Volume 16 - Issue 11

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IJERD : Volume 16 - Issue 11

(November - 2020)


Abin Jose, Dinesh Rawat, Javid Ahmad Bhat, Sunil Lamsal

Pounding Effect Control in Existing Building by Adding Shear Wall
  • Abstract
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Nepal is located in high seismic zone but in Nepal before the Gorkha earthquake 2015 most of the buildings were not designs with proper seismic guidelines. Hence the Existing structures in Nepal are required to be designed for controlling pounding effect between two adjacent buildings and constructed to resist earthquake. In this project at first a site visit of two existing Hospital Building was done, with the help of non-destructive test (NDT) the number of reinforcements and quality of the structure was identified, after that they are modelled and designed by adding shear wall in existing building and its pounding effect is checked as per IS1893:2002/16. The seismic analysis is performed by a Response spectrum method using an FEM software ETABS. After introducing curtailed shear wall the deflection and reinforcements are compared with the existing building model.The results indicated that shear wall method reduces the deflection and reinforcement requirement of Existing Building.
Pounding Effect and shear wall, ETABS, Response Spectrum Methodand NDT Test. Abbreviations: FEM, Finite Element Method;m, Meter; mm, Millimeter; 3D-ThreeDimensional; 2D, Two Dimensional; NBC Code:IS, Indian Standard; kN, Kilo Newton.

[1]. IS 1893:2002 [Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structure]
[2]. IS 875-1987 (Part 1) Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and structures-Dead Load, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[3]. IS 875-1987 (Part 2) Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and structures-Live Load, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[4]. IS 13920-1993 Ductile Detailing of Criteria Reinforced Concrete Structures subjected to Seismic Force.
[5]. Bhatt, A., Titiksh, G., and Rajepandhare, P., (2017). Curtailment of Shear Walls for Medium Rise Structure, International Journal of Control Theory and Applications, 10(6).

Citation
Abin Jose, Dinesh Rawat, Javid Ahmad Bhat, Sunil Lamsal "Pounding Effect Control in Existing Building by Adding Shear Wall" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0001. India
Page 01-08
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Abin Jose, Dinesh Rawat, Javid Ahmad Bhat, Bimalesh Sah, Dinesh Raj Bhattrai

Seismic Analysis and Design of Masonry Structure
  • Abstract
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Past world–wide earthquake experience shows that the un-reinforced masonry structure is more vulnerable than reinforced structure. Unreinforced masonry buildings are usually characterized by sudden and dramatic collapse. This review paper is mainly deals with the seismic analysis and design of masonry structure. To carry out the study at first, architectural drawings are prepared considering different functional, geometrical and engineering aspects. The building is located in Himalayan region of Nepal which is in high seismic zone i.e. V. The structure which is analyzed and designed is single storied dressed stone masonry building with metal roof structure and CGI roof sheets.Then the building modeled in FEM-based software (SAP2000, version 18.1.1) for detailed structural analysis including all material properties, loads and its combination. The analysis results like direct stresses, bending stresses, shear stresses, tension, etc. are determined and checked against the limiting value of the material as per codal provision. The drawings are suitably adjusted to bring the building to safe level as per codal requirements.
Seismic Analysis, Compressive Stress of Masonry, Seismic Analysis, Stresses, Bending Stresses, Shear stresses Abbreviations: FEM, Finite Element Method;m, Meter; mm, Millimeter; 3D-ThreeDimensional; 2D, Two Dimensional; NBC Code:IS, Indian Standard; kN, Kilo Newton; EQX, Effect of Earthquake in XDirection; EQY, Effect of Earthquake in Y Direction.

[1]. NBC109:1994 [Load Bearing Masonry]
[2]. NBC105:1994 [Nepal National Building Code: Seismic Design of Buildings in Nepal]
[3]. IS1893:2002 [Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structure]
[4]. IS 875-1987 (Part 1) Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and structures-Dead Load, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[5]. IS 875-1987 (Part 2) Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and structures-Live Load, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

Citation
Abin Jose, Dinesh Rawat, Javid Ahmad Bhat, Bimalesh Sah, Dinesh Raj Bhattrai "Seismic Analysis and Design of Masonry Structure" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0002. India
Page 09-24
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Xudong Li, Yukai Luo, Liang Gong, Pengcheng Xia,Yixiang Huang

A Hierarchical Real-Time ControlScheme for a Life-SizeHumanoid Robot Teleoperation with Complexity-Dependent Task Decomposition
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To improve the defects of the life-size humanoid robot, such as slow system response, operation difficulty and the lack of autonomy, a framework of distributed multi-core communication and a hierarchical control strategy are presented. First, the distributed multi-core communication framework divides the robot control system into five levels according to processing capacity. Second, based on the hierarchical control strategy, full-autonomous motions and semi-autonomous motions are decomposed and processed at different levels. Therefore, dataflow in the communication network is well planned to reduce latency and the robot can accomplish more tasks autonomously to reduceoperation difficulty. And a new human-machine interface and control scheme with complexity-dependent task decomposition are presented which enable the operator to acquire the robot's visual information and teleoperate the robot to achieve real-time visual angle transformation, real-time hand joint mapping, and complex continuous action. The hierarchical robot control scheme is proved to be effective and competent for dealing with complex action and multi-terminal interaction.
Hierarchical control, life-size humanoid robot,real-time teleoperation, motion planning

[1]. J Kofman, X Wu, S Verma. "Teleoperation of a robot manipulator using a vision-based human-robot interface," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2005, 52 (5) :1206-1219.
[2]. N. N. Rodriguez, G. Carbone, M. Ceccarelli, "Antropomorphic design and operation of a new low-cost humanoid robot," in Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 2006. BioRob 2006. The First IEEE/RAS-EMBS International Conference on, 2006, pp. 933-938.
[3]. G Mett, L Natale, F Nori, G Sandini, D Vernon. "The iCub humanoid robot: an open-systems platform for research in cognitive development," Neural Networks the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society, 2010, 23 (8-9) :1125.
[4]. V Digani, L Sabattini, C Secchi, C Fantuzzi, "Towards Decentralized Coordination of Multi Robot Systems in Industrial Environments: a Hierarchical Traffic Control Strategy," IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Computer Communication & Processing 2013 :209-215.
[5]. Alireza Mohammadi, Ehsan Rezapour, Manfredi Maggiore, Kristin Y. Pettersen, Maneuvering Control of Planar Snake Robots Using Virtual Holonomic Constraints, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 24, NO. 3, MAY 2016.

Citation
Xudong Li, Yukai Luo, Liang Gong, Pengcheng Xia,Yixiang Huang "A Hierarchical Real-Time ControlScheme for a Life-SizeHumanoid Robot Teleoperation with Complexity-Dependent Task Decomposition" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0003. China
Page 25-34
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Huang Shaowei, Zhou Yaqi, Mao Xuesong

Mitigation of Mutual Interference among Laser Radarsfor Intelligent Driving
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With the rapid progress of intelligent driving technologies, there are potential trends that more and more vehicles driving on the roads will implement laser radars. A brief review of mutual interference among pulsed laser radars will be presented, following with the typical frequency modulated continuous wave modulating technique. Then, the interference of pulse sequence modulation technique will be investigated, which shows an obvious drop of interference ratio compared with traditional methods. In addition to the range measurement, pulse sequence modulation is also demonstrated to have potential of measuring target speed by Doppler.
.............

[1]. Uysal F. Phase-coded FMCW automotive radar: system design and interference mitigation [J]. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2020, 69(1):270-281. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2019.2953305

[2]. Shoykhetbrod A, Hommes A, Pohl N. A scanning FMCW radar system for the detection of fast moving objects [C]// International Radar Conference, Lille, France, 2014:1-5. doi: 10.1109/RADAR.2014.7060388

[3]. Scherr S, Afroz R, Ayhan S, et al. Influence of radar targets on the accuracy of FMCW radar distance measurements [J], IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 2017, 65(10):3640-3647. doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2017.2741961

[4]. Kim G, Mun J, Lee J. A peer-to-peer interference analysis for automotive chirp sequence radars [J]. IEEE Transactions on Vehicu-lar Technology, 2018, 67(9):8110-8117.
[5]. Uysal F, Sanka S. Mitigation of automotive radar interference [C]//IEEE Radar Conference, Oklahoma, USA, 2018:0405-0410. doi: 10.1109/RADAR.2018.8378593

Citation
Huang Shaowei, Zhou Yaqi, Mao Xuesong "Mitigation of Mutual Interference among Laser Radarsfor Intelligent Driving" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0004. China
Page 35-41
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Yang Zeli, Jiang Murong, Wang Yunsheng, Huang Yaqun, Lu Shaofei

Aseismic wave velocity selection algorithm based on density peak clustering and similarity function
  • Abstract
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In the three-dimensional imaging tunnel geological advanced forecasting instrument, the manual velocity scanning analysis method is often used when selecting the seismic wave velocity. The selected velocity is not unique, the efficiency is low, and the accuracy is low. The paper uses the density peak clustering algorithm to group the velocity spectrum. Then, the least square method is used to linearly fit the amplitude values of the grouped signals with different velocities, and finally, a similar function is used to optimize the amplitude values of the fitted velocities, so that the computer can automatically select the velocity in the seismic wave velocity spectrum. The verification of the model data and the measured data of the Caoba tunnel shows that the algorithm in this paper has achieved good results in terms of prediction accuracy, algorithm stability, and calculation velocity.
seismic wave velocity analysis; velocity spectrum; least squares algorithm; density peak clustering algorithm; similarity function

[1]. Li Fei,ZhangXuemei,ChenHongfeng,HeShaolin.Application of simulated annealing method in seismic traveltime inversion of 3D velocity model[J].Earthquake Research in China,2017,33(03):355-364

[2]. Mao Yuantong. Study on the method of seismic wave travel time calculation and seismic positioning in three-dimensional anisotropic media[D].Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration,2019

[3]. Wang Pu,WuGuochen,LiWei.Determination of shear wave velocity based on improved simulated annealing algorithm[J].Fault Block Oil and Gas Field,2015,22(03):330-333

[4]. Ren Yiqing,XuZhongda,MaZaitian.Inversion of shear wave velocity using simulated annealing method[J].Petroleum Geophysical Prospecting,1996(05):677-684

[5]. Kou Lan,ZhangJin.Research on 3D seismic wave velocity structure analysis method based on gravity anomaly inversion[J].Chinese Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 2019, 41(05):1259-1265

Citation
Yang Zeli, Jiang Murong, Wang Yunsheng, Huang Yaqun, Lu Shaofei "Aseismic wave velocity selection algorithm based on density peak clustering and similarity function" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0005. China
Page 42-48
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Nihal Arda AKYILDIZ

The Importance Of Vernacular Architecture With Tangible Cultural Heritage Value In Sustainable Development: Analysis Of Traditional Safranbolu Town
  • Abstract
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Production and technology systems, which started with the industrialization era, transformed our understanding of consumption together with production and consumption phenomena in social life. Since the first consumed values are traditions, habits and cultural values, living habits and spatial preferences have also changed. The changes in urban spaces, traditional settlements brought from the past and symbolizing cultural values, and the tangible and intangible cultural heritage values of local architectural structures have also begun to be abandoned by the preference to modern life and space fiction. These social changes and transformations have revealed the spatial preferences of tangible/intangible cultural value and the tendency to abandon traditional residential areas/structures.............
Vernacular architecture, traditional residential areas, tangible cultural heritage, sustainable development, Karabük - Safranbolu

[1]. Abro, R. S. (1994). "Recognition of Passive Cooling Techniques", Renewable Energy, 5 (5-8), 1143-1146.
[2]. Aksulu, I. B. and Payaslı Oğuz, G. (2017). "Traditional Bitlis Houses: Conservation Problems and Suggestions", Megaron Magazine 11 (1), 63-77.
[3]. Akyıldız, N. A. (2020). "The Value of Open Public Spaces in the Context of Urbanization and Urban Development for Sustainable Cities", National Folklore, 16 (125), 188-201.
[4]. Akyıldız, N. A.and Olgun, T. N. (2020). "Evaluation of Sustainable Anatolian History and Traditional Residential Areas in the Context of Vitalization of Tangible Cultural Heritage with Tourism", Journal of Applied Tourism Research, 1 (1), 1-16.
[5]. Altaş, N. T. (2014). "Preservation of Cultural Heritage Values in Urban Transformation: The Case of Erzurum", Journal of Eastern Geography, 19 (32), 243-260.

Citation
Nihal Arda AKYILDIZ "The Importance Of Vernacular Architecture With Tangible Cultural Heritage Value In Sustainable Development: Analysis Of Traditional Safranbolu Town" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0006. China
Page 49-57
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Igor Nedelkovski

Virtual Platform for SMART Decisions in Urban Planning
  • Abstract
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In this paper the web software for citizens' participation in urban planning is presented. The software is implemented in the pilot region of the city of Bitola in Republic of Macedonia. Also in the paper current legislation for urban planning in the Republic of Macedonia from the aspect of the citizens' participation in the urban planning is analyzed. Consequences from the current legislation and practices are analyzed too, through a survey among citizens. At the and some initial conclusions from the pilot operation of the software are drawn.
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[1]. Nenovski, Blagoj and Nedelkovski, Igor (2019) Recognizing and Tracking Outdoor Objects By Using ARTOOLKIT Markers. International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology (IJCSIT), 11 (6). pp. 21-28. ISSN 0975-4660

[2]. Koplin M., Siegert S., Neuvonen S., Salo K., Kerney K., Skelton C., Leora Culén A., Nedelkovski I., The Smart City as Shared Design Space. Chapter in the book Smart Cities in the Mediterranean. Spinger Verlag, April 2017 DOI10.1007/978-3-319-54558-5_7.

[3]. Koplin M., Vistica O., Johansson M., Nedelkovski I., Salo K., Eirund H., Schrank C., Blau L. Social Art in European Spaces - An Approach to Participation Methodologies Within PS2. Proceedings of INTED2016 Conference 7th-9th March 2016, Valencia, Spain ISBN: 978-84-608-5617-7, 1690 – 1699

[4]. Koplin M., Nedelkovski I., Salo K., The People´s Smart Sculpture. Proceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Electronic Art ISEA2016 Hong Kong. Pages 414-419.
[5]. Dimova, M, 2015, Analysis of the current situation with involvement of the citizens in the urban planning. GAUSS Institute – Bitola.

Citation
Igor Nedelkovski "Virtual Platform for SMART Decisions in Urban Planning" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 11 (November 2020)
MID 1611.067X.0007. MACEDONIA
Page 58-63
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