Volume 15 - Issue 2

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IJERD : Volume 15 - Issue 2

(February - 2019)


G.Sandeep Kumar, B.Hari Balaji, J.Thabasum

Design and Development of Drone to Remove Scale in Steam Carrying Pipes
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Power plants where steam is generated in boilers, because of the temperature difference between outer and inner walls condense steam this leads to the deposition of scales on the inner walls. This could lead to disasters when left unnoticed. Conventionally the scales are removed by dismantling the tubes and then manually removing them using high pressure water jets. This stops the power production in the power plants for several days and also the cost associated is very high. Our novel solution for this problem is to insert a drone with rotary nozzles which could travel through pipes and remove the scale deposition using high pressure water jets also the robot drone will be capable of adapting to different pipe diameters by using suspension system and moves along the bend line pipe
Scale deposition, robot drone, water jet, rotary nozzle, scale removal, adapting to different pipe diameter, moves in bend pipes.

[1]. Se-gonRoh, HyoukRyeol Choi; IEEE Transactions on Robotics Volume: 21, Issue: 1, (Feb. 2005 )
[2]. Balaguer, C., Montero, R., Victores, J. G., Martínez, S., &Jardón, A. Past, Present and Future of Robotic Tunnel Inspection, Automation in Construction, In Press, doe: 10.1016/j.autcon.2015.02.003.
[3]. Li, Z., Zhu, J., He, C., & Wang, W. (2009, August). A new pipe cleaning and inspection robot with active pipe-diameter adaptability based on ATmega64. In Electronic Measurement & Instruments, 2009. ICEMI'09. 9th International Conference on (pp. 2-616). IEEE.
[4]. Landsberger, S. E., Sundra, R., Short, D. B., & Martin, B. F. (1993). Cable crawling underwater inspection and cleaning robot. U.S. Patent No. 5,203,646. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
[5]. Virgala, I., Gmiterko, A., &Kelemen, M. (2013). Motion Analysis of In-pipe Robot Based on SMA Spring Actuator. Journal of Automation and Control, 21-25.

Citation
G.Sandeep Kumar, B.Hari Balaji, J.Thabasum "Design and Development of Drone to Remove Scale in Steam Carrying Pipes" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0001. India
Page 01-19
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Sanjana B, Reshma P, Praveen G, Prajwal KL, Jyothi R

Borderline Security with Human Detection System
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Presently the arduous task is to monitor International borderareas. The security of the country is very crucial. The border guarding forces are constantly patrolling the border as much as possible, but it's not an easy task. It is not viable to monitor each and every moment. In order to improve the situation, an intelligent robot can be employed. A trespasser can be automatically detected by the robot and then report this to the security control unit. Most of the military departments in the world use robots to perform risky jobs instead of a solider. In this present work, a Raspbian operating system based spy robot platform which can automatically move around and detect personnel as a solider. Also, we are using gas sensors to detect the hazardous gas and thermal sensors to give a warning to the security control unit that the robot is destroyed.............
Raspbian OS, Machine learning, IoT, Spy Robot, Raspberry Pi, IR sensor, Gas sensor, Thermal sensor, K nearest neighbor.

[1]. Abhishek Nigam, NishantAddenki, GirishJuwatkar and Rajesh Toraskar, "Alive Human Body Detection and Rescue Operation", in International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Research, Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. (208-212), Month: January - March 2015.
[2]. A. Imteaj, T. Rahman, M. K. Hossain and S. Zaman, "IoT based autonomous percipient irrigation system using raspberry Pi," 2016 19thInternational Conference on Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT), Dhaka, 2016, pp. 563-568.
[3]. Md. Maminul Islam, Md. Sharif Uddin Azad, Md. AsfaqulAlam, N. Hassan, "Raspberry Pi and image processing based Electronic Voting Machine (EVM)", in International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1506-1510, 2014.
[4]. R. Ikhankar, V. Kuthe, S. Ulabhaje, S. Balpande and M. Dhadwe, "Pibot: The raspberry pi controlled multi-environment robot for surveillance & live streaming," 2015 International Conference onIndustrial Instrumentation and Control (ICIC), Pune, 2015, pp. 1402-1405.
[5]. DiajengTyasPurwaHapsari ; CindykiaGustiBerliana ; PutriWinda ; M. AriefSoeleman, "Face Detection Using Haar Cascade in Difference Illumination", 2018 International Seminar on Application for Technology of Information and Communication, Indonesia,2018, pp. 555 - 559

Citation
Sanjana B, Reshma P, Praveen G, Prajwal KL, Jyothi R "Borderline Security with Human Detection System" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0002. India
Page 20-24
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Tunjung Atmadi, Yananto Mihadi Putra

Development of Indonesia Furniture in Industrial Revolution 4.0
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The industrial revolution is the transition in the manufacturing process of production hand (hand production methods) to the production with the use of the machine and that is the fabrication system. The industrial revolution 4.0 which took place currently it looks mediocrity, runs slowly but surely. Furniture starts to development and more affordable for society after the industrial revolution going on a lot of product household need with low price/affordable. And the development of furniture in Indonesia is marked by the existence of the colonial era. Furniture that became characteristic Indonesia tinged with detail of wood are a bit complicated by local wisdom. Batik elements with floral carved also dominated the furniture Indonesia. The Methods that will be used in the achievement of this research is Desk Research Methods with Louis Elister concept that discuss the development of furniture Indonesia of Industrial Revolution 4.0 and to be achieved in this research is published the result of research and development through a national journal or international journal. Be expected through this research can be useful for designer, in creativity in the world of design interior.
Industrial revolution, Indonesia furniture, interior design.

[1]. Atmadi, T, 2016, KajianMetode PendekatanDesain Interior, Jurnal Narada Vol.3/no.1/4/2016 ISSN:2477-5134.
[2]. Elister, Louis, 2004, Design & Cultures 1: Week2-The Industrial Revolution & Design Pioneers
[3]. Lucas, Robert E., Jr. (2002). Lectures on Economic Growth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
[4]. Nugroho, Y, 2016, Tahapan PerencanaanDesain Interior, Jurnal Narada Vol.3/no.1/4/2016 ISSN:2477-5134.
[5]. Savitri, N, 2017, Pengaruh
KebudayaanHindiaBelandaPadaBangunan,ElemenInteriordanOrnamenGedungArsipNasional,JurnalNarada Vol.4/1/Jan/2017 ISSN:2477-5134.

Citation
Tunjung Atmadi, Yananto Mihadi Putra "Development of Indonesia Furniture in Industrial Revolution 4.0" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0003. Indonesia
Page 25-32
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Abeku D. M.

Comparative Analysis of Compressive Strength of Concrete Made With River Sharp Sand and Quarry Dust At: 0, 30, 50, 70 And 100% Replacements
  • Abstract
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Abuja, the federal capital city of Nigeria has witnessed a sustained boom in construction activities in the past twenty five (25 years) with concrete and sandcrete blocks being the most common materials in use. As a result of this, the demand for sharp sand skyrocketed, which also pushed up the cost of the material. The need to source for alternative fine aggregate became apparent, hence the utilization of quarry dust either as a substitute or as partial replacement for river sharp sand as fine aggregate in concrete. The methodology used was the inductive method where the constituent materials were obtained and taken to the Laboratory of Building Department of Federal University of Technology, Minna for preparation and casting of Concrete cubes which were cured and crushed at various ages. Results showed that 50% replacement gave the best compressive strength at 28 days which was......
Quarry dust, Replacement, River Sharp Sand, Concrete

[1]. Anzar H.M. (2015) Improved concrete properties using Quarry dust as replacement for Natural sand; International journal of Engineering Research and Development, 11 (3); 46 - 52
[2]. Arulraj G.P., Adin A and Kannan T.S. (2013) Granite powder Concrete Engineering Science and Technology: An international journal, Vol. 3, No. 1 pp. 193 - 198
[3]. Biswaprakash D. and Mahendra G. (2018) Study on performance of Quarry dust as fine aggregate in concrete. International conference on Advances in construction materials and structures (ACMS 2018) Uttarakhand, India, March 7-8, 2018
[4]. Jimoh A.A and Awe S.S (2007) A study on the influence of aggregate size and type on the compressive strength of concrete. Journal of research information in Civil Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 2 2007 pp. 157 – 168
[5]. Joseph, O.U., Maurice, E.E. and Godwin, A.A. (2012) Compressive Strength of Concret Using Lateritic Sand And Quarry Dust as Fine Aggregate. Journal of Engineering and Research 7(1); 81-92.
KebudayaanHindiaBelandaPadaBangunan,ElemenInteriordanOrnamenGedungArsipNasional,JurnalNarada Vol.4/1/Jan/2017 ISSN:2477-5134.

Citation
Abeku D. M. "Comparative Analysis of Compressive Strength of Concrete Made With River Sharp Sand and Quarry Dust At: 0, 30, 50, 70 And 100% Replacements International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0004. Nigeria
Page 33-39
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K.Durga Aparna, Rajesh Kanuganti

Design of Mems Based Rectangle Cantilever Using Comsol
  • Abstract
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This paper presents the design and simulation of MEMS based rectangular cantilever made up of polycrystalline silicon using FEM (COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS).The clamping is provided at one end while the load is applied on the other end. The effect of change in length, width and thickness is studied.
MEMS, FEM, Polycrystalline silicon

[1]. Journal of Aerospace Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 3,July 2003, pp. 108-114,Design of Piezoresistive MEMS-Based Accelerometer for Integration with Wireless Sensing Unit for Structural Monitoring .
[2]. T. Thundat, P. I. Oden, and R. J. Warmack ,"Microcantilever sensors," Microscale ThermophysEng, vol. 1, pp. 185–199, 1997.
[3]. www.comsol.com
[4]. Defence Science Journal, Vol.59, No.6, November 2009, pp.634-641, Micro cantilever - based Sensors.
[5]. www.wikipedia.org.

Citation
K.Durga Aparna, Rajesh Kanuganti "Design of Mems Based Rectangle Cantilever Using Comsol" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0004. India
Page 40-44
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Prapul Chandra A C, Dr. H.V Byregowda, Dr. M. Venkatarama reddy, Gangadhar T G

Validation of Tensile Test Results of Wollastonite Reinforced ABS Composites Using Finite Element Analysis
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
In this study, raw ABS and Wollastonite reinforced ABS composites were prepared with help of Injection molding technique and specimens are fabricated and tested according to ASTM D638 Standards. The tensile test that was conducted in computer aided UTM machine. The specimens were prepared of different composition of 3%, 5% and 7% Wollastonite in to the pure ABS. the results of various composition composites and pure ABS samples are tabulate and evaluated.The evaluated values are compared with FEM results. In the other hand, A FEM model of same dimensions were designed, meshed and stress analysis were carried out using ANSYS software. The experimental results were validated with FEM results and it is noticed that results obtained is almost similar to experimental values however a small deviation was found in the results. The percentage deviations that were noticed are 9.57%, 2.15%, 4.84% and 5.50% for pure ABS, 3%, 5% and 7% composition samples respectively.
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), Injection moulding, Tensile test, Universal Testing Machine (UTS), wollastonite (CaSiO3)/ Calcium Meta silicate.

[1]. Yan-yan Ren, Lei Chen, Zhi-ye Zhang, Xin-long Wang, Xiu-shan Yang, Xing-jian Kong, Lin yang,Synergistic (2014) effect of hydroquinone bis (di-2-methylphenyl phosphate) and novolac phenol in ABS composites, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol 109, Pp 285-292
[2]. Mohammad Yousefi, MasoudSalavati-Niasari, ForozanGholamian, DavoodGhanbari, AlirezaAminifazl, (2011) Polymeric nanocomposite materials: Synthesis and thermal degradation of acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene/tin sulfide (ABS/SnS), Inorganica ChimicaActa, Vol 371, Pages 1-5 [10]
[3]. Leong YW, Bakar A, Ishak ZA, Ariffin A and Pukanszky B. 2004 Comparison of the mechanical properties and interfacial interactions between talc, kaolin, and calcium carbonate filled polypropylene composites. J ApplPolymSci, Vol 91, pp 3315-3326.
[4]. Unal H, Findik F and Mimaroglu A2003. Mechanical behavior of nylon composites containing talc and kaolin, J ApplPolymSci, Vol 88, pp 1694-97.
[5]. Chao-Chung Kuo, Lung-Chang Liu, Wei-Feng Teng, Hsieh-Yung Chang, Fu-Ming Chien, Sheng-Ju Liao, Wen-Fa Kuo and Chien- Ming Chen 2016 Preparation of starch/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymers (ABS) biomass alloys and their feasible evaluation for 3D printing applications, Composites International Journal, vol 86, pp. 36-39.

Citation
Prapul Chandra A C, Dr. H.V Byregowda, Dr. M. Venkatarama reddy, Gangadhar T G "Validation of Tensile Test Results of Wollastonite Reinforced ABS Composites Using Finite Element Analysis" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0006. India
Page 45-52
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Edgardo S. Geniston

The Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Saponin Glycosides Obtained From Musa Paradisiaca Linn. (Cardaba) Young Leaves on Male White Mice
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The study determined the anti–inflammatory activity of saponin glycosides extract obtained from the young leaves of Musa paradisiaca Linn. (cardaba) to reduce the inflamed paw of male white mice. The experimental method was employed in the conduct of the study. The fresh young leaves of Musa paradisiaca Linn. (cardaba) were gathered early in the morning. The plant sample was washed and cleaned thoroughly with water to remove the dirt and defected leaves. It was air dried and one hundred grams of comminuted plant sample was weighed. Then, it was macerated with 80% ethyl alcohol for 48 hours and subjected to reflux distillation for an hour and was filtered through Buchner funnel. A portion of filtrate was tested for the presence of saponin glycosides. The froth formation test was used to determine the presence of saponin glycosides in the plant extracts. The filtrate from reflux distillation was added with 10% lead acetate and then it was filtered and passed through hydrogen sulfide in order to isolate and purify the saponin glycoside................
Anti-inflammatory activity, Saponin glycosides, Musa Paradisiaca Linn.

[1]. M. Zainol, M. Abdul-Hamid, A. Abu Bakar, Pak Dek, S. (2009). Effect of Different Drying Methods on the Degradation of Selected Flavonoids in Centella asiatica. International Foof research Journal.
[2]. D. Seigler (1998). Plant Secondary Metabolism. Kluwer Academic Publisher, USA.
[3]. S. Wynn, and B. Fougere (2007). Veterinary Herbal Medicine. Mosby Inc, USA.
[4]. R. Cayanan, M. Bagalihog, M. Balawang, S. Mangkabong, and J. Porras. The Anti-inflammatory Effect of Glycosides Obtained from Bixa orellana (Achuete Seeds) on the Carageenan Induced Inflammation in White Male Rabbit. Southwestern University, Cebu city, 2003.
[5]. B. Katzung, et al. (2012). Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Citation
Edgardo S. Geniston "The Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Saponin Glycosides Obtained From Musa Paradisiaca Linn. (Cardaba) Young Leaves on Male White Mice" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0007. Philippines
Page 53-57
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Kirti R. Waghare, Dr. N. R. Bhasme

Review of Islanding Detection Schemes for Distributed Generation System
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Incredible growth in demand for electricity with reliable, eco-friendly and efficient power has motivated the use of Distributed Generation (DG). The main problem in a distributed generation system is islanding which gives rise to power quality problems in the grid. During islanded operation, nonconventional energy sources such as solar, wind which are used as distributed generation source supply power to the local area. This paper discusses islanding and its classification detection methods into local and remote islanding detection. Local islanding detection techniques are further divided into passive and active islanding detection techniques and also a comparison of several islanding detection methods are studied & Presented.
Distributed resource, Distributed Generation(DG), Islanding Operation, Islanding detection techniques

[1]. D. John Sundar, M. Senthil Kumaran, "A Comparative Review of Islanding Detection Scheme in Distributed Generation Systems", in International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol.5, No.4, 2015.
[2]. Burger, J.Singam, B., and Hui, L. Y, "Assessing SMS and PJD scheme of anti-islanding with a varying quality factor, " in IEEE International Power and Energy Conference, pp. 196-201, Nov. 2006.
[3]. Pukar Mahat, Zhe Chen and Birgitte Bak-Jensen, "Review of Islanding Detection Methods for Distributed Generation" in IEEE Third International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, Vol.3, pp.2743-2748, April 2008.
[4]. Deepa C.R, C.R. Sharada Prasad, "An Islanding Detection of Reactive Power Disturbances and Circuit Breaker System", Vol.5, July 2017.
[5]. J.ALaghari, H.Mokhlis, M. Karimi, A.H.ABakar, Hasmaini Mohamad, "Computational Intelligence based techniques for Islanding Detection of Distributed generation in distribution network: A review ", 2014.

Citation
Kirti R. Waghare, Dr. N. R. Bhasme "Review of Islanding Detection Schemes for Distributed Generation System" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0008. India
Page 58-64
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V. Venkateswara Reddy, T.V.Pitchi Reddy

Efficient Energy for Low Power VLSI Design
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Recent advances in CMOS VLSI design reduce device size and due to this, the minimization of energy dissipation has become a primary critical concern. In order to design portable systems, we introduce an idea for low power and high speed switching that is adiabatic strategy which minimizes the power consumption by regaining energy drawn from the supply clock. In this paper, all work is done using SPICE tool to simulate results of the proposed technology and other strategies also; these results show empirical comparison between different parameters such as logic style, power dissipation and delay. A minimum dissipation of the energy at a certain frequency is observed i.e. an optimum frequency exists in adiabatic logic where energy consumed per cycle is minimized. These improvements show that proposed method can considerably reduce the power consumption in new design when compared to the conventional CMOS design techniques.
Adiabatic logic, efficient charge recovery, Low power, Power clock INTRODUCTION

[1]. Mehrdad Khatir, Alireza Ejlali , Amir Moradi. " Improving the energy efficiency of reversible logic circuits by the combined use of adiabatic styles", INTEGRATION, the VLSI journal, 44, pp. 12- 21, 2011.
[2]. Sung-Mo Kang and Yusuf Leblebici, CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits - Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill, 3rd edition, Chapter 11, pp. 481-519, 2003.

Citation
V. Venkateswara Reddy, T.V.Pitchi Reddy "Efficient Energy for Low Power VLSI Design" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0009. India
Page 65-69
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Qidong Zou, Liangjun Xv, Zhirong Jia, Xin Jin

Effect of blending proportion and mode of recycled aggregates on early strength of Cement-stabilized macadam
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The old Cement-Stabilized Macadam(CSM) is reused after milling, it can solve the problem of disposal of waste materials, and reduce the consumption of natural materials. This paper studies the effect of blending dosages and methods of milling materials on the CSM strength. The dosages of recycled coarse and fine aggregates are 0%, 50% and 100%. The mixing mode of recycled coarse and fine aggregates are respectively replacing 100%, 50% and 0% natural coarse and fine aggregates. A series of mechanical tests were carried out to evaluate the impact of blending dosages and methods of waste milling materials. The results indicate that the increase of recycled aggregates dosage does not cause the decrease of early compressive and splitting strength of CSM. The usage of recycled aggregates even cause the increase of early strength, which affected by unhydrated cement particles. In terms of the blending methods, the strength of CSM that substituted with the fine aggregates decrease less than the coarse aggregates, in that the skeleton formed by the coarse aggregates is guaranteed.
Recycled aggregates; Cement-stabilized macadam; Early strength; Blending proportion

[1]. iu Xiaona. Recycled use of cement stabilized macadam structural materials of road base[D]. Chengdu: Chengdu University of Technology, 2007
[2]. SHA Ai-min, HU Li-qun. Structural Characteristics of Semi-rigid Base Course Material[J]. China Journal of Highway and Transport, 2008, 21(4): 1-6.
[3]. SHA Ai-min, JIA Kan, LI Xiao-gang. Fatigue Performances of Semi-rigid Base Course Materials[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2009, 9(3): 29-33.
[4]. ZHOU Wei-feng, ZHAO Ke, WANG De-qun, et al. Mix Ratio Optimization Design of Cement Stabilized Macadam Based on Static Pressure Method and Vi-bration Method[J]. Journal of Chang'an University; Natural Science Edition, 2006, 26(1): 24-28.
[5]. Chini, A., and Kuo, S. Guidelines and Specifications for the Use of Reclaimed Aggregates in pavement[R]. Report No Florida Department of Transportation, Gainesville, FL, 1998.

Citation
Qidong Zou, Liangjun Xv, Zhirong Jia, Xin Jin "Effect of blending proportion and mode of recycled aggregates on early strength of Cement-stabilized macadam" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 2 (February 2019)
MID 1502.067X.0010. China
Page 70-77
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