whereas negative relationship with the silt, OC, OMC. Strong positive correlation was observed with the available macronutrients, sand whereas positive correlation with the MC, pH, EC.
Bulk density, clay content, organic matter content, sand content, silt content

[1]. Adamu, GK. An assessment of erodobility of selected soils under different land management systems at Bayero University, Kano New campus: unpublished PGD Project Soil evaluation: BUK. 1997.
[2]. Dinesh Kumar, M.L. Bansal and V.K. Phogat, "Compactability in Relation to Texture and Organic Matter Content of Alluvial Soils," Indian J. Agric. Res., 2009, Vol.43 (3), pp. 180-186.
[3]. E. Saki n, A. Deliboran and E. Tutar, "Bulk density of Harran plain soils in relation to other soil properties," African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2011, Vol. 6(7), pp. 1750- 1757.
[4]. J. Leifeld, S. Bassin, and J. Fuhrer, "Carbon stocks in Swiss agricultural soils predicted by land-use, soil characteristics, and altitude, " Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. Vol. 105, 2005, pp. 255–266.
[5]. Kjeldahl JGCT. Neue methode zur bestimmung des stickstoffs in organischen körpern. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 1883; 22(1): 366-382.

Citation
Bindu Sharma, Dr. Sujata bhattacharya "Soil Bulk Density As Related to Soil Texture, Moisture Content, Ph, Electrical Conductivity, organic Carbon, Organic Matter Content And Available Macro Nutrients of Pandoga Sub Watershed, Una District of H.P (India)" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0011. India
Page 72-76
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Yogesh Nathuji Dhoble, Sirajuddin Ahmed

Removal of Phenol, Ammonia And Thiocyanate Either Alone or in Combination By the Adsorption with Steel Slag
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Wastewater any industry is of very complex nature as it contains multiple toxicants. The evaluation of individual toxicant in isolation and in the presence of other toxicants is necessary. Adsorption of phenol, ammonia and thiocyanateeither alone or in combination has been evaluated against the parameters affecting the adsorption. Dosage of adsorbent,initial concentration of the toxicant, time of adsorption process and pH of the solutions and studied with the help of fractional factorial Experimental Designs 24−1 and FTIR analysis. It is found that removal of ammonia by the adsorption on the steel slag is favored under the presence of phenol. Similarly, adsorption of phenol and thiocyanate is also found increased in the presence of phenol.
Phenol, ammonia, thiocyanate, adsorption

[1]. H. Babich and D. L. Davis, "Phenol: A review of environmental and health risks," Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 90–109, Jun. 1981.
[2]. R. W. Dunlap and F. C. McMichael, "Reducing coke plant effluent," Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 654–657, Jul. 1976.
[3]. J. M. Neff, Bioaccumulation in marine organisms : effect of contaminants from oil well produced water. Elsevier, 2002.
[4]. D. . Randall and T. K. . Tsui, "Ammonia toxicity in fish," Mar. Pollut. Bull., vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 17–23, 2002.
[5]. F. Bhunia, N. C. Saha, and A. Kaviraj, "Toxicity of Thiocyanate to Fish, Plankton, Worm, and Aquatic Ecosystem," Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 197–204, Feb. 2000.

Citation
Yogesh Nathuji Dhoble, Sirajuddin Ahmed "Removal of Phenol, Ammonia And Thiocyanate Either Alone or in Combination By the Adsorption with Steel Slag" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0012. India
Page 77-86
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Version - 2 (December 2017)


M. Thangavel, Dr. R. Pugazendi

Optimized Support Vector Machine for Software Defect Prediction
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
An error, bug, flaw, failure, mistake or fault in a computer program or system that generates inaccurate/unexpected outcome or prevents software from behaving as intended is a software defect. A project team wants to procreate a quality software product with zero defects. High-risk components in a software project must be caught early to enhance software quality. Software defects incur cost regarding quality and time. This paper investigates Support Vector Machine's (SVM) classification accuracy for Software Defect Prediction (SDP) and proposes a new optimized Support Vector Machine Radial Basis Function (SVM – RBF) using Firefly algorithm.................
Software Defect, Software Defect Prediction (SDP), optimized Support Vector Machine Radial Basis Function (SVM – RBF), Firefly

[1]. Rawat, M. S., & Dubey, S. K. (2012). Software defect prediction models for quality improvement: a literature study. International Journal of Computer Science.
[2]. Clark, B., & Zubrow, D. (2001). How good is the software: a review of defect prediction techniques. sponsored by the US department of Defense.
[3]. Fenton, N., Krause, P., & Neil, M. (2001). A probabilistic model for software defect prediction. IEEE Trans Software Eng.
[4]. Rawat, M. S., MGM's, C. O. E. T., Mittal, A., & Dubey, S. K. (2012). Survey on Impact of Software Metrics on Software Quality. IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 3(1).
[5]. Rosenberg, L. H., & Hyatt, L. E. (1997). Software quality metrics for object-oriented environments. Crosstalk journal, 10(4).

Citation
M. Thangavel, Dr. R. Pugazendi "Optimized Support Vector Machine for Software Defect Prediction" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0001. India
Page 01-11
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Sumit G. Khadekar, Dr. Ramesh R. Kohad

Comparative Study of Consumer Buying Behavior of Gold & Gold Jewellery Between Rural & Urban Area of Nagpur District
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Every one in society is known about gold, some one less & some one in more. people having lots of desire to buy gold and gold Jewellery. In this study & survey we are find lots more about gold sector. In Nagpur Area the gold market spread both in urban as well as in Rural area. Both urban & rural area people lot's of desire to Buy gold & their Jewellery, But they are not purchase in same quantity not in same quality no in same time not in same outlet and not a same designs. Its true & every one know that But in this study we understand that factor with appropriate manner & with different angles. This study shows us which factorsdifferentiate this rural & urban area what are those factors, means economical, cultural, social, etc. These studies also clear the future growth of this sector both in urban & rural area. This study compare urban & rural customer & complete gold urban and rural Market in deep manner. This study Beneficial for organized and unorganized sector this study Beneficial for customer, also to get aware about provide the tools to market player's How to improve their business by providing best of best to their customers.
...............

1) Dr. Michael v.p, Himalaya publishing,edition : 2008, Reseach Methadolog in Management.
2) Dr. Niru Jain (Thesis),consumer Buying Behavior with regard to branded & traditional Jewellery with special reference to Jaipur jewellery market.
3) Biplas. S. Bose Himalaya Publishing House, Marketing Management.
Websites
[2]. 1)www.timesofindia.com
[3]. 2)www.gold.org/value/marketingintelligence/supply&demand/jewellery

Citation
Sumit G. Khadekar, Dr. Ramesh R. Kohad "Comparative Study of Consumer Buying Behavior of Gold & Gold Jewellery Between Rural & Urban Area of Nagpur District" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0002. India
Page 12-15
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S.Selvakumari, M.Chandran, S.Premlatha, G.N.K.RameshBapu, P.Subramaniam

Effect of Additives on Morphology Texture And Corrosion Resistance of Electrodeposited Zinc And Zinc-Cobalt Alloy
  • Abstract
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Zinc and Zinc –Cobalt alloy are widely used to protect iron and steel substrates against corrosion. In the present study, zinc and zinc – Cobalt alloys were electrodeposited from alkaline baths under incessant current and also in the presence of Vanillin (Vn), Saccharin (Sa), and Rochelle salt (Rs) as additives. AAS and EDAX show the coexistence of additives in the deposit. The deposit morphology has been analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) has been used to determine the favored crystallographic point of reference of the deposits. Studies have also been done on the CCE and Throwing power of zinc and zinc – cobalt alloy baths. The result shows that additives improve the nanostructure of the deposits hence, the corrosion resistance.
Comparison of Zinc, Zinc – Cobalt alloys baths, CCE, Throwing power, AAS, EDAX. Morphology, XRD and Corrosion resistance

[1]. Gabe DR, Green WA (1998) Surf Coat Technol 105:195
[2]. Kalantary MR (1994) Plat Surf Finish 84:57
[3]. Wilcox GD, Gabe DR (1994) Proceedings of Asian- Pacific Interfinish, Melbourne-2, Australian IMF, 50.1
[4]. Crotty D, Griffin R (1997) Plat Surf Finish 84:57
[5]. Short NR, Dennis JK (1997) Trans Inst Met Finish 75:47.

Citation
S.Selvakumari, M.Chandran, S.Premlatha, G.N.K.RameshBapu, P.Subramaniam "Effect of Additives on Morphology Texture And Corrosion Resistance of Electrodeposited Zinc And Zinc-Cobalt Alloy" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0004. India
Page 21-31
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N.E. Yao, T.E. Wango, K.C. Yao, R. Mouah

Delft3d Model of The Estuarine Area of The Ebrié Lagoon In The Low Water Period
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The FLOW module of Delft3D software was used to simulate the 3D hydrodynamic processes during the low water in the estuarine area of the Ebrié lagoon. We choose this area because in term of hydrodynamics it's the most active area of the lagoon. This study was carried out to simulate and therefore to understand the current behaviour across the water column.he calibration focused on bottom rugosity, water viscosity and the time step. We chose the good value of this parameters after comparing three statistic indicators of each test: root mean square error (RMSE), coefficient of correlation (r) and coefficient of determination (R2).............
Delft3D, 3D model, Ebrié lagoon, current, low water, hydrodynamic, estuary, water column.

[1]. Affian K., 2003. Approche Environnementale D'un Ecosystème Lagunaire Microtidal (La Lagune Ebrié En Côte D'ivoire), Par Des Etudes Géochimiques, Bathymétriques Et Hydrologiques. Contribution Du S.I.G. Et De La Télédétection. Thèse Doctorat D'étatn° 380 Univ. Abidjan, 225 P. 87 Fig., 23 Tabl.
[2]. Brenon, I., Monde, S., Pouvreau, N., Maurin, J. C. (2004). Modeling Hydrodynamics In The Ebrié Lagoon (Côte D'ivoire). Journal Of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 535-540.
[3]. Durand J. R. Et Guiral D., 1994. Hydroclimat Et Hydrochimie. Dans Environnement Et Ressources Aquatiques De Côte D'ivoire : Les Milieux Lagunaires. Tome 2 Edit. Orstom, Pp. 59-90.
[4]. Guiral D. Et Lanusse A., 1984. Contribution A L'étude Hydrodynamique De La Baie De Biétri (Lagune Ebrié, Côte D'ivoire). Documents Scientifiques-Cro, Vol. 15, No 1/2, Pp. 1-18.
[5]. Lemasson, L. Et Pages J., 1982. Apports De Phosphore Et D'azote Par La Pluie En Zone Tropicale (Côte D'ivoire). Revue D'hydrobiologie Tropicale, Vol. 15, No 1, Pp. 9-14.

Citation
N.E. Yao, T.E. Wango, K.C. Yao, R. Mouah "Delft3d Model of The Estuarine Area of The Ebrié Lagoon In The Low Water Period" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0005.
Page 32-36
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K.Renganathan, M.Arockia RanjithKumar

Bounds on Metric Dimension
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In this paper, we present some bounds for metric dimension of a graph G in terms of order and some theoretic parameters such as diameter and maximum degree etc., Also, we characterize the Extremal graphs achieving the bounds.
Metric bounds, Distance partition, Metric dimension, Extremal graph.

[1]. S. M. Metev and V. P. Veiko, Laser Assisted Microtechnology, 2nd ed., R. M. Osgood, Jr., Ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1998.
[2]. J. Breckling, Ed., The Analysis of Directional Time Series: Applications to Wind Speed and Direction, ser. Lecture Notes in Statistics. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 1989, vol. 61.
[3]. S. Zhang, C. Zhu, J. K. O. Sin, and P. K. T. Mok, "A novel ultrathin elevated channel low-temperature poly-Si TFT," IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 20, pp. 569–571, Nov. 1999.
[4]. M. Wegmuller, J. P. von der Weid, P. Oberson, and N. Gisin, "High resolution fiber distributed measurements with coherent OFDR," in Proc. ECOC'00, 2000, paper 11.3.4, p. 109.
[5]. R. E. Sorace, V. S. Reinhardt, and S. A. Vaughn, "High-speed digital-to-RF converter," U.S. Patent 5 668 842, Sept. 16, 1997.

Citation
K.Renganathan, M.Arockia RanjithKumar "Bounds on Metric Dimension" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0006. India
Page 37-43
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Baltha Manoj Kumar, Baltha Sravanthi

Roll of Feed Water Heaters in 120 Mw Thermal Power Plant
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The purpose of present is to analyses the roll of feed water heaters that would have satisfactory thermal performance in 120MW thermal power plant. Here the performance of the feed water heaters are analyzed by finding the terminal temperature difference(TTD) drain cooling approach(DCA) and temperature rise of the heaters. Impact of by passing the feed water heaters, optimizing the cleaning of feed water heaters, placement of feed water heaters, reasons for failures of feed water heaters, investigations for effective design of feed water heaters, cycle performance impacts are analyzed in this project. The whole project is carried out in 120MW steam turbine thermal power plant in Kothagudem Thermal Power Station at Paloncha.
Turbine ,Feed pumps ,Water heaters , Deaerator ,Boliers

[1]. Maury Klein, The Power Makers: Steam, Electricity, and the Men Who Invented Modern America Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2009 ISBN 1-59691-677-X

[2]. Babcock & Wilcox Co. (2005). Steam: Its Generation and Use (41st ed.). ISBN 0-9634570-0-4.

[3]. Thomas C. Elliott, Kao Chen, Robert Swanekamp (coauthors) (1997). Standard Handbook of Powerplant Engineering (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-019435-1.

[4]. Smith, Timothy A. Tempered Water Systems. Plumbing Systems & Design, May/June 2003. pp. 42-44

[5]. Boiler Feed Model Pumps" (PDF).

Citation
Baltha Manoj Kumar, Baltha Sravanthi "Roll of Feed Water Heaters in 120 Mw Thermal Power Plant" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0007. India
Page 44-50
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Anmar Salih, Anthony O. Smith

A Comparison of Grid and Cloud Computing Technology
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Cloud computing has evolved in this decade and become an intriguing field of study for researchers. Platforms and architectures are continuing to be developed, and every couple of years, new cloud computing techniques are discovered, with some of them deemed as revolutionary breakthroughs. One of the most amazing aspects of cloud computing is that researchers can develop a service and deliver it to users most likely through the Internet, without the need for an upgrade to the user side hardware. Cloud computing is the most famous but not the only paradigm to offer tremendous compute capability. Another form of comparable computing is grid computing which also offers the capability to process data in less time. This survey reviews both grid and cloud computing in order to clarify the understanding of applications, architecture, and topologies. We analyse three basic delivery models for cloud computing. Finally, we explore about link multiple clouds network, also known as inter-cloud or cloud of clouds.
Grid computing, Cloud computing, Inter-cloud computing, Cloud architecture, Grid architecture.

[1]. V. Yu, F Richard and Leung, Advances in mobile cloud computing systems. CRC Press, 2013.
[2]. G. Mittal, N. Kesswani, and K. Goswami, "A Survey of Current Trends in Distributed, Grid and Cloud Computing," IJASCSE, vol. 2, no. 3, 2013.
[3]. S. M. Hashemi and A. K. Bardsiri, "ARPN Journal of systems and software cloud computing vs. grid computing 1," vol. 2, no. 5, 2012.
[4]. I. Foster, Y. Zhao, I. Raicu, and S. Lu, "Cloud computing and grid computing 360-degree compared," in Grid Computing Environments Workshop, 2008. GCE'08, 2008, pp. 1–10.
[5]. R. Buyya, C. S. Yeo, and S. Venugopal, "Market-Oriented Cloud Computing: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering IT Services as Computing Utilities."

Citation
Anmar Salih, Anthony O. Smith "A Comparison of Grid and Cloud Computing Technology" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0008. USA
Page 51-60
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Javier Holguin-De La Cruz

Deployment Strategy Analysis and Optimization of Police Patrols in an Emergency Response System Using Stochastic Simulation
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We approach this problem from an operations research and logistics in the service and government sector perspective, based on the analysis of resource allocation in a safety Emergency Response System (ERS) of a large city in Mexico, to decrease response time of police patrols considering a reference ideal response time. Our research incorporates the second half of the 7th police district to previously published results of seven police districts, since this district includes the equivalent of two districts. This research utilizes a discrete stochastic model based on characterized demand and system performance of 23 continuous days. The model first reproduces actual operations to validate its behaviour. Subsequently, alternative scenarios were configured to incorporate the ideal international response time reference of three minutes, and identify required resource configuration strategies for each police quadrant. Similar to previous research, results found that the recommended allocation level of resources was realistic to be accomplished..
Police patrols allocation, Emergency Response Systems, EMR, Response time, Public safety.

[1]. INEGI, "Encuesta Nacional de Victimización y Percepción sobre Seguridad Pública ENVIPE 2016," Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática, Aguascalientes, Ags., México, Boletín de Prensa No. 399/16 1-2, 2016.
[2]. Y. Zhang and D.E. Brown, "Police patrol districting method and simulation evaluation using agent-based model & GIS," Security Informatics, vol. 2, pp. 1-13, 2013.
[3]. N. Devia and R. Weber, "Generating Crime Data Using Agent-Based Simulation," Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, vol. 42, pp. 26-41, 2013.
[4]. T. Piyadasum, B. Kalansuriya, M. Gangananda, M. Malshan, D.H.M.N. Bandara, S. Marru, "Rationalizing Police Patrol Beats Using Heuristic-Based Clustering," in Proc. 2017 Moratuwa
Engineering Research Conference (MERCon), 2017, p. 431.
[5]. S.J. D'Amico, S. Wang, R. Batta, and C.M. Rump, "A Simulated Annealing Approach to Police District Design," Computers and Operations Research, vol. 29, pp. 667-684, 2002."

Citation
Javier Holguin-De La Cruz "Deployment Strategy Analysis and Optimization of Police Patrols in an Emergency Response System Using Stochastic Simulation" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 13, Issue 12 (December 2017)
MID 1312.067X.0008. México
Page 61-66
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