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IJERD : Volume 15 - Issue 1

(January - 2019)


Prof. Rekha Vyas, Dr. Deepa Swamy

Ergonomic Assessment of Physical Health Status of Workers Involved in Construction
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
The construction industry in India is an integral part of the nation and can be identified as one of the rapidly growing sector which gives employment to maximum of the workers after agriculture. Construction workers are the backbone of the Indian economy as they create the infrastructure necessary for industrial growth. Construction work provides employment and growth of other parallel industries such as cement, paint, wood, electrical work, hardware etc. It is basically a labour intensive industry which provides livelihood to many people in India. Increasing number of population living in urban areas and towns have taken up construction work as a means of immediate employment beside rural population as it assures for at least day to day sustenance of their family life.
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[1]. Abbas, R. B., Marwa, M. Z., Ghareeb, N. S. E. (2012). A Cross-Sectional Study of Construction Building Workers in Mit-Ghamr City, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, Vol.3 (4), pp 11-13.
[2]. Adsul, B.B., and Laad, P.S., (2011). Health Problems among Migrant Construction Workers. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environment Medicine, Vol.15, pp 29-32.
[3]. Albers, J., Estill, C., and L. MacDonald, (2005). Identification of Ergonomic Interventions used to Reduce Musculoskeletal Loading for Building Installation Tasks: Ergonomics in Building Construction. Applied Ergonomics, 36 (4), pp 427–439.
[4]. Bhattacharaya, R. and Biswas, G. (2011). Assessment of Working Postures and Associated Health Status of Construction Workers. Science and Culture. 77 (1-2), pp 52-57.
[5]. Bridger, R.A. (2008). Introduction to Ergonomics. McGraw Hill Inc., New York.

Citation
Prof. Rekha Vyas, Dr. Deepa Swamy "Ergonomic Assessment of Physical Health Status of Workers Involved in Construction" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0001. India
Page 01-08
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Lizhi Wang, Zhirong Jia, Luxin Fu

Evaluation of strength and road performance of drainage stabilized macadam base prepared from polyurethane glue and cement stabilized macadam milling
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
In order to provide practical reference for the practical application of Permeable polyurethane stabilized recycled gravel aggregate (PPSRA), which is made of polyurethane glue and cement stabilized gravel milled material, its strength and road use. The effects of performance were studied. Firstly, the unconfined compressive test and the flexural test were used to analyze the effect of porosity, glue dosage and glue component ratio on its strength. Then, the water stability and water permeability of PPSRA were tested by water immersion Marshall test and permeability test. The road is evaluated by performance. The results show that the strength increases with the increase of the amount of glue; when the distribution ratio of A and B is 1:2.5, the strength of PPSRA peaks, and the strength of PPSRA increases with the increase of porosity. The compressive modulus of PPSRA is 800-1300 MPa, the residual stability is 85%-90%, and the permeability coefficient is 0.8-1.0 cm˙s-1.
Drainage polyurethane stabilized recycled gravel material; cement stabilized macadam milling material; glue dosage; strength; road performance

[1]. Jiqing Zhu,Shaopeng Wu,Jinjun Zhong,Dongming Wang. Investigation of asphalt mixture containing demolition waste obtained from earthquake-damaged buildings[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2012,29.
[2]. A.R. Pasandín,I. Pérez. Overview of bituminous mixtures made with recycled concrete aggregates[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2015,74.
[3]. Li Lihui, Dong Xibin. Mixing ratio design of drainage asphalt stabilized macadam base[J]. Journal of China & Foreign Highway, 2008,28(2): 47-49.
[4]. Laboratory Evaluation of Foamed Asphalt Stabilized Base Materials, Geotechnical Special Publication, n 225 GSP, p 1592-1601, 2012
[5]. Fresh, Mechanical, and Durability Characteristics of Self-Consolidating Concrete Incorporating Recycled Asphalt Pavements, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, v 26, n 4, p 668-675, 2014

Citation
Lizhi Wang, Zhirong Jia, Luxin Fu "Evaluation of strength and road performance of drainage stabilized macadam base prepared from polyurethane glue and cement stabilized macadam milling" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0002. China
Page 09-15
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SalaheddinAltaib, M.Fatih Kiliçaslan

Morphology and Static Micro-indentation of melt-spun Al-Si-Fe- X (X= Nb, B) alloys by the addition of Ni
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The effect of 6 wt.% Ni addition on the morphology and static micro-hardness of Al-20Si-9Fe- 1.2Nb and Al-20Si-9Fe-1.2B (at wt. %) alloy ribbons was investigated in the present study. Alloys with mentioned nominal compositions were prepared by conventional casting and further processed melt-spinning technique. The resulting ribbons of studied alloys were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) together linked with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) in order to analyse the morphology and chemical composition of samples, while the hardness was synthesized utilizing Vickers microhardness test device. Results exhibited that with Ni addition Si solubility in α-Al matrix was increased in both studied meltspun Al-alloys. Furthermore , the mechanical properties of both investigated melt-spun alloys has been improved by 6 wt. % Ni addition.
Rapid solidification, Al-Si alloy, morphology, microhardness.

[1]. The coarsening of the precipitates in melt-spun Al–Ti–Zr ribbons. Chun-HueiTsau, Yen-Cheng hen. Materials Chemistry and Physics 73 (2002) 111–117.
[2]. Fabrication and characteristics of melt-spun Al ribbons reinforced with nano/micro-BN phases Maho Yamaguchi, Jens Bernhardt, Konstantin Faerstein, Dmitry Shtansky, Yoshio Bando, Igor S. Golovin, Hans-Rainer Sinning, DmitriGolberg. 1359-6454/36.00 ( 2013) ActaMaterialia Inc.
[3]. Importance of chamber gas pressure on processing of Al-based metallic glasses during melt spinning. H.W. Yangab, R.C. Wangb, X.G. Yuanb, R.D. Lib, J.Q. Wangc and M.J. Tan. Vol. 91, No. 10, October 2011, 656–663.
[4]. Melt-spinning technique for preparation of metallic glasses. R C BUDHANI, T C GOEL and K L CHOPRA. Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 4, No. 5, Deaember 1982, pp. 549-561.
[5]. Preparation and Structural Characterization of Rapidly Solidified AleCu Alloys. IulianaLichioiu, Ildiko Peter, BelaVarga, Mario Rosso. J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 2014, 30(4), 394e400.

Citation
SalaheddinAltaib, M.Fatih Kiliçaslan "Morphology and Static Micro-indentation of melt-spun Al-Si-Fe- X (X= Nb, B) alloys by the addition of Ni" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0003. Turkey
Page 16-21
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Hee Il Hahn

Visualization of Large Dataset Using Approximate Commute Time Embedding
  • Abstract
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This paper presents visualization of the data set lying in a higher dimensional space using commute time embedding. However, commute time embedding involves computing spectral decomposition of the graph Laplacian matrix, which requires computational burden proportional to O(n³), which might not be suitable for large scale dataset. Recently, many methods have been proposed to reduce the computational burden. These methods, which usually involves sampling the affinity matrix of the graph, might be suffered from the distortion induced by computing spectral decomposition of the normalized graph Laplacian from the sampled affinity matrix. This paper proposes how to reduce the distortion by preserving the properties the normalized graph Laplacian matrix should be symmetric and positive semidefinite even after its approximation by sampling process. The performance of the proposed algorithm is analyzed by checking the embedding results on a patch graph in both geometric and topological ways.
Approximate commute time embedding,Normalized graph Laplacian,Persistent homology.

[1]. D. Achlioptas and P. Niyogi, "Database-friendly random projections: Johnson-Lindenstrauss with binary coins," Journal of Computer and System Sciences 66, pp. 671-687, 2003.
[2]. M. Belkin and P. Niyogi, "Laplacian eigenmaps for dimensionality reduction and data representation," Neural Computation15(6), pp.1373-1396, 2003.
[3]. M. Brito, E. Chavez, A. Quiroz, and J. Yukich, "Connectivity of the mutual k-nearest-neighbor graph in clustering and outlier detection," Statistics and Probability Letter, 1997.
[4]. G. Carlson, "Topology and data," Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 46, no. 2, pp.255-308, 2009.
[5]. F. Chung, Spectral graph theory, American Mathematical Society, 1997

Citation
Hee Il Hahn "Visualization of Large Dataset Using Approximate Commute Time Embedding" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0004. Korea
Page 22-30
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Getu Tamiru Tessema, Palani Ponnurangam

Investigation the Effect of Aggregates on Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Performance - A Case Study
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Aggregate types and gradation are one of the characteristics of aggregates that affected the properties of HMA performance. Therefore, the main objective of this research is to investigate the effects of aggregates types on hot mix asphalt performance. In order to get the desired objective, a systematic methodology was adopted which includes field investigation, and laboratory tests was carried. While the purposive techniques was used to collect aggregate samples. The laboratory test results of aggregate types were fulfilled and achieve the requirement of Ethiopia Road Authority (ERA). The laboratory test result of basalt, rhyolite and limestone aggregate HMA mix design volumetric properties, stability and flow value are affected by aggregate gradation. The same gradation of laboratory test result of HMA mix design volumetric properties, stability and flow values are impressively affected by aggregate types............
HMA concrete properties, Gradation of aggregate, Marshall Mix, Rut depth and, Dynamic stability.

[1]. AACRA, 2003. Addis Ababa City Road Authority Pavement Design Manual. Pavement materials. Section 5. Page 5.
[2]. AASHTO, 2003. Standard Specifications for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling and Testing. Part I and II. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.
[3]. ASTM, 2003. ASTM D3381 standard Specification for viscosity graded bitumen for use in pavement construction, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania.
[4]. ASTM, 2003. ASTM D6373 Standard Specification for Performance Graded Asphalt Binder, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania.
[5]. Bissada A. F., 1984. Resistance to compaction of asphalt paving mixtures and its relationship to stiffness. ASTM STP 829. USA.

Citation
Getu Tamiru Tessema, Palani Ponnurangam "Investigation the Effect of Aggregates on Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Performance - A Case Study" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0005. Ethiopia
Page 31-40
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Ahmed M. Abdallah, Ahmed E. Abu Elmaaty, Mohamed G. Alzoghby

Assessment of Surface Friction Characteristics for Egyptian Highways
  • Abstract
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Frictional properties of road surface play a major role in road safety; as the friction between tire and pavement is considered an essential contributing factor in reducing potential crashes. Due to the increase in the percentage of traffic accident rates in Egypt; the assessment of friction values of the surface layer became one of the main problems which needed to be studied. This paper presents the evaluation of pavement friction values for major types of Egyptian roads; desert, agriculture, and urban roads. In this study, tested roads have been evaluated by a portable skid resistance mechanism using a British Pendulum (B.P.) tester according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM E303-93)............
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[1]. Mohamed N., "Development Predictive Models for Accident Characteristics and ITS Effects on National Economy in Egypt" M.Sc. Thesis, Al-Azhar University, 2016
[2]. World Health Organization (WHO), "Road Traffic Injuries, Fact Sheet N°358", March 2013.
[3]. Greibe P., "Braking Distance, Friction and Behavior", Trafitec Denmark, July 2007.
[4]. Erik T.; "The Determination of the Relationship between Friction and Traffic Accidents"; University of Hassel, 2012.
[5]. Lu Q. and Steven B., "Friction Testing of Pavement Preservation Treatments: Literature Review", Technical Memorandum: UCPRC-TM-2006-10, 2006.

Citation
Ahmed M. Abdallah, Ahmed E. Abu Elmaaty, Mohamed G. Alzoghby "Assessment of Surface Friction Characteristics for Egyptian Highways" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0006. Egypt
Page 41-54
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C. R. Mallick, S. K. Parhi

Combinatorial Optimization and Multistage Decision making Problem Model and solution for Port to Port Transportation schedule
  • Abstract
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In applied mathematics literature "Combinatorial Optimization" is a topic consists of finding an optimal object from a finite set of objects. VRP meaning vehicle routing problem combined with TSP or travelling salesman problem and MSP minimum spanning tree problems are some of the examples of Combinatorial Optimization topics. This topic further complicates while route and junctions are assigned with certain constraints. The paper also contain an example concerning Petroleum refinery port to port transaction schedule based on the multistage decision making process. The refinery operations Resource solutions are allocating with the proper vessel fleet shuttles from crude petroleum exploring and uploading port to refinery locality port within definite routes periodically, in time inventory schedules...........
Combinatorial Optimization, Vehicle Routing Problem, Multi stage decision making.

[1]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combinatorial_optimization
[2]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vehicle_routing_problem
[3]. Taha H. A., Operations ResearchAn Introduction, Pearson. Eighth edition. 2007.
[4]. Chander Mohan and Kusum Deep, Optimization Techniques, New age publisher, 2017.

Citation
C. R. Mallick, S. K. Parhi "Combinatorial Optimization and Multistage Decision making Problem Model and solution for Port to Port Transportation schedule" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0007. India
Page 55-58
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Nauman Mohammed, Islam Nazrul

Seismic Response of Existing Reinforced Cement Concrete Structure after Addition of Cross Bracings
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Structures in high seismic risk areas may be susceptible to severe damage in a major earthquake. For the variety of structures and possible deficiencies that arise, several retrofitting techniques can be considered. Bracing system is one of the retrofitting techniques and it provides an excellent approach for strengthening and stiffening existing building for lateral forces. Also, another potential advantage of this system is the comparatively small increase in mass associated with the retrofitting scheme since this is a great problem for several retrofitting techniques. Our ability to build seismically safe structures with adequate seismic resistance has increased significantly in the past few decades. Manyreinforced concrete frame structures built in seismically active areas are expected to perform inadequately in a seismic event............
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[1]. Nauman Mohammed, Islam Nazrul, Behavior of Multistory RCC Structure with Different Type of Bracing System (A software
[2]. Approach) International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol 12, issue 12, December 2013.
[3]. Sachin Dhiman, Mohammed Nauman, Nazrul Islam, Behavior of Multistory Steel Structure with Different Types of Bracing Systems (A Software Approach),International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science ( IRJES) ,Vol 4, Issue 1, January 2015.
[4]. Nauman Mohammed, Islam Nazrul, Behaviour of RCC Multistorey Structure With and Without Infill Walls) International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol 3, issue 1, January 2014.
[5]. IS 1893(part 1) – 2016, "Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Part 1-General Provisions and Buildings", sixth Revision, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.

Citation
Nauman Mohammed, Islam Nazrul "Seismic Response of Existing Reinforced Cement Concrete Structure after Addition of Cross Bracings" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0008. India
Page 59-66
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Fozao K.F, Gabsia B.C, Alferov F, Yossa M.T

Mount Cameroon oil seeps and their rheological properties
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The geology of the Gulf of Guinea, at the southeastern foot of Mount Cameroon presents a transition from a sedimentary terrain to a volcanic terrain marked by the presence of anactive Cameroon Mountain. The presence of seeps at the foot of this Mountain could serves as an indication for more onshore exploration in the area. Samples from these seeps were collected for rheological studies at temperatures ranging from 20.4oC to 60.1oC using a Brookfield DV-II Pro viscometer. Such studies were necessary to investigate the change in rheological properties of seeps after long exposure to the surface. The measurements provided for the percentage torque at given speeds, shear stress and the apparent viscosity data at various shear rates and at different temperatures.............
Seeps, heavy crude oil, rheological behavior, viscosity reduction, models

[1]. Al Roomi Y, George R, Elgibaly A, Elkamel A. (2004). Use of a novel surfactant for improving the transportability/transportation of heavy/viscous crude oils. J Pet Sci Eng;42:235–43.
[2]. Bacon C. A., Calver C. R., Boreham C. J., Leaman D. E., Morrison K. C., Revill A. T. &Volkman J. K. (2000). The Petroleum Potential of Onshore Tasmania: A Review. Department Of Infrastructure, Energy and Resources, Mineral Resources Tasmania, Geological Survey Bulletin 71, 93p
[3]. Bence, A. E., K. A. Kvenvolden, and M. C. Kennicutt (1996). Organic Geochemistry Applied to Environmental Assessments of Prince William Sound, Alaska, after the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill- a review: Organic Geochemistry, vol. 24, p. 7-42.
[4]. Bingham E. C. (1922). Fluidity and Plasticity, First Edition, Mcgraw-HILLBook Company, Inc. New York, 466pp
[5]. Chuikina D. I., Russkikh I. V., Stakhina L. D. andSerebrennikova O. V. (2017). Investigation of the Composition of High-Viscosity and Heavy Oils in the Course of EOR-Process Simulation. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Chemistry 2 (10) 206-215

Citation
Fozao K.F, Gabsia B.C, Alferov F, Yossa M.T "Mount Cameroon oil seeps and their rheological properties" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0009. Russia
Page 67-78
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Ritika D Sangale, Nita S Patil, Sudhir D Sawarkar

Video Concept Detection Using Convolutional Neural Network
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The performance of the video concept detection method depends on, the selection of the low-level visual features used to represent key-frames of a shot and CNN based Model. Video Concept detection is the task of assigning an input video one or multiple labels indicating the presence of one or multiple concepts in the video sequence. In this paper we have implemented video concept detection using a deep CNN and the low level visual features modeled using GMM supervectors. In the experiment, CNN achieves better classification accuracy on TRECVID dataset due to the capability of feature and classifier learning.
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[1]. Gert-Jan POULISSE "Complex Semantic Concept Detection in Video",2012.
[2]. JingweiXu, Li Song, RongXie "Shot Boundary Detection Using Convolutional Neural Networks" in IEEE International Symposium on Broadband Multimedia Systems and Broadcasting, Ghent, 2016.
[3]. Ganesh. I. Rathod, Dipali. A. Nikam, "An Algorithm for Shot Boundary Detection and Key Frame Extraction Using Histogram Difference" International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering,Website: www.ijetae.com (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 8, August 2013)
[4]. Alex Krizhevsky, IlyaSutskever, Geoffrey E. Hinton "ImageNet Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks" University of Toronto,2012
[5]. Nitin J. Janwe and Kishor K. Bhoyar "Semantic Video Concept Detection using Novel Mixed-Hybrid-Fusion Approach for Multi- Label Data", Electronic Letters on Computer Vision and Image Analysis 16(3):14-29; 2017

Citation
Ritika D Sangale, Nita S Patil, Sudhir D Sawarkar "Video Concept Detection Using Convolutional Neural Network" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0010. India
Page 79-86
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Yahui Ma, Cuixia Miao, Lu Tan

A Comparative Study of Dimension-Reduction Based on Data Distribution
  • Abstract
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We propose the notions of explanation-radius and the local-comparability based on thedata distribution. The former measures the injective degree and the latter depicts the difference between the original data and the reduction data. Thereafter, through the experiments, the linear and nonlinear dimension-reduction are analyzed, included PCA (Principal Component Analysis), PP (Projection Pursuit) and LLE (Locally Linear Embedding), Laplacion Eigenmap. The experiments show the effectiveness and advantages of the researches.
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[1]. D.L.Donoho, High Dimensional Data Analysis: The Curses and Blessings of Dimensionality, presented at American Mathematics Society Conference: Math Challenges of the 21st Century, Los Angeles, USA, 2000
[2]. Chen Tsuhan, et al.Principle Component Analysis And Its Variants For Biometrics.In: IEEE 2002 International Conference on Image Processing, 2002
[3]. P. J. Huber. Projection pursuit. Annals of Statistics, 13(2): 435–525, June 1985
[4]. Xiaofei He, et al. Locality Preserving Projections (LPP). Technical Report TR-2002-09. Computer Science Department of the University of Chicago, 2002
[5]. M. Belkin,et al.Laplacian Eigenmaps and Spectral Techniques for Embedding and Clustering.Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 15,Vancouver,British Columbia,Canada,2001

Citation
Yahui Ma, Cuixia Miao, Lu Tan "A Comparative Study of Dimension-Reduction Based on Data Distribution" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 1 (January 2019)
MID 1501.067X.0011. China
Page 87-91
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