Volume 15 - Issue 4

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IJERD : Volume 15 - Issue 4

(April - 2019)


Jean-François Geneste

The Trigger
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In the worldwide competition, you can face the event whether you need to design a new product or not to follow competition. Such a decision is generally very painful since it implies huge investment whereas you competitors, in the meanwhile would only need incremental modification. We provide a simulation tool and explain how it works in order to detect such a situation. We also show that a result can be a strategy, in the favorable case, to decide an incremental change program in order to push the competitor to start a brand-new program.We illustrate our paper through the example of the Airbus Boeing competition
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[1]. J.-F. Geneste, Ainsi Marchait L'Humanité, Bénévent, 2008.
[2]. J.-F. Geneste, Thus Worked Humankind, Wonderdice, 2018.

Citation
Jean-François Geneste "The Trigger" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0001.
Page 01-08
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Tanol Tanli, Salahi Pehlivan

Using Treated Waste Water in Northern Cyprus Concrete industry for Saving the Natural Water Resources
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The construction industry appears to be responsible for the consumption of huge amount of fresh water. Approximately 150 liters water is required for 1m3 of concrete without considering other applications of water at the concrete industry. The mixing of water which is fit for drinking purpose is fit for concreting, but about 97 percent of water is held in the oceans, while only 3 percent is fresh water. The concrete industry has serious impact on the environment with regard to consumption of water. Nowadays, The architectures and engineers consider to minimize the damaging of the environment and saving the natural resources for the future generations. In the water consumption is the one of the important key for humans, according to the concrete industry has to be found the alternative ways to save our natural water. This research is invvestigated the effects of using treated water in cvoncrete and also show the way to use treatec water in concrete for northern cyprus concrete industry when establishing sustainable construction strategies for improving the sustainable development.
natural water, treated water, concrete industry & sustainable development

[1]. World Bank Group (2000). ―Attacking poverty: The World Bank development report 2000/2001.‖ Oxford University Press, New York.
[2]. World Health Organization, 2004. Estimation for 2002 by the WHO/UNICEF JMP
[3]. Metcalf, Eddy, 2000. Wastewater Engineering. Treatment, Disposal and Reuse, third ed. McGraw- Hill.
[4]. Tebbutt, T.H.Y., Wood, D.R., 1998. A new approach to education and training in water and environmental management. Water Science and Technology 38 (11), 261e269.
[5]. Malhotra, V.M. (2000). ―Role of supplementary cementing materials in reducing greenhouse gas emissions‖, in Concrete Technology for a Sustainable Development in the 21st Century, O.E. Gjorv and K. Sakai, eds., E&FN Spon, London, 2000.

Citation
Tanol Tanli, Salahi Pehlivan "Using Treated Waste Water in Northern Cyprus Concrete industry for Saving the Natural Water Resources" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0002.
Page 09-18
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Deepti Shri Soumitra, Ajay Kumar Singh

Testing of Mechanical Properties of Air Cooled Blast Furnace Slag
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The cement industry is one of the part producers of carbon dioxide, protect green house gas, which causes damage to most fertile layer of the earth, the top soil. Concrete is used to create hard surface which contribute to surface runoff that may cause soil erosion, water pollution and flooding. From structural point of view, GGBS replacement enhances lower heat of hydration, higher durability and higher resistance to sulfate and chloride attack when compared with normal ordinary concrete. On the other hand, it also contributes to environmental protection because it minimizes the use of cement during the production of concrete. The quantitatively evaluate the influence of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) as a supplementary cementitious material on the industries environmental impact of concrete............
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[1]. Md. Moinul Islam, Dr. Md. Saiful Islam, Md. Aftabur Rahman and Amrita Das, "Strength Behaviour of Mortar Using Slag as Partial Replacement of Cement", Department of Civil Engineering, Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology.
[2]. Chao-Lung Hwang and Chao-Yin Lin, "Strength Development of Blended Blast Furnace Slag Cement Mortars", Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 9, Issue 3, 1986, pp. 233-239, e-ISSN: 2158-7299
[3]. Atul Dubey, Dr. R. Chandak and Prof. R.K. Yadav, "Effect of Blast Furnace Slag Powder on Compressive Strength of Concrete", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research(IJSER), Vol. 3, Issue 8, Aug. 2012, ISSN: 2229-5518
[4]. A. Oner and S. Akyuz, "An Experimental Study on Optimum Usage of GGBS for the Compressive Strength of Concrete", ELSEVIER(Cement and Concrete Composites),Vol.29,Jan.2007,pp. 505- 514, doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2007.01.001
[5]. Kamran Muzaffar Khan and Usman Ghani, "Effects of Bleeding of Portland Cement with Ground Granulaed Blast Furnace Slag on the Properties of Concrete",CI-Premier PTE Ltd., http://cipremier.com/100029040, Aug. 2004

Citation
Deepti Shri Soumitra, Ajay Kumar Singh "Testing of Mechanical Properties of Air Cooled Blast Furnace Slag" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0003.
Page 19-28
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Nemchynov Yu. I., Tarasyuk V.G., Fesenko O.A., Bogdan D.V.

Progressive collapse of buildings. International experience and Ukraine application
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The article discusses regulatory requirements contained in international codes, in regulatory documents of Ukraine and the CIS countries when designing multi-story buildings and structures for progressive collapse. Definitions of the term "progressive collapse" are considered and historical examples of collapsed buildings due to external factors (explosions, earthquakes, fires, etc.), as well as material degradation processes and design errors are given. The types of progressive collapse and general requirements that must be considered when designing are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the selection of the initial (local) design failure.Examples of local failure according to the codes of the UK, Canada, USA, Russia and Ukraine are given. The design strategy includes redundancy issues, creation of plastic joints, tie interactions, and methods for progressive collapse analysis.
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[1]. ASCE 7-02. American Society of Civil Engineers. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures/ Revision of ASCE 7-98. ‒ 377 p.
[2]. BRITISH STANDARD BS 5950-1:2000. Incorporating Corrigendum No. 1. Structural use of steelwork in building ‒ Part 1: Code of practice for design ‒ Rolled and welded sections.
[3]. GSA. Progressive Collapse Analysis and Design Guidelines for New Federal Office Buildings and Major Modernization Projects. June 2003 ‒ 119 р.
[4]. EN 1990:2002. Eurocode - Basis of structural design. European Standard. B-1050. Brussels: ‒ 119 p.
[5]. EN 1991-1-7. Eurocode - Eurocode 1 - Actions on structures - Part 1-7: General actions - Accidental actions. cen B-1050: ‒ 65 р.

Citation
Nemchynov Yu. I., Tarasyuk V.G., Fesenko O.A., Bogdan D.V. "Progressive collapse of buildings. International experience and Ukraine application" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0004.
Page 29-40
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Achmad Chumaidi, Dwina Moentamaria, danHeny Dewajani

Study of Kinetics Model "Shifting Order Reaction" Dehydration of Ethanol to Become Diethyl Ether (Dee) With Catalystcuo- Zno/-Al2o3
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The dehydration reaction of ethanol to diethyl ether (DEE) takes place in a batch reactor by pyrolysis and pressure. The "shifting order reaction" kinetics model was examined to assess the suitability of reaction mechanisms for parameters in the reaction speed equation. The "shifting order reaction" point is the point of shifting elementary reaction orders from one order to another where it is a significant location for "shifting order reaction". The purpose of this modeling is to find the kinetic model of "shifting order reaction" ethanol to diethyl ether is a reaction process Elementary which runs simultaneously and continuously in the liquid phase and gets a reaction order and reaction speed constants that can be implemented in the form of laboratory experiments The research method uses a 8 bar pressurized batch reactor.........
Shifting order, pyrolysis, DEE, catalyst..

[1]. Buren (2009) , Catalytic conversion of Ethanol to Gasoline Range Hydrocarbons, Catalysis Today. 96 (2004) 155-160.
[2]. Bryden, K. etal (2012), "ModellingThermallythicof Wood", Biomass and Bioenergi, 22, 41-53.
[3]. Chumaidi A. (2015) "Parallel reaction kinetic modelling of biogas to biomethanol with ZnO/SiO2 nanoparticles International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD) e-ISSN: 2278-0675, p-ISSN: 2278-8004
[4]. Chumaidi A. ( 2015) " Pengembangan model kinetic reaksi biogas menjadibiometanolberbasisCuO-ZnO/Al2O3 Seminar Nasional "Sustainnable Energy and Mineral Proocessing for National Competitiveness" 12-13 Oktober 2015 UGM Yogyakarta hal 172.
[5]. Chumaidi A. (2016) Dehidrasi methanol menjadi DME dengankatalisCuO-ZnO/alumina Seminar SENTIA 2016

Citation
Achmad Chumaidi, Dwina Moentamaria, danHeny Dewajani "Study of Kinetics Model "Shifting Order Reaction" Dehydration of Ethanol to Become Diethyl Ether (Dee) With Catalystcuo- Zno/-Al2o3" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0005. Indonesia
Page 41-44
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Setare Ghahri Saremi, Dimitrios G. Goulias, Anjuman Ara Akhter

Incorporating Non-Destructive Testing Methods in Concrete Production for Strength Gain Assessment
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Monitoring and predicting concrete strength during production is critical in assessing the effects of specific ingredients, proportioning, mix design optimization, curing effects and concrete homogeneity. Similarly, the estimation of concrete strength in the field is also critical for avoiding potential catastrophic failures during construction either due to early removal of the forms, applying additional "dead loads"(i.e., weight of concrete from additional floors and columns on the top of freshly poured slabs and foundation), and/or "live loads" from external in-service load related forces. Thus, quick and accurate methods of non-destructive testing, NDT, are particularly valuable in the Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) process..........
Non-Destructive Testing, Quality Control, Quality Assurance, Concrete, Maturity.

[1]. ASTM International. ASTM C1074-17.Standard Practice for Estimating Concrete Strength by the Maturity Method. West Conshohocken, PA, 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.1520/C1074-17
[2]. ASTM International. ASTM C215-14 Standard Test Method for Fundamental Transverse, Longitudinal, and Torsional Resonant Frequencies of Concrete Specimens. West Conshohocken, PA. 2014. doi: https://doi.org/10.1520/C0215-14
[3]. ASTM International. ASTM C39-14.Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens.West Conshohocken, PA. 2014.
[4]. Azenha, M., Faria, R., and Figueiras, H. Thermography as a Technique for Monitoring Early Age Temperatures of Hardening Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2011. 25(11), 4232-4240.
[5]. Carper, Kenneth L. Structural Failures During Construction. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 1987. 1(3), 132-144.

Citation
Setare Ghahri Saremi, Dimitrios G. Goulias, Anjuman Ara Akhter "Incorporating Non-Destructive Testing Methods in Concrete Production for Strength Gain Assessment" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0006. USA
Page 45-51
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Jozić S, Bajić D, Dumanić I

Influence of Processing Parameters on the Performances of High Pressure Die Casting Process
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
This paper presents an approach to determine the influence of processing parameters on the quality of aluminum alloy castings. The casting process considered is a high-pressure casting process used to produce complex shapes in light alloys. The combination of design of experiments and computer-aided casting simulation techniques allow the casting process to be evaluated and help to optimize input process parameters faster. A simulation of casting process, according to the Taguchi method based on L9 orthogonal array, was performed.The output process variables were material shrinkage and cycle time. These values were obtained at the end of the simulation process. Grey relational analysis and analysis of variance were performed. Analysis of variance results show that pressure in the 3rd phase and mould temperature have the most significant influence on the material shrinkage and cycle time.
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[1]. Jiang Zheng, Quodong Wang, Peng Zhao, Congbo Wu(2009), Optimization of high-pressure die casting process parameters using artificial neural network, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 44; p 667-674.
[2]. Mahesh N Adke, Shrikant V Karanjkar, (2014), Optimization of die-casting process parameters to identify optimized level for cycle time using Taguchi method, International journal of innovation in engineering and technology, Vol 4, Issue 4, p 365-375.
[3]. Manjunath PatelG.C., Prasad Krishna, Mahesh B. Parappagoudar. (2014), Optimization of Squeeze Cast Process Parameters Using Taguchi and Grey Relational Analysis, Procedia Technology, Volume 14, p 157-164.
[4]. Anh Tuan Do and Van-The Tran, (2018), Optimization of Precision Die Design on High-Pressure Die Casting of AlSi9Cu3, February 2018 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-7149-2_53 In book: Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Computational Mechanics 2017
[5]. Mousavi Anijdan SH, Bahrami A, MadaahHoseini HR, Shafyei A (2006) Using genetic algorithm and artificial neural network analyses to design an Al–Si casting alloy of minimum porosity. Mater Des 27, 605–609

Citation
Jozić S, Bajić D, Dumanić I "Influence of Processing Parameters on the Performances of High Pressure Die Casting Process" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0007. Croatia
Page 52-58
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Javier Holguín-De La Cruz

Required Allocation of Police Patrols in a Public Safety Emergency Response System Using Stochastic Simulation
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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  • Full Article
Our research focuses on the performance evaluation of a public safety Emergency Response System based on a geographical and information technology assisted model, used to allocate police patrols to attend phone calls for service. Usually, public safety receives insufficient amount of resources such as the number of police patrols geographically allocated. However, our research interest is to evaluate an ideal and required number of police patrols that would be sufficient to reach a given level of service, considering the key performance parameter of response time and an international reference ideal maximum value. This research incorporates a 9th police district to previously published results of eight police districts. Actual and proposed operating strategies are modeled using discrete event stochastic simulation based on real data from 23 continuous days of operation of the system. Results identify that required ideal levels of resource for all police districts could be considered realistic and affordable.
Emergency Response System; Police Patrols Allocation; Public Safety; Response Time; Stochastic Simulation

[1]. Adler, N., Hakkert, A.S., Kornbluth, J., Raviv, T., and Sher, M. 2013. Location-Allocation Models for Traffic Police Patrol Vehicles on an Interurban Network. Ann Oper Res, doi: 10.1007/s10479-012-1275-2
[2]. Ansari, S., Yoon, S., and Albert, L.A. 2017. An Approximate Hypercube Model for Public Service Systems with Co-located Servers and Multiple Response. Transportation Research Part E, 103: 143–157.
[3]. Atkinson, J.B., Kovalenko, I.N., Kuznetsov, N., and Mykhalevych, K.V. 2008. A hypercube queueing loss model with customerdependent service rates. European Journal of Operational Research, 191: 223-239.
[4]. Brooks, J.P., Edwards, D.J., Sorrel, T.P., Srinivasan, S., and Diehl, R.L. 2011. Simulating calls for service for an urban police department. Proceedings of the 2011Winter Simulation Conference, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
[5]. Camacho-Collados, M. and Liberatore, F. 2015. A Decision Support System for predictive police patrolling. Decision Support Systems, 75: 25-37.

Citation
Javier Holguín-De La Cruz "Required Allocation of Police Patrols in a Public Safety Emergency Response System Using Stochastic Simulation" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 15, Issue 4 (April 2019)
MID 1504.067X.0008. MEXICO
Page 59-66
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