Volume 16 - Issue 12

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IJERD : Volume 16 - Issue 12

(December - 2020)


Richardus Eko Indrajit, Lilly Wasitova, Marsetio, Pujo Widodo, Rudy Agus Gemilang Gultom

Defense Science Philosophy in the Perspective of Technological Risk: The Rising of Cyber Dependency in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Dependence on cyberspace is a phenomenon of necessity that occurs in the modern era. The rapid development of information and communication technology has changed various sectors in social life. Regardless of the benefits it provides, the existence of such technology presents its own risks in the world of national defense. The industrial revolution 4.0 which presents various types of technology can endanger the condition of the country if it is developed by the wrong party. The concept of national defense and national resilience must be sensitive to the risks arising from these technological advances. This article briefly describes how defense science needs to take into account the risk of cyber-based technology in the era of the 4.0 industrial revolution that is currently sweeping the world. The content of this article is the result of research using a phenomenological approach to a number of recent global events in the cyber domain.
Cyberspace, defense science, cyber dependency, technological risk, industrial revolution 4.0

[1]. Muhammed Zekeriya Gunduz and Resul Das. Cyber- security on smart grid: Threats and potential solutions. Computer Networks, 169:107094–107094, 2020.
[2]. Marina Dobrota, Veljko Jeremic, and Aleksandar Markovic. A new perspective on the ICT Develop- ment Index. Information Development, 28(4):271–280, 2012.
[3]. N K Sa‟diyah and R T Vinata. Rekonstruksi Pembentukan National Cyber Defense Sebagai Upaya Mempertahankan Kedaulatan Negara. Perspektif, 21(3):168–168, 2016.
[4]. Anang Setiyawan. The Urgency of Defining Indonesias National Critical Infrastructure. UNIFIKASI : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 6(2):164–164, 2019.
[5]. P Campbell. Generals in Cyberspace: Military Insights for Defending Cyberspace. Orbis, 62(2), 2018.

Citation
Richardus Eko Indrajit, Lilly Wasitova, Marsetio, Pujo Widodo, Rudy Agus Gemilang Gultom "Defense Science Philosophy in the Perspective of Technological Risk: The Rising of Cyber Dependency in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0001. Indonesia
Page 01-05
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Richardus Eko Indrajit, Lilly Wasitova, Marsetio, Pujo Widodo, Rudy Agus Gemilang Gultom

Critical Analysis of the Philosophy of Defense in Dealing with the Impact of Climate Change Risks
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The issue of climate change has become a hot topic of discussion among scientists, industry practitioners, and governments of various countries in the last two decades. This discourse began when we obtained a number of facts which show that the earth's temperature has increased significantly recently. The increasing temperature of the earth is alleged to be a trigger for various events that have never happened before, due to disruption of various aspects of natural balance. One of the serious impacts of this phenomenon is closely related to exposing potential threats and real disturbances to the state of defense and security. A number of studies related to the impact of climate change on state defense and security have been carried out by various research institutions around the world. This paper contains a result of critical analysis of the risk of climate change impacts from the perspective of the philosophy of defense science. The research method used in this study is phenomenology. The hope is that Indonesia can increase its awareness of this real risk so that strategic steps can be taken to mitigate it.
Defense science, climate change, earth's temperature, security awareness

[1]. Faragher, Pumphrey. Global Climate Change: National Security Im- plications, 2008.
[2]. Riyanti Djalante. Review article: A systematic literature re- view of research trends and authorships on natural hazards, disasters, risk reduction and climate change in Indonesia. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 18(6):1785– 1810, 2018.
[3]. R. S. Nerem, B. D. Beckley, J. T. Fasullo, B. D. Ham- lington, D. Masters, and G. T. Mitchum. Climate- change–driven accelerated sea-level rise detected in the al- timeter era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sci- ences, 115(9):2022–2025, 2018.
[4]. A E Cahill. How does climate change cause extinction? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1750), 2013.
[5]. Richard Hannis Ansah and Shahryar Sorooshian. Green economy: Private sectors' response to climate change. En- vironmental Quality Management, 28(3):63–69, 2019.

Citation
Richardus Eko Indrajit, Lilly Wasitova, Marsetio, Pujo Widodo, Rudy Agus Gemilang Gultom "Critical Analysis of the Philosophy of Defense in Dealing with the Impact of Climate Change Risks" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0002. Indonesia
Page 06-11
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Diakhou Sock, Ling Liuyi, Gong Bing, He Yeliang, Xing Likun

Back -Propagation Neural Network Estimator for State Of Charge (Soc) Of Lithium-Ion Battery
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Since the state of charge (SOC) of the Li-ion battery is an important parameter representing the efficiency of the battery. Precision measurement of the SOC can not only conserve the battery but also keep the battery from being discharged or overcharged and increase the health and life of the battery. This paper suggests SOC prediction methods for a battery based on an artificial neural network and a three-layer backpropagation (BP) a lithium-ion battery of 18650 2800 m 37 v with a maximum load voltage of 42v and a cut-off discharge of 275.is measured by a battery testing system. We divided the work experiment into 3 parts, and three (3) training data from the 3 different experiments are established. The current is controlled by the ITECH IT8500, the Voltage is sampled by NI-USB-6210. To simulate and test the neural network model with data from the three (3) working conditions, Matlab / Simulink software is used.
SOC estimation; backpropagation neural network; lithium-ion battery; training data; test data; Matlab/Simulink.

[1]. C. Kun, M. Zhiwei, L. Yuehua, J. Zhinong and Z. Jinjie, "Lithium-ion battery state of charge estimation based on dynamic neural network and Kalman filter," 2018 IEEE International Conference on Prognostics and Health Management (ICPHM), Seattle, WA, 2018, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ICPHM.2018.8448734.
[2]. M. A. Hannan, M. S. H. Lipu, A. Hussain, M. H. Saad, and A. Ayob, "Neural Network Approach for Estimating State of Charge of Lithium-Ion Battery Using Backtracking Search Algorithm," in IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 10069-10079, 2018, DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2797976.
[3]. Zhang, R.; Xia, B.; Li, B.; Cao, L.; Lai, Y.; Zheng, W.; Wang, H.; Wang, W. State of the Art of Lithium-Ion Battery SOC Estimation for Electrical Vehicles. Energies 2018, 11, 1820.
[4]. Z. Zhang, X. Cheng, Z. Lu and D. Gu, "SOC Estimation of Lithium-Ion Batteries With AEKF and Wavelet Transform Matrix," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 7626-7634, Oct. 2017, DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2016.2636180.
[5]. Y. Zheng et al, "‟Investigating the error sources of the online state of charge estimation methods for lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles‟‟, Journal of Power Sources 377 (2018) 161–188

Citation
Diakhou Sock, Ling Liuyi, Gong Bing, He Yeliang, Xing Likun "Back -Propagation Neural Network Estimator for State Of Charge (Soc) Of Lithium-Ion Battery" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0003.
Page 12-20
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Richardus Eko Indrajit, Lilly Wasitova, Marsetio, Pujo Widodo, Rudy Agus Gemilang Gultom

The Use of Analytics Hierarchical Process for Determining Long-Term National Security Strategy of Indonesia
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The uncertain world situation due to globalization forces every country to establish its national security strategy, especially from a long-term perspective. As the holder of the highest authority in state management, the Indonesian government is faced with many options with all its advantages and disadvantages. The choices intended, of course, are based on a number of in-depth thoughts about the most effective and efficient approaches and strategies to implement. Five important aspects that must be considered in developing various options based on the concept of national security, namely: state security, territory security, human security, infrastructure security, and public security. This research shows how to prioritize various long-term strategic options that are possible to be executed by the Indonesian government and its stakeholders. The method used in analyzing this decision making is the Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP). The results show the priority order of long-term strategies based on the level of importance that is expected to be taken into account by decision makers in the future.
Analytical hierarchical process, decision making, national security strategy

[1]. Bogutsky, P. (2020). National security law and world legal order: the general theoretical discourse. KazNU BULLETIN. International relationsand international law series, 90 (2), 38. doi:44
[2]. Fauzan, F., Abdullah, K., & Ahmad, M. (2019a). Border Security Problems in the Waters of the Natuna Islands: Between National Boundaries and Illegal Fishing. AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, 3 (2). doi: 10.33021/aegis.v3i2.736
[3]. Fauzan,F.,Abdullah,K.,&Ahmad,M.(2019b).Maritimebordersecurityandchallenges for Indonesia. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space,15 (2).
[4]. Fjäder,C.(2014).Thenation-state,nationalsecurityandresilienceintheageofglob- alisation. Resilience, 2 (2), 114-129. Retrieved fromhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1080/
[5]. 21693293.2014.914771 doi: 10.1080/21693293.2014.914771

Citation
Richardus Eko Indrajit, Lilly Wasitova, Marsetio, Pujo Widodo, Rudy Agus Gemilang Gultom "The Use of Analytics Hierarchical Process for Determining Long-Term National Security Strategy of Indonesia" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0004. Indonesia
Page 21-31
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Didi Dwi Anggoro, Baharuddin Lukman Abdurrazaq

Thermodynamics Analysis of Glycerol Esterification with Lauric Acidusing Zeolite-Y as Catalyst
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The glycerol esterification with lauric acid using dealuminated Zeolite-Y as catalyst was studied using stirred batch reactor. The effect of temperature on lauric acid conversion was verified to be influential in this esterification. With the presence of excess glycerol at the reaction, pseudo-second order model is fitted to represent the kinetic model. The activation energy of the esterification reaction with zeolite-Y as a catalyst is obtained to be 32.883 kJ/mol.
.............

[1] P. S. Kong, M. K. Aroua, and W. M. A. W. Daud, "Conversion of crude and pure glycerol into derivatives: A feasibility evaluation," Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 63, pp. 533–555, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.054. [2] C. A. G. Quispe, C. J. R. Coronado, and J. A. Carvalho, "Glycerol: Production, consumption, prices, characterization and new trends in combustion," Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 27, pp. 475–493, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.06.017.

[3] A. E. Prasetyo, A. Widhi, and W. Widayat, "Potensi Gliserol Dalam Pembuatan Turunan Gliserol Melalui Proses Esterifikasi," J. Ilmu Lingkung., vol. 10, no. 1, p. 26, 2012, doi: 10.14710/jil.10.1.26-31.

[4] R. Nakamura, K. Komura, and Y. Sugi, "The esterification of glycerine with lauric acid catalyzed by multi-valent metal salts. Selective formation of mono- and dilaurins," Catal. Commun., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 511–515, 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.catcom.2007.03.024.

[5] S. Lieberman, M. G. Enig, and H. G. Preuss, "A Review of Monolaurin and Lauric Acid," Altern. Complement. Ther., no. December, pp. 310–314, 2006.

Citation
Didi Dwi Anggoro, Baharuddin Lukman Abdurrazaq "Thermodynamics Analysis of Glycerol Esterification with Lauric Acidusing Zeolite-Y as Catalyst" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0005. Indonesia
Page 32-37
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Professor Andrew YT Leung

COVID19 isolation room machine based on the 2003SARS Machine installed in Prince of Wales Hospital
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
From statistics, the highest COVID19 fatality rate in Hong Kong is the cluster of elderly staying in nursing homes. This research and development focus on the improvement of their existing isolation rooms by replacing the window fans by the newly designed negative pressure isolation room machine.Since the highest fatality cluster is in the group of people in care homes, we design a negative pressure isolation room machine for the use in the isolation rooms which do not have negative pressure function. To reduce the spread of the new coronavirus and airborne pathogens (such as tuberculosis, measles, and chickenpox), symptomatic patients should be isolated as soon as possible. Although there are isolation rooms in nursing homes or rehabilitation homes, they have no negative pressure function and can only provide limited isolation..........
.............

[1]. Albert T P So , Andrew Y T Leung , David S C Hui, Rudolf S S Wu & Jane W Z Lu , Development of an Air Cleaner for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, HKIE Transactions, Published online: 09 Apr 2013. https://doi.org/10.1080/1023697X.2005.10667991
[2]. Siukan Law, Albert Wingnang Leung, ChuanshanXu,Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): From causes to preventions in Hong Kong, International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 94 (2020) 156–163
[3]. Department of Health, Hong Kong, https://www.info.gov.hk/info/sars/en/useofbleach.htm
[4]. https://www.thailandmedical.news/news/ozone-can-be-used-to-destroy-the-new-coronavirus-and-disinfect-areas
[5]. M Hussain; MS Mahtab; IH Farooqi, The applications of ozone-based advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment: A review, ADVANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 191-214

Citation
Professor Andrew YT Leung "COVID19 isolation room machine based on the 2003SARS Machine installed in Prince of Wales Hospital" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0006. Hong Kong
Page 38-47
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Samar Elafifi, Mohamed M. Abdelaziz Farid

Architectural Design: Towards Autism Spectrum Disorder Wellbeing
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The uncertain world situation due to globalization forces every country to establish its national security strategy, especially from a long-term perspective. As the holder of the highest authority in state management, the Indonesian government is faced with many options with all its advantages and disadvantages. The choices intended, of course, are based on a number of in-depth thoughts about the most effective and efficient approaches and strategies to implement. Five important aspects that must be considered in developing various options based on the concept of national security, namely: state security, territory security, human security, infrastructure security, and public security. This research shows how to prioritize various long-term strategic options that are possible to be executed by the Indonesian government and its stakeholders. The method used in analyzing this decision making is the Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP). The results show the priority order of long-term strategies based on the level of importance that is expected to be taken into account by decision makers in the future.
Analytical hierarchical process, decision making, national security strategy

[1]. Bogutsky, P. (2020). National security law and world legal order: the general theoretical discourse. KazNU BULLETIN. International relationsand international law series, 90 (2), 38. doi:44
[2]. Fauzan, F., Abdullah, K., & Ahmad, M. (2019a). Border Security Problems in the Waters of the Natuna Islands: Between National Boundaries and Illegal Fishing. AEGIS : Journal of International Relations, 3 (2). doi: 10.33021/aegis.v3i2.736
[3]. Fauzan,F.,Abdullah,K.,&Ahmad,M.(2019b).Maritimebordersecurityandchallenges for Indonesia. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space,15 (2).
[4]. Fjäder,C.(2014).Thenation-state,nationalsecurityandresilienceintheageofglob- alisation. Resilience, 2 (2), 114-129. Retrieved fromhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1080/
[5]. 21693293.2014.914771 doi: 10.1080/21693293.2014.914771

Citation
Samar Elafifi, Mohamed M. Abdelaziz Farid "Architectural Design: Towards Autism Spectrum Disorder Wellbeing" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0007. Egypt
Page 48-60
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Li Chaoli, Bao Chongming, Zhou Lihua, Kong Bing

Study on prediction methods of stroke-related pneumonia
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Objective: Establish an appropriate prediction model for stroke-related pneumonia, predict whether stroke patients will cause pneumonia, and evaluate and analyze the predictive effect of the stroke-related pneumonia prediction model. Methods: Collect 183 clinical stroke cases (79 cases in the pneumonia group and 104 cases in the non-pneumonia group) on the first day of admission and medical history data. After data processing and correlation analysis, 27 risk characteristics of stroke-related pneumonia were screened out, and logistic regression was used to verify the validity of the risk characteristics. Construct stroke-related pneumonia risk prediction models based on high-correlation features, including naive Bayes, Gaussian Bayes, neural networks, decision trees, and K-neighbor models, and conduct a comparative analysis of predictions...........
stroke pneumonia, prediction method, naive Bayes, gauss Bayes,decision-tree

[1] Urvish K. Patel, NishanthKodumuri, Mihir Dave, et al. Stroke-Associated Pneumonia: A Retrospective Study of Risk Factors and Outcomes. 2020, 25(3):39-48..
[2] Li X,Wu M,Sun C,Zhao Z,Wang F,Zheng X,Ge W,Zhou J,Zou J. Using machine learning to predict stroke-associated pneumonia in Chinese acute ischaemic stroke patients.[J]. European journal of neurology,2020.
[3] Sabrina A. Eltringham, Karen Kilner, Melanie Gee, et al. Factors Associated with Risk of Stroke-Associated Pneumonia in Patients with Dysphagia: A Systematic Review. 2020, 35(5):735-744.
[4] Han Jie, Wang Junping, Li Ming. Analysis of risk characteristics of stroke-related pneumonia[J]. Chinese Journal of General Practitioners,2010(09):635-637.
[5] ZHANG X, YU S, WEI L, et la.The A2DS2 Score as a Predictor of Pneumonia and In-Hospital Death after Acute Ischemic Stroke in Chinese Populations[J].PLoS One,2016,11(3):e0150298

Citation
Li Chaoli, Bao Chongming, Zhou Lihua, Kong Bing "Study on prediction methods of stroke-related pneumonia" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0008. China
Page 61-70
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Bakti Jos, Siswo Sumardino, Safaah Nurfaizin

The Effect of Microwave Power and Exposure Time to Increase Biogas of Pineapple Peel Waste
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Energy demand increases with human growth. Environmental damage and energy crisis are problems in the world. Dependence on fossil fuels results in depleting energy reserves and global warming. Efforts are needed to create renewable alternative energy sources, one of which is biogas. Biogas is produced from the process of degradation of organic materials and the activity of methanogenic bacteria under anaerobic conditions. Biomass which has the potential as a raw material for biogas is pineapple peel waste. To increase the efficiency of the biomass and biogas conversion produced, it can be applied a thermal delignification with microwave assistance. Microwave application is affected by power and exposure time. Therefore, this research was conducted to determine the effect of microwave power and exposure time on samples to increase biogas production and optimum microwave pretreatment............
Biogas, Microwave, Pineapple

[1]. Nunes L. Matias J.C.D.O., Catalao J.P.D.S. 2017. Torrefaction of Biomass for Energy Application. eBook ISBN. 9780128096970 (2017)
[2]. Li Y.P., Huang G.H., Li M.W. 2014. An integrated optimization modeling approach for planning emission trading and clean-energy development under uncertainty, Renewable Energy 62 (2014) 31-46.
[3]. Nevzorova T., Kutcherov V. 2019. Barriers to the wider implementation of biogas as a source of energy: A state-of-the-art review. Energy Strategy Reviews 26 (2019) 100414
[4]. Murele O.C., Zulkafli N.I., Kopanos G., Hart P., Hanak D.P. 2019. Integrating biomass into energy supply chain networks. Journal of Cleaner Production (2019),
[5]. Yasmina N., Grundmanna P. 2019. Adoption and diffusion of renewable energy – The case of biogas as alternative fuel for cooking in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 101 (2019) 255–264

Citation
Bakti Jos, Siswo Sumardino, Safaah Nurfaizin "The Effect of Microwave Power and Exposure Time to Increase Biogas of Pineapple Peel Waste" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0009. Indonesia
Page 71-77
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Series-2

A.S.Ramasubramanian, K.M. Nagendra Kumar, K.Dattachaitanya, M.Santhoshraj, K. Pradeep Kumar

A Quick and Accurate Gas Chromatographic Method or Diesel Dilution in Used Diesel Engine Oils
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
In automobiles and power generators, during operation condition mixing of fuel (Diesel) with lube oil are encountered, due to which the lube oil characteristics are changed over a period of time. To establish the level of diesel contamination (diesel dilution) under operating conditions, diesel and lube oil mix have been evaluated by GC-FID using developed markers. The developed method is validated by using a synthetic mixture. The standardized method which does not involve any hazardous chemicals has been applied for the evaluation of used lube oil samples to check the diesel dilution in the mix.
Diesel dilution, Gas chromatography, Measurement uncertainty

[1]. B. NEDIĆ, S. PERIĆ, M. VURUNA(2009) Monitoring Physical and Chemical Characteristics Oil for Lubrication "Tribology in industry", Vol. 31, pp No. 3&4, 2009, p 65
[2]. R Keith Mobley, in Plant Engineer's Handbook, 2001
[3]. GUIDELINES FOR THE LUBRICATION OF MEDIUM SPEED DIESEL ENGINES(2008) "CIMAC" 2nd UPDATED VERSION, International Council on Combustion Engines
[4]. D 3524(2014) "Standard Test Method for Diesel Fuel Diluent in Used Diesel Engine Oils by Gas Chromatography"ASTM
[5]. Toxicological Profile for fuel oils (1995) US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.

Citation
A.S.Ramasubramanian, K.M. Nagendra Kumar, K.Dattachaitanya, M.Santhoshraj, K. Pradeep Kumar "A Quick and Accurate Gas Chromatographic Method or Diesel Dilution in Used Diesel Engine Oils" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0001. India
Page 01-04
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Javier Holguín-De La Cruz

Emergency Response Time Characterization in Multiple Patrol Dispatching Using Stochastic Simulation
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Our research considers one police quadrant that integrates four patrolling zones, and evaluates the impact of response time affected by reducing the number of servers from four to one patrol per police quadrant. This serving capacity reduction is based on a recently implemented police patrolling strategy, where four patrols are assigned for regular preventive patrolling and to serve calls for service of a 911 Emergency Response System. The previous patrolling and serving strategy had assigned one police patrol per patrolling zone in a police quadrant with four patrolling zones. Given the multiple vehicle strategies of delinquent operations, police departments also have been forced to adopt similar combat strategies. Based on an international reference of 3 minutes maximum response time, our focus is to analyze the waiting time in the queue of calls for service and their total response time of the new multiple vehicle patrolling and dispatching strategy by using stochastic simulation, and to compare these results with the previous deployment strategy of one patrol per zone. Data was obtained from a 911 Emergency Response System in Mexico.
Emergency Response System, Response Time, Police Patrols, Multiple Dispatching

[1] Chaiken, J.M. and Dormont, P. 1978a. A Patrol Car Allocation Model: Background. Management Science, 24, 1280-1290.
[2] Chaiken, J.D. and Dormont, P. 1978b. A Patrol Car Allocation Model: Capabilities and Algorithms. Management Science, 24: 1291-1300.
[3] Chen, H., Cheng, T., and Wise, S. 2017. Developing an Online Cooperative Police Patrol Routing Strategy. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 62, 19–29.
[4] Corham, A. 1954. Priority Assignment in Waiting Line Problems. Oper. Res., 2, 70-76.
[5] Green, L.V. 1984. A Multiple Dispatch Queueing Model of Police Patrol Operations. Management Science, 30, 653-664.

Citation
Javier Holguín-De La Cruz "Emergency Response Time Characterization in Multiple Patrol Dispatching Using Stochastic Simulation" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0002. MEXICO
Page 05-10
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H K G S Ranasinghe

The Impact of Major Factors on the Performance of Women Entrepreneurs in Small Enterprise Development Bureau in Colombo District of Sri Lanka
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The purpose of this article is to investigate the factors that have an impact on the performance of women entrepreneurs in Colombo district, Sri Lanka. A conceptual framework proposed by the author based on identified factors influencing the performance of women entrepreneurs through the sound literature. Self-developed structured questionnaires were distributed among women entrepreneurs who have already registered at the Small Enterprises Development Bureau in Colombo district and collected data were evaluated using Pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Research results indicate that there is an impact of independent variables on dependent variable. This study is limited to several factors and scope of the study is narrowed to the Small Enterprises Development Bureau's registered women entrepreneurs who were selected through simple random sampling method...........
Entrepreneurship, Women Entrepreneurs, Financial Performance, Market Behavior, Socio-Cultural.

[1]. Adu, EA 2016, 'The Impact of External Environment Factors on Performance of Small & Medium Sized Enterprises in the Pharmaceutical Industry in Kumasi Metropolis'.
[2]. Amarasiri, J 2002, 'An exploratory study on a group of selected women in Sri Lanka. Paper presented at the Eighth National Convention on Women's Studies, Colombo: Centre for Women's Research'.
[3]. Amzad, H, Kamal, N, Asif, Z & Rana, N 2009, 'Factors influencing women development in the developing countries: Evidence from Bangladesh', International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 17 Issue: 3, pp.202-224, https://doi.org/10.1108/19348830910974923
[4]. Arasti, Z, Zandi, F & Talebi, K 2012, 'Exploring the effect of individual factors on failure in Iranian new established small es'.
[5]. Department of Census and Statistics, Statistical Pocket Diary (2017).

Citation
H K G S Ranasinghe "The Impact of Major Factors on the Performance of Women Entrepreneurs in Small Enterprise Development Bureau in Colombo District of Sri Lanka" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0003. Sri Lanka
Page 11-16
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Muhammad Ihtiram Ullah, Shahid Maqsood

Evaluation of Repetitive Lifting Tasks Performed In Cement Industries
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Lifting is the most common task performed in industrial, healthcare as well as in domestic settings. This research work aims at addressing the biomechanical effects of performing lifting tasks for male subjects working in industry. The peripheral body loads as a result of musculoskeletal stress, due to lifting tasks have been analyzed using four different lifting postures. A field approach is adopted which involve six industries performing a variety of lifting tasks. A questionnaire comprises of body discomfort chart is administered to 109 respondents. The perceived stresses was assesed along with the computer generated stresses. Anthropometric variables of 109 workers from six different industries is collected. The posture was simulated and analyzed using a human modelling system (ManneQuin Pro)...........
Digital Human Modelling, Lower Back Pain, Lifting Task, Muscle stresses, Musculoskeletal Disorders

[1]. Stopford, M., Maritime economics. 2013: Routledge.
[2]. Deros, B.M., et al., Work posture and back pain evaluation in a Malaysian food manufacturing company. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2010. 7(4): p. 473.
[3]. Matebu, A. and B. Dagnew, Design of Manual Material Handling System Through Computer Aided Ergonomics: A Case Study at BDTSC Textile Firm. International Journal for Quality Research, 2014. 8(4): p. 557-568.
[4]. Deros, B.M., et al., Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Workers' Performing Manual Material Handling Work. viewed, 2013. 15: p. 1186-1196.
[5]. MARRAS, W.S., et al., Biomechanical risk factors for occupationally related low back disorders. Ergonomics, 1995. 38(2): p. 377-410.

Citation
Muhammad Ihtiram Ullah, Shahid Maqsood "Evaluation of Repetitive Lifting Tasks Performed In Cement Industries" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0004. Pakistan
Page 17-25
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PIRIM SETIARSO, WINDA RAIDAH RUSNADI

Synthesis of graphene oxide electrode for lead analysis in enamel paint by cyclic voltammetry
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
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In this study, graphene oxide was synthesized using the Improved Graphene Oxide (IGO) method to be used as an work electrode in lead analysis by cyclic voltammetry. Graphene oxide used due to its good electron conductivity and transportation properties. Graphene oxide has a higher sensitivity than carbon paste. Lead analysis with graphene oxide is influenced by several factors, namely pH, deposition time and scan rate. The 8 : 2 ratio is known as the best composition of the graphene oxide electrode : paraffin. Lead analysis with graphene oxide electrodes reaches optimum condition at pH 5, optimum deposition time at 5 seconds and a scan rate of 100 mV/s. Graphene oxide electrode has a limit detection up to 0.733 ppm or 0.0048 mM and 99.662% recovery data. These results indicate that the electrode has good selectivity, sensitivity, and effectiveness.
Graphene oxide, cyclic voltammetry, lead metal

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Citation
PIRIM SETIARSO, WINDA RAIDAH RUSNADI "Synthesis of graphene oxide electrode for lead analysis in enamel paint by cyclic voltammetry" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 12 (December 2020)
MID 1612.067X.0005. Indonesia
Page 26-34
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