Volume 14 - Issue 9

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IJERD : Volume 14 - Issue 9

Version - 1 (September - 2018)


Bhausaheb D Bhosle

Science of Time and the Theory of Everything
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
"Science Of Time And The Theory Of Everything" by author BhausahebBhosle does not fit into Big Bang theory.
Theory Of Everything, heart beats, speed of light, revolutions, recreation.

[1]. Ancient book Surya-Siddhanta, Rig Veda.
[2]. Articles with title science of time and the theory of everything by author BhausahebBhosle.
[3]. Book titled "science of time and the theory of everything"by author BhausahebBhosle.

Citation
Bhausaheb D Bhosle "Science of Time and the Theory of Everything" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0001. India
Page 01-02
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Dr.R.Sundari

Leisure Management Services- A Study to Analyse the Market Potential among the Middle Class Consumers in Chennai
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Pursuing happy and meaningful life is the expectation of every individual. Recreation and leisure has multiple meanings based on individual's experiences and perceptions. Recreation is viewed from individual's perspective. This paper is an attempt to understand the leisure time available, willingness to spend on the leisure activities, to identify the most preferred Leisure activity, to analyse the factors influencing leisure services and the expectations of respondents from the leisure service providers.The Paper aims at identifying the expectations of respondents and suggests that as a business opportunity.Reviews shows that the abundant leisure time is not spent properly in pursuit of happiness............
Leisure Management, Meeting Expectations, Service Providers, Basic Services, Factors Influencing Leisure Services, Hobby

[1]. Yoshitaka Iwasaki (2016): Contributions of leisure to ―meaning-making‖ and its implications for leisure studies and services, Annals of Leisure Research, DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2016.1178591
[2]. Baud-Bovy, M. 2002. Tourism and recreation handbook of planning and design. Oxford: Architectural Press
[3]. Torkildsen, G. 1999. Leisure and Recreation Management. London, New York: Routledge
[4]. Martin Seligman, Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment (New York: Free Press, 2002).
[5]. Jay B. Nash, Philosophy of Recreation and Leisure (Dubuque, Iowa: W.C. Brown Co., 1960).

Citation
Dr.R.Sundari "Leisure Management Services- A Study to Analyse the Market Potential among the Middle Class Consumers in Chennai" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0002. India
Page 03-13
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Prathebha P, Jane Helena H

Corrugated web steel girders-A state of the art review
  • Abstract
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Plate girders are widely used in bridges as well as industrial buildings. As we know, plate girders have maximum moment carrying capacity than any other hot rolled sections used. To carry these moments economically, normally webs with larger depth to thickness ratio are used resulting in slender sections which are susceptible to web buckling. Hence to avoid web buckling and to gain maximum strength, corrugations are provided in the web region. The corrugated steel plate can be used in many fields of applications because of its favorable properties. This new achievement has helped engineers to design more optimal structures. In this paper, a review of the research carried out on corrugated web steel girders both experimentally and analytically is presented.
Corrugated web, different loading, geometric parameters

[1]. Luo R and Edlnd B (1994) ―Buckling analysis of trapezoidally corrugated web panels using spline finite strip method‖, Thin walled structures, vol.18, pp. 209-224.
[2]. Luo R and Edlnd B (1996) ―Shear capacity of the plate girder with trapezoidally corrugated webs‖, Thin walled structures vol.26, pp. 19-44.
[3]. Luo R and Edlnd B (1996) ―Ultimate strength of girders with corrugated web under patch loading‖, Thin walled structures, vol.24, pp. 135-156.
[4]. Hassam Abbas, Wagdy G Wassef, Robert G. Driver and Mohamed Elgaaly (2003) "Corrugated Web Girder Shape and Strength Criteria", ATLSS Reports, Paper 245.
[5]. Ezzeldin Yazeed Sayed-Ahmed (2007) ―Design aspects of steel I-girders with corrugated steel webs‖, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.7.

Citation
Prathebha P, Jane Helena H "Corrugated web steel girders-A state of the art review" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0003. India
Page 14-19
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Hala N. Elia, M.Sc., Amin K. Akhnoukh, Ph.D.

Using Supplementary Cement Materials To Reduce CO2Emissions From Cement Manufacturing
  • Abstract
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The cement industry is a significant CO2 emitter, contributing approximately 5% of all global CO2 emissions. These emissions primarily result from the fuel combustion and calcination of raw materials. However, it is possible that using fly ash and silica fume—recycled byproducts from other industries—in the concrete mix will help the environment. In this study, effects of adding fly ash and silica fume on the compressive strength of concrete containing supplementary cement materials (SCM) were experimentally investigated. By using SCM, we will be able to obtain high-performance concrete (HPC) which lead to reduce the cross-section area of the concrete structure and that will reduce the amount of cement which means reduce the amount of CO2 emission from cement manufacturing to the atmosphere. By comparing traditional concrete mix with our new concrete mix containing SCM, we were able to see the difference between the amount of cement produced by each. We prepared and tested 12 mixes of concrete with different compressive strengths, which had varying effects on reducing cement amount and CO2 emission.
Supplementary Cementitious Materials, Fly Ash, Silica Fume, CO2Emission, Cement Manufacturing

[1]. Benhelal, E.; Zahedi, G.; Haslenda, H. ―A Novel Design for Green and Economical Cement Manufacturing‖; J.Clean. Prod., 22(1), PP. 60-66(2012).
[2]. Mikulcic, H.; Vujanovic, M.; Duic, N. ―Reducing the CO2 Emissions in Croatian Cement Industry‖; Appl. Energy 101,41-48.

[3]. Benhelal, E.;Rafiei, A.;Shamsaei, E. ―Green Cement Production: Potentials and Achievements‖. Int J Chem Eng Appl. 407-409. 10.7763/IJCEA.2012.V3.229(2012).
[4]. IEA (International Energy Agency) Statistics, ―CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Highlights‖. (2010) Online http://www.iea.org/CO2highlights
[5]. Ishak, S.A. and Hashim, H. ―Low carbon measures for cement plant–a review‖. J. Clean. Prod.,103,PP. 260-274 (2015).

Citation
Hala N. Elia, M.Sc., Amin K. Akhnoukh, Ph.D. "Using Supplementary Cement Materials To Reduce CO2Emissions From Cement Manufacturing" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0004. United States of America
Page 20-25
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Saba, A. M., Tsado, D.G., Adamu M.

Effects Of Some Selected Processing Conditions On The Yield And Quality Of Shea Butter Produced From Sun Dried Shea Kernels
  • Abstract
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The focus of this study was to investigate the effects of some selected processing conditions on the yield and quality of shea butter produced from sun dried shea kernels. Fresh shea fruit werecollected depulped, boiled, sun dried, cooked, ground, kneaded and oil collected. Thefresh shea nuts were subjected to boiling times of 0,15,30,45 and 60 minutes. The nuts were then sun dried. The drying stage was preceded by milling, kneading and curd boiling to obtain shea oil. Physicochemical properties of the shea oil such as density, yield, iodine value, free fatty acid, peroxide value, melting point, percentage impurities, refractive index, and moisture content, absorbance at 600 nm, saponification value and unsaponifiable fractions were determined. The results obtained for some of these parameters..........
Physicochemical properties, shea butter, sun drying, shea butterquality

[1]. AAK Global (2012) Lipex® Shea butter family.Technical bulletin AarhusKarlshamn Lipids care. AarhusKarlshamn. Retrieved from http://www.integrityingredientscorp.com/resources/Shea+Butter+family.pdf
[2]. Alander, J. (2004). Shea butter- a multifunctional ingredient for food and cosmetics. Lipid Technology. 16(9), 202-205
[3]. Esiegbuya, D. O., Osagie, J. I., & Okungbowa, F. I. (2014). Fungi Associated With the Post harvest Fungal Deterioration of Shea nuts and Kernels. Internatoinal Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 4(5), 373-379.
[4]. Hamilton, R., & Rosell, J. (1986). Analysis of Oil and Fats. Elsevier Applied Science New York, 1-5.
[5]. Harris, R. (1999). Market and Technical survey: Shea nuts. Fintrac Inc. Washington DC.

Citation
Saba, A. M., Tsado, D.G., Adamu M. "Effects Of Some Selected Processing Conditions On The Yield And Quality Of Shea Butter Produced From Sun Dried Shea Kernels" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0005. Nigeria
Page 26-33
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Tsado, G.T, Adamu, M, Alkali, A. A.

Estimation Of Technical Performance Of Bioenergy Production From Algae For Future Economic Analysis
  • Abstract
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Integrated systems of algae cultivation and biofuels production is one of the technological strategies adopted in the area of algae biofuels Research and Development (R&D) in order to overcome feasibility and techno-economic barriers linked with large scale production of algae biofuels. Therefore this study seeks to assess the integrated process system in order to evaluate or estimate its technical performance, which will provide a solid basis for future economic analysis. In doing this, a study of system integrating biomethane production and biodiesel production using a harvested alga biomass was conducted. Four different scenarios were modelled: methane production, biodiesel production, biodiesel and methane (using residue from biodiesel production), and combined methane and biodiesel production, with each case generating electricity. These scenarios were analyzed and evaluated with respect to products.........
Algae, Methane, Biodiesel, Anaerobic Digestion, integrated systems, waste paper

[1]. Andersson, V., Brogerg, S., and Hackl, R. (2011) Integrated Algea Cultivation for Biofuels Production in Industrial Clusters [online]. Program Energisystem. Available from:http://www.liu.se/energi/publikationer/tvarprojekt/1.465340/Arbetsnotat_47.pdf
[Assessed: 25/5/2013].
[2]. Angelidaki, I., Karakashev, D., Batstone, D.J., Plugge, M.C. and Stams, A.J.M. (2011) Biomethanation and its Potential. Methods in Enzymology, 494, 327-351.
[3]. Brune, D., Lundguist, T. and Benemann, J. (2009) Microalgae Biomass for Greenhouse GasReductions: Potential for Replacement of Fossil Fuels and Animal Feeds. Journal ofEnvironmental Engineering, 135(11), 1136 – 1144.
[4]. Chisti, Y. (2007) Biodiesel from Microalgae. Biotechnology Advances, 25(3), 294-306.
[5]. Clarens , A.F., Eleazer P. R., Mark A. W. and Lisa M. C.(2010) Environmental Life Cycle Comparison of Algae to Other Bioenergy Feedstocks. Environmental Science &Technology, 44(5), 1813-1819.

Citation
Tsado, G.T, Adamu, M, Alkali, A. A. "Estimation Of Technical Performance Of Bioenergy Production From Algae For Future Economic Analysis" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0006. UK
Page 34-42
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