Volume 16 - Issue 8

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IJERD : Volume 16 - Issue 8

(August - 2020)


Windi Zamrudy, Zaenal Fanani, Soemarno, Bagyo Yanuwiadi

Effect of Bamboo & Ficus Alestica's leaves Addition on properties Fired Clay Bricks
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Organic waste from leaves contributes to the increase in the amount of organic waste that is piled up in open fields, if this is not handled properly it will provide the potential for environmental pollution. The purpose of this study was to obtain the characteristics of bricks by utilizing an additional mixture of 70% bamboo leaf waste and 30% ficus alestica (B-Fa). The composition of additives made 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9% w / w by weight of clay. After mixing organic matter, clay and water and formed a cube of 5 cm x 5 cm x 10 cm, the sun is drained for 3 days. raw coal is burned using an electric furnace for 5 hours at a temperature of 1000 oC. The clay brick test results are as follows: The characteristics of clay bricks with 70% bamboo leaves and 30% ficus elastica waste additives obtained compressive strength, drying shrinkage, porosity, and density were 25.61-50.78 kg/cm2; 1.04-2.21%; 14.81-19.61%; and 1.73 to 2.50 g/cm3, respectively
brick, compressive strength, drying shrinkage, apparent porosity, bulk density

[1]. Adekunle, I. M., Adekunle, A. A., Akintokun, A. K., Akintokun, P. O., & Arowolo, T. A. (2011). Recycling of organic wastes through composting for land applications: A Nigerian experience. Waste Management & Research, 29(6), 582–593.
[2]. Agbede, I. O., & Joel, M. (2011). Effect of rice husk ash (RHA) on the properties of Ibaji burnt clay bricks. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 2(4), 674–677.
[3]. Alvarenga, P., Mourinha, C., Farto, M., Santos, T., Palma, P., Sengo, J., … Cunha-Queda, C. (2015). Sewage sludge, compost and other representative organic wastes as agricultural soil amendments: Benefits versus limiting factors. Waste Management, 40, 44–52.
[4]. Anonim. (2000). Standar Nasional Indonesia 15-2094-2000 : Bata Merah Pejal Untuk Pasangan Dinding, Bandung: Badan Standar Nasional.
[5]. Coronado, M., Blanco, T., Quijorna, N., Alonso-Santurde, R., & Andrés, A. (2015). Types of waste, properties and durability of toxic waste-based fired masonry bricks.In Eco-Efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks. Woodhead Publishing.

Citation
Windi Zamrudy, Zaenal Fanani, Soemarno, Bagyo Yanuwiadi "Effect of Bamboo & Ficus Alestica's leaves Addition on properties Fired Clay Bricks" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0001.
Page 01-08
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F. Tselnik

Localized States for the Photon
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
In its conventional form, relativistic quantum mechanics cannot provide the massless photon with a
spatial wave function, the absolute square of which could form the probability density of photon locations (see,
e.g., Ref.1). Actually, the deep cause of this drawback lies in the basic concepts of Newtonian mechanics, in
which no top velocity is there, that is, for any motion however fast, a faster one exists. This is easily seen
already in the "zero-mass puzzle‟: A massless body could still be accelerated. Since any force, however small,
might cause this acceleration, the whole universe must be involved in this problem, so making it useless.
Formalism of Top-Speed Signals (TSS) oscillations counting makes it possible to dispense with
metrical concepts and to formulate experiments solely in terms of the numbers of such oscillations and ratios of
these numbers ([2],[3]). In particular, slit experiments can be explained directly
...........

[1]. Berestetskii V.B., Lifshitz E.M., Pitaevskii L.P., Pelativistic Quantum Theory (2012), Pergamon Press.
[2]. Tselnik F., Progress in Physics, 16, is.1 (2020).
[3]. Tselnik F., Progress in Physics, 12, is.2 (2016).
[4]. Yang J-H, Craxton R S, Haines M G, Plasma Phys. Control Fusion, 53 (2011).
[5]. Tselnik F., Progress in Physics, 11, is.1 (2015).

Citation
F. Tselnik "Localized States for the Photon" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8(August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0002.
Page 09-12
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Anjan Samanta, Paresh Chandra Jana

Study of First & Second order Correlation Function for Two Composite State
  • Abstract
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We theoretically analyze the steady state first and second order Correlation function for two level system. We consider a system Hamiltonian which interacts with a thermal environment. Our aim is to represent a composite state where these two state correlate. We observe the state goes to Coherent state (CS) to thermal State (TS) when plot as correlation function with delay time coordinate τ. In first order Correlation there have much more distortion but in Second order Correlation. We see a linear correlation between these CS & TS states. So in our Study we represent a linear correlation between these two composite states.
Bunching, Coherence, Correlation

[1]. ErlingRiis. Motion of laser-cooled atoms in an optical potential. Phy,Rev. A,52(2):R920-R923,1995.
[2]. C.H. Bennett and D.P. Divincenzo, Nature ~Londan! 404, 247~2000.
[3]. C.E.Creffield. Location of Crossing in the Floquent Spectrum of a deriven two level system. Physical Rev. B 67, 165301 (2003).
[4]. H. J. Kimble. M. Dagenais. And L. Mandel. Physical Review Letter, Photon Antibuncing in Resonance Fluorescence. (1997).
[5]. K.W Berryman, E.R Crosson, K.N Ricci, T.I Smith, Coherent spontaneous radiation from highly bunched electron beams, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 375, Issues 1–3, 1996.

Citation
Anjan Samanta, Paresh Chandra Jana "Study of First & Second order Correlation Function for Two Composite State" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0003. India
Page 13-17
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Ayush Sharma, Prashant Kumar Mishra, Snehal D Chaudhary

A Website Analytics System Considering User's Category
  • Abstract
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One of the most important field of e- commerce is, Website analysis and it has been the top main concerns of the website administrator. The most focused or important issue in this field is, the interaction and the exploration of the web content done by the users and where their attention lies in the process of navigation. However, different studies have been made for the analysis of the all kinds of categories of users. It can be said that different categories of person have a different need from a particular website. A particular element may be useful fora particular person but it may be useful for the second one too, as both the persons don't show up the same interest........
Web analysis, Heat Maps, Data Mining, Clustering, Data Classification

[1]. Jarvinen, J and Karjaluoto, H. "The use of web analytics for digital marketing performance measurement", Ind. Mark Manag, Vol.50, 2015, pp. 117-127.
[2]. Ehmke, C and Wilson, S "Identifying web usability problems for eye tracking data", 21st century British HCI group annual conference on people and computer, Vol.1, pp.119-128.
[3]. Chen, M.C, Anderson, J.R and Sohn, M.H "What can a mouse cursor tell us more? Correlation of eye/mouse movements on web browsing", CHI‟01 Extended abstracts on human factors in computing systems, 2001, pp.281-282.
[4]. Eichinski, P and Roe, P "Heat maps for aggregating bioacoustics annotations", Information visualisation (IV) 2014 18th internationalconference,2014, pp.88-93.
[5]. Lex, P, Partl, C, Streit, M and Schmalstieg, D "Comparative analysis of multidimensional quantitative data", 2010.

Citation
Ayush Sharma, Prashant Kumar Mishra, Snehal D Chaudhary "A Website Analytics System Considering User's Category" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0004. India
Page 18-22
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Miriam Erne, Zhiying Jiang, Vanessa Liu, Calvin Cheng, Joseph Lee

Do User Reviews Matter? Empirical Evidence on the Role of User Involvement in App Performance
  • Abstract
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The extant literature often presumed that user involvement was positively associated with software performance. In the context of mobile applications (apps), user reviews were collected to enlighten app developers on improvement of app quality through identifying bugs or suggesting new features. However, the value of user reviews varied a great deal due to their unmanageable volume and content irrelevance. In this study, over 40,000 user reviews with 50 apps were analyzed to empirically examine the association between customer led improvement and the revenues from the apps. Our findings indicated that customer led improvement produced significant increase in quarterly revenues. Greater growth in revenues was also observed if the developers responded to the user reviews faster. These results showed empirical support for the value of co-creation of apps with users, as customers could contribute to continuous improvement of the apps by providing experienced-based solutions.
user involvement, customer led improvement, user reviews, mobile apps

[1]. Armerding, T. (2012). Why users don't often upgrade software when they should. Available at https://www.csoonline.com/article/2132061/security-awareness/References 48 why-users-don-t-often-upgrade-software-when-they-should.html.
[2]. Barki, H., & Hartwick, J. (1989). Rethinking the concept of user involvement. MIS Quarterly, 53–63.
[3]. Barlow, J., &Møller, C. (1996). A complaint is a gift: using customer feedback as a strategic tool. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
[4]. Berger, C., Möslein, K., Piller, F., &Reichwald, R. (2005). Co-designing modes of cooperation at the customer interface: learning from exploratory research. European Management Review, 2(1), 70-87.
[5]. Chen, N., Lin, J., Hoi, S., Xiao, X., & Zhang, B. (2014). AR-miner: Mining informative reviews for developers from mobile app marketplace. In Proceedings of the 36th International Conference on Software Engineering, 767–778.

Citation
Miriam Erne, Zhiying Jiang, Vanessa Liu, Calvin Cheng, Joseph Lee "Do User Reviews Matter? Empirical Evidence on the Role of User Involvement in App Performance" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0005. India
Page 23-28
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Dimitrije D. Hajduković

New Theory Of Space And Time - Structure And Functioning Of The World
  • Abstract
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Introduction/purpose: The paper is dedicated to the new theory of space and time, the new model of spacetime and the three-part world in that spacetime. Methods: Consistent application of mathematics and the laws of physics and celestial mechanics. Results: Geometric interpretation of time (arctime); Proof that time is changeable, that it has a metric structure and a beginning; Spacetime of Minkowsky; Euclidian Spacetime; Relativistic space 3 t R and relativistic time τ; Bio Spacetime R4 and a living world in it; Mortuus Spacetime and a non-living world in it; Celestial Spacetime and world of souls in it; Relativistic Bio Spacetime; Relativistic Mortuus Spacetime; Relativistic Celestial Spacetime; Flat-Spherical interpretation 3 R of ordinary space R3 and of time t; Flat-Spherical Bio Spacetime 4 R ; Flat-Spherical Mortuus....
Arctime, virtual planets rt Q , function 1t, Bio Spacetime, living world, Mortuus Spacetime, nonliving world, Celestial Spacetime, world of souls, gravitational waves, gravitational law, Relativistic Flat- Spherical Bio Spacetime, Relativistic Flat-Spherical Mortuus Spacetime, Relativistic Flat-Spherical Celestial Spacetime.

[1]. Hajduković, D: Teorija temporalne relativnosti, Grafopapir, Banjaluka, 2011;
[2]. Arsenijević, M: Vreme i vremena, Grafički atelje Dereta, Beograd, 2003;
[3]. Pogorelov, A.V: Predavanja iz osnova geometrije, Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika Narodne Republike Srbije, Beograd, 1963;
[4]. Sklar, L: Space, time and spacetime, University of California, Press, 1977;
[5]. Sciama, D.W: Modern cosmology, Cambridge University, Press, 1978

Citation
Dimitrije D. Hajduković "New Theory Of Space And Time - Structure And Functioning Of The World" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0006.
Page 29-47
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Gamechis Dugasa Urgesa, Vighneswara Rao.K

Analysis Of Deterioration rate in Sugarcane varieties (Saccharum officinarum sp. hybrid) Under Different Environmental Conditions at Finchaa Sugarcane Plantation, Finchaa, Oromia region, Ethiopia
  • Abstract
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Sugarcane is a perishable crop and must be processed into sugar quickly after it is harvested. Post harvest sucrose losses linked with low sugar recovery and several problems during sugar processing. The study was conducted at Finchaa sugar factory of Abbay choman District which is located in Horro Guduru Wollega Zone of Oromia regional state with the objective of investigating the effect of cane staling periods under open and shade conditions on juice quality of sugarcane varieties. Both D42 and N14 variety were collected from burnt harvested cane, tagged, numbered, their fresh weight were recorded and kept under open and shade conditions. The samples numbered from 1 to 24 were stored under open and another 24 samples numbered from 25 to 48 were kept under shade for each variety. Juice quality parameters were analyzed using standard procedures and the results were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). Mean separation was done using the least significant......
Staling, Deterioration, Saccharum, Shade, Open, Finchaa

[1]. Verma, R. S, 2004. Sugarcane production technology in India. International book distributing Co. Lucknow. India
[2]. Ahmed, A.Z. and K. S. El Sogheir, 2002. Studies on post harvest changes in sugarcane cultivars under Upper Egypt conditions. Proc. Mini. 1stconf. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 25-28, 22 (2-A), 279-289.
[3]. AdemeAdinew 2001. Summary of Meteorological Data (1979-2008), Finchaa Research station, Finchaa, Ethiopia.
[4]. Cornu, A.1977. Is the quality of sugarcane affected by mechanical harvesting? International sugar Journal, 91:12-13
[5]. Cox and Sahadeo, 1997. Cane deterioration. Proceedings of the International Society of SugarCane Technologists 70:287-289.

Citation
Gamechis Dugasa Urgesa, Vighneswara Rao.K "Analysis Of Deterioration rate in Sugarcane varieties (Saccharum officinarum sp. hybrid) Under Different Environmental Conditions at Finchaa Sugarcane Plantation, Finchaa, Oromia region, Ethiopia" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0007. India
Page 48-53
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Rajiv Ranjan Tewari, Snehi Saraswati

An enhanced clustering with mobile sink for Wireless sensor networks based on swarm optimization
  • Abstract
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  • Full Article
Preservation of energy and the streamlining of the power utilization are the indispensable aspect for designing any systematized wireless sensor network. Ceaseless and elongate accessibility of power play a important role in keeping the sensors stimulated. In wireless sensor networks, huge amount of sensors with limited energy is located in a network to collect important data or information from the surrounding. It is extremely hard to gather the field data proficiently in aspect of efficient energy and it can be accomplished from arrangement stage to routing. For utilizing the node energy efficiently clustering and routing are the two important phases. The fixed sink and clustering methods causes energy hole problem which leads to premature death of sensor nodes influences the information loss. Hence there is need to design a modified clustering algorithm to achieve energy efficient network which elongate the lifetime of the network. In this paper, a innovative clustering approach with particle swarm optimization based mobile data collector has been proposed for data collection. The proposed algorithm has been simulated and the out coming result show that the proposed approach enhance the lifetime of the network..
....

[1]. B. Rashid and M. H. Rehmani, "Applications of wireless sensor networks for urban areas: A survey," Journal of Network and Computer Applications, vol. 60, pp. 192 – 219, 2016.
[2]. C. Komar, M. Y. Donmez, and C. Ersoy, "Detection quality of border surveillance wireless sensor networks in the existence of trespassers favorite paths," Computer Communications, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1185– 1199, 2012.
[3]. T. Y. Wu and C. H. Lin, "Low-sar path discovery by particle swarm optimization algorithm in wireless body area networks," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 15, pp. 928–936, Feb 2015.
[4]. S. K. Gupta and P. K. Jana, "Energy efficient clustering and routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks: Ga based approach," Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 83, pp. 2403–2423, Aug 2015.
[5]. D. S. Deif and Y. Gadallah, "Classification of wireless sensor networks deployment techniques," IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials, vol. 16, pp. 834–855, Second 2014

Citation
Rajiv Ranjan Tewari, Snehi Saraswati "An enhanced clustering with mobile sink for Wireless sensor networks based on swarm optimization" published at International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 16, Issue 8 (August 2020)
MID 1608.067X.0008. India
Page 54-60
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