Volume 14 - Issue 8

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IJERD : Volume 14 - Issue 8

Version - 1 (August - 2018)


Mugdha Singh, A.K. Sinha, Preetvanti Singh

Ecological Risk Assessment Framework For Analyzing The Threats To The Avian Diversity
  • Abstract
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Ecologists have synthesized various methods for effective conservation to save the threaten species across the globe. 'Effective' conservation needs to fulfill the demands of demography of the species, the distributions and associated wildlife management. In order to sustain the system of the conservation the centralized approaches must be intermingled multipart with the objective conservation. Objective conservation tactic will work as applied methodology consisting population viability analysis, threat evaluation and case based solutions. One approach for conservation could be developing ecological risk assessment framework. Researchers have developed various frameworks for ecological risk assessment. The ecological risk assessment framework of United States Environmental Protection Agency was used by Diamond and Serveiss (2001) to structure a watershed-scale analysis of human land use, in-stream habitat quality, and their relationship to native fish and mussel populations in order to develop future management strategies and prioritize areas in need of enhanced protection.
...............

[1]. Ankley, G.T., Bennett, R. S., Erickson, R. J., Hoff, D. J., Hornung, M. W., et al. 2010. Adverse Outcome Pathways: A Conceptual Framework to Support Ecotoxicology Research and Risk Assessment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29:3, 730–741.
[2]. Burger, J. 2008. Assessment and management of risk to wildlife from cadmium. Science of the Total Environment. 389:1, 37–45.
[3]. Carr, N.B., Garman, S.L., Walters, A., Ray, A., Melcher, C.P., et al. (2013). Wyoming Basin Rapid Ecoregional Assessment work plan: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report58, 2013–1223. http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20131223.ISSN 2331-1258
[4]. Diamond, J. M. and Serveiss, V. B. 2001.Identifying Sources of Stress to Native Aquatic Fauna Using a Watershed Ecological Risk Assessment Framework.Environ. Sci. Technol., 35 (24), pp 4711–4718.DOI: 10.1021/es0015803.
[5]. Ervin, J. (2003). WWF: Rapid Assessment and prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) Methodology. WWF Gland, Switzerland WWF.

Citation
Mugdha Singh, A.K. Sinha, Preetvanti Singh "Ecological Risk Assessment Framework For Analyzing The Threats To The Avian Diversity" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0001. India
Page 01-15
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Mary Yesennya Saltos Chacán, Enrique Rafael Muñoz Moreta

La Gobernanza Y Gobierno Abierto: Análisis Comparativo En Relación Con La Administración Pública Governance and Open Government: Comparative Analysis in Relation to the Public Administration
  • Abstract
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The study has a purpose to analyze the differences and similarities between government or governments agreeable to govern in new scenarios and open governments conceptualized not only as "digitization of bureaucracy", but as spaces for participation and collaboration between public sectors, civil society and the private sector. Qualitative research is applied through the method and the comparative method. The result is to identify the similarities and differences of the selected theoretical perspectives of the Public Administration, that interrogates what are public administration purposes, its main products and characteristics, the relevant actors, the results generated with its application.
Governance, accountability, public management, transparency, participation.

[1]. Cerrillo i Martínez, A. (2005). La Gobernanza Hoy: 10 textos de referencia. En A. Cerrillo i Martínez, La Gobernanza Hoy: Introducción (págs. 11-35). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública.
[2]. Concha, G., & Naser, A. (2012). El desafío hacia el gobierno abierto enla hora de la igualdad. Santiago de Chile: Naciones Unidas. Recuperado el 28 de Septiembre de 2017, de http://repositorio.cepal.org/bitstream/handle/11362/3969/1/S2012004_es.pdf
[3]. Dassen, N., & Juan, C. (2012). Gobierno abierto transparencia focalizada: tendencias y desafíos para América Latina y el Caribe. Washington, D.C.: Graphic Ideas Inc. Recuperado el 27 de Septiembre de 2017, de http://siare.clad.org/fulltext/2231500.pdf
[4]. Ferreiro, A. (1999). Dinero, política y transparencia: el imperativo democrático de combatir la corrupción. 9th International Anti- Corruption Conference (IACC), 10-15 October, 1999, (págs. 1-10). Durban, South África. Recuperado el 26 de Octubre de 2017, de http://9iacc.org/papers/day1/ws3/dnld/d1ws3_aferreiro.pdf
[5]. Merino, M. (2005). Transparencia, libros, autores e ideas. México, D.F.: CIDE- IFAI. Recuperado el 26 de Octubre de 2017, de http://inicio.ifai.org.mx/Publicaciones/tlai18.pdf

Citation
Mary Yesennya Saltos Chacán, Enrique Rafael Muñoz Moreta "La Gobernanza Y Gobierno Abierto: Análisis Comparativo En Relación Con La Administración Pública Governance and Open Government: Comparative Analysis in Relation to the Public Administration" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0002.
Page 16-21
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Sévérin Nguiya, Paul Gautier Kamto, Arnaud Patrice Kouske, Marcelin Mouzong Pemi

Contribution of the Vertical Electric Sounding to the Geotechnical Study of Some Soils of the West Region, Cameroon
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Different combinations of soil affect how well it's going to be suited for construction. So the knowledge of the soil underneath foundation is a geotechnically engineered solution for maximum stability of buildings. In the present study, vertical electric soundings have been carried out in some villages of the West Cameroon region to evaluate the parameters of the soil for geotechnical purposes. Using the Schlumberger method, twenty-two (22) Vertical Electric Sounding (VES) were conducted. The data collected were successively analysed qualitatively and later inverted to determine the nature and thickness of the underground layers. The inverted models for the subsurface were found to be constituted of four or five layers. Each obtained layer was described in terms of its resistivity and corresponding thickness..........
Vertical Electric Sounding; Apparent resistivity; Geotechnical; Geoelectric Section; West Cameroon.

[1]. K. SUDHA, M. ISRAIL, S. MITTAL, AND J. RAI, Soil Characterization using electrical Resistivity tomography and geotechnical investigations, Journal of Applied Gophysics, 67, 2009, pp. 74-79.
[2]. T. KELEKO, J. TADJOU, J. KAMGUIA, T. TABOD, A. FEUMOE AND J. KENFACK, Groundwater Investigation Using
Geoelectrical Method: A Case Study of the Western Region of Cameroon, Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 5, 2013, pp. 633-641.
[3]. O. J. OSEJI, E. A. ATAKPO AND E. C. OKOLIE, Geoelectric investigation of the aquifer characteristics and groundwater potential in Kwale, Delta state, Nigeria, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2005, pp. 157-160.
[4]. M. MOHAMADEN, S. ABUO AND G. ALLAH, Geoelectrical Survey for Groundwater Exploration at the Asyuit Governorate, Nile Valley, Egypt, Vol. 20, 2009, pp. 91-108.
[5]. A. MINOUNI, M. OUJIDI, M. NEGADI, M. HADLACH AND S. BENGAMRA, Usage De La Prospection Géoélectrique Pour La Détermination De La Géométrie De L'Aquifère Miocène Dans La Région D'El Aïoun (Maroc Nord-Oriental), J. Mater. Environ. SCI. 2 (S1), 2011, pp. 491-494.

Citation
Sévérin Nguiya, Paul Gautier Kamto, Arnaud Patrice Kouske, Marcelin Mouzong Pemi "Contribution of the Vertical Electric Sounding to the Geotechnical Study of Some Soils of the West Region, Cameroon" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0003. Cameroon
Page 22-31
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N Mahesh Babu, S.Durga Prasad, Dr. Dsv Prasad, Dr. Gvr Prasada Raju

Effect of Random Inclusion of Plastic Fibres on Strength Behaviour of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag Treated Black Cotton Soil
  • Abstract
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Soil stabilization is most important for the construction which is widely used in connection with road pavement and foundation construction because it improves the engineering properties of soil such as strength. Utilization of industrial waste materials in the improvement of soils is a cost efficient and environment friendly method. Stabilization of the expansive soil is studied by using Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) and Plastic Fibres. The present investigation is to evaluate the compaction and CBR values of stabilized black cotton soil using GGBS and plastic fibre mixes. The geotechnical properties like compaction parameters and California Bearing Ratio increase which indicates the improvement in strength. From these results, it was found that optimum percentage of GGBS is 15% and of plastic fibres is 1% which gives the maximum increment in the CBR value compared with all the other combinations.
Compaction, California Bearing Ratio, Expansive Soil, GGBS, Plastic Fibres.

[1]. Venkata Rao., E and M.Rama Krishna (2017) "Improvement Of Black Cotton Soil Using GGBS and Polypropylene Fibres", International Journal of Engineering Research, Vol.5, Issue.2, pp.336-344.
[2]. Suresh Reddy.T and Dr. D S V Prasad (2017),"Stabilization of Soil Using Sugarcane Straw Ash and Polypropylene Fibres" International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences (IJEAS), Volume-4, Issue-6, PP.5-8.
[3]. Dayalan J (2016),"Comparative Study on Stabilization of Soil With Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) and Fly Ash", International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) ,Volume:03, Issue:05,pp.2198 – 2204.
[4]. Tirtha Sathi Bandyopadhyay, Singh AK,Pandey V, et al. Stabilization of Soil using GGBS and Calcium Carbide Residue, Int J Innovative Res Sci Eng Technol. 2016; 5(9): 17023–17030.
[5]. Habung Duyu, Tao Tania and Mukul Dhake (2015), "Study on Effect of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag on the Properties of Black Cotton Soil and Red Soil" International Journal of Science and Research ,Volume 6, Issue 5, pp.418-422

Citation
N Mahesh Babu, S.Durga Prasad, Dr. Dsv Prasad, Dr. Gvr Prasada Raju "Effect of Random Inclusion of Plastic Fibres on Strength Behaviour of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag Treated Black Cotton Soil" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0004. India
Page 32-37
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Christos Stamatiou, Sarantis-Angelos Liampas, Vasileios Drosos, Dimitrios Lazaris

Linking religious tourism and ecotourism with forest trails
  • Abstract
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This paper aims to promote ecotourism activities to visitors of sacred places so that the combined activities will promote the well-being of a person. Religion plays a key role in people's everyday practices but also in tourism practices, including destination choice and motivations for a visit to a sacred place. Combine a visit to a sacred place with activities to nature is a farther motivation to do both and fell closer to God and nature at the same time and escape from the daily routine. One of the most knowing ecotourism activities is walking on a forest trail and enjoy the nature, the flora, the fauna, the view, the scenery of a place. In this paper, we design forest trails that connect three orthodox monasteries in Paggaio Mountain in northern Greece. In the design of the forest trails, the diverse vegetation and the view from the trail took into consideration so the trail can attract the visitors of the monasteries to use it.
Ecotourism, religious tourism, forest trail, GIS, viewshed analysis.

[1]. Bailey, J. M., & Sood, J., The effects of religious affiliation on consumer behavior: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Managerial, 1993, Issues 5(3), 328-352.
[2]. Hunt, S., Religion and everyday life. London: Routledge, 2013.
[3]. Terzidou, M., Scarles C., Saunders NK M., The complexities of religious tourism motivations: Sacred places, vows and visions, Annals of Tourism Research, 2018, vol. 70, 54-65.
[4]. Collins-Kreiner, N., & Kliot, N., Pilgrimage tourism in the Holy Land: The behavioral characteristics of Christian pilgrims. GeoJournal, 2000, vol. 50(1), 55-67.
[5]. Vukonic, B., Tourism and religion. Oxford: Elsevier, 1996.

Citation
Christos Stamatiou, Sarantis-Angelos Liampas, Vasileios Drosos, Dimitrios Lazaris "Linking religious tourism and ecotourism with forest trails" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0005. Greece
Page 38-46
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MónicaAlejandra Legarda Sevilla, Johnson Marcelo Folleco Chalá

El Enfoque De La Gobernanza En Las Instituciones De Educación Superior Público –Privada En El Ecuador The Governance Approach In Public-Private Higher Education
Institutions In Ecuador
  • Abstract
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The purpose of this document is to establish basic deductions based on the application events presented by the relationship between the theory of governance as a trend of the new public management, as value-added tools within the public and private Higher Education Institutions in Ecuador, positioning the aforementioned concepts within the vanguard reforms of the public administration; through methodologies of qualitative research and documentary comparison; establishing as results the generalities of governance, which relevant actors intervene in public policies, which results guide the application of the theories of governance determining a scenario of explanation.
Active participation, interrelation, vanguard, public management, norms, policies, effectiveness

[1]. Ames, A. (29 de 11 de 2015). Políticas Públicas desde el Sector Privado. RedacciónPerú 21.
[2]. Catalá, P. (2005). Modos de Gobernación de las Sociedades Globales. Madrid, España.
[3]. Kooiman, J. (2005). Gobernar en Gobernanza. Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública, 57-82.
[4]. Leftwich, A. (2005). Politics In Command. Political Economy, 4.
[5]. LOES. (2010). Ley Orgánica de Educación Superior. Lexis. Ecuador

Citation
MónicaAlejandra Legarda Sevilla, Johnson Marcelo Folleco Chalá "El Enfoque De La Gobernanza En Las Instituciones De Educación Superior Público –Privada En El Ecuador The Governance Approach In Public-Private Higher Education Institutions In Ecuador" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0006. Ecuador
Page 47-56
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Zhang Yanjun

A study on the Design of the Language Resource Library System in the South China Sea
  • Abstract
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Construction of the language resource library is an important data resource and technology base for the deep study of the ecological environment of the South China Sea. The paper briefly introduces the design idea and the overall frame structure of the language resource library system, and step by step to introduce the specific functions of each module and implementation methods.
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[1]. Yuming Li. "One Belt And One Road" needs language assist. China Terminology. 2015,6:62.
[2]. Yi Shao. Rerearch on the Construction of Language Resource Library and Language Ecology in South China Sea Surrounding Countries. Scientific Research on Cultivation and Innovation Fund. 2015.
[3]. LIU Hua, GUO Xi. The Investigation of Language Situation and the Construction of Multimedia Resource Database of Overseas Huayu. Applied Linguistics. 2012, 4:125-133.
[4]. Xiao Zihui, Fan Junjun. Indicator System for Measuring and Assessing Language Ecology. Language Science. 2011, 10(3):270- 280.
[5]. Muhayati Niyamubieke, etc. Design of kazak language resource library system. Intelligent Computer and Applications. 2013, 3(1):60-61.Garcia-Alonso, M., Jacobs, E., Raybould, A., Nickson, T. E., Sowig, P., et al. 2006. A tiered system for assessing the risk of genetically modified plants to non-target organisms. Environ. Biosafety Res. 5, 57–65 DOI: 10.1051/ebr:2006018

Citation
Zhang Yanjun "A study on the Design of the Language Resource Library System in the South China Sea" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0007. China
Page 57-62
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Surya.R

A Cfd Investigation Of A Generic Bump And Its Application To A Diverter Less Supersonic Inlet
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This is Thesis done with the purpose to design and investigate how different geometries of a compression surface integrated with an intake affects the performance such as distortion, boundary layer diversion, pressure recovery and deceleration of speed.A successful design, such as that on the Lockheed Martins F- 35 Lightning II, shows that a Diverter less Supersonic Inlet (DSI) compared to a conventional intake can reduce the weight and weight is the primary driver to reduce cost and increase performance of a fighter aircraft.The work was divided in two parts. In the first part, CFD calculations using the FOI developed Edge 4.1 code were made for the compression surfaces alone. In the second part the most promising design was integrated with an intake. Two more bumps with the intake were model and the three geometries were compared to the intake without bumpSurface flow, deceleration of Mach number, pressure recovery, mass flow, boundary layer diversion, lift and drag were the factors chosen to be examined, boundary layer diversion and pressure recovery being the two most vital.............
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[1]. Seddon and Goldsmith, Intake Aerodynamics, Second edition. Virginia: AIAA Education Series, 1999. ISBN 0-632-04963-4.
[2]. http://www.foi.se/edge - march 2008
[3]. Baldwin, B.S., Lomax, H., Thin Layer Approximation and Algebraic Model for separated Turbulent Flows, AIAA-78-257, January, 1978.
[4]. Goldsmith E.L. and Seddon J., Practical Intake Aerodynamics Design. Washington: AIAA Education Series, 1993. ISBN: 1-56347- 064-0.
[5]. http://www.desktopaero.com/appliedaero/preface/welcome.html - november 2007

Citation
Surya.R "A Cfd Investigation Of A Generic Bump And Its Application To A Diverter Less Supersonic Inlet" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 8 (August 2018)
MID 1408.067X.0008. India
Page 63-109
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