Volume 16 - Issue 4

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IJERD : Volume 16 - Issue 4

(April - 2020)


Francisca Ogwueleka, Bonett Gwazah

Automated Irrigation System (AIS) In North-Western Nigeria
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The fact that in the whole world both objects and humans can interact with each on the internet has led to the advent of Internet of Things concept. The application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) makes the interaction between man and objects very easy. Agriculture employs these technologies to evolve Smart Agriculture which happens to be a household phrase nowadays. This paper designed an Automated Irrigation System in chikun local government council of Kaduna state, Nigeria that will enhance agriculture through the use sensors in the field. The objectives of this study is to design an Automated Irrigation System that conserves water usage for farmers in northern Nigeria where there is a long dry season. The novelty of this research is comparing the time it takes to start a water pump using Local Area Network as opposed to a GSM module.After a hypothesis..........
Internet of Things, Wireless Sensor Networks, Zigbee, Smart Agriculture, Arduino, Radio Frequency Identification, Automated Irrigation System

[1]. Ateeq, U., Rao, A., Rizwan, T., & Ahmed J. (2017). GSM Based Solar Automatic Irrigation System Using Moisture, Temperature and Humidity Sensor. International Conference on Engineering Technology and Technopreneurship (ICE2T).
[2]. Bishnu, D., Prachi, S., Reetika, A., & Vanya, T. (2017). Microcontroller Based Automatic Plant Irrigation System. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol 4(5), pp 1-4.
[3]. Hemant, G. & Subhas, M. (2015). WSN- and IOT-Based Smart Homes and their Extension to Smart Buildings. Sensors Journal, DOI: 103390/s150510350, pp 10351-10354.
[4]. In, L., & Kyoochun L. (2015). Internet of Things (IoT): Applications, Investments, and Challenges for Enterprises. Science Direct. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007681315000373, Vol 58(4), pp 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2015.03.008
[5]. Kardile, S., Manoj K., & Balaramudu, P. (2015). Automated Irrigation System Using a Wireless Sensor Network and GPRS Module Network. Asian Journal of Convergence in Technology, Vol 3(1), pp 1-3.

Citation
Francisca Ogwueleka, Bonett Gwazah "Automated Irrigation System (AIS) In North-Western Nigeria" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2020)
MID 1604.067X.0001. Nigeria
Page 01-13
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NihalArda Akyıldız, Tuba Nur Olğun

Evaluation of Malatya HanifiTanbay House in the Context of the Energy Use Analysis of Sustainable Traditional Architectural Principles
  • Abstract
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Sustainability has become a frequently discussed concept in the discipline of architecture, especially in recent years. Rapid consumption of resources and the major role of the building sector in this consumption have caused an intense questioning of the sustainability of architectural studies. In this context, the sustainability of the design, implementation and use of structural products has become one of the basic principles of today's architectural approaches. From this point of view, while considering principles of sustainability in modern building designs; on the other hand, traditional architectural approaches of the past were examined from this point of view and it was seen that sustainability was at the forefront in these approaches...........
Traditional architecture, energy use, sustainability, Malatya HanifiTanbay House

[1]. Abro, R. S. (1994). "Recognition of Passive Cooling Techniques", Renewable Energy, 5 (5-8), 1143-1146.
[2]. Akyıldız, N. A. (2020). "Handling of Eastern and Western Spatial Design Process in Terms of Active Aging", Grafiker Publication, Ankara.
[3]. Akyıldız, N. A. and Olğun, T. N. (2019). "Investigating the Problems Experienced in Traditional Settlements with the Impact of Urban Growth in the Context of Sustainability", VI. International Science, Engineering and Architecture Academic Studies Symposium on Science, Full Text Proceedings, 198-210, Ankara, Turkey.
[4]. Akyıldız, N. A. (2020). "The Value of Open Public Spaces in terms of Sustainable Cities in the Context of Urbanization and Urban Development", National Folklore Magazine, 125, 188-201.
[5]. Atalay, İ. (1997) Turkey Geography, Ege University Publishing

Citation
NihalArda Akyıldız, Tuba Nur Olğun "Evaluation of Malatya HanifiTanbay House in the Context of the Energy Use Analysis of Sustainable Traditional Architectural Principles" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2020)
MID 1604.067X.0002. TURKEY
Page 14-21
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Sushant S. Patil

Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Agricultural Operations
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
The present day sees a large increase in the number of populations worldwide. This increasing number also raises the concern of fulfillment of the need of food to the people. To cope up with this number, improvised and efficient agriculture plays a vital role. Agriculture sector is one of the most promising & challenging sectors today. In developing countries like India, more than 50 % of the rural population depends upon the agriculture. The production of the crop is highly dependent upon theclimate, which is out of the human control. The yield of the crops also depends upon the various other factors such as fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, plant diseases, etc. which can be controlled through proper treatment and analysis of the crops. In the present paper a research review is carried about using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in Agricultural Operations, contributing to the smart agricultural practices for better and quality crop yielding for farmers.
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[1]. https://www.farmmanagement.pro/the-use-of-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-to-collect-crop-data/
[2]. S.R. Kurkute, B. D. Deore, Payal Kasar, Megha Bhamare, Mayuri Sahane, "Drones for Smart Agriculture: A Technical Report", International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), ISSN: 2321-9653; IC Value: 45.98; SJ Impact Factor: 6.887 Volume 6 Issue IV, April 2018
[3]. UM Rao Mogili1 and B B V L Deepak, Review on "Application of Drone Systems in Precision Agriculture", Procedia Computer Science 133 (2018) 502–509 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com - 2018
[4]. C Y N Norasma1, M A Fadzilah, N A Roslin, Z W N Zanariah, Z Tarmidi, F S Candra, "Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Applications in Agriculture", IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering506 (2019) 012063 IOP Publishing doi:10.1088/1757-899X/506/1/012063 – 2019
[5]. S. Ahirwar, R. Swarnkar, S. Bhukya and G. Namwade, "Application of Drone in Agriculture", International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 8 Number 01 (2019)

Citation
Sushant S. Patil "Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Agricultural Operations" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2020)
MID 1604.067X.0003. India
Page 22-27
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Xinyong Li, Yujie Wang, Bing Zhao, Zhennan Zhang

Assessment of Borehole Stability after Pulsed Fracture
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The pulsed fracture(PF) technique is promising in the reservoir stimulation. Under the high pressurization rate, the fracture branches to form the complex fracture network in reservoir. However, the high pressurization rate may lead to the wellbore instability. To assess the wellbore stability involved in PF, an assessment method is developed based on the numerical simulation and theoretical analysis. A damage factor is developed to assess the residual strength of surrounding rock while the Mohr-Coulomb criterion is used to predict the critical strength. Then wellbore stability is analysed via comparing the residual strength with the critical strength of surrounding rock. The simulation results suggest that the bigger the internal friction angle is, the more safe the wellbore is. It founds that the dangerous area increases with increasing the material modulus. The dangerous area gets larger with the horizontal stress difference increasing. Under the specific peak pressure, the pressurization time has significant impact on the wellbore stability. The proposed method provides a simple and effective assessment method for wellbore stability after PF stimulation.
Pulsed fracture (PF); Borehole stability; Mohr-Coulomb criterion; Numerical simulation.

[1]. Kang Y. Characteristics and distribution laws of paleokarst hydrocarbon reservoirs in palaeozoic carbonate formations in China. Natural Gas Industry 2008;28(6):1-12. (In Chinese)
[2]. Li Y. Development theories and methods of fracture-vug carbonate reservoirs. Elsevier: Academic Press. 2017:1-116.
[3]. Mody RK, Coronado MP. Multilateral wells: Maximizing well productivity. In: Davies M., Lumsden A., Kline W., Kakadiaris I. (eds) Pumps and Pipes. Springer, Boston, MA. 2011.
[4]. Kalfayan LJ. Fracture acidizing: History, present state, and future. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2007, January 1. doi:10.2118/106371-MS.
[5]. Nino-Penaloza A, Gomaa AM. New insights on chemical diversion in carbonate acidizing: Experimental and simulation-based study. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2016, September 26. doi:10.2118/181485-MS

Citation
Xinyong Li, Yujie Wang, Bing Zhao, Zhennan Zhang "Assessment of Borehole Stability after Pulsed Fracture" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2020)
MID 1604.067X.0004. China
Page 28-41
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HEMA VIJAYAN P .U, GEENA GEORGE, LIZZY MATHEW

Phytochemical Evaluation, Mineral and Trace Element Analysis of Selected Brown Seaweeds from Thirumullavaram Coast, Kerala, India
  • Abstract
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Seaweeds are rich sources of structurally diverse bioactive compounds with various biological activities and their importance as a source of novel bioactive substances growing rapidly. In the current study Sargassum wightii Greville, Sargassum cristaefolium C.Agardh and Padina tetrastromatica Hauck from Thirumullavaram coastal region of Kollam, Kerala were selected to evaluate the phytochemical composition and mineral analysis. Various standard methods were used for the evaluation of phytochemical components. The results revealed that among the primary metabolites, quantity of Carbohydrate is more in Sargassum wightii Greville compared two other species. Sterol composition was recorded more in Padina tetrastromatica Hauck. Mineral analysis were done using ICP-AES method...........
Phytochemical components, Mineral analysis, ICP-AES, Brown seaweeds, Carbohydrates, Sterol, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium

[1]. Aceto M., Abollino O., Bruzzoniti M. C., Mentasti E., Sarzanini C. Manandrino M. 2002. Determination of Metals in vine with atomic Spectroscopy (Flame – AS, GF – AAS and ICP – AES) a review. Food Additives and Contaminants. 19 (2): 126-133.
[2]. Barnes H., Blackstock J. 1973. Estimation of lipids in marine animals and tissues: detailed investigation of the sulpho phospho vanillin method for total lipids. Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 12 (1): 103-118.
[3]. Bartos J., Pesez M. (1979). Colorimetric and fluorimetric determination of steroids. Pure Applied Chemistry. 51(10): 2157-2159.
[4]. Burtin P. 2003. Nutritional Value of Seaweeds. Electronic journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2 (4): 498-503.
[5]. Chew, Y. L., Lim, Y. Y., Omar, M.., Khoo, K. S. Antioxidant activity of three edible seaweeds from two areas in South East Asia. LWT 41: 1067-1072.

Citation
HEMA VIJAYAN P .U, GEENA GEORGE, LIZZY MATHEW "Phytochemical Evaluation, Mineral and Trace Element Analysis of Selected Brown Seaweeds from Thirumullavaram Coast, Kerala, India" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2020)
MID 1604.067X.0005. India
Page 42-47
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Rajnish Virpate, Adityavikram Gurao, Ankit Naik, Mahebub Shaikh, Smita Chaudhari

Document Classification using Machine Learning Techniques
  • Abstract
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Automated classification of text documents into their meaningful classes has always been considered as a vital method to manage and process a vast amount of documents in digital forms that are widespread and continuously increasing. This kind of web information, popularly known as the digital/electronic information is in the form of documents, conference material, publications, journals, editorials, web pages, e-mail etc. People largely access information from these online sources rather than being limited to archaic paper sources like books, magazines, newspapers etc. But the main problem is that this enormous information lacks organized nature which makes it difficult to manage. Document classification is recognized as one of the key techniques used for organizing such kind of digital data...........
NLP , PAM , TF-IDF , Naive Bayes.

[1]. Sang-Woon Kim and Joon-Min Gil "Research paper classification systems based on TF-IDF and LDA schemes," Kim and Gil Hum. Cent. Computer Inf. Sci.,2019.
[2]. Wei Li and Andrew McCallum "Pachinko Allocation: DAG-Structured Mixture Models of Topic Correlations," 23rd International Conference on Machine Learning, Pittsburgh, PA, 2006.
[3]. Md.Saiful Islam, FazlaElahiMdJubayer and Syed Ikhtiar Ahmed "A Support Vector Machine mixed with TFIDF Algorithm to categorize Bengali Document,"International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Engineering (ECCE), 2017. [4]. AnkitaDhar, NiladriSekhar Dash and Kaushik Roy "Categorization of Bangla Web Text Documents Based on TF-IDF-ICF Text Analysis Scheme," 52nd Annual convention of the Computer Society of India, CSI 2017.
[5]. MowfyM,Rezk k and El-bakry HM "An Efficient Classification Model For Unstructured Text Document,"American Journal of Computer Science and Information technology , 2018.

Citation
Rajnish Virpate, Adityavikram Gurao, Ankit Naik, Mahebub Shaikh, Smita Chaudhari "Document Classification using Machine Learning Techniques" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2020)
MID 1604.067X.0006. India
Page 48-55
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