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IJERD : Volume 14 - Issue 9

Version - 1 (September - 2018)


Bhausaheb D Bhosle

Science of Time and the Theory of Everything
  • Abstract
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"Science Of Time And The Theory Of Everything" by author BhausahebBhosle does not fit into Big Bang theory.
Theory Of Everything, heart beats, speed of light, revolutions, recreation.

[1]. Ancient book Surya-Siddhanta, Rig Veda.
[2]. Articles with title science of time and the theory of everything by author BhausahebBhosle.
[3]. Book titled "science of time and the theory of everything"by author BhausahebBhosle.

Citation
Bhausaheb D Bhosle "Science of Time and the Theory of Everything" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0001. India
Page 01-02
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Dr.R.Sundari

Leisure Management Services- A Study to Analyse the Market Potential among the Middle Class Consumers in Chennai
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Pursuing happy and meaningful life is the expectation of every individual. Recreation and leisure has multiple meanings based on individual's experiences and perceptions. Recreation is viewed from individual's perspective. This paper is an attempt to understand the leisure time available, willingness to spend on the leisure activities, to identify the most preferred Leisure activity, to analyse the factors influencing leisure services and the expectations of respondents from the leisure service providers.The Paper aims at identifying the expectations of respondents and suggests that as a business opportunity.Reviews shows that the abundant leisure time is not spent properly in pursuit of happiness............
Leisure Management, Meeting Expectations, Service Providers, Basic Services, Factors Influencing Leisure Services, Hobby

[1]. Yoshitaka Iwasaki (2016): Contributions of leisure to ―meaning-making‖ and its implications for leisure studies and services, Annals of Leisure Research, DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2016.1178591
[2]. Baud-Bovy, M. 2002. Tourism and recreation handbook of planning and design. Oxford: Architectural Press
[3]. Torkildsen, G. 1999. Leisure and Recreation Management. London, New York: Routledge
[4]. Martin Seligman, Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment (New York: Free Press, 2002).
[5]. Jay B. Nash, Philosophy of Recreation and Leisure (Dubuque, Iowa: W.C. Brown Co., 1960).

Citation
Dr.R.Sundari "Leisure Management Services- A Study to Analyse the Market Potential among the Middle Class Consumers in Chennai" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0002. India
Page 03-13
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Prathebha P, Jane Helena H

Corrugated web steel girders-A state of the art review
  • Abstract
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Plate girders are widely used in bridges as well as industrial buildings. As we know, plate girders have maximum moment carrying capacity than any other hot rolled sections used. To carry these moments economically, normally webs with larger depth to thickness ratio are used resulting in slender sections which are susceptible to web buckling. Hence to avoid web buckling and to gain maximum strength, corrugations are provided in the web region. The corrugated steel plate can be used in many fields of applications because of its favorable properties. This new achievement has helped engineers to design more optimal structures. In this paper, a review of the research carried out on corrugated web steel girders both experimentally and analytically is presented.
Corrugated web, different loading, geometric parameters

[1]. Luo R and Edlnd B (1994) ―Buckling analysis of trapezoidally corrugated web panels using spline finite strip method‖, Thin walled structures, vol.18, pp. 209-224.
[2]. Luo R and Edlnd B (1996) ―Shear capacity of the plate girder with trapezoidally corrugated webs‖, Thin walled structures vol.26, pp. 19-44.
[3]. Luo R and Edlnd B (1996) ―Ultimate strength of girders with corrugated web under patch loading‖, Thin walled structures, vol.24, pp. 135-156.
[4]. Hassam Abbas, Wagdy G Wassef, Robert G. Driver and Mohamed Elgaaly (2003) "Corrugated Web Girder Shape and Strength Criteria", ATLSS Reports, Paper 245.
[5]. Ezzeldin Yazeed Sayed-Ahmed (2007) ―Design aspects of steel I-girders with corrugated steel webs‖, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.7.

Citation
Prathebha P, Jane Helena H "Corrugated web steel girders-A state of the art review" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0003. India
Page 14-19
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Hala N. Elia, M.Sc., Amin K. Akhnoukh, Ph.D.

Using Supplementary Cement Materials To Reduce CO2Emissions From Cement Manufacturing
  • Abstract
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The cement industry is a significant CO2 emitter, contributing approximately 5% of all global CO2 emissions. These emissions primarily result from the fuel combustion and calcination of raw materials. However, it is possible that using fly ash and silica fume—recycled byproducts from other industries—in the concrete mix will help the environment. In this study, effects of adding fly ash and silica fume on the compressive strength of concrete containing supplementary cement materials (SCM) were experimentally investigated. By using SCM, we will be able to obtain high-performance concrete (HPC) which lead to reduce the cross-section area of the concrete structure and that will reduce the amount of cement which means reduce the amount of CO2 emission from cement manufacturing to the atmosphere. By comparing traditional concrete mix with our new concrete mix containing SCM, we were able to see the difference between the amount of cement produced by each. We prepared and tested 12 mixes of concrete with different compressive strengths, which had varying effects on reducing cement amount and CO2 emission.
Supplementary Cementitious Materials, Fly Ash, Silica Fume, CO2Emission, Cement Manufacturing

[1]. Benhelal, E.; Zahedi, G.; Haslenda, H. ―A Novel Design for Green and Economical Cement Manufacturing‖; J.Clean. Prod., 22(1), PP. 60-66(2012).
[2]. Mikulcic, H.; Vujanovic, M.; Duic, N. ―Reducing the CO2 Emissions in Croatian Cement Industry‖; Appl. Energy 101,41-48.

[3]. Benhelal, E.;Rafiei, A.;Shamsaei, E. ―Green Cement Production: Potentials and Achievements‖. Int J Chem Eng Appl. 407-409. 10.7763/IJCEA.2012.V3.229(2012).
[4]. IEA (International Energy Agency) Statistics, ―CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Highlights‖. (2010) Online http://www.iea.org/CO2highlights
[5]. Ishak, S.A. and Hashim, H. ―Low carbon measures for cement plant–a review‖. J. Clean. Prod.,103,PP. 260-274 (2015).

Citation
Hala N. Elia, M.Sc., Amin K. Akhnoukh, Ph.D. "Using Supplementary Cement Materials To Reduce CO2Emissions From Cement Manufacturing" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0004. United States of America
Page 20-25
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Saba, A. M., Tsado, D.G., Adamu M.

Effects Of Some Selected Processing Conditions On The Yield And Quality Of Shea Butter Produced From Sun Dried Shea Kernels
  • Abstract
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The focus of this study was to investigate the effects of some selected processing conditions on the yield and quality of shea butter produced from sun dried shea kernels. Fresh shea fruit werecollected depulped, boiled, sun dried, cooked, ground, kneaded and oil collected. Thefresh shea nuts were subjected to boiling times of 0,15,30,45 and 60 minutes. The nuts were then sun dried. The drying stage was preceded by milling, kneading and curd boiling to obtain shea oil. Physicochemical properties of the shea oil such as density, yield, iodine value, free fatty acid, peroxide value, melting point, percentage impurities, refractive index, and moisture content, absorbance at 600 nm, saponification value and unsaponifiable fractions were determined. The results obtained for some of these parameters..........
Physicochemical properties, shea butter, sun drying, shea butterquality

[1]. AAK Global (2012) Lipex® Shea butter family.Technical bulletin AarhusKarlshamn Lipids care. AarhusKarlshamn. Retrieved from http://www.integrityingredientscorp.com/resources/Shea+Butter+family.pdf
[2]. Alander, J. (2004). Shea butter- a multifunctional ingredient for food and cosmetics. Lipid Technology. 16(9), 202-205
[3]. Esiegbuya, D. O., Osagie, J. I., & Okungbowa, F. I. (2014). Fungi Associated With the Post harvest Fungal Deterioration of Shea nuts and Kernels. Internatoinal Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 4(5), 373-379.
[4]. Hamilton, R., & Rosell, J. (1986). Analysis of Oil and Fats. Elsevier Applied Science New York, 1-5.
[5]. Harris, R. (1999). Market and Technical survey: Shea nuts. Fintrac Inc. Washington DC.

Citation
Saba, A. M., Tsado, D.G., Adamu M. "Effects Of Some Selected Processing Conditions On The Yield And Quality Of Shea Butter Produced From Sun Dried Shea Kernels" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0005. Nigeria
Page 26-33
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Tsado, G.T, Adamu, M, Alkali, A. A.

Estimation Of Technical Performance Of Bioenergy Production From Algae For Future Economic Analysis
  • Abstract
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Integrated systems of algae cultivation and biofuels production is one of the technological strategies adopted in the area of algae biofuels Research and Development (R&D) in order to overcome feasibility and techno-economic barriers linked with large scale production of algae biofuels. Therefore this study seeks to assess the integrated process system in order to evaluate or estimate its technical performance, which will provide a solid basis for future economic analysis. In doing this, a study of system integrating biomethane production and biodiesel production using a harvested alga biomass was conducted. Four different scenarios were modelled: methane production, biodiesel production, biodiesel and methane (using residue from biodiesel production), and combined methane and biodiesel production, with each case generating electricity. These scenarios were analyzed and evaluated with respect to products.........
Algae, Methane, Biodiesel, Anaerobic Digestion, integrated systems, waste paper

[1]. Andersson, V., Brogerg, S., and Hackl, R. (2011) Integrated Algea Cultivation for Biofuels Production in Industrial Clusters [online]. Program Energisystem. Available from:http://www.liu.se/energi/publikationer/tvarprojekt/1.465340/Arbetsnotat_47.pdf
[Assessed: 25/5/2013].
[2]. Angelidaki, I., Karakashev, D., Batstone, D.J., Plugge, M.C. and Stams, A.J.M. (2011) Biomethanation and its Potential. Methods in Enzymology, 494, 327-351.
[3]. Brune, D., Lundguist, T. and Benemann, J. (2009) Microalgae Biomass for Greenhouse GasReductions: Potential for Replacement of Fossil Fuels and Animal Feeds. Journal ofEnvironmental Engineering, 135(11), 1136 – 1144.
[4]. Chisti, Y. (2007) Biodiesel from Microalgae. Biotechnology Advances, 25(3), 294-306.
[5]. Clarens , A.F., Eleazer P. R., Mark A. W. and Lisa M. C.(2010) Environmental Life Cycle Comparison of Algae to Other Bioenergy Feedstocks. Environmental Science &Technology, 44(5), 1813-1819.

Citation
Tsado, G.T, Adamu, M, Alkali, A. A. "Estimation Of Technical Performance Of Bioenergy Production From Algae For Future Economic Analysis" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0006. UK
Page 34-42
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K. M. Álvarez, J. J. Alvarado, B. S. Soto, M. A. Hernandez

Structural and optical properties of TiO2 and TiO2-Zeolites composites films
  • Abstract
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Thin films of TiO2 and TiO2-Zeolite were deposited with different concentrations on glass substrates using the spin-coating technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis, Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) characterizations were used in order to determine the influence of this variation on the structural, optical and morphological properties of the films. As a result, it was found that the films are polycrystals, an exhibit high transmittance in the visible and near infrared regions. Furthermore, the narrow optical bands are in the range of 4.03 eV-4.46eV, and the morphology of the samples shows conglomerates with sizes less than 10 μm.
Titanium oxide, Zeolite, Optical properties, Sol-gel and Thin Film.

[1]. T. K. Tseng, Y. S. Lin, Y. J. Chen and H. Chu., A Reviem of Photocatalysts Prepares by Sol-Gel Method for VOCs Removal. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11 (2010), p.p. 2336-2361. doi:10.3390/ijms11062336
[2]. G. Zhang, A. Song, Y. Duan and S. Zheng., Enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO2_zeolite composite for abatement of pollutants. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 255 (2018), p.p. 61-68.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.07.028
[3]. S. M. Hosseini, S. H. Amini, A. R. Khodabakhshi, E. Bagheripour and B. Van der Bruggen., Activated carbon nanoparticles entrapped mixed matrix polyethersulfone based nanofiltration membrane for sulfate and copper removal from water. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 82 (2018), p.p. 169-178.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2017.11.017
[4]. A. Zielinska, M. Klein and J. Hupka., Enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity of Pt/I-TiO2 in a slurry system and supported on glass packing. Separation and Purification Technology.189 (2017) p.p. 246-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2017.08.018.
[5]. K. Deepak Kumar, G. Praveen Kumar and K. Srinivasulu Reddy., Rapid Microwave Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxidesupported TiO2 Nanostructures as High Performance Photocatalyst. Materials Today Proceedings. 2 (2015) p.p. 3736- 3742.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2015.07.204.

Citation
K. M. Álvarez, J. J. Alvarado, B. S. Soto, M. A. Hernandez "Structural and optical properties of TiO2 and TiO2-Zeolites composites films" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0007. Nigeria
Page 43-49
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Oria-Usifo, E. E., Mohammed, A.O., Aho, M. I., Iyeke S. D.

Quality Assessment of Rainwater Harvested From Corrugated Zinc Roofs Stored In Ferro-Cement Reservoirs
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Rain water harvesting is an important source of water supply for places that experience low rainfall. This study focuses on the quality of rain water harvested from corrugated zinc roof and stored in ferrocement reservoirs fromresidential locations in Ovia North-East Local Government of Edo State. Standard laboratory procedures were used to determine the microbiological and physicochemical parameters of the rain water collected from ferro-cement reservoirs. These parameters were compared with the recommended limits prescribed by the Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) and World Health Organization (WHO). All the physicochemical parameters were within the permissible water quality standards recommended by (NSDWQ) and (WHO) except pH which were slightly alkaline. The microbiological parameters such as Ecoli and total coliform were above the prescribed limits of NSDWQ and WHO. This implies that the rain water should be treated to make it safe for drinking.
Ovia North-East, Nigeria, Water Quality, Physicochemical, Microbiological

[1]. Achadu, O.J., Ako, F.E. and Dalla, C.L., (2013). Quality assessment of stored harvested rainwater in Wukari, North-Eastern Nigeria: Impact of storage media. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology,vol. 7, Issue 5, pp. 25-32.
[2]. Adeboye, O.B. and Alatise, M. O., (2008). Surface water potential of River Osun at Apoje Sub-Basin, Nigeria. Soil Water Res 3(2):74–79.
[3]. Ahmed, W., Gardner, T., and Toze, S., (2011). Microbiological quality of roof-harvested rainwater and health risks: a review. Journal of Environmental Quality, 40(1), 13–21.
[4]. Ahmed, W., Huygens, F., Goonetilleke, A., and Gardner, T. (2008). Real-time PCR detection of pathogenic microorganisms in roof-harvested rainwater in Southeast Queensland, Australia. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(17), 5490–5496.
[5]. Ahmed, W., Staley, C., Hamilton, K. A., Beale, D. J., Sadowsky,M. J., Toze, S., and Haas, C. N. (2017). Amplicon-basedtaxonomic characterization of bacteria in urban and periurbanroof-harvested rainwater stored in tanks. Science ofthe Total Environment, 576, 326–334.

Citation
Oria-Usifo, E. E., Mohammed, A.O., Aho, M. I., Iyeke S. D. "Quality Assessment of Rainwater Harvested From Corrugated Zinc Roofs Stored In Ferro-Cement Reservoirs" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0008. Nigeria
Page 50-56
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Guy F. Mongelli

An Overview and Exploration of Mathematical Approaches in Carbon Nanotubes and their Derivatives
  • Abstract
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Carbon nanotubes1, nano-ribbons2, graphene3,fullerenes4,polyacetalenes and their derivatives have obtained much attention recently due to their unique chemical, mechanical, thermal, optical, electronic and magnetic properties5. These carbon materials are lightweight and can support a large strain for their crosssection. Additionally, their ability to conduct electricity increases their potential and usefulness.Their ability to conduct electricity emerges from the π-π conjugation effect and alternating single and double bonds affecting the structure of the HOMO-LUMO levels.
-------------

[1]. "One Dimensional Nanostructures: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications" Adv. Mater. 15, 5, 353-389.
[2]. "Chemically derived, ultrasmooth grapheme nanoribbon semiconductors" Science, 319, 5867, 1229-1232.
[3]. 3.Novoselov, K.S. "Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films" Science, 316, 5696, 666-669
[4]. 4.Iijima, S. "Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon"Nature, 354, 6348, 56-58.
[5]. 5. Dai, L. (ed.) "Carbon Nanotechnology", Elsavier: New York, 2006.

Citation
Guy F. Mongelli "An Overview and Exploration of Mathematical Approaches in Carbon Nanotubes and their Derivatives" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0009. USA
Page 57-62
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Aliyu Rufai Yauri, S B. A Mohammed

Nigerian Geography Ontology for Semantic Web Applications
  • Abstract
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Semantic Web was introduced to overcome the challenges of the current Search engines where retrieval process is based on traditional keyword search. Retrieval based on traditional keyword search lacks semantics and as a result a lot of irrelevant results are returned. In Semantic Web, retrieval process is based on semantic which returned a more precise and relevant results. The main building block of Semantic Web is ontology. Therefore ontology is needed to build Semantic Web retrieval application. There are various ontologies developed on different domains in recent years. However in Ontology development process, each domain has its own peculiar challenges. In this paper,Nigerian Geography Ontology was developed. The developed ontology is used to build a Nigerian Geography knowledge-base which can be used for the developmentvarious Semantic Web applications related to Nigerian Geography.
Ontology, Semantic Web, Geography, Nigeria, Retrieval

[1]. Ahmed, Z., & Gerhard, D. (2007). Web to Semantic Web & Role of Ontology. In the proceedings of National Conference on Information and Communication Technologies, (NCICT-2007), Pakistan, 9th May 2007.
[2]. Andrew Perez-Lopez, Ryan Blace, Matthew Fisher, John Hebeler. "Semantic Web Programming" Wiley Publishing, Inc. 2009 (Olawande Daramola, Mathew Adigunb, Charles Ayo,2009)
[3]. Balakrishna, M., & Srikanth, M. (2008). Automatic Ontology Creation from Text for National Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF).In Proceeding of 3rd International conference for Ontology for the Intelligent Community (OIC), Fairfax, VA, USA, Dec 3-4.
[4]. Balakrishna, M., Moldovan, D., Tatu, M., & Olteanu, M. (2013). Semi-Automatic Domain Ontology Creation from Text Resources. Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, 3187–3194.
[5]. Hu, Y. (2004). The Semantic Web : Current Status and Future Directions. [Power Point slides]. Retrieved from http://www.cs.nccu.edu.tw/~jong/pub/mis0601talk.pdf

Citation
Aliyu Rufai Yauri, S B. A Mohammed "Nigerian Geography Ontology for Semantic Web Applications" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0010. Nigeria
Page 63-67
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Version - 2 (September - 2018)


Ahmed Awad, Ahmed Deifalla, Hosam Seleem, Amr Abdelrahman

Experimental Study For The Behavior Of Flanged Lightweight Concrete Beams Under Combined Stresses
  • Abstract
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This paper presents an experimental investigation for the behavior of flanged reinforced lightweight concrete (LWC) under combined stresses. LWC was obtained through the use of polystyrene foam as a partial aggregate's replacement to reduce the concrete dry unit weight from 23.0 kN/m3 to 18.1 kN/m3. The experimental work was consisted from two phases; The first phase quantified the mechanical properties of lightweight concrete; namely the compressive and tensile strengths as well as the tension stiffening capability of the concrete mix and The second phase was concerned with testing specimens of LWC beams (L and T-shaped) under combined stresses for determination of the ultimate resistance, mode of failure, ultimate angle of twist, and load-deflection curve for all tested beams..............
Light-weight concrete; Beams; Combined Stresses; T and L-beams; (a/d) ratio; Load Eccentricity.

[1]. ACI Committee 213, "Guide for Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete", American Concrete Institute, 1987
[2]. Aurelio Muttoni, Miguel Fernández Ruiz. Shear Strength of Members without Transverse Reinforcement as Function of Critical Shear Crack Width , ACI STRUCT J Title no. 105-S17 ,2008,163-172
[3]. ] C. H. Huang, L. H. Chen, Y. C. Kan, C. H. Wu , T. Yen. Shear behavior of full size reinforced lightweight concrete beam. Dahan Institute of Technology, Hualien, Taiwan. 2011.
[4]. Danile F. Jensen. Reliability Analysis for Shear in Lightweight Reinforced Concrete Bridges Using Shear Beam Database, Utah State University, 2014
[5]. Hussein O. Okail"flexural behavior of reinforced self-compacting lightweight concrete beams ", Faculty of engineering, ain shams university, 2008.

Citation
Ahmed Awad, Ahmed Deifalla, Hosam Seleem, Amr Abdelrahman "Experimental Study For The Behavior Of Flanged Lightweight Concrete Beams Under Combined Stresses" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0001. EGYPT
Page 01-13
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Mostafa Ahmed Alksher, Entesar M.eljali

Web-Based Youth Forum Application(WBYFA)
  • Abstract
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Web-based forum is an application through the internet to facilitate the process of discussions and exchange of ideas. It is also referred to as online forums, message boards, discussion groups, and discussion forums. Youth can play a role in shaping their societies of immense diversity through the means of communication and participation, and sharing ideas. Therefore, this study leads to develop a web-based forum application to help young people express themselves and their needs, and desires. The requirements of the webbased application were identified from the students in UUM who are in the similar age group, design the application, and a prototype to implement the design.
...............

[1]. Ahmed, N. (2005). Youth & ICT as Agents for Change. [Issued Paper].
[2]. Bage, L. 2004. Rural development: key to reaching the Millennium Development Goals. Retrieved April 2nd, 2008 from http://www.ifad.org/events/op/2004/mdg.htm
[3]. Bodzin, A. M. & Park, J. C. (2000). A Study of Preservice Science Teachers' Interactions with a Web-Based Forum.

[4]. Dennis & Wixon, (2003). Evaluating usability methods: why the current literature fails the practitioner. In Interactions, 10 (4) ACM. pp. 28-34
[5]. DOS (1999). (Department of Statistics ). General Report of the Population Census Volume 1 & 2. Kuala Lumpur.
[6]. Kelvin, C. K.W. & Fion, S. L. L. & Cynthia, F. K. L. & William, K.W. C. & Anders, I. M. & Jiming, L. (2007). "A Pilot Study on the Impact of the Web-based Essay Critiquing System on Writing at the Tertiary Level". Proceedings of the 2007 International Joint Conference on e-Commerce, e-Administration, e-Society, and e-Education, Hong Kong, 2007

Citation
Mostafa Ahmed Alksher, Entesar M.eljali "Web-Based Youth Forum Application(WBYFA)" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0002. Zliten
Page 14-22
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nasr Z. Hassan, noran H. Gaber

Study Of The Effect Of Reinforcement Ratio And Height To Width Ratio On Behaviour Of High Strength R.C. Shear Walls
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The high-strength concrete shear wall is widely used because shear wall increased the lateral strength of a structure and have a great effect on stiffness. The using of Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) in the strengthening is one of the effective method for shear wall strengthening. In this paper Finite Element Method is used to simulate the reinforced concrete Shear wall using 3-D elements. Confined and unconfined shear wall are investigated in the analysis by using ANSYS 12...........
Shear wall, FRP, High strength, Crack Pattern and Finite element.

[1]. Ahmed Abdel Gaber Abdel Mawgood," Effect of Steel and Height -to-Width Ratio On the Behavior of High - Strength R.C. Shear Walls" "M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University, Egypt ,2005.
[2]. S. Qazi, L. Michel & E. Ferrier "Mechanical behaviour of slender RC walls under seismic loading strengthened with externally bonded CFRP", European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, 17:6, 2013, pp.496-506.
[3]. David T. Lau, Carlos A. Cruz-N "Developments on Seismic Retrofit of RC Shear Walls with FRP", 5th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Structural Engineering, Taipei, Taiwan, November 8-9, 2013.
[4]. H. El-Sokkary1 and K. Galal2 "seismic Behavior of FRP-Strengthened RC Shear Walls" Journal of Composites for Construction, Submitted July 15, 2012; accepted January 16, 2013; posted ahead of print January 18, 2013.
[5]. S. Qazi, L. Michel & E. Ferrier "Impact of CFRP partial bonding on the behavior of short reinforced concrete wall under monotonic lateral loading", Composite Structures 128 ,2015, pp. 251–259.

Citation
nasr Z. Hassan, noran H. Gaber "Study Of The Effect Of Reinforcement Ratio And Height To Width Ratio On Behaviour Of High Strength R.C. Shear Walls" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 14, Issue 9 (September 2018)
MID 1409.067X.0003. Egypt
Page 23-34
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