Volume 17 - Issue 9

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IJERD : Volume 17 - Issue 9

(September - 2021)


Vidisha, Rajesh Dhankar, Manoranjan Hota

An Analytical Study on Municipal Solid Waste Management in India –Special Reference to Rohtak City
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
Waste Management is one of the most pressing environmental issues the world is facing today. India is second largest populated country in the world. Urbanization & industrialization leading to migration of people which leads to expansion of cities. Pressure on basic services and infrastructure is increasing which causes serious problem of solid waste management across many Indian cities. Unmanaged MSW disposal at landfills or dumpsites, annual GHG emission from MSW causing environmental, social and economic problems. This is due to the absence of waste segregation-at-source, deficient management capacities, a lack of data regarding waste stream composition and insufficient financing and enforcement of existing regulation and policies. Waste management encompasses everything from collection and handling to disposal by incineration, landfill and other methods, and recycling......
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[1]. MSW- Generation & Composition CPCB 2018
[2]. S.R. Shukla, A.B. Akolkar, A.D. Bhide, A.K. Dhussa, A.K. Varshney, D.B. Acharya, M.M. Datta, M. Dutta, N.B. Mazumdar, P.U. Asnani, R. Ramanathan, V.B. Ramaprasad, S.B.B. Uppal, M. DhinadhayalanManual on Municipal Solid Waste Management663, The Ministry of Urban Development, The Government of India (2000)
[3]. A review of waste management practices and their impact on human healthWaste Management (2009), pp. 2227-2239 Giusti, 2009
[4]. Kumar. Akhilesh., Agrawal Avlokita. Recent trends in solid waste management status, challenges, and potential for the future Indian cities – A review 2020
[5]. L. GiustSlagstad and Bratteb, 2013H. Slagstad, H. BrattebInfluence of assumptions about household waste composition in waste management LCAs Waste Manag., 33 (1) (2013), pp. 212-219

Citation
Vidisha, Rajesh Dhankar, Manoranjan Hota "An Analytical Study on Municipal Solid Waste Management in India –Special Reference to Rohtak City" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 17, Issue 9 (September 2021)
MID 1709.067X.0001. India
Page 01-06
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Alexandra Alexandropoulou, Andreas Fousteris, Eleni Didaskalou, Dimitrios Georgakellos

Wine Packaging Waste in Greece: A Preliminary Analysis based on Life Cycle Assessment
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Reference
  • Full Article
The aim of the study is to carry out a screening life cycle assessment (LCA) of PET and Glass wine packaging, to find out which wine packaging has the lowest environmental impact. The current systems for packaging production require large inputs of resources and cause several negative environmental effects. The investigated system includes packaging, transportation, consumption and waste management. Energy use and emissions were quantified and some of the potential environmental effects assessed. Also, a life cycle inventory (LCI) case study from the Greek market is presented. At the end, an environmental impact assessment using the Eco-Indicator '99 method was conducted, which highlights that glass pack of 750ml achieved the worst environmental performance. These results could help policymakers to take more eco-conscious decisions concerning wine packaging.
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), wine packaging, LCA PET, LCA Glass, Environmental impact, Eco-Indicator '99 method

[1]. Azapagic, A., & Clift, R. (1999). Life cycle assessment as a tool for improving process performance: A case study on boron products. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 4(3), 133. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02979447
[2]. Bjørn, A., Moltesen, A., Laurent, A., Owsianiak, M., Corona, A., Birkved, M., &Hauschild, M. Z. (2018). Life Cycle Inventory Analysis. In M. Z. Hauschild, R. K. Rosenbaum, & S. I. Olsen (Eds.), Life Cycle Assessment: Theory and Practice (pp. 117–165). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3_9
[3]. Bjørn, A., Owsianiak, M., Laurent, A., Olsen, S. I., Corona, A., &Hauschild, M. Z. (2018). Scope Definition. In M. Z. Hauschild, R. K. Rosenbaum, & S. I. Olsen (Eds.), Life Cycle Assessment: Theory and Practice (pp. 75–116). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3_8
[4]. Boesen, S., Bey, N., &Niero, M. (2019). Environmental sustainability of liquid food packaging: Is there a gap between Danish consumers' perception and learnings from life cycle assessment? Journal of Cleaner Production, 210, 1193–1206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.055
[5]. Bölükbaş, A., &Akıncı, G. (2018). Solid waste composition and the properties of biodegradable fractions in Izmir City, Turkey: An investigation on the influencing factors. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 16(2), 299–311. PubMed. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40201-018-0318-2

Citation
Alexandra Alexandropoulou, Andreas Fousteris, Eleni Didaskalou, Dimitrios Georgakellos "Wine Packaging Waste in Greece: A Preliminary Analysis based on Life Cycle Assessment" International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Volume 17, Issue 9 (September 2021)
MID 1709.067X.0002.
Page 07-19
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