Volume 15 - Issue 3

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IJERD : Volume 15 - Issue 3

(March - 2019)


Anitha K, Dr Parameshachari B D

An Overview of Musical Therapy for Mind and Body Using Various Ragas
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Cure the illness or diseases through medicine is a main part of healing process but body and mind response to healing process plays the major role for complete heal. The research work the body and mind response to healing process for a particular illness or diseases with musical therapy is a new domain. In musical therapy Identifying which rage for a particular healing illness or diseases, how much time to play and what time to play are the challenging issue. The mentioned challenges were addressed by notes or swara movement of raga which can be adopt feature extraction techniques from Digital Signal Processing and classification of raga play to a particular healing illness or diseases through various machine learning algorithm. The research work carried on feature extraction techniques from Digital Signal Processing and classification of raga play through various machine learning algorithm review literature and percentage of accuracy in each technique are presented in this paper.
Disease, Music Therapy, Raga, Feature exaction by digital Signal Processing, Machine Learning classification.

[1]. A. Bhattacharjee and N. Sriniwasan, "Hindustani Raga representation and identification: A transition probability based approach," International Journal of Mind, Brain and Cognition, vol. 2, pp. 65-93, 2011.
[2]. Deore, P. J. , "RAGA Identification: A Review" , International Journal of Management and Applied Science (IJMAS), pp. 94 –96 (2016).
[3]. G. K. Koduri, S. Gulati, and P. Rao, "A survey of Raga recognition techniques and improvements to the state of art," in Proc. Conference on Sound and Music Computing, Padova Italy, 2011, pp. 33-40.
[4]. G. Pandey, C. Mishra, and P. Ipe, "Tansen: A system for automatic Raga identification," in Proc. 1st Indian International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Hyderabad, India, 2003, pp. 1350-1363.
[5]. Koduri, G. K., Gulati, S., &Rao, P. " A Survey Of Raaga Recognition Techniques And Improvements To The State-Of-The-Art", Sound and Music Computing, 2011.

Citation
Anitha K, Dr Parameshachari B D "An Overview of Musical Therapy for Mind and Body Using Various Ragas" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 3 (March 2019)
MID 1503.067X.0001. India
Page 01-16
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Hala N. Elia, Zeid A. Nima

Self-cleaning concrete doped with nano and micro-size zinc oxide particles
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Nano- and micro scale zinc oxide (ZnO) particles were added to a concrete mix to study the effect on the self-cleaning ability of concrete given ZnO'photocatalytic abilities. Real sunlight was used to mimic environmental conditions, and two organic dyes (rhodamine B) and (methylene blue) were utilized as a model for organic pollutants in the air. ZnO particles were prepared in different concentrations (3, 6, 9, 12, 15%) in a proportional ratio to the cement. The results indicated that 6% microscale ZnO was the optimal amount to remove rhodamine B, with the removal efficiency reaching up to 94.5%, and 3% micro ZnO was optimal to remove methylene blue with removal reaching 87%. In contrast, 15% was the optimum concentration of nanoscale ZnO to remove both rhodamine B and methylene blue, with removal efficiency reaching up to 90% and 84.4%, respectfully. Scanning tunneling electron microscopy was used to see ZnO particle distribution on the surface of the prepared concrete.
Zinc oxide, Self-cleaning concrete, Photocatalytic process, rhodamine B, methylene blue.

[1]. Khitab, A.;Alam, M.; Riaz, H. and Rauf, S. ; "Smart Concrete: Review. " ; International Journal of advances in Life Science and Technology, 1 (4): 47-53 (2014).
[2]. Mc Grow-Hill Companies, Inc.; "Concrete"; Reprinted from the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 10th Edition (2003).
[3]. Kelly, F.J. and Fussell, J.C.; "Air pollution and public health: emerging hazards and improved understanding of risk"; 37(4); pp: 631-649 (2015).
[4]. Adam, L.K.; Lyon, D.Y. and Alvarez, P.J.J. ; "Comparative eco-toxicity of nanoscale TiO2, SiO2 and ZnO water suspensions. " ; Water Research VOl.40 , Issue 19, November (2006).
[5]. Fu, G.; Vary, P.S. and Lin, C-T. ; "Anatase TiO2 nanocomposites for antimicrobial coatings. ; Journal of physical chemistry B, VOl. 109, NO.18 (2005).

Citation
Hala N. Elia, Zeid A. Nima "Self-cleaning concrete doped with nano and micro-size zinc oxide particles" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 3 (March 2019)
MID 1503.067X.0002. USA
Page 17-22
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Sedanur Toraman, T. Y. Katırcıoğlu

Further Characteristic Analysis of the High-Power AC Plasmatron
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
With our previous publication, characterization of the high-power arc-jet plasma torch was studied. This article attempts to carry out further characterization of the plasma jet using different experimentalresults mainly obtained from different distances ofoptical emission spectroscopy (OES) and different arc power values. Plasmatron works under atmospheric (about one atm) pressure with high-power three phase alternating-current (AC) established in AR&TeCS (ARTECS Anadolu R&D Technology Engineering and Consultancy Company, Ankara University Technopolis). In order to characterize the plasma, the electron temperature (Te) and electron density (ne) were determined by using OES in the range 200 – 1100 nm as defined in the experiment section.......
Plasma diagnostic, Atmospheric plasma, OES, Electron temperature,Electron density

[1]. Tendero C., Tixier C., Tristant P., Desmaison J., Leprince P., Atmospheric pressure plasmas: A review,Spectrochimica Acta Part B 61 2 – 30 (2006).
[2]. Toraman S, Katırcıoğlu T. Y., Terzi Ç., The High-Power Arc-Jet Plasma Generator (Plasma Torch) Characteristics and Performance,International Journal of Engineering Technology and Scientific Innovation, ISSN: 2456-1851, Volume:02, Issue: 04, pp.680-699 (2017).
[3]. Ley H. H., Yahaya A., Raja Ibrahim R. K., Analytical Methods in Plasma Diagnostic by Optical Emission Spectroscopy: A Tutorial Review,Journal of Science and Technology, ISSN: 2229-8460, Vol 6, No 1 (2014).
[4]. Bogaerts A., Neyts E., Gijbels R, Mullen J., Gas Discharge Plasmas and Their Applications,Spectrochimica Acta Part B 57 609-658 (2002).
[5]. Ricard A, Plasmas reactifs, Edition SFV, Paris, 117 pp (1995).

Citation
Sedanur Toraman, T. Y. Katırcıoğlu "Further Characteristic Analysis of the High-Power AC Plasmatron" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 3 (March 2019)
MID 1503.067X.0004.
Page 29-39
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NedaaTaher, EnasKhattab, SherifElwan, Ayman H. H. Khalil

UHPFRC Columns under Eccentric Stresses
  • Abstract
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  • Reference
  • Full Article
This paper studies the performance UHPFRC columns loaded with eccentric compressive loads. The variables were the change in eccentricity and longitudinal reinforcement........
ultra high performance fiber reinforced concrete, eccentric loads, short columns, load capacity, polypropylene fibers.

[1]. J. Li and M.N.S. Hadi, "Behaviour of externally confined high-strength concrete columns under eccentric loading", Composite Structures 62 (2003) ELSEVER Journal, pp.145–153.
[2]. ErdemCanbay et al., "High-Strength Concrete Columns under Eccentric Load", Journal of Structural Engineering · July 2006, pp. 1052–1060.
[3]. Enas Ahmed Abd El-Salam Khattab, "PRODUCTION OF ULTRA HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE USING LOCAL
MATERIALS AND ITS APPLICATION IN AXIALLY LOADED COLUMNS", October 2010.

[4]. Thomas Vincent and TogayOzbakkaloglu," Influence of concrete strength and confinement method on axial compressive behavior of FRP confined high- and ultra high-strength concrete", Composites: Part B 50 (2013) ELSEVER Journal, pp.413–428.
[5]. MiladMohammadiHosinieh, " Behaviour of High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete Columns under Axial Loading", January 2014.

Citation
NedaaTaher, EnasKhattab, SherifElwan, Ayman H. H. Khalil "UHPFRC Columns under Eccentric Stresses" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 3 (March 2019)
MID 1503.067X.0005. Egypt
Page 40-46
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Bilisa Bulti Emana, Vighneswara Rao.K

Evaluation of Ground water Quality and its Suitability for Drinking and Irrigation at Nekemte, East wollega zone, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia
  • Abstract
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The study was conducted to evaluate the groundwater quality in order to analyze the suitability of the water for drinking and Irrigation uses in the Nekemte Town of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Water samples were purposively collected from hand dug bore holes, hand dug wells, protected spring and pipe borne water and analyzed following standard methods for the examination of water quality (APHA, 2005). The study examined selected physical, chemical and biological qualities of water from hand dug bore holes, hand dug wells, protected spring and pipe borne. The water samples were analysised for Temperature, pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, total dissolved solids, total alkalinity, bicarbonate, carbonate, total hardness and selected cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and K+) and anions (Cl- and SO4 2-), heavy metals (Mn2+ and Fe2+) and Coliforms (Total coliforms and Faecal coliforms),Water........
Composition, physical, chemical and biological Analysis, Domestic, Groundwater quality, Aquachem software, WHO and Ethiopian Standards

[1]. American Public Health Association (APHA), (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste, 21th edition Washington DC.
[2]. American Public Health Association (APHA), (1985). Standard Methods for the Examination of the Water and Waste, 14 Edition Washington D. C. P p. 76-265.
[3]. American Public Health Association (APHA), (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Waste th and Wastewater, 18 Edition Washington D. C. Pp72-265.
[4]. Weiner, E. R. (2000). Application of Environmental Chemistry: A Practical Guide for Environmental Professionals.Lewis Publishers Washington
[5]. World Health Organisation (WHO), (2004). Guidelines for drinking-water quality 3 Ed. Vol. 1 Geneva Pp. 145-196.

Citation
Bilisa Bulti Emana, Vighneswara Rao.K "Evaluation of Ground water Quality and its Suitability for Drinking and Irrigation at Nekemte, East wollega zone, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 3 (March 2019)
MID 1503.067X.0006. ETHIOPIA
Page 47-58
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Mikhail E. Belkin, Tatiana N. Bakhvalova, Igor V. Gladyshev, Dmitry A. Klushnik, Olga N. Egorova, Sergei L. Semenov

Reproducing Photonic Radio-Frequency Memory Based on Multicore Fibers
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
A novel photonic radio-frequency memory design based on microwave photonics and multicore fiber techniques is developed and investigated. The results of the prototype examination as compared to the known versions Photonic radio-frequency memory showed that the adopted design concept allowed to ensure a sufficiently deep memorization of the input radio-frequency signal, to increase the number of reproduced delay gradations, and to successfully process all the radar's radio frequency pulse width, which extends from several hundred of nanoseconds to tens of microseconds, in a multi-octave RF operating range.
..........

[1]. Baldwinson J. andAntipov I., "A modelling and simulation tool for the prediction of electronic attack effectiveness," in Proceedings of Association of Old Crows Int. Symp., Adelaide, Australia (2008).
[2]. Belkin M. E.; Bakhvalova T. N.;Gladyshev I. V.;Egorova O. N.; Semenov S. L., "Continuously accessible long-term fiber optic memory of microwave signal," in 2017 International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 1-3 (2017), Beijing, China.
[3]. Belkin M.E., "Design principles of long-term analog RF memory based on fiber-optics and microwave photonics approaches", in Proceedings of IEEE Avionics and Vehicle Fiber-Optics and Photonics Conference (AVFOP), 21-22, California USA (2016).
[4]. Capmany J. and Novak D., "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nat. Photonics 1, 319-330 (2007).
[5]. Diehl J. F., Singley J. M., Sunderman C. E., and Urick V. J., "Microwave photonic delay line signal processing," Appl. Opt. 54(31), F35-F41 (2015).

Citation
Mikhail E. Belkin, Tatiana N. Bakhvalova, Igor V. Gladyshev, Dmitry A. Klushnik, Olga N. Egorova, Sergei L. Semenov "Reproducing Photonic Radio-Frequency Memory Based on Multicore Fibers" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 3 (March 2019)
MID 1503.067X.0007. Russia
Page 59-68
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